The Modern Greek Studies Association's Transnational Studies Committee welcomes you to the Greek American Studies Resource Portal. The creation of this Resource Portal grew out of the expressed desire by academics, students and cultural producers alike to provide information on research, activities, and resources in the field of Greek American Studies broadly defined.
We request scholars, writers, artists and other cultural producers whose work explores the Greek world in the United States and/or the connections between Greece and the United States (repatriated Greek Americans, Greek films on Greek America, Greek writings about Greek Americans, etc.) to submit the full citation of their work in MLA format, including a two to three sentence description of their work. This portal will be periodically updated to highlight the most recent resources available in the field and all selections will be archived here.
The Portal includes:
a) Anthropology and Cultural Studies
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. Contours of White Ethnicity: Popular Ethnography and the Making of Usable Pasts in Greek America. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2009.
This book “explores the construction of ethnic history and reveals how and why white ethnics selectively retain, rework, or reject their pasts. Challenging the tendency to portray Americans of European background as a uniform cultural category, the author demonstrates how a generalized view of American white ethnics misses the specific identity issues of particular groups as well as their internal differences. Interdisciplinary in scope, Contours of White Ethnicity uses the example of Greek America to illustrate how the immigrant past can be used to combat racism and be used to bring about solidarity between white ethnics and racial minorities. Illuminating the importance of the past in the construction of ethnic identities today, Anagnostou presents the politics of evoking the past to create community, affirm identity, and nourish reconnection with ancestral roots, then identifies the struggles to neutralize oppressive pasts. Although it draws from the scholarship on a specific ethnic group, Contours of White Ethnicity exhibits a sophisticated, interdisciplinary methodology, which makes it of particular interest to scholars researching ethnicity and race in the United States and for those charting the directions of future research for white ethnicities.”
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Against Cultural Loss: Immigration, Life History, and the Enduring Vernacular.” Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity. Ed. Katerina Zacharia. London: Ashgate, 2008. 335+.
An anthropological reading of Helen Papanikolas's Emily-George that concentrates on the biographer's oscillation between her certainty and her doubt that the past can be accurately reconstructed, and argues that the notion of a disappearing or a retained Hellenism in the diaspora must be viewed through ethnographic micro-contexts where immigrants and their descendants perform their identities.
Christou, Anastasia. Narratives of Place, Culture and Identity: Second Generation Greek Americans Return Home. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2006.
Kindinger, Evangelia. “ ‘Only Stones and Stories Remain’: Greek American (Travel) Writing about Greece.” COPAS Vol. 12 (2011).
King, Russell, Anastasia Christou, and Janine Teerling. “‘We Took a Bath with the Chickens’: Memories of Childhood Visits to the Homeland by Second-generation Greek and Greek Cypriot ‘Returnees.’” Global Networks 11, 1 (2011): 1–23.
Leontis, Artemis. “Greek-American Identity: What Women's Handwork Tells Us.” Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity. Ed. Katerina Zacharia. London: Ashgate, 2008. 379+.
Referring to narratives collected as part of research for an exhibit of 1994, “Women's Fabric Arts in Greek America, 1894-1994” (Columbus, Ohio), the article explores how Greek women in America identify themselves in relation to the Greek-American household, the space where immigrant women tacitly accepted the mandate to recreate a miniature Greece in America, and finds opposing centripetal and centrifugal tendencies, the one crystallizing identity around a shared immigrant language, religion, customs, race, the other wishing to flee from that center.
Nevradakis, Michael. “From Assimilation to Kalomoira: Satellite Television and its Place in New York City's Greek Community.” Global Media Journal – Canadian Edition 4.1 (2011): 163-78.
Papailias, Penelope. “America Translated in a Migrant's Memoirs.” Genres of Recollection: Archival Poetics and Modern Greece. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. 179-226.
“Papailias turns her attention to the notebooks of an obscure Peloponnesian villager and his travails in the United States in the early part of the twentieth century. As with the first three case studies, the life story of one Yorgos Mandas poses questions regarding the relationship between “History” and 'istories' (personal travails), between heady metanarratives and the kind of microhistories that seek legitimacy as pasts worth remembering. In this case the voice does not seek association with larger (national) historical narratives? Mandas says little about his personal experiences as a soldier during the Balkan Wars, for example, or to buttress the familiar 'rags to riches' line of most emigrant stories. Rather, his is a didactic study of endeavor and failure, a struggle that speaks for a vast constituency without history.”
Stewart, Charles. “Forget Homi! Creolization, Omogeneia and the Greek Diaspora.” Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies. Vol. 15, Issue 1 (2006): 61-88.
Abstract: “An early colonial model of creolization asked whether migrants to the New World underwent such drastic denaturing as to no longer be considered trustworthy compatriots. Homelands and their overseas colonies actively debated the moral meaning of change. In this essay, this structural model of creolization is applied to understand the relationship between the Greek state and its diaspora in the United States. That relationship has been governed by the ethno-nationalist concept of Omogeneia, which means “of the same genos or ancestry” but also “homogeneity.” In the twentieth century, Omogeneia referred mainly to ethnic Greeks born and raised abroad and not possessing Greek citizenship. The idea of ethnic homogeneity became increasingly hard to sustain as Greek-Americans lost linguistic and cultural competence. The structural model of creolization guides the exploration of Greek homeland-diaspora negotiations of cultural and linguistic change in the American case. Greek-Americans are both ethnic Americans and diaspora Greeks at the same time. Although hybridity and creolization have been held up in postcolonial studies (e.g., Homi Bhabha) as productive of creative political agency, this study reveals a troubled dimension of creolization in the Greek diaspora. Omogeneia has implicitly become an othering term for those who are not linguistically and culturally competent according to homeland models and standards. A word that initially extended a welcome to ethnic Greeks left behind in Ottoman lands at independence in 1832 is now crumbling under the weight of its own contradictions.”
b) Anthropology and Cultural Studies – Book Reviews
Doumanis, Nicholas. Review of “America Translated in a Migrant's Memoirs, by Penelope Papailias.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 25, No. 1 (2007): 141-143.
Papailias, Penelope. Rev. of “Contours of White Ethnicity: Popular Ethnography and the Making of Usable Pasts in Greek America”, by Yiorgos Anagnostou. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 144-7.
Tricarico, Donald, Robert Viscusi, Phylis Cancilla Martinelli; Yiorgos Anagnostou reply. Roundtable review of “Contours of White Ethnicity: Popular Ethnography and the Making of Usable Pasts in Greek America,” by Yiorgos Anagnostou. Italian American Review 3.1 (2013): 52-61.
Zervas, Theodore G. Rev. of “The Greek American Community of Essex County, New Jersey”, by John Antonakos. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 132.
a) Autobiographies, Memoirs, Biographies
Ball, Eric L. Sustained by Eating, Consumed by Eating Right: Reflections, Rhymes, Rants and Recipes. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2013.
When Eric L. Ball returned to his hometown in northern New York after a fifteen-year absence that included time in Greece, he began building his version of the good life, largely revolving around growing, foraging, and cooking safe and wholesome foods. Yet, surrounded by family and old memories, he found himself grappling with the loss of his unlikely Mediterranean past and struggling to navigate the interplay of intellectual convictions and emotional needs as he strived to construct a fulfilling ethical life in the unsustainable modern world. In Sustained by Eating, Consumed by Eating Right, Ball shares his experiences and explores questions about food and drink, including the relationship between recipes and learning, the significance of the Mediterranean diet, how to cook authentic Greek foods in the United States, and how to obtain safe and healthy food in a toxic world. Ultimately, Ball considers broader questions about the evolving significance of family, the nature of freedom, the future of the environment, and thinking that one can change the world. The result is a bittersweet story that ponders questions about living a decent and fulfilling life when it comes to food and family.
Chrissochoidis, Ilias. On the Trails of the American Dream: A Tale of Self-exile - A Voyage of No Return. Greek ed. Stanford: Brave World, 2011.
“The adventures and reflections of a young intellectual as he prepares to emigrate to America.”
Constant, Constance M. Austin Lunch: Greek-American Recollections. River Vale: Cosmos, 2005.
Daniels, Elaine Makris. Growing Up Greek in South Bend: The Early Years 1926-1964. Gaithersburg: Tegea Press, 2001.
Dukakis, Olympia. Ask Me Again Tomorrow: A Life in Progress. New York: HarperCollins, 2003
Fey, Tina. Bossypants. Reagan Arthur Books, 2011.
“She’s a comic genius, every woman’s imaginary best friend, and the thinking man’s sex symbol. Tina Fey didn’t get this far without pulling on her bossypants.
Before there was Liz Lemon, before there was “Sarah Palin,” before there was “Weekend Update”—there was a woman with a dream. A dream that one day she would write a book about how she got here. But she had to get there first.
On her way to becoming an award-winning superstar, Tina Fey struggled through some questionable haircuts, some after-school jobs, the rise of nachos as a cultural phenomenon, a normal childhood, a happy marriage and joyful motherhood. Her story must be told! Fey’s pursuit of the perfect beauty routine may actually give you laugh lines, and her depiction of her whirlwind tour of duty as the Other Sarah Palin on Saturday Night Live takes you behind the scenes of a comedy event that transfixed the nation. Now, Fey can reflect on what she’s learned: You’re no one until someone calls you bossy.” (Book description, Reagan Arthur Books website)
Gage, Eleni N. North of Ithaka: A Granddaughter Returns to Greece and Discovers Her Roots. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2004.
George, Harris. By George. Baltimore: BrickHouse Books, 2005.
The author writes about his childhood in the Greek community of Baltimore, his Navy years, and the challenges of practicing law. He says, “I’ve tried to capture my fondest memories of a happy life punctuated by special people and amusing predicaments in which I found myself.”
Halo, Thea. Not Even My Name. New York: Picador, 2000.
Hayes, Philia Geotes. Twice My Child. From the Aegean to the American Midwest: The Stories of Five Generations of Island Mothers. N.p., 2010.
Kalafatas, Michael N. The Bellstone: The Greek Sponge Divers of the Aegean. Hanover: Brandeis UP, 2003.
Kacandes, Irene. Daddy's War: Greek American Stories. A Paramemoir. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.
Kalfopoulou, Adrianne. Broken Greek: A Language to Belong. Austin: Plain View Press, 2006.
Karalis, Eftihios. Ripples of Fate. Maryland: PublishAmerica, 2003.
In the aftermath of World War II, the small nation of Greece began the arduous task of rebuilding its ruined infrastructure. This frail effort was disrupted by rival factions whose power struggle culminated in a bloody civil war. The fragile peace that ensued was shattered by the wrath of nature. A series of destructive quakes leveled whatever was still standing, and many people perished. This story is about a young orphan’s struggle to carry on. The account is a composite of personal recollections and retold anecdotal episodes. The story carries a strong universal message of persevering determination in the face of adversity. The world has always been a hostile place and one can either blame his predicaments for failures or attribute them to successes in life. Eftihios chose to do the latter with quiet resolve. He narrates his bittersweet memories in hope that others can find their inner strength.
Kulukundis, Elias. The Feasts of Memory: Stories of a Greek Family. 2nd ed. Portsmouth: Randall, 2003.
Lagos, Taso G. 86 Days in Greece: A Time of Crisis. English Hill Press, 2014.
“Here is an insider's view into the social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions of the crisis in Greece. 86 Days in Greece provides us with a unique, impressionistic, and philosophical account of one of the most important moments in Europe today. Without the conventional structure of theoretical assumptions and academic rhetoric, this work brings us as close as we can come to the Greek people, their understandings, trials, and obstacles to future reforms. Taso Lagos has written a book in diary form that documents the crisis from a personal, interdisciplinary 360-degree perspective, and it should be required reading for all those interested in the European situation today.”
Matsakis, Aphrodite. Growing Up Greek in St. Louis. Chicago: Arcadia, 2002.
Mavrovitis, Jason C. Out of the Balkans. Pahh.com. Preservation of American Hellenic Heritage, 2003.
Can be accessed here.
Orfanos, Spyros D. “So the Clerks Will Not Be Able to Fool You.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora. Vol. 35, Issue 1 (2009): 105-110.
Peterson, Peter G. The Education of an American Dreamer: How a Son of Greek Immigrants Learned His Way from a Nebraska Diner to Washington, Wall Street, and Beyond. New York: Twelve Publishing, 2009.
Pisanos, Steve N. The Flying Greek: An Immigrant Fighter Ace’s World War II Odyssey with the RAF, USAAF, and French Resistance. Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books, 2008.
Pyrros, James G. The Cyprus File: A Diary of the Cyprus Crisis in the Summer of 1974. Washington, D.C.: Pella Publishing, 2010.
“The Cyprus File is a story with many layers. It played out in the hot summer of 1974, at a time of a grave constitutional crisis in the United States the impending impeachment of the President over the Watergate scandal. Folded within this story was the drama bursting out on the island of Cyprus. First, the coup against Archbishop Makarios, followed shortly by the Turkish invasion, terror and destruction on the island, the fall of the Greek junta, the return of Karamanlis, the survival of Makarios, and the tragic dismemberment of Cyprus. The Nixon White House, the Kissinger State Department, the U.S. Congress, the governments of Greece, Cyprus, and Turkey, and many public and private figures played a role. 'Every day,' says Jim Pyrros, the author, 'we felt we were walking with history. It was an incredibly eventful time.”
Rassogianis, Alexander. Return to Glenlord: Memories of Michigan Summers. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2013.
With humor, the author captures adventures with family and friends in Stevensville, Michigan during the 1950s. He describes being part of the vibrant and loving Greek community that journeyed from Chicago to spend their summers in this area of old-fashioned resorts, quaint cottage and sandy beaches. Included are vintage photos.
Sarrinikolaou, George. Facing Athens: Encounters with the Modern City. New York: North Point, 2004.
Savas, Georgianna. Eyes on Stamos: A Sister's Memoir – A Brother's Wishes. Georgianna Savas, 2005.
The author writes about her brother, the Greek American artist, Theodoros Stamos.
Sikélianòs, Eleni. The Book of Jon. San Francisco: City Lights, 2004
Spanos, William V. In the Neighborhood of Zero: A World War II Memoir. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2010.
The haunting recollection of living through the British and American fire-bombing of Dresden as prisoner of war in a Nazi camp is the focal point of this memoir by William Spanos, Professor of English and comparative literature at Binghamton University and an esteemed Heideggerian literary critic and founding editor of boundary 2. The author’s motto: “Did you ever return to Dresden, Professor Spanos?” “I never left there.” Critical to the narration are the first words of the first chapter: “I am a Greek American”
(1). Note that Spanos comes from a working class immigrant family that became highly educated and prominent, with one brother a politician in N.H. and Massachusetts. In his early years in Newport, N.H. Spanos recalls running away from his ethnic self in response to treatment as a second-class citizen. His “conflicted experience” of his unit's probable betrayal in the Battle of the Bulge and “American’s destructive power in the world” in the Dresden bombing, and the forced labor he endured picking up corpses and enduring spittings by Germans who survived the attack, functions to draw out “the silent hyphen between my Greek and American selves”
(2). Spanos’s memories, unspoken for decades, the act of narrating the unbelievable story of his disappearance for 5 months and return to his family in Newport NH as if from the dead become grist to his intellectual mill. The Dresden firebombing is the ground zero of his intellectual skepticism with respect to American institutions and ideals. (Artemis Leontis)
Strongylis, Cleopas. Dean James A. Coucouzes as a Model of Priesthood. Archbishop Iakovos’ Ministry at the Annunciation Cathedral of New England (1942-1954). Brookline, MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2012.
Thomopoulos, Nick T. 100 Years: From Greece to Chicago and Back. Bloomington: Xlibris, 2011.
Growing up in Chicago during the 1930s, ’40s and ’50s was a life rich in tradition, family and memories. Nick Thomopoulos in 100 Years chronicles the vibrant life of the neighborhood surrounding the St. George Greek Orthodox Church. He tells of the tragic death of his father and the difficulties and joys his immigrant mother faced in raising five young children in an emerging metropolis unlike Zakynthos, Greece. Because of the Great Depression, World War II, the Greek Civil War and the hardships in Greece, Marie received only an occasional letter from her siblings. In 1962, Marie, with Nick, returned to Greece 42 years after she left. Three of her five siblings did not know she was coming, and her husband’s lone sister did not know the family was even alive. The story describes the excitement of reuniting with the family.
Vidalis, Orestis E. Confronting the Greek Dictatorship in the U.S.: Years of Exile: A Personal Diary (1968-1975). Pella Publishing, 2009.
Description: “This historical diary reveals unknown events and provides evidence related to the author's fight in the United States for the restoration of Greek democracy.”
Vlanton, Jennie C. 761 Aubert Avenue: My Greek American Sanctuary. Lincoln: iUniverse, 2007.
Walsh, Efthalia Makris. Beloved Sister: Biography of a Greek-American Family, Letters From the Homeland. Bethesda, MD: Tegea Press, 1998
b) Autobiographies, Memoirs, Biography – Scholarship
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Against Cultural Loss: Immigration, Life History, and the Enduring Vernacular.” Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity. Ed. Katerina Zacharia. London: Ashgate, 2008. 335+.
Arapoglou, Eleftheria. “Enacting an Identity by Re-creating a Home: Eleni Gage's North of Ithaca.” Identity, Diaspora and Return in American Literature. Ed. Maria Antònia Oliver-Rotger. New York and London: Routledge (Routledge Transnational Perspectives on American Literature), 2015. 118–132.
Gemelos, Michele. “Greek American Autobiography.” The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature, Volume Two: D–H. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 2005. 870–873.
Xinos, Ilana. “Narrating Captivity and Identity: Christophorus Castanis’ The Greek Exile and the Genesis of the Greek-American.” Transcultural Localisms: Responding to Ethnicity in a Globalized World. Eds. Yiorgos Kalogeras, Eleftheria Arapoglou and Linda Manney. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2006. 203-20.
c) Autobiographies, Memoirs, Biography – Reviews
Alexiou, Nicholas. Rev. of My Detroit: Growing up Greek and American in Motor City, by Dan Georgakas. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 147-9.
Contis, Angelike. “Tina Fey’s Greek Gags – Uh, It’s Complicated For a Greek Thinker.” The National Herald Online. September 1 (2011).
“Is she Greek? Isn’t she? Does she feel Greek? Doesn’t she? While the general U.S. public may have focused on Tina Fey’s uncanny Sarah Palin impersonation or her television show 30 Rock, Greek Americans have wondered for a while how Emmy-winning writer/actress Fey – perhaps our highest profile pop culture figure after Jennifer Aniston at the moment- feels about her Greek heritage.”
Georgakas, Dan. Review of The Cyprus File: A Diary of the Cyprus Crisis in the Summer of 1974. The National Herald Online (2010): 10.
“The Cyprus File is an engrossing chronicle of the anti-Makarios coup organized by the Greek junta that triggered the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. It is the work of James G. Pyrros, then in the midst of a 20-year career as an aide to Democratic Congressman Lucien Nedzi of Michigan. While not in the policy level of government, Pyrros had an inside-the- beltway view of Washington's reaction to the crisis. In addition to being a Congressional aide, he also had long been part of an informal group seeking to educate American politicians and mass media about the junta that had seized power in Greece in 1967. That involvement provided Pyrros with considerable insights into the agonies of the summer of 1974. The Cyprus File is not an academic study. It is a segment of a larger diary Pyrros began to write in 1943 after reading William Shirer's bestselling Berlin Diary. Pyrros also wanted to write of events immediately as they occurred. This perspective became especially critical when… it came time for me to play a political role as participant and observer. The resulting diary is exciting reading that accurately records the shocks, fears, and hopes generated by events as they unfolded not only day-to-day, but also hour-to-hour and even minute-to-minute. Although most readers will know the ultimate out-come of events, The Cyprus File is a page-turner in the very best sense of the word.”
Georgakas, Dan. Review of Broken Greek: A Language to Belong. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora. Vol. 35, Issue 1 (2009): 121-127.
Klironomos, Martha. Review of Broken Greek: A Language to Belong. Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 27, Issue 2 (2009): 439-442.
Klironomos, Martha. Review of North of Ithaka: A Granddaughter Returns to Greece and Discovers Her Roots. Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 26, Issue 2 (2008): 491-494.
Panourgiá, Neni. “Effacing Athens.” Rev. of Facing Athens: Encounters with the Modern City, by George Sarrinikolaou. The National Herald, May 26, 2007. 16-7.
Sutton, Dan. Rev. of The Bellstone: The Greek Sponge Divers of the Aegean by Michael N. Kalafatas. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 21.2 (2003): 294-97.
Frangos, Steve. “Suggested Readings about the Greek American Experience.” The National Herald 2 Dec. 2006, Books Special Ed.: 22, 23. In pdf format.
a) Comedy in Popular Culture
Basile. “Growing Up Greek in America: Comedy Greek Style.” SpiceRaque Entertainment & BZK Productions. BZK Productions, 1999.
Exclusive Tell All Interview with Mr. Panos Youtube interview with comedian Yannis Pappas.
Beck, Ann. Greek Immigration to, and Settlement in, Central Illinois, 1880-1930. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2014. [available here]
This dissertation is a micro-history of Greeks immigrants to central Illinois between 1880 and 1930. The study focuses specifically on those Greek immigrants who were involved in the confectionery trade, opening candy stores (often accompanied by soda fountains and restaurants) in the small towns and cities of rural Illinois. The study draws upon, as its primary case study, the life and experiences of my own grandfather, Constantin “Gus” Flesor, a Greek immigrant who settled in Tuscola, Illinois in 1901 and owned a candy store/soda fountain business there for 75 years. In all, this dissertation tells the stories of more than 160 such Greek immigrant confectioners in more than forty towns and cities in central Illinois. Examples from the lives of my grandfather and these other first-generation Greek immigrants are interwoven throughout the dissertation to illustrate particular experiences. The dissertation begins with a discussion of migration theory, which seeks to locate the first-generation Greek immigrant experience in rural areas within the larger theoretical debate that has primarily focused on the urban immigrant experience. Chapter Two provides a geographical and historical background by briefly reviewing relevant features of Greek geography, particularly that of the Peloponnese region from where most of the immigrants in this study originated. This chapter also contains a short history of Greece that helps to frame the important question of Greek heritage and identity. Chapter Three presents an overview of first-generation Greek immigration to America, focusing particularly on immigration to Chicago and St. Louis, the primary cities that served as transit points for Greeks coming to central Illinois. Chapter Four explores education and the Greek immigrant, and specifically how Greek immigrants learned the confectionery business. Chapter Five addresses the question of Greek identity, anti- immigrant hostility during this period, especially the activities of the Ku Klux Klan, and how Greek immigrants in these small towns responded to this prejudice and bigotry. Finally, Chapter Six looks at the lives and businesses of the individual Greek immigrants to central Illinois. In my conclusion I address the questions raised by this study and possible avenues for further research.
Gatzouras, Vicky J. Family Matters in Greek American Literature. Diss. Blekinge Institute of Technology and Göteborg University, 2007.
Kappatos, Nicole. Greek Immigration to Richmond, Virginia, and the Southern Variant Theory. M.A. Thesis. Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) Theses and Dissertations. Paper 3483, 2014.
“Greek immigration to the United States occurred in two distinctive waves: the first wave from the 1890s-1920s and the second wave from the 1960s-1980s. This thesis explores the regional diversity of the Greek immigrant experience in the Southern United States through the case study of the Greek community in Richmond, Virginia. The first chapter introduces the history of Greek immigration to the United States, discusses major scholars of Greek American studies, and explains the Southern Variant theory. Chapter two examines the experiences of the first wave of Greek immigrants in Richmond. The third chapter incorporates oral history to explain the experiences of second wave Greek immigrants in Richmond. Chapters two and three examine factors including language, church activity, intermarriage, and community involvement, in order to demonstrate a Southern Variation in the experiences of Greek immigrants in Richmond in comparison to their counterparts elsewhere in the United States.”
Καρπόζηλος Κωστής. Ελληνοαμερικανοί Εργάτες, Κομμουνιστικό Κίνημα και Συνδικάτα (1900-1950): Αναζητώντας τον Εργατικό Εξαμερικανισμό στα Χρόνια της Μεγάλης Υφεσης. Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης: Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας. Ρέθυμνο, 2010.
Kindinger, Evangelia. “Homebound: Diaspora Spaces and Selves in Greek American Return Narratives.” Diss. Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany), 2012.
Kyrou, Alexandros K. “Greek Nationalism and Diaspora Politics in America, 1940-1945: Background Analysis of Ethnic Responses to Wartime Crisis.” Diss. Indiana University, 1993.
Lillios, Emmanuel N. The Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Religious Orientation, and Greek Orthodox Religiosity. Diss. University of Iowa, 2010.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature of the relationship that attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help have with religiosity and religious orientation among members of the Greek Orthodox Christian Church in the United States. In addition, this study also investigated the nature of the relationship that confessional involvement has with the following variables: intrinsic religious orientation, extrinsic religious orientation, religiosity, attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help, and ethnic background. This is important because Greek Americans, for reasons perhaps related to culture and religion, have historically displayed a reticence to seek professional psychological help when there are psychological problems. There is a paucity of research on the role religiosity and religious orientation has on seeking professional help for mental health problems. Taking a sample from the members of an urban, large-sized Greek Orthodox parish, participants will complete a questionnaire consisting of demographic data, the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help scale (ATSPPH) short form-revised (Fischer & Farina, 1995); the New Indices of Religious Orientation scale (NIRO) short form (Francis, 2007); and the Christian Orthodox Religiousness Scale (CORS) (Chliaoutakis et al., 2002). The results will be analyzed to provide information useful in understanding the relationship between religiosity, religious orientation and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help among members of the Greek Orthodox Church. Implications of these findings and suggestions for further research will be discussed.
Morrow, Eric V. Transnational Religion in Greek American Political Advocacy. Diss. Baylor University, 2012. (available online)
“Contemporary studies of transnationalism are challenging scholarship on the political advocacy of ethnic groups by examining a broader range of connections that shape immigrant identity and engagement with the political systems of host countries. One of these connections is the role religion has in forming new ethnoreligious identities and how this role is influenced by transnational relationships with countries of origin and external religious institutions. In many analyses of ‘ethnic politics,’ religion is either excluded or viewed as a cultural element closely aligned with ethnic identity. This has obscured the significant influence of religious affiliation and religious institutions in the political advocacy of immigrant groups. This dissertation examines the role of religion in Greek American advocacy and analyzes the transnational elements that have shaped Greek American identity and contributed to the engagement with the United States government on specific foreign policy issues. From a basis in theories of diaspora nationalism and transnationalism and within the larger context of Greek American advocacy, focus is placed on the development of the role of the Greek Orthodox Church in America in defining a unique ethno-religious identity and in direct engagement with U.S. policymakers on the issues of the invasion and partition of Cyprus, the Macedonian Question, and the legal status and religious freedom of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Istanbul, Turkey. Following a survey of the role of the Church and its leadership in advocacy on these issues, this dissertation analyzes the elements of transnational religion in the Greek American experience in order to develop a methodology for approaching other groups in the United States. With the increase of immigrant religious affiliation and institutions in America and the diversity of engagement in both domestic and foreign policy issues, the analysis of transnational religious connections is critical to understanding identity formation and ethnoreligious lobbying, as well as gauging the impact of this advocacy on the U.S. political system.”
Μανδατζής, Χρ. Υπερπόντια μετανάστευση από τη Μακεδονία: 1923-1936. Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Τμήμα Ιστορίας-Αρχαιολογίας, ΑΠΘ, 2000.
Panagakos, Anastasia. Romancing the Homeland: Transnational Lifestyles and Gender in the Greek Diaspora. Diss. University of California (Santa Barbara), 2003.
Patrona, Theodora. Novels of Return: Ethnic Spaces in Contemporary Greek-American and Italian American Literature. Diss. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki: Aristotle University, 2011.
The present thesis is a comparative approach to six Italian-American and Greek-American literary works written in the last three decades of the 20th century. Based on the common theme of the authors' return, either metaphorical or literal to the two countries of origin and their respective cultures, this doctoral thesis explores the common motifs of mythology, ritual and storytelling where the heroes and heroines resort to in their quest for self-definition. In specific, my analysis attempts to answer two questions: how is the journey to self-definition, as well as the formation of subjectivity, connected with the recourse to ethnic space in each of the novels examined? In addition, to what extent are these two elements affected by the constantly changing framework of social, historical and economic conditions, covering two decades? Within the context of the seventies, I discuss Daphne Athas's Cora (1978) and Helen Barolini's Umbertina (1979), whose heroines, caught under the spell of feminist and psychoanalytic trends of their times, realize the importance of ethnic space in their journey towards self-definition. Assisted by diverse theories, I argue that though differently approached, in the end for both novels ethnic space is proven to be a site of resilience and inspiration. Moreover, in the so-called era of post-feminism, Catherine Temma Davidson's The Priest Fainted (1998) and Susan Caperna Lloyd's No Pictures in My Grave (1992) portray heroines who seek enlightenment and guidance by returning to the home country and its culture. In both cases, I consider the theoretical arsenal of revisionist myth making and the late-capitalist dictates reflected, and I argue that the two heroines are carriers of a similar "haughty" air of Orientalism. I conclude that since they opt for a "selective" ethnicity, they oversimplify and disorient readers as to the importance and difficulty of the ethnic female quest. Finally, utilizing two novels written by male authors, Stratis Haviaras When The Tree Sings (1979) and Tony Ardizzone's In the Garden of Papa Santuzzu (1999), I break away from the exclusive attention to a feminist approach, and view the conceptualization of ethnic space as this is unraveled by the powerful narrative mode of storytelling. Thus, I argue that overcoming the twenty years that separate them, both novels come to underwrite the surviving powers of the oral narrative, project the ethnic story as "alternative" history, and portray the diachronic character of ethnic space as a site of rebelliousness and anti- conformism.
Stavrianidis, Panos. The Intergenerational Integration of Immigrants in the American Society: A Quantitative Study of Attitudes and Behaviors in the Greek American Community of New Jersey. Diss. Panteion University Athens, Greece, 2012.
“This exploratory study examined the extent to which a population of Greek Americans hold attitudes and behaviors for the conservation and intergenerational transmission of their ethnic culture. In particular, six core value domains were considered for their impact on the preservation of ethnic identity: the Greek language, Greek Orthodox Church, family cultural orientation and values, Greek cultural activities and organization membership, continuing contact with Greece and/or Cyprus, and political activity. Data was obtained through a questionnaire administered to 229 self-identified Greek Americans in 11 parishes of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of New Jersey. The collected data was analyzed quantitatively and the differences in behaviors and attitudes among the first, second, and third and beyond generations were statistically compared. At least four patterns of intergenerational changes emerged. The first pattern was observed within the Greek language domain and demonstrated the steady diminishment of this as a core value from one generation to the next. The second pattern was observed for the domains of the Greek Orthodox Church and Greek cultural activities; here, the core values reflected the least degree of reduction in the subject population. The third pattern was observed mostly in behavior rather than in expressions of attitude regarding the domains of family cultural orientation and values and continuing contact with Greece and/or Cyprus. These domains reflected more similarities exist between the first and second generations while a significant deviation was seen for the third and beyond generational cohort. The fourth pattern was observed in the core values of organization membership and political activity which showed similar responses for the second and third and beyond generational groups, and greater distance from the results for the first generation.”
Tsiartsionis Karapanagiotis, Fay. “Greek-American Couples: Examining Acculturation, Egalitarianism and Intimacy.” Diss. Drexel University, 2008.
Tzortzinis, Christina. Expressions of Greek America. Honors Thesis under the guidelines of the University of Michigan College of Literature, Science and Arts, 2011.
Expressions of Greek America is a multilayered study about key moments in foreign policy when Greek and United States interests came into opposition, challenging the place of Greek Americans in U.S. society while also inspiring lasting community-building efforts. My thesis charts Greek American reactions to events abroad through the Junta government 1967-74, the Cyprus crisis of 1974-75, and the more recent community outcry over the Macedonia naming issue. I argue that the significance of Greek identity in the diaspora is not a tenuous connection to static, distant heritage, but a continuing interaction in which changing homelands and diasporic communities influence each other in meaningful ways.
Κουρτούμη-Χαντζή, T. N. Η ελληνική μετανάστευση προς τις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες και η πολιτική της Ελλάδας (1890-1924). Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Τμήμα Ιστορίας-Αρχαιολογίας, ΑΠΘ, 1999.
Vournelis, Leonidas V. Living the Crisis: Identities and Materialities in a Transnational Greek Setting. Diss. Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 2012.
Zaharopoulos, Helen (Eleni). Greek American Identity Under Historical, Social, and Literary Transformation. Honors Thesis completed under the guidelines of the University of Michigan College of Literature, Science and Arts, Winter 2011.
Greek American Identity Under Historical, Social, and Literary Transformation encompasses three generations of Greeks in Michigan and analyzes Greek identity within and through these generations. I used Yiorgos Anagnostou’s book, Contours of White Ethnicity, as my theoretical base model; I questioned, analyzed, and developed his argument by suggesting that Greek American identity constantly changes throughout each generation via circumstance, social environment, or political atmosphere (just to name a few). I examined three different texts: Legends and Legacies by Pearl Kastran Ahnen, My Detroit by Dan Georgakas, and Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides. I discovered as each text distinctions in literary richness. As we move from pure fact in Ahnen’s work, to memoir in Georgakas’ text, to fictionalization in Eugenides’ novel, the level of flexibility in identity interpretation increases. In other words, the more fiction involved, the more room there is for interpreting identity. This suggests that Greek identity is extremely fluid and is constantly questioned and developed depending on circumstance.
“Hometown Stories: The Greek-Americans of Charlotte.” PBS, WTVI Charlotte. Youtube. 2008.
Description: “They're known for their festival, their restaurants, and their civic contributions. Their story runs much deeper, though, back to the turn of the 20th century when Charlotte was barely on the map. The Greeks survived poverty, foreign occupations, and war, yet managed to bring a wealth of culture and community to their new home: America. WTVI's Hometown Stories presents “The Greek-Americans of Charlotte,” an inspiring documentary that explores the numerous contributions the Greeks have made to Charlotte over the past 100 years.”
Contis, Angelike. From Hip Hop to Zeimbekiko. Jericho: Greek Films in America/ERT, 1999.
Maria Iliou. “The Journey: The Greek American Dream.” 2007.
Description: “While conducting research on a feature film 'A Friendship in Smyrna,' filmmaker Maria Iliou discovered a wealth of previously unseen archival photographic and film footage from over fifty public and private collections which tell the fascinating history of Greek immigrants to the United States. Along with historian Alexander Kitroeff and several scholars and guests, she brings these stories and photographs to life in order to explore and document a very special story from both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
The film narrates the Greek immigration to America from 1890 to 1980. Interviews with prominent Greek Americans including Senator Paul Sarbanes, writers George Pelecanos and Elias Kulkundis, poet Olga Broumas, film critic/historian Dan Georgakas, Ellis Island Archivist George Tselos, Modern Greek Studies Professors Martha Klironomos and Artemis Leontis, researcher Gus Chatzidimitriou, Father Bob Stephanopoulos, and historian Alexander Kitroeff complement the photographic and filmic archival footage.”
Thoma, Lamprini C. (Producer/Writer), & Ventouras, Nickos (Director/Editor). Palikari: Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre [Motion picture]. Original Score: Manos Ventouras. A Non-Organic Production, 2014. [http://www.palikari.org]
The Greek Heritage Society of Southern California. The Promise of Tomorrow: The First Generation: 1940-1960. 2009
Description: “The Promise of Tomorrow, Part Two of the Greek Heritage Society's award winning series, The Greeks of Southern California Through the Century, is the universal story of the Greek American experience as seen through the eyes of those who settled in Southern California. The Documentary is currently in production and will highlight the first and second generation of Greek Americans and the changing face of our community. Academy Award winner Olympia Dukakis will return to host the documentary, with additional narration by John Kapelos, as it explores the way in which the Greek American community has become an integral part of American history while maintaining a strong and unique Greek identity.” (www.greekheritagesociety.org/PromiseofTomorrow.html)
Immigrant Magazine. “The History of Greek Americans in Southern
Voice of Immigrants in America. June 6, 2010.
Kαρπόζηλος, Κωστής και Κώστας Βάκκας. [Karpozilos, Kostis and Kostas Vakkas]. Ταξισυνειδησία – Η Άγνωστη Ιστορία του Ελληνοαμερικανικού Ριζοσπασμού. [Greek-American Radicals: the Untold Story]. Idea Films, 2013.
H άγνωστη ιστορία του ελληνοαμερικανικού ριζοσπαστισμού από την εποχή της μαζικής μετανάστευσης στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες έως τα χρόνια του Μακαρθισμού σε ένα ντοκιμαντέρ. Μία ιστορία συλλογικών αγώνων, ριζοσπαστικών ιδεών, συναρπαστικών διαδρομών και ξεχασμένων παραδόσεων που διαπλέκεται με τις εποχές της αναστάτωσης, τα κοινωνικά και πολιτικά κινήματα, τις διώξεις και τις συλλογικές απογοητεύσεις. Παρακολουθώντας τα χρόνια της Μεγάλης Ύφεσης, τους ελληνοαμερικανούς εθελοντές στις Διεθνείς Ταξιαρχίες του Ισπανικού Εμφυλίου, τις δραστηριότητες των Ελληνικών Εργατικών Εκπαιδευτικών Συνδέσμων και τις απελάσεις του Μακαρθισμού το ντοκιμαντέρ Ταξισυνειδησία – η αγνωστη ιστορια του ελληνοαμερικανικου ριζοσπαστισμου φέρνει στο προσκήνιο μία εναλλακτική αφήγηση της ελληνοαμερικανικής ιστορίας, η οποία υπογραμμίζει τους μετασχηματισμούς και τις αλληλεπιδράσεις της εθνοτικής καταγωγής, της τάξης και του πολιτικού και κοινωνικού ριζοσπαστισμού στον Αμερικανικό 20ο αιώνα.
The documentary narrates the story of Greek-American radicalism from the era of mass migration till the McCarthy period in the 50s. A history of collective struggles, radical ideas, exciting journeys and forgotten traditions interwoven with the times of upheaval, social and political movements, persecutions and collective disillusionments. Focusing from the Great Depression to the demise of ethnic radicalism in the 50s, the documentary Greek-American Radicals: the Untold Story brings forth an alternative vision of Greek-American history that highlights the transformations and multiple interrelations between ethnicity, class and radicalism.
Scotes, Athena, A Last Song to Xenitia
Skevas, Giorgos. Naked Hands. Town Film, 2013.
Dimitris Mitropoulos conducted his orchestras without a baton, with his bare hands. In Giorgos Skevas’ documentary, Lefteris Voyiatzis meets Dimitris Mitropoulos. Taking its cues from the letters the maestro exchanged with his dear friend, Kaiti Katsogianni, and from rare archive footage, the film covers the years in which Mitropoulos lived in the United States as chief conductor of the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, and later the New York Philharmonic, through until his tragic death in La Scala, Milan, in 1960, conducting Mahler’s Third Symphony.
Stamelos, Valantis. Hello Anatolia. Crescent Street Films, LLC, 2012.
After working in the corporate world for years, Greek-American filmmaker Chrysovalantis Stamelos decided it was time to satisfy his desire to search for his roots in Anatolia, the historical birthplace of his ancestors. So, he picked up and moved to the homeland of his great-grandparents: Turkey.
His family and friends thought he was crazy. Maybe he was, but he couldn't shake off the stories he heard growing up...of old Smyrna and Asia Minor.
Hello Anatolia follows Stamelos' reconnection with his ancestry through the exploration of neighborhoods, interviews with Greeks of Turkey, and his immersion into the art and culture. Stamelos will break down barriers between two cultures with a history of feuding, as well as build a bridge from the Aegean to the US.
Produced by Crescent Street Films, LLC (www.csfilms.org).
Executive produced by Greek America Foundation and Gregory Pappas.
Vassilis Vassileiadis. The Sponge Diver's Dance. O horos ton sfougaradon (original title). 2003. IMDB
Description: “Kalymnos islanders' dangerous lines of work in Greece and the U.S. from sponge diving to bridge painting. Kalymnos is the last island of the Aegean Sea known for its involvement with one of the deadliest professions of the 20th century, sponge diving. The Sponge Diver's Dance explores how a heroic act of survival, leaving their island and families for half a year, risking their lives, has become a tradition. Sponge diving as a profession is in decline; but the need to keep the tradition alive has forced the younger generations of Kalymnians to pursue similar occupations--to extreme heights and extreme depths across the world, whenever they have migrated, continuing the death-defying circle of life established by their ancestors.”
Xanthopoulos, Lefteris. “George Papanicolaou Documentary.” 2013. Greek with English subtitles.
b) Other Documentary Material (short and amateur documentaries, identity narratives, etc)
C.P. Cavafy: From Ithaca to Tarpon Springs. 1996. For more information, contact Prof. James Babanikos
“A 30-minute impressionistic documentary on Tarpon Springs, Florida, and on the Greek poet C.P. Cavafy.”
“Greek American Documentary.”, January 2009.
c) Documentaries – Reviews
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “The Diaspora as a Usable Past for a Nation-in-Crisis: Media Readings of Palikari: Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre.” Filmicon: Journal of Greek Film Studies, 2014 (November 5) [review essay, available online ]
“This analysis shows that the structure of Tikas’s media history story in relation to Greece resembles that of narratives that societies purposefully excavate from the past to address crises that confront them in the present. To effectively generate hope and guide action, such narratives animate a shared story from the past, which bears a close metaphorical association with the present they seek to reshape. This link is evident in the case of Palikari. Subjected to dual oppression – ethnic because of racism and economic because of immigrant exploitation – Tikas rose against abuse by performing a venerable national heritage, heroic resistance to foreign rule. Similarly, stigmatized as a nation and put under onerous economic strains, Greek people today are called to once again act out this heritage as a way to escape from humiliating dependency on global institutions. In this parallelism, an immigrant’s American story is turned into a Greek narrative via the recognizable trope of national heroism. A historical event situated in the intersection of immigrant experience and U.S. modernity is brought to Greek audiences, and incorporated into the nation as a familiar story of diaspora courage. The film and its meta-commentary therefore expand collective national memory to include Greek immigrant history, animating in this manner a suitable usable past for a nation-in-crisis.”
Λαλάκη, Δέσποινα. [Lalaki, Despina]. Aμηχανία της Ελληνικής Διασποράς. [The Embarrassment of the Greek Diaspora]. Χρόνος 3. Ιούλιος, 2013. [Chronos 3. July, 2013].
Η φτωχοποίηση την οποία έχει επιφέρει η πρόσφατη οικονομική κρίση στην ελληνική κοινωνία αποτελεί πηγή μεγάλης αμηχανίας για την ελληνοαμερικανική διασπορά, η οποία ήδη από τις αρχές του 20ού αιώνα κατέβαλε μεγάλες προσπάθειες να συμβιβάσει την εθνοτική της ταυτότητα με τις επιταγές του εξαμερικανισμού. Ενός εξαμερικανισμού στη βάση των θεμελιωδών αρχών της μεσαίας αστικής τάξης και του «λευκού» προτύπου, και σε αντιδιαστολή με την εργατική ταξική συνείδηση ή τα εργατικά κινήματα. Η ίδια αμηχανία έγινε ιδιαίτερα αισθητή κατά τη διάρκεια της συζήτησης που ακολούθησε την πρόσφατη προβολή του ντοκιμαντέρ Ταξισυνειδησία – Η Άγνωστη Iστορία του Eλληνικού Pιζοσπαστισμού στο Σταθάκειο Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο στην Αστόρια. Σχόλια από το κοινό όπως «ο Έλληνας δεν είναι ποτέ κομμουνιστής» και «οι Έλληνες, είτε στην Ελλάδα είτε στη Νέα Υόρκη, δεν υπήρξαν ποτέ κομμουνιστές» έκαναν σαφές ότι η ιστορία του ελληνοαμερικανικού ριζοσπαστισμού που αφηγείται το ντοκιμαντέρ, από την εποχή της μαζικής μετανάστευσης στις Η.Π.Α. στις αρχές του 20ού αιώνα έως τα χρόνια του μακαρθισμού και της ενσωμάτωσης των μεταναστών στο «αμερικανικό όνειρο», αποτελεί πρόκληση. Πρόκληση για το επίσημο ιστορικό αφήγημα (τόσο της ελληνοαμερικανικής διασποράς όσο και της «μαμάς» πατρίδας) σύμφωνα με το οποίο το ιδεολόγημα του ελληνισμού είναι ασυμβίβαστο με την ιδεολογία του κομμουνισμού και της εργατικής ταξικής συνείδησης.
Despina Lalaki's review translated into English by Nicholas Levis, “The Predicament of the Greek Diaspora: Economic Crisis, Immigrant Radicalism and Greek-American Ethnic Identity.” Χρόνος, τεύχος 9, Ιανουάριος (2014). LINK
Χριστόπουλος, Δημήτρης. 2014. «Την ύφεση την συνηθίζεις διότι έρχεται αργά σαν την αρθρίτιδα». Χρόνος, τεύχος 9, Ιανουάριος [review Greek American Radicals – The Untold Story]
Immigrant Magazine. “The History of Greek Americans in Southern California.” Voice of Immigrants in America. June 6, 2010.
Masciotti, Christina. Vision Disturbance. New York City, 2010.
Contis, Angelike. “Masciotti's Disturbed Vision Play” The National Herald Online, August 14-20, 2010.
Kourvetaris, Andrew. “Reasons Why Parents Send Their Children to, or Withdraw Them from, Greek School: Lessons from Educators and Parents in the United States.” Globalization and Hellenic Diaspora: Proceedings of the International Conference in Rethymno, Greece. University of Crete and the European Union: Rethymno, June 29-July 1, 2007.
Hantzopoulos, Maria. “Going to Greek School: the Politics of Religion, Identity, and Culture in Community-Based Greek Language Schools.” Bilingual Community Education and Multilingualism : Beyond Heritage Languages in a Global City. Eds. Ofelia Garcia, Zeena Zakharia and Bahar Otcu. Buffalo, NY: Multilingual Matters, 2012.
Soumakis, Fevronia K. “Training the ‘Community Servant’: The Greek Orthodox Church of America and the Teachers College of St. Basil’s Academy, 1959-1973.” Power and Authority in the Eastern Christian Experience: Papers of the Sophia Institute Academic Conference. New York: Theotokos Press, 2010.
The history of Greek educational institutions and Greek American women’s participation and experiences in their development in the United States remains largely absent from the scholarly literature. Despite the emphasis of the vital importance of Hellenic-Christian paideia found in official church documents, the press, and other sources, the Greek Orthodox Church community’s expansive educational efforts, as well as the role of Greek American and Greek born women who staffed the expanding community day and afternoon schools throughout the twentieth century have yet to be the subjects of comprehensive studies. As Greek women in America were actively supporting the expanding Greek Orthodox educational system as teachers, secretaries, choir directors, and fundraisers, it was the church hierarchy, which articulated the needs of the Greek immigrant community and constructed a physical and ideological space for women to fulfill those needs. In doing so, the hierarchy ultimately directed their resources and efforts and defined their position within the community. In this essay, I examine the role of the Greek Orthodox Church of America in shaping the trajectory of St. Basil’s Academy Teachers College during the period 1959-1973. Although the College was established in 1944, I focus on the time period when Archbishop Iakovos assumed his position and turned his attention towards expanding Greek education. This study ends in 1973 when the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America (hereafter Archdiocese) along with community leaders decided to merge the Teachers College with the newly established Hellenic College in Brookline, Massachusetts. To that end, three questions guide this paper: What was the purpose of the Teachers College and how did it change over time? Who defined this purpose and why? Who was the college designed for?
Scotes, Vasiliki and Thomas J. A Weft of Memory: A Greek Mother's Recollection of Songs and Poems. New Rochelle: Aristide D. Caratzas, 2008.
“A bilingual edition of songs and poems remembered by Vasiliki Scotes, an immigrant from Greece living in Pennsylvania since 1931, who, nearing 100 years old in 2004, sat down with her son, retired U.S. diplomat Thomas J. Scotes, in 2004 and for the next three years dictated as many songs as she could remember from her childhood in Theodoriana, Epirus. He intended to record and translate them for the benefit of her descendants, so that they would know something of her origins. Scotes accepted the challenge and began pulling at long-submerged threads of childhood memory, word by word, line by line. For the next three years she extracted verses she hadn't heard recited or sung for more than 70 years. Ballads from the era of Greece's Ottoman occupation, bandit songs from the Greek War of Independence, patriotic songs, and songs of holidays, love, marriage, absence and lament all came back to her. Thomas Skotes' translations, photographs, annotations, and introduction together offer multi-layered context for appreciating the poems, which includes the 20th century layers of emigration.”
Joanides, Charles, Mike Mayhew, and Philip Mamalakis. “Investigating Inter-Christian and Intercultural Couples Associated with the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America: A Qualitative Research.” The American Journal of Family Therapy. Vol. 30, Issue 4 (July 2002). 373-383.
Karpathakis, Anna and Dan Georgakas. “Demythologizing Greek American Families.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 36. 1-2 (2010): 45-62.
This analysis of the Greek family data in the 2000 census was conducted by Karpathakis with the assistance of Georgakas. The major conclusion of the article is that the census data clearly demonstrates that Greek families, do not significantly differ from their American counterparts, but they have decidedly different patterns in different regions of the United Sates.
Petrie, Donald. My Life in Ruins. 2009
Sutton, Sean James. The Greek-American. 2009.
Maltepes, Alysia. The Greek American. 2007.
b) Film Resources
Georgakas, Dan with Vassilis Lambropoulos. The Greek American Image in American Cinema.
Description: “How American films depict Greek Americans tells us more about American culture than about Greek Americans. Cinema generally reflects contemporary cultural beliefs. By presenting those values in vivid forms, cinema reinforces them. The general rule is that screenwriters, directors, cinematographers, and actors do not have any special knowledge of Greek America and reproduce the dominant negative and positive cultural stereotypes. Far less common is an attempt to consciously reshape those perceptions.
The following filmography, which offers an account of the image of Greek Americans in American cinema, reveals how mainstream America has perceived Greek Americans at any given moment and how American cinema has reacted to that perception. For our purposes, Greek America is composed of immigrants and any offspring who self-define themselves as Greek.”
c) Film Scholarship
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “When ‘Second Generation’ Narratives and Hollywood Meet: Making Ethnicity in My Big Fat Greek Wedding.” MELUS 37.4 (2012): 139–63.
Basea, Erato. “My Life in Ruins: Hollywood and Holidays in Greece in Times of Crisis.”Interactions: Studies in Communication & Culture 3.2 (2012): 199–208.
Cardon, Lauren S. The “White Other” in American Intermarriage Stories, 1945-2008. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. [includes discussion of My Big Fat Greek Wedding]
Dombrowski, Lisa ed. Kazan Revisited. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan U Press, 2011.
“Fifteen essayists take on various dimensions of the film work of Kazan. Complete filmography and select bibliography featuring most recent books and basic sources on his film work.”
Georgakas, Dan “Ethnic Humor in American Film: The Greek Americans.” A Companion to Film Comedy. Eds. Andrew Horton and Joanna E. Rapf. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Georgakas, Dan. “Kazan, Kazan,” Cineaste Vol. 36-4 (Fall, 2011): 4-9.
Designed as a starting point for evaluating Kazan’s entire artistic career as a whole rather than in distinct segments as is the current practice. Strong emphasis also given on the leftist cultural influences in the work of Kazan and the impact on his work and politics that stem from his Anatolian identity.
Kalogeras, Yiorgos. 2012. “Entering through the Golden Door: Cinematic Representations of a Mythical Moment.” Journal of Mediterranean Studies 21.1 (2012): 77–99.
Kalogeras, Yiorgos. "Retrieval and Invention: The Adaptation of Texts and the
Narrativization of Photographs in Films on Immigration.
Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 29.2 (2011): 153-170.
Kalogeras, Yiorgos. “Are Armenians White? Reading Elia Kazan's America, America.” Post-National Enquiries: Essays on Ethnic and Racial Border Crossings. Ed. Jopi Nyman. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholarly Publications, 2009. 64-76.
Patrona, Theodora. “Migration, Space and Ethnic Female Subjectivities: Pantelis Voulgaris' film Brides.” Migration and Exile: Charting New Literary and Artistic Territories. Ed. Ada Savin. Cambridge Scholars Publishing: 2013.
Perren, Alisa. “A Big Fat India Success Story? Press Discourses Surrounding the Making and Marketing of a Hollywood Movie.” Journal of Film and Video. Vol. 56, No. 2 (2004), 18-31.
Roth, Luanna. “Beyond Communitas: Cinematic Food Events and the Negotiation of Power, Belonging, and Exclusion.” Western Folklore. Vol. 64 (¾): 163-187.
Tzanelli, Rodanthi. “Europe Within and Without: Narratives of American Cultural Belonging in and through My Big Fat Greek Wedding.” Comparative American Studies. Vol. 2, No. 1 (2004). 39-59.
d) Film Reviews
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Greek America 101: My Big Greek Wedding’s Lessons.” The National Herald Online, June 25 (2011).
“…I also take an alternative route in teaching the film. Instead of asking what is true and what is false in the script, I encourage students to probe its significance: What is the purpose of portraying certain groups in specific ways? Why for example are immigrants caricatured? Why is it that the Millers are ridiculed in their WASPy ways? What does the contrast between the unruly Portokaloses and the uptight Millers accomplish? What is it that the film promotes? Clearly, the film denigrates immigrants and WASPs alike.”
DeWitt, David. “Greek Hero in an All-American Tale: ‘A Green Story,’ Directed by Nika Agiashvili.” New York Times. 23 May 2013.
Georgakas, Dan. Review of Elia Kazan: The Cinema of an American Outsider. Ed. Robert Cornfield. Cineaste (2009): 77-78.
e) Reflections on Film Making
Kazan, Elia. Kazan on Directing. New York: Vintage Books: 2009.
Lewis, David, Peter Contis, and Helen Contis. Byzantine Butterflies: The Folk Paintings of Peter Contis and Helen Contis, Greek Immigrants to America. Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1999.
Manos, Constantinos. A Greek Portfolio: Κωνσταντίνος Μάνος. Athens: Benaki Museum, 1999/2013.
---. Ομιλία και προβολή φωτογραφιών. [Talk and Projection of Photographs]. Lecture.
Yanna, Maria. Portraits of Prominent Greeks in the U.S.A. (Photographs by Maria Yanna; Foreword by Olympia Snowe; Introductory note by Pavlos Yeroulanos; Historical Matrix by Speros Vryonis, Jr.; Text by John C. Bastias.) Athens, Greece: Maria Gianna Editions, 2010.
Freedman, M.R. and Grivetti, L.E. “Diet Patterns of First, Second, and Third Generation Greek-American Women.” Ecol. Food Nutr. Vol. 14. 185-204.
Arapoglou, Eleftheria. A Bridge Over the Balkans: Demetra Vaka Brown and the Tradition of “Women’s Orients.” Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011.
“This book is a critical study of Demetra Vaka Brown, one of the most significant Greek American writers of the turn of the last century, framed within the fields of “Orientalism” and cultural studies. Offering an overview of her life and career with analytical readings of her major works, the book’s focus is on the role of Vaka Brown as cultural agent: at once a white female and an immigrant of Greek descent and a former citizen of Ottoman Turkey who worked as a journalist and author in the United States, writing in English and contributing her work to mainstream publications. The book presents the identity and spatial politics of Vaka Brown, recovering the discursive techniques employed in her identification processes and assessing the significance of her cultural agency in the context of the dominant themes and preoccupations of the Orientalist tradition. Vaka Brown is further examined as a case study which provides historically informed and cultural perspectives on the complexities and ambiguities of women’s imperial positionings at the second half of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries in the East and West. By exploring the author’s predicament in constructing an authorial and narrative identity in the interstices between the East and the West, modernity and tradition, ethnicity and nationalism, the book articulates a nuanced historical and cultural reading of Vaka Brown’s writing and ultimately probes the alternative responses Vaka Brown’s texts offer to the “scaffoldings” of nationalism.”
Patrona, Theodora. “Ex-centric Mythic Wanderings in Catherine Temma Davidson’s The Priest Fainted (1998).” Ex-Centric Narratives: Identity, Multivocality and Cross-Culturalism. Ed. Smatie Yemenedzi-Malathouni, Tatiani Rapatzikou, and Elefteria Arapoglou. Bethesda, MD: Αcademica Press, 2012. 233-248.
Patrona, Theodora. “The Female Ethnic Writer’s Return to the Ancestral Hearth: Greece and Italy Revisited.” Mobile Narratives. Ed. Eleftheria Arapoglou, Monika Fodor, and Jopi Nymann. London: Routledge, 2013. 187-198.
Tastsoglou, Evangelia, ed. Women, Gender, and Diasporic Lives: Labor, Community, and Identity in Greek Migrations. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2009.
Βεντούρα, Λίνα και Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης, Επιμ. [Ventoura, Lina and Lambros Baltsiotis, eds.] Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Ομογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Εληνικού Κράτους. [The Nation Beyond Borders]. Αθήνα: Βιβλιόραμα, 2013. [Athens: Vivliorama, 2013].
Βεντούρα, Λίνα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης. «Εισαγωγή – Κρατικές πολιτικές για ομοεθνείς μειονότητες και πληθυσμούς της διασποράς: Η σύγκλιση των προσεγγίσεων», στο Λίνα Βεντούρα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης (επιμ.), Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Όμογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Ελληνικού Κράτους. Βιβλιόραμα, (2013): 9-30.
Βόγλη, Ελπίδα [Vogli Elpida]. «Το ‘Ετος Αποδήμου Ελληνισμού’ (1951): Η ελληνική ομογενειακή πολιτική στις απαρχές του Ψυχρού Πολέμου», στο Λίνα Βεντούρα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης (επιμ.), Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Όμογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Ελληνικού Κράτους. Βιβλιόραμα, (2013): 345-372.
Βόγλη, Ελπίδα [Vogli Elpida]. «Η ελληνική πολιτική απέναντι στους απόδημους Έλληνες κατά το πρώτο μισό του 20ού αιώνα». Greek Research in Australia: Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, Flinders University June 2009. Ed. M. Rossetto, M. Tsianikas, G. Couvalis, and M. Palaktsoglou. Adelaide, South Australia: Flinders University Department of Languages-Modern Greek, 2011. 661-671. Το άρθρο είναι διαθέσιμο στο διαδίκτυο
Βόγλη, Ελπίδα [Vogli Elpida]. «Το έθνος και η ελληνική διασπορά στον πολιτικό λόγο του Κωνσταντίνου Τσάτσου», στο Κωνσταντίνος Τσάτσος, φιλόσοφος, συγγραφέας, πολιτικός (Πρακτικά Διεθνούς Επιστημονικού Συνεδρίου, Αθήνα, 6-8. Νοεμβρίου 2009), Γρανάδα-Αθήνα: Κέντρο Βυζαντινών, Νεοελληνικών και Κυπριακών Σπουδών, Εταιρεία Φίλων Κ. και Ι. Τσάτσου (2010): 667-682.
Bucuvalas, Tina.“The Greek Communities of the Bahamas and Tarpon Springs: An Intertwined History.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 29-70.
Fakiolas, Rosetos. “Οι Ελληνες twn ΗΠΑ”[The Greeks of the United States]. Ελληνισμός της Διασποράς, Τόμος G [The Hellenism of Diaspora, Vol. C]. Eds. Antonios Kontis and Rosetos Fakiolas. Patras: Greek Open University, 2002.
Gotsi, Georgia. Η διεθνοποίηση της φαντασίας: σχέσεις της ελληνικής με τις ξένες λογοτεχνίες τον 19º αιώνα (The Internationalization of Imagination: Relations of Greek with Foreign Literatures in the 19th Century.) Gutenberg, 2010.
“Greek Diaspora Intellectuals Reflect on Cavafy.” C.P. Cavafy Forum, University of Michigan Modern Greek Studies, 2013.
Kaloudis, George. “Greeks of the Diaspora: Modernizers or an Obstacle to Progress?” International Journal on World Peace 23.2 (June 2006): 49-70.
Kitroeff, Alexander. “Emigration Transatlantique et Strategie Familiale: La Grèce” [Transatlantic Emigration and Family Strategy: Greece]. Espaces et Familles dans l’ Europe du Sud à l’âge moderne [Space and Families in Southern Europe in the Contemporary Era]. Ed. Stuart Woolf. Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’ Homme, 1992. 241-70.
------. “Υπερατλαντική Μετανάστευση” [Transatlantic Emigration]. Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου Αιώνα [History of Greece in the Twentieth Century, Vol.1 1900-1922]. Ed. Christos Hadziiosif. Athens: Vivliorama, 1999.
------. “Εμπορικές Παροικίες και Μετανάστες” [Merchant Colonies and Immigrants]. Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου Αιώνα, Β1 1922-1240 [History of Greece in the Twentieth Century, Vol. B1 1922-1940]. Ed. Christos Hadziiosif. Athens: Vivliorama, 2003.
------. “Βόρεια και Νότια Αμερική: οι Ομογενείς στις ΗΠΑ, τον Καναδά, την Λατινική Αμερική” [North and South America: The Greek Diaspora in the U.S., Canada and Latin America]. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000]. Vol. 9. Ed. Vasilis Panayotopoulos. Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004. 305-18.
------. “Βόρεια Αμερική: Οι Ελληνικές Κοινότητες στις ΗΠΑ και τον Καναδά” [North America: the Greek Communities in the U.S. & Canada]. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000]. Vol. 10. Ed. Vasilis Panayotopoulos. Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004. 297-308
Kontis, Antonios and Rosetos Fakiolas. “Εννοιολογικές αποσαφηνíσεις” [Clarification of Terminology]. Ελληνισμός της Διασποράς, Τόμος Α΄ [The Hellenism of Diaspora, Vol. A]. Eds. Antonios Kontis and Rosetos Fakiolas. Patras: Greek Open University, 2002. Document
Koukoutsaki-Monnier, A. Websites of the Greek-American Diaspora. 2010.
Koundoura, Maria. The Greek Idea: The Formation of National and Transnational Identities. London: Tauris Academic Studies, 2007.
Koundoura, Maria. Transnational Culture, Transnational Identity: The Politics and Ethics of Global Culture Exchange. London: I.B. Tauris, 2012.
Roudometof, Victor. Globalization and Orthodox Christianity. London: Routledge, 2013.
Roudometof, Victor. “From Greek-Orthodox Diaspora to Transnational Hellenism: Greek Nationalism and the Identities of the Diaspora.” The Call of the Homeland: Diaspora Nationalisms, Past and Present. Allon Gal, Athena S. Leoussi, and Anthony D. Smith, eds. London: Brill/UCL, 2010. 139-66.
Roudometof, Victor. 2014. “Forms of Religious Glocalization: Orthodox Christianity in the Longue Durée.” Religions Vol. 5. 4 (2014): 1017-1036.
“The article advocates a ‘glocal turn’ in the religion–globalization problematic. It proposes a model of multiple glocalizations in order to analyze the historically constituted relationship between world religions and local cultures. First, the conceptual evolution from globalization to glocalization is discussed with special reference to the study of the religion. Second, the necessity for adopting the perspective of the longue durée with regard to the study of Eastern Orthodox Christianity is explained. Third, an outline of four forms of religious glocalization is proposed. Each of these forms is presented both analytically as well as through examples from the history of Eastern Christianity (from the 8th to the 21st century). It is argued that this approach offers a model for analyzing the relation between religion, culture and society that does not succumb to the Western bias inherent in the conventional narrative of western modernization and secularization.”
Rozen, M. (ed.). Homelands and Diasporas. Greeks, Jews and their Migrations, New York, Tauris, 2008.
Tsaliki, L. “Globalisation and Hybridity. The Construction of Greekness on the Internet.” In The Media of Diaspora, K. H. Karim (ed.). London, New York, Routledge, 2003: 162-176.
Vogli, Elpida. “A Greece for Greeks by Descent? Nineteenth-Century Policy on Integrating the Greek Diaspora.” Greek Diaspora and Migration since 1700: Society, Politics and Culture. Ed. Dimitris Tziovas. Surrey: Ashgate, 2009. 99-110.
Vogli, Elpida. “The Making of Greece Abroad: Continuity and Change in the Modern Diaspora Politics of a ‘Historical’ Irredentist Homeland.” Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 17.1 (2011): 14-33.
Kindinger, Evangelia. Rev. of Women, Gender, and Diasporic Lives: Labor, Community, and Identity in Greek Migrations, by Evangelia Tastsoglou. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37.8 (2011): 1291-1293.
Mike, Mairi. Rev. of Η διεθνοποίηση της φαντασίας: σχέσεις της ελληνικής με τιςξένες λογοτεχνίες τον 19º αιώνα (The Internationalization of Imagination: Relations of Greek with Foreign Literatures in the 19th Century), by Georgia Gotsi. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 29.2 (2011): 300-2. [in Greek]
This list consists of seminal texts that define Greek American Studies as presented by Dan Georgakas in his article "Toward a Greek American Canon" (Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 31.2 ).
Antoniou, Mary. “Welfare Activities Among the Greek People in Los Angeles.” Master’s Thesis (1939). University of South California.
Burgess, Thomas. Greeks in America: An Account of Their Coming, Progress, Customs, Living and Aspirations. Boston: Sherman, French, and Company, 1913.
Callinicos, Constance. American Aphrodite: Becoming Female in Greek America. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 1990.
Castanis, Christophorus Plato. The Greek Exile, or A Narrative of the Captivity and Escape of Christophorus Plato Castanis, during the Massacre on the Island of Scio by the Turks, together with Various Adventures in Greece and America. 1851. New York: Cultural Chapter of the Chian Federation, 2002.
Contopoulos, Michael. The Greek Community of New York City: Early Years to 1910. New Rochelle: A. D. Caratzas, 1992.
Counelis, James Steve. Inheritance and Change in Orthodox Christianity. Scranton: University of Scranton Press, 1995.
Economidhou, Maria. E Ellines Tis Amerikis Opos Tous Eidha (The Greeks in America as I Saw Them). New York: Divry Publishing, 1916. [in Greek]
Georgakas, Dan and Charles C. Moskos. “The Greek American Experience.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora (Special Issue) 16.1-4 (1989): 5-8.
---. New Directions in Greek American Studies. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 1991.
---. Greek America at Work. New York: Labor Resource Center of Queens College and Greek American Labor Council, 1992.
Hatzidimitriou, Constantine. Founded on Freedom and Virtue: Documents Illustrating the Impact in the United States of the Greek War of Independence, 1921-1829. New Rochelle: A.D. Caratzas, 2003.
Karanikas, Alexander. Hellenes & Hellions: Modern Greek Characters in American Literature. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.
Kopan, Andrew. Education and Greek Immigrants in Chicago, 1892-1973: A Study in Ethnic Survival. New York: Garland Publishing Co. Inc., 1990.
Kourvetaris, George. Studies on Greek Americans. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. Laliotou, Ioanna. Transatlantic Subjects: Acts of Migration and Cultures of Transnationalism Between Greece and America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
Moskos, Charles C. Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1989.
Orfanos, Spyros, ed. Reading Greek America: Studies in the Experience of Greeks in the United States. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 2003.
Papanikolas Helen. Toil and Rage in a New Land: The Greek Immigrants in Utah. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1970.
---. Emily-George. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1987.
---. An Amulet of Greek Earth: Generations of Immigrant Folk Culture. Athens, OH: Swallow Press/Ohio University Press, 2002.
Papanikolas, Zeese. Buried Unsung: Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1982.
Peck, Gunther. Reinventing Free Labor: Padrones and Immigrant Workers in the North American West-1880-1828. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.
Petrakis, Harry Mark. Reflections: A Writer's Life, A Writer's Work. Chicago: Lake View Press, 1983.
Psomiades, Harry J. and Alice Scourby, eds. The Greek American Community in Transition. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 1982.
Scourby, Alice. The Greek Americans. Boston: Twayne Press, 1984.
Thomopoulos, Elaine, ed. Greek Pioneer Women of Illinois. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing 2000.
The book chronicles the struggles and triumphs, the pathos and joy of five women who emigrated to the United States from 1885 to 1923: Georgia Bitzis Pooley, Presbytera Stella Christoulakis Petrakis, Theano Papazoglou Margaris, and Venette Tomaras Askounes Ashford. With over 125 historic photos and documents which span the years 1885 to 2000, this book showcases the life stories of immigrant pioneer women, their families, friends, and the emerging Greek-American community of Illinois.
Tsemberis, Sam J., Harry J. Psomiades, and Anna Karpathakis, eds. Greek American Families: Traditions and Transformations. NY: Pella Publishing Company, 1999.
Xenides, J. P. The Greeks in America. NY: George H. Dorman Company, 1922.
Transcript of a talk given at the 12th Annual Conference of «The American Hellenic Institute» 23 Nov. 2013
Buonocore, Annamarie, Anna Tsiotsias, Georgea Polizos, and Peter Hasiakos. “Emerging Voices of Greek America.” The AHIF Policy Journal 5 (Spring 2014): n.pag.
Constantinou, Stavros T. “Ethnic Residentials Shifts, the Greek Population of Akron, Ohio (1930-2005).” GeoJournal. Vol. 68 (2007). 253-265.
Davidhizar R., V. King, G. Bechtel, and J.N. Giger. “Nursing Clients of Greek Ethnicity at Home.” Home Healthcare Nurse. Vol. 16. Issue 9 (1998): 618-623.
The home healthcare nurse who cares for persons with Greek ancestry should be aware of their unique cultural heritage. The nurse should also be aware that Greek people throughout the world are proud and independent, valuing their religious faith and practices, good health, education, and success. Care should be designed to include appreciation of traditions and customs that these clients may have. The nurse should make a special effort to develop trust with the Greek client and family members in order to effectively implement culturally competent healthcare.
Patrona, Theodora. “Greek-Americans.” Multicultural America: A Multimedia Encyclopedia. Ed. Carlos Cortez. Los Angeles: Sage, 2013. 1000-1003.
Patterson, Diana Thomopoulos: “Maternal Guidance: Women pass on cherished Greek traditions.” GreekCircle 9.3 (Winter, 2009): 38–39.
The author reflects on how her family, especially her paternal grandmother, shaped her Hellenic identity. She says, “Yiayia didn’t speak English very well, and I didn’t know very much Greek. Yet yiayia and I didn’t have to speak the same language to understand each other.” Includes photos.
Thomopoulos, Elaine. “Memories in the Making: A Personal Perspective on Greek American Organizations.” GreekCircle 14.1 (Fall 2013): 32-34.
A personal essay about how the author’s sense of Hellenic identity has been nurtured by a myriad of organizations, starting with the Greek Orthodox Church. Includes photos.
Thomopoulos, Elaine Cotsirilos. “Two Worlds: Village-and city-life provide two very different cultures.” GreekCircle. 10:1 (Summer 2010): 19-21.
From the perspective of a second-generation Greek American, the author reflects upon her visits to Greece and the differences she has experienced between city and village life.
Thomopoulos, Elaine. “The Mati: the Evil Eye Unveiled.” GreekCircle 2.2 (Fall 2002): 42–43.
To describe the “evil eye,” the author uses her own experience of xematiasma (ridding of the evil eye) during a visit to a friend’s restaurant in New Buffalo, Michigan. Using anecdotal examples, she shows how this belief lives on in America.
Zanetou, Artemis. “The Fulbright Program and the Future of Hellenism in America.” The AHIF Policy Journal 5 (Spring 2014): n.pag.
Zaromatidis, K.A, A. Papadaki, and A. Gilde. “A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities: Greeks and Greek-Americans.” Psychol. Rep. Volume 84. No. 3, Part 2 (1999): 1189-1196.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Empowering ‘Greek American Studies.’” Immigrations – Ethnicities – Racial Situations. 11 Dec. 2013.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Modern Greek Studies at the University Level: Challenges and Opportunities.” Modern Greek Studies Association. 2013.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “White Ethnicity: A Reappraisal.” Italian American Review 3.2 (Summer 2013): 99-128.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Where Does 'Diaspora' Belong? The View from Greek American Studies.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 28. No. 1 (2010): 73-119.
Keywords: Greek American Studies, Greek American historiography, Modern Greek Studies, Diaspora
Abstract: “Diaspora, variously defined, denotes difference within a host nation and connection with a real or imaginary homeland elsewhere. Diaspora claims, that is, a location that entangles the national, otherness within the national (often construed as ethnic), and places across national borders, all this in vastly complex ways. The study of diaspora therefore requires an analogous scholarly location that brings into conversation national, ethnic, and area studies. The analysis of the U.S. “Greek diaspora,” for instance, calls for cross-fertilization between American ethnic, Greek American, and modern Greek studies. This kind of systematic exchange did not materialize in the context of post 1960s U.S. academy, despite vocal calls for such dialogue. Here, Anagnostou demonstrates that “diaspora” was not a primary organizing reference for research in either U.S. Greek American or U.S. modern Greek studies, a lapse all too conspicuous if one takes into account the political, economic, and cultural importance of the Greek diaspora. Instead, dominant threads within Greek American and modern Greek studies developed along the trajectory of a nation-centric paradigm respectively, the former privileging the study of ethnicity in a national (American) context, the latter attaching analytical priority to Greece. As a result of this bifurcation “diaspora” was relegated to the margins, remained under-theorized, and was often neglected as a research prospect. From the perspective of Greek American studies and focusing on selective Greek American histories, texts, and institutional contexts, it is possible to illuminate the ideological underpinnings for turning diaspora into a contested terrain for both Greek American and modern Greek studies. Thus, the clashing positions can be charted against the ongoing transnationalization of Greek worlds as well as of the transnational turn in the humanities and social sciences, a parallel development that invites a fundamental remapping of Greek America and consequently obliges scholars of both Greek American and modern Greek studies to rethink their spatial and cultural frames of analysis. The operation of transnational geographies associated with Greek worlds calls attention to the artificiality of the boundary between Greek American and modern Greek studies and the necessity for joining their forces for the purpose of new critical mappings, a project now under way within U.S. modern Greek studies programs.”
Frangos, Steve. "Let Her Works Tell Her Praises: Eva Topping." The National Herald OnLine. Jan 5, 2012.
Klironomos, Martha. “The Status of Modern Greek Studies in Higher Education: A Case Study on the West Coast of the United States.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 24.1 (2006): 153-169.
Leontis, Artemis. “Greek-American Studies are Growing at North American Campuses.”
Leontis, Artemis. “Modern Greek Studies at the University Level: Challenges and Opportunities.” American Hellenic Institute Foundation Policy Journal. Vol. 3, Winter 2011-2012. AHIF home
Georgakas, Dan. “Greek American Studies in the Twenty-First Century.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 7-28.
---. “Toward a Greek American Canon.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 31.2 (2005): 7-28.
Cutler, Anthony. “The Tyranny of Hagia Sophia: Notes on Greek Orthodox Church Design in the United States.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 31.1 (1972): 38-50.
Kourelis, Kostos and Vasileios Marinis. “An Immigrant Liturgy: Greek Orthodox Worship and Architecture in America.” Liturgy in Migration: From the Upper Room to Cyberspace. Ed. Teresa Berger. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2012. 155-175.
a) Community and Regional Histories
Antonakos, John. The Greek American Community of Essex County. New Jersey: Author House, 2010.
Description: “This book is about Greek Americans who have lived or live in Essex County, New Jersey. Greeks first started to immigrate to the United States in large numbers after 1900. This book gives the stories of individual Greek American families. It gives a cross section of the Greek immigrants who come to America between 1900 and 1930. And it gives a cross section of the children of these immigrants. A Greek American community is synonymous with a parish of the Orthodox Church. In Essex County the community consisted of four churches. These churches are St. Nicholas, St. Demetrios, St. Fanourios, and Sts. Constantine and Helen. The priests who served these churches and their period of service are listed in the book. The churches religious services and Sunday and Greek schools greatly participate in shaping the moral character of the people. This book contains the biographies of individual families of the community. The biographies are arranged alphabetically, except that biographies about children or grandchildren of a particular family immediately follow the root family biography, so as to maintain the continuity of that family. The chief characteristics of the first immigrants were their high moral character and their industriousness. They passed these good characteristics onto their children. These immigrants were also highly supportive of education, and saw to it that their children received a good education. Because of all of these factors, today the immigrants children and grandchildren are leaders in commerce, industry, education, and government. They have accomplished what their parents desired for them. Truly they have achieved the American dream.”
Βασδέκης, Παντελής. Οι Έλληνες Μετανάστες στο Σικάγο και η Ίδρυση της Κοινότητας της Αγίας Τριάδας, 1890-1927. Private Publisher, 2007.
Cassis, Irene and Constantina Michalos. Greeks in Houston. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2013.
Includes 200 black and white images.
Charitis, Christine V. Staten Island's Greek Community (NY). Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2006.
“In the early part of the 20th century, Staten Island experienced an influx of Greek immigrants drawn to America by the promise of abundant opportunities. They settled in the farms of New Springville and Bulls Head and in the busy life of Port Richmond. Staten Island's Greek Community highlights traditional aspects of Greek culture and exults in the Americanization, accomplishments, and contributions of this group. The historic images in this book capture familiar scenes such as Greek farms and roadside stands overflowing with succulent vegetables, truck farmers venturing into Manhattan to bring their produce to the Washington Market, and the Candy Kitchen in Port Richmond.”
Davros, Michael George. Greeks in Chicago, IL. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2009.
Holy Trinity Greek Historical Committee. Greeks in Phoenix. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2008.
The Greek community in Phoenix began in 1907, when the Sanichas brothers, Charles and Chris, arrived in the city to establish the Sanichas Confectionery Store. By 1912, the year of Arizona's statehood, the community had grown to nine families, including the Georgouses family of five brothers. In 1930, ground was broken for the construction of the Hellenic Community House, where religious services were held until 1947, when the Hellenic Orthodox Church was built. Today the legacy of the area's Greek pioneers lives on through the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral, which has established a research archive and museum to preserve and celebrate the Greek history of Phoenix. In this volume, members of the Holy Trinity Greek Historical Committee have collected more than 200 vintage photographs and other visual memorabilia to illustrate the unique Greek history of Phoenix. From their humble beginning in the early 1900s, the Greek community has grown into four Greek Orthodox Church communities. This retrospective pays tribute to the Greek families who pioneered early Phoenix and provided strong cultural roots for their future generations.
Doulis, Thomas. A Century of Celebration, Faith, History and Community, A 100 Year Commemorative Album, 1907-2007. Portland: Jack Lockie & Associates, 2007.
Author’s statement: “These articles were written and published locally as my donations to this past of the Greek Orthodox community of Holy Trinity of Portland, Oregon and are enhanced by historic photographs, at a time when this was unusual and involved a great deal of risk to get the valuable photographs turned over by the families at an age when reproduction of photographs was not simple and safe.
Doulis, Thomas. A Surge to the Sea: The Greeks in Oregon. Portland: Jack Lockie & Associates, 1977.
Doulis, Thomas. Landmarks of Our Past: The First 75 Years of the Greek Orthodox Community of Oregon. Portland: Gann Publishing Company, 1983.
Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church San Francisco
Early Years: The history of the HYPERLINK "http://www.holytrinitysf.org/"Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church is linked to the history of the city of San Francisco. The Orthodox faith has long had a presence in San Francisco with some records dating to 1857. Prior to the establishment of their own parish, Greeks worshipped and Greek priests often ministered to the Greek Orthodox faithful at the only Orthodox church in San Francisco, the Russian Orthodox church , founded in 1868. It wasn’t until 1892 when the Hellenic Mutual Benevolent Society was formed that initiatives to establish a Greek Orthodox church, organize community events and respond to tragic events occurring in Greece got underway. Read more
Fiorentinos, Panos. Ecclesia: Greek Orthodox Churches of the Chicago Metropolis. Chicago, IL: Kantyli Inc., 2004.
This coffee-table book includes more than 400 richly colored photographs and concisely written histories of the 59 churches of the Chicago Metropolis. Fiorentinos' photographic journey encompassed six states—Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, and Wisconsin and included dozens of interviews with priests and parishioners. Essays by scholars on the Greek Orthodox Church’s architecture, fundamental beliefs and history, and the meaning of its icons and symbols further enhance the book.
Frangos, Steve. Greeks in Michigan. East Lansing Michigan State University Press, 2004.
---. “Long Forgotten Greek Alaskan.” The National Herald. 15 Mar. 2005.
Morris, George J. Charleston's Greek Heritage. Charleston: History Press, 2008.
Description: “Since the arrival of Maria Gracia Dura Bin Turnbull, the first female Greek settler in North America, Charleston has long embraced a vibrant Greek community, which has in turn continued to enrich the area for centuries. As an eastern seaboard city, Charleston was a magnet for great numbers of Greek immigrants, most from the island of Cephalonia. They journeyed to the city during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, bringing with them a rich cultural heritage, shared values and a devotion to hard work and industry. Those early settlers operated small businesses, predominately grocery stores and restaurants, and emphasized education, ensuring that their descendants would help to weave the professional and civil fabric of the city. Their stories encapsulate the American immigrant experience, offering a portrait of where Charleston has been and where it can go. Longtime Charleston resident George J. Morris, an active member of the local Greek community, has collected primary documents and photographs that illustrate the unique development of Greek culture in the city.”
Odzak, Larry. Demetrios is Now Jimmy: Greek Immigrants in the Southern United States, 1895-1965. Durham. N.C.: Monograph Publishers, 2006.
Patterson, George James. The Unassimilated Greeks of Denver. New York: AMS Press, 1989.
Perera, Srianthi. Book Documents History of Phoenix's Greek Community. Arcadia Publishing, 2008.
Rozeas, Christina. Greeks in Queens. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2012.
Includes 200 black and white images.
Samonides, William H., et al. Greeks of Stark County. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing: 2009.
Publisher Comments: “By the early 20th century, Stark County was one of the fastest-growing regions in the nation. The home of martyred president William McKinley had become a major industrial center, with alloy steel as the engine of growth for the booming local economy. To fill the ever-increasing demand for labor, waves of immigrants from Greece and Asia Minor settled in Canton and Massillon. Some sought economic opportunity; others were fleeing the Pontian Black Sea coast, where ethnic cleansing of Greeks accompanied the creation of the Turkish state. For the immigrant earning less than $3 a day, building a church meant making a commitment to a new life. In Canton, St. Haralambos Greek Orthodox Church was founded in 1913 and Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in 1917. In Massillon, St. George Greek Orthodox Church was established in 1931. Churches and mutual aid organizations provided cohesiveness to the dynamic, often fractious, Greek community, which survived world wars, economic depression, and social discrimination and continues to flourish today.”
Skedros, Constantine J. 100 Years of Faith and Fervor: A History of the Greek Orthodox Church Community of Greater Salt Lake City, Utah 1905-2005. Greek Orthodox Church of Greater Salt Lake, 2005.
This volume gives a comprehensive history of the community and its two churches. It includes many vintage photographs.
Stamos, Helen Coidakis, et al. The Greeks of Newport, New Hampshire. Newport, NH: Hedgehog Publishing, 2011.
The book compiles stories of Greek-born individuals, their businesses, families, descendants, networks (by place of origin, businesses, gender, belief) and practices, and their relationship to the "American Dream." Helen Coidakis Stamos has edited the words of others and composed many of her own accounts with respectful attention to the legacies of the people she has known who are no longer present, their difficult lives, and the sense of community they managed to recreate. The book is carefully researched, with an avid reader's attention to the multiple layers of Greek lives in American.
Thomopoulos, Elaine. The Greeks of Berrien County, Michigan. Michigan: Berrien County Historical Association, 2003.
Trakas, Deno. Because Memory Isn't Eternal: A Story of Greeks in Upstate South Carolina. Hub City: Hub City Writers Project, 2010.
Description: “In 1895, Nicholas Trakas left his village in southern Greece, boarded a steamship for America, and made his way to another southern village, Spartanburg, where he became the South Carolina city's first Greek resident. He opened The Elite--one of the finest candy kitchens in the South--built a house on a lot he purchased for $44 and a pet parrot that could cuss in Greek, and began a wave of immigration from his home country into the burgeoning Upstate area.
A century later, his grandson, Deno Trakas, a writer and professor at Wofford College, explores a peculiarly Southern version of the Greek-American story in “Because Memory Isn't Eternal.” By introducing readers to four generations of Trakas family members, their remarkable friends, and their hardworking business partners, he tells a greater story and reflects on how these complex, larger-than-life characters have preserved the best of Greek culture down South. This intimate and often humorous memoir includes stories of Greek-American marriages, food, language, restaurants, religion, and misadventures, including the day two Trakas boys accidentally burned down the family's church.
A constantly repeated refrain at Greek funerals is 'Aionia i mnimi''- 'May his (or her) memory be eternal.'' More often, Trakas reveals, memory is 'painfully, annoyingly short.' His loving illustrated tribute to Greek-Americans assures that these stories and this history will not be forgotten.”
About the Author: Deno Trakas has published fiction and poetry in more than two dozen journals, including the Denver Quarterly, Oxford American, and the Louisville Review. He is a professor of English at Wofford College, where he also serves as director of the writing center and coordinator of the creative writing program. Trakas lives in Spartanburg, SC.
Vasilakes, Mike and Themistocles Rodis. Greek Americans of Cleveland since 1870. The Hellenic Preservation Society of Northeastern Ohio, 2007/2008.
“This upgraded and expanded third edition has 460 pages and includes graphics, tables, and more than 500 photographs. Included are excerpts from oral histories. It explores the events that delayed the emigration of most Greeks until the mid-1890s and the forces that precipitated emigration from Greece to America. It tells the stories of the pioneer Greek immigrants who settled in Cleveland. The first one was a woman who married an Irish merchant seaman in Piraeus. She arrived in Cleveland in 1870. The book tells the history of all four of Cleveland's Greek Orthodox Church communities. Also included are the histories of church-affiliated groups (choirs, psaltis, Philoptochos, acolytes, Greek Schools, youth groups, et al) as well as many of the 32 village and national societies, and independent Greek schools and tutors who taught in the homes of Greek immigrants. Other chapters include businesses; media (newspapers and radio programs); dramatic arts; Greek bands; and political organizations. “The Family Album,” a separate section, contains individual family histories.”
Zervanos, Nikitas J. “The Early Greek Settlers of Lancaster County, 1896-1922 and the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church.” Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 110:3/4 (Fall/Winter 2008-2009): 94-200.
b) History in Popular Media
Chrissochoidis, Ilias. Spyros P. Skouras, Memoirs (1893-1953). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013.
Spyros P. Skouras (1893-1971) was the most influential Greek immigrant in American history and one of America's preeminent citizens during the Cold War period. In an astonishing sixty-year career, he shaped two industries (film and shipping), turned Twentieth Century-Fox into a global film leader, saved Hollywood by introducing CinemaScope, masterminded Century City in Los Angeles, and, not least, helped save millions of Greeks from starvation and disease during World War II. For the first time his story is being told in his own words and in full detail. Coinciding with Skouras' 120th birth anniversary, this book is a timely contribution to American, Greek Diaspora, and film historiography that will inspire younger generations to pursue the intertwined ideals of business excellence and public service.
Frangos, Steve. “Comedienne Nellie Nichols Was Once Cathachakes.” The National Herald Online, August 16, 2010.
“Helene Cathachakes was the first successful Greek American comedienne of vaudeville, musical theatre, and Hollywood film. Cathachakes s nearly 40- year career extended from her first great acclaim in vaudeville as a singer and dancer, to later work as a screen actress, culminating in her much sought after instruction as a voice coach. Cathachakes never denied her ethnicity nor overlooked an opportunity to spend time with local Greeks in the cities, towns and hamlets in which she toured. That she became lost to our collective consciousness is yet another indicator of how little Greek Americans recall of their enduring impact on American society and culture at large. In teasing apart the published accounts of Cathachakes life and career we frequently find show biz hokum. Yet it is fascinating in the extreme how Cathachakes' musical and linguistic skills were such that her real ethnicity became an ongoing topic of her popularity and publicity.”
Frangos, Steve. “Georgia Drake, Greek Goddess of Song.” The National Herald Online, July 16, 2010.
“Georgia Drake (Tsarpalas) is the first woman of Greek descent to have hosted her own television program: The Georgia Drake Show. A lost moment in the Golden Age of American Television, to some perhaps, but for Greek American Studies her complex career is of special interest. For not only did she succeed in the early days of television, but she was to have a long international career which eventually led her headlining at the Hilton in Athens for well over a decade. She was born March 21, 1937 in Chicago, Illinois. As with most Greeks in North America, she attributes her eventual successes to the values she was first taught and experienced at home. Georgia s father, Demetrios Tsarpalas, hailed from the village of Kynegou near Pylos in the Messinia district of the Peloponnese. Demetrios was the second of 10 children. At the age of 19 he immigrated, first to Boston, then to Chicago. In time he brought four brothers.”
Frangos, Steve. “Greek Paradise in Virginia.” The National Herald Online, June 28, 2010.
“It is almost incredible that John Paradise is a forgotten figure in Greek-American history. During the heady days of the European Enlightenment, Paradise was a highly respected intellectual, socially sought after by the most prominent figures of this glittering era. Aside from his social and intellectual connections, Paradise, during the darkest days of the American Revolution, was notable as a steadfast and persuasive advocate of the American Cause. When few people in London would even speak with an American, he and his wife Lucy opened their home to any and all visiting Americans. Such was Paradise's belief in the democratic underpinnings of the American rebellion that he became a naturalized American citizen. All at a time when he and his family lived in London and could easily have been arrested as seditious enemies of the British crown. It was John Paradise's genius for friendship that makes him and his wife Lucy historically significant for modern Greek Studies. This couple formed a social and intellectual nexus for the Enlightenment few others could claim.”
Frangos, Steve. “John Paradise Conquers Virginia.” The National Herald Online, June 20, 2010.
“In a time when it is claimed that studies of the Greek Diaspora are on the rise worldwide it is well worth re-considering the life of John Paradise. This one man s life brings together many of the enduring questions and concerns that continue to plague the very definition of the historical and cultural experiences of Hellenes outside the nation state of Greece. The record of Paradise s life is readily available to anyone to survey in historical accounts, diaries, encyclopedia entries, literally hundreds of archived letters and other forms of documentation. This readily accessible published material makes it especially curious that more about Paradise has not entered Greek-American Studies.”
Frangos, Steve. “The Greeks of the Great Northwest.” The National Herald Online, April 17, 2010.
“The history of the Greeks in the Great Northwest is well recorded. Still, it must be said that the vast majority of Greek Americans have not yet discovered the readily available historical accounts documenting the Greek presence in Oregon and Washington, and this fact alone tells us how much Greek America, once so close, has lost something of its social cohesion. Detailed historic and pictorial accounts document specific communities such as Bellingham, Portland, and Seattle, while a regional study of the Yakima Valley in Washington attests to the long-time presence of Greeks across that fertile expanse.”
Frangos, Steve. “The Story of Vasilios Kanellos: Modern Dancer to the Ancient Gods.” The National Herald Online, February 26, 2010.
“Any consideration of Vasilios Kanellos life and career immediately entangles the reader into the broader issues of Euroamerican notions of the Ancient Greeks. Undeniably, a native-born Greek, Kanellos learned a Euroamerican dance-style that quite self-consciously attempted to recreate dance as Greeks of the Classical era performed them. For his entire career, Vasilios Kanellos traveled across Europe, North America and elsewhere performing, lecturing and promoting this revived dance genre.”
c) History and Historiography Scholarship
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Research Frontiers, Academic Margins: Helen Papanikolas and the Authority to Represent the Immigrant Past.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora. Vol. 34 (2008): 9-29.
Hatzidimitriou, Constantine G. “Maria Economidy: A Pioneering Reformer.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora, 39.1-2 (2013): 29-94
Karpozilos Kostis. “Labor Unions, Radicalism and the Communist Left in the
Greek-American Communities (1920-1950).”
The International Newsletter of Communist Studies XV (2009): 23-25
Karpozilos Kostis. “The American Socialist Movement and the Greek Immigrant
Newspaper I Phone tou Ergatou (Voice of the Worker).”
In Proceedings of the International Congress on the History of the Greek Diaspora, Rethymno, 2004: 156-163 [in Greek]
Kitroeff, Alexander. “Ο Τύπος ως Πηγή για την Ιστορία των Ελλήνων στις ΗΠΑ” [The Press as a Source for the History of the Greeks in the United States]. Ο Ελληνικός Τύπος 1784 ως σήμερα [The Greek Press Since from 1784 until Today]. Ed. Loukia Droulia. Athens: INE/EIE, 2005.
------. “Οι Ελληνες στις ΗΠΑ: 1922-1940” [The Greeks in the United States: 1922-1940]. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000]. Vol. 7. Ed. Vasilis Panayotopoulos. Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004. 323-60.
-------. “Greek-American Ethnicity, 1919-1939.” To Hellenikon, Studies in Honor of Speros Vryonis, Jr. Vol. II. Eds. Jelisaveta Stanojevich Allen et al. New York: Caratzas, 1993. 353-71.
Kitroeff, Alexander. “The Greeks of Egypt in the United States.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora. Vol. 35, No. 2 (2009).
Konstadakopoulos, Dimitrios and Soterios C. Zoulas. 100 Years in America: Tsamantas (Greece) Worcester, MA (USA) 1908-2008. Historical Determinants and Images of the Identity and Culture of Diasporas from Southwestern Europe. Bristol: University of the West of England, 2010.
Description: “Why immigrants from the same village migrate to the same city or town in America? What motivated them? What was the cause for acceptance of Greek immigrants during the 1940s and their assimilation into the wider America society? What happens to the places and people left behind? What are their hidden histories? Did immigrant banks help foster migration? How important were the Irish immigrants in the development of 19th and early 20th century America?
All these question and more are answered in [this book] with seven original essays on various aspects of immigration in general, Greek-America immigration in particular including two essays on the immigration of Greek migrants from the village of Tsamantas in northwest Greece to Worcester, MA. Other essays discuss the importance of Irish immigrants in the development of 19th century Northeast America cities, a statistical profile of Greek-Americans and internal America immigration and its impact on a Maine town.”
Lagos, Taso G. “Poor Greek to ‘Scandalous’ Hollywood Mogul: Alexander Pantages and the Anti-Immigrant Narratives of William Randolph Hearst’s Los Angeles Examiner.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 45-74.
Lalaki, Despina. “On the Social Construction of Hellenism. Cold War Narratives of Modernity, Development and Democracy for Greece.” The Journal of Historical Sociology 25.4 (2012).
Hellenism is one of those overarching, ever-changing narratives always subject to historical circumstances, intellectual fashions and political needs. Conversely, it is fraught with meaning and conditioning powers, enabling and constraining imagination and practical life. In this essay I tease out the hold that the idea of Hellas has had on post-war Greece and I explore the ways in which the American anti-communist rhetoric and discussions about political and economic stabilization appropriated and rearticulated Hellenism. Central to this history of transformations are the archaeologists; the archaeologists as intellectuals, as producers of culture who, while stepping in and out of their disciplinary boundaries, rewrote and legitimized the new ideological properties of Hellenism while tapping into the resources of their profession.
---. 2013. “Soldiers of Science – Agents of Culture. American Archaeologists in the Office of Strategic Services – OSS.” Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens 82.1. 2013.
“Scientificity” and appeals to political independence are invaluable tools when institutions such as the American School of Classical Studies at Athens attempt to maintain professional autonomy. Nonetheless, the cooperation of scientists and scholars with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), among them archaeologists affiliated with the American School, suggests a constitutive affinity between political and cultural leadership. This relationship is here mapped in historical terms, while, at the same time, sociological categorizations of knowledge and its employment are used in order to situate archaeologists in their broader social and political context and to evaluate their work not merely as agents of disciplinary knowledge but also as agents of culture and cultural change.
Laliotou, Ioanna. Transnational Subjects: Acts of Migration and Cultures of Transnationalism between Greece and America. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2004.
Martelle, Scott. Blood Passion: The Ludlow Massacre and Class War in the American West. Piscataway: Rutgers University Press, 2007.
Moskos, Peter C., and Charles C. Moskos. Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. (with an introduction by Michael Dukakis). 3rd Ed. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2014.
Παπαδόπουλος, Γιάννης. «Κράτος, σύλλογοι, Εκκλησία: Απόπειρες ελέγχου των ελλήνων μεταναστών στις ΗΠΑ στις αρχές του 20ού αιώνα», στο Λίνα Βεντούρα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης (επιμ.), Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Όμογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Ελληνικού Κράτους. Βιβλιόραμα, (2013): 219-252.
Papadopoulos, Yannis G.S. “The Role of Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Class in Shaping Greek American Identity, 1890-1927: A Historical Analysis.” Identity and Participation in Culturally Diverse Societies: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Assaad E. Azzi, Xenia Chryssochoou, Bert Klandermans, Bernd Simon, eds. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
Pomonis, Katherine. Uncovering the History of the Albuquerque Greek Community, 1880-1952. Santa Fe: Sunstone Press, 2012.
Why did Greeks in the late 1800s cross a sea, an ocean and a continent, to start new lives in the United States? Why did they eventually migrate to a small dusty town in the desert Southwest? How did Albuquerque become a center of Greek-America in the 1930s? And how did the decision to build the church in 1944 in the Huning Highland originate from a tragic event? Uncovering the History of the Albuquerque Greek Community answers these questions and more. This book also details the compassionate response of the community to the appearance of Greek lungers seeking the cure to the ravages of tuberculosis, and traces the decision to establish in 1937 in Albuquerque the only Greek-American tuberculosis sanatorium sponsored by the AHEPA. This book begins with the first Greeks coming, at the turn of the 19th Century, to Albuquerque with the railroad. It details how they began immigrating to the town in large numbers after the First World War, and shows how, by the 1920s, these indomitable men owned and operated numerous businesses in the heart of new Albuquerque. It also shows how their brides made their own unique contribution by transforming the Greek population into a community. They assimilated into the United States and contributed to Albuquerque's ethnic and cultural diversity. This country gave them opportunity, and in turn, they gave their best.
Παπαδόπουλος, Γιάννης, Γ.Σ. “Οι μετανάστες από τη Μακεδονία στη Βόρεια Αμερική από «διατοπικά» σε «διεθνικά» υποκείμενα»” [“Immigrants from Macedonia in the USA: From translocal to transnational subjects.”] Archeiotaxio. No. 11 (2009): 37-54
Stephanides, Marios Christos. The History of the Greeks in Kentucky, 1900 -1950, Volume I: The Early Pioneers of Louisville. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellon Press, 2001.
Trent, James W., Jr. The Manliest Man: Samuel G. Howe and the Contours of Nineteenth-Century American Reform. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2012.
The book explores Howe’s efforts for social reform. Chapter 2 covers Howe’s involvement in the Greek War of Independence between 1824 and 1830, and Chapter 7 recounts his return to Greece in 1867 to support the Rebellion in Crete.
Χασιώτης, I.K., Ό. Κατσιαρδή-Hering, Ε. Α. Αμπατζή (επιμ.). Οι Έλληνες στη Διασπορά 15ος-21ος αι., Αθήνα, Βουλή των Ελλήνων, 2006.
d) History – Reviews
Bowman, Steve. Rev. of Confronting the Greek Dictatorship in the U.S., by Orestis E. Vidalis. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 133.
Frangos, Steve. Review of Greeks in Chicago, IL (Michael George Davros). Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2009 ( Review).
Cardon, Lauren S. “The WASP.” The "White Other" in American Intermarriage Stories, 1945-2008. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Christou, Anastasia and Russell King. “Migrants Encounter Migrants in the City: The Changing Context of ‘Home’ for Second-Generation Greek-American Return Migrants.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 30.4 (December 2006): 816-35.
---. “Cultural Geographies of Counter-Diasporic Migration: Perspectives from the Study of Second-Generation ‘Returnees’ to Greece.” Population, Space and Place 16 (2010): 103-19.
Georgakas, Dan. “On Being Greek in America: Identities.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 29 (Winter 2012-2013): 45-65.
Hecker, Melvin and Heike Fenton, eds. The Greeks in America, 1528-1977: A Chronology and Fact Book. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1978.
Issari, Philia. “Greek American Ethnic Identity, Cultural Experience and the ‘Embodied Language’ of Dance: Implications for Counseling.” International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 33.4 (2011): 252-265.
Karas, Nicholas V. Greek Immigrants at Work: A Lowell Odyssey. Lowell, MA: Meteora Press, 1986.
Karas, Nicholas V. Greek Immigrant Chronicles: The Alpha and Omega. Lowell, MA: Meteora Press, 1989.
Karpathakis, Anna. “Greeks and Greek Americans, 1870-1940.” Immigrants in American History: Arrival, Adaptation, and Integration. Ed. Elliott Robert Barkan. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2013.
Kiriazis, James W. Children of the Colossus: the Rhodian Greek Immigrants in the United States. New York: AMS Press, 1989.
Kitroeff. Alexander. "Greek Americans." Immigrant Struggles, Immigrant Gifts. Eds. Diane Portnoy, Barry Portnoy and Charlie Riggs. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2013.
The latest book from the Immigrant Learning Center addresses some of the most prominent immigrant groups and the most striking episodes of nativism in American history. The introduction covers American immigration history and law as they have developed since the late eighteenth century. The essays that follow--authored by historians, sociologists, and anthropologists--examine the experiences of a large variety of populations to discover patterns in both immigration and anti-immigrant sentiment.
Kitroeff Alexander. “Η Ελληνο-Αμερικανική Πολιτισμική Ταυτότητα την Δεκαετία του 1990” [Greek American Cultural Identity in the 1990s]. Eds. Michalis Damanakis et al. Ιστορία της Νεοελληνικής Διασποράς – Ερευνα και Διδασκαλία [History of the Modern Greek Diaspora – Research and Instruction]. Rethymno: University of Crete, 2004.
------. “Greek American Identity in the 1980s.” Arméniens et Grecs en Diaspora: Approches comparatives [Armenians and Greeks in the Diaspora: Comparative Approaches]. Eds. Eric Bruneau et al. Athens: L’École Francaise d’Athènes, 2007.
Koken, Paul. A History of the Greeks in the Americas, 1453-1938. Ann Arbor: Proctor Publications, 1995.
Kourelis, Kostis, ed. “The Archaeology of Xenitia: Greek Immigration and Material Culture.” The New Griffon. Vol. 10. Athens: Gennadios Library at the American School of Classical Studies, 2008.
Orfanos, Spyros D., ed. Reading Greek America: Studies in the Experience of Greeks in the United States. NY: Pella Publishing Co, 2002.
Sampas, Charles G. The First Greek Immigrants in Lowell Massachusetts. Lowell, MA: Private Printing, nd.
Vermeulen, H. T. Venema, “Peasantry and Trading Diaspora. Differential
Social Mobility of Italians and Greeks in the United States”,
in H. Vermeulen, J. Perlmann (eds.), Immigrants, Schooling and Social Mobility. Does Culture Make a Difference?, Houndmills/Basingstoke, Macmillan, 2000: 124-149.
Wilson, R. J. “Playful Heritage: Excavating Ancient Greece in New York City.” International Journal of Heritage Studies (2014) [published online, August 14].
“This article examines how concepts of ‘play’ can be used within studies of cultural heritage to build an alternative to the dominant use of consumer-orientated models within current scholarship. Using the example of how the traditions, motifs and history of Ancient Greece have been reused within New York, from the nineteenth century to the present day this work demonstrates that this is a heritage that has been ‘played with’ by successive generations as a means of establishing identity within the metropolis. Whilst the ideals of Athenian democracy and classical learning inspired the formation of the early American republic, these associations were brought into wider usage in New York with the arrival of significant Greek immigration into the city during the twentieth century. This provided a new opportunity of a playful use of Ancient Greek heritage as this émigré community built new identities and became established in the metropolis. The Greek American enclave of Astoria, located in the borough of Queens, will be the focus of this study as the site where this playful use of heritage has taken place, undertaken both by members of the Greek American community and also by individuals and groups responding to their presence.”
Voices: A Literary Journal of the Voices of Hellenism Literary Society Celebrating Global Hellenism Through Literature [Vol. 1(1), January 2013]
Economou, Steven G. Grenglish: A Lexicon. 2nd ed. Steven G. Economou, 2001.
This self-published book, complete with drawings, is a humorous look at the language developed by those who immigrated to America at the turn of the century. As the author explains: “If they did not know the proper Greek word for something, and also did not know, or feel comfortable with the English word for it …no problem. They simply first phonetically transformed the English wordo suit their speech patterns and then adopted it as their own.” Each “Grenglish” word is accompanied by the author’s poignant remembrance of an event that took place in Chicago between 1925-1960.
Hantzopoulos, M. “English Only? Greek Language as Currency in Queens, New York City.” Languages, Communities, and Education. Ed. Z. Zakharia and T. Arnstein. New York: Columbia University, 2005. 3-8.
Pappas, Panayiotis. “Greeks in Columbus, Ohio.” Language Diversity in Michigan and Ohio: Towards Two State Linguistic Profiles. Brian D. Joseph, Carol G. Preston, Dennis R. Preston, eds. Arbor: Caravan Books, 2005. 243-250.
Ahnen, Pearl Kastran. Daughter of Immigrants. Baltimore: Publish America, 2003.
Davidson, Catherine Temma. The Priest Fainted. New York: Henry Holt, 1998.
The novel is informed by the personal experience of the author, a third-generation Greek American. The narrator journeys to Greece, the birthplace of her grandmother, in passionate pursuit of her mother’s and grandmother’s pasts. In the process she discovers insights about herself and her own identity.
Doulis, Thomas. City of Brotherly Love: Philadelphia, 1945-1968. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2008.
The second and third generations of the Greek family (the Stratons) as they encounter the politically and racially changed years of post World War Two Philadelphia.
Doulis, Thomas. The Open Hearth: The First Generation, A Novel of Immigration. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2000.
The first generation of a Greek family (the Stratons) as they confront the ethnic confusion and privations of the steel industry and unionism in Western Pennsylvania.
Doulis, Thomas. Path for our Valor. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1963.
Gus Damianos, one of three protagonists in the pre-Kennedy Special Forces on military maneuvers.
Doulis, Thomas. The Quarries of Sicily. New York: Crown, 1969.
An American translator of an elderly Greek writer during the years of the military Junta as he translates a short novel that is a warning to the United States about its adventure in Vietnam.
Eugenides, Jeffrey. Middlesex. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002.
Jarvis, Charles E. The Tyrants. Lowell: Ithaca Press, 1977.
Jarvis, Charles E. Zeus has Two Urns. Lowell: Ithaca Press, 1976.
Jenkins, Suzanne. The Greeks of Beaubien Street. North Charleston: CreateSpace, Independent Publishing Platform, 2012.
Καρατζαφέρη, Ιωάννα. Βιο-ιστορίες. Διηγήματα. Αθήνα: Καστανιώτης, 2007.
Kokonis, Nicholas. Arcadia, My Arcadia. Deerfield, IL: St. Basil’s Publishers, 2004.
Kokonis, Nicholas. Out of Arcadia: the American Odyssey of Angelo Vlahos. Deerfield, IL: St. Basil’s Publishers, 2011.
This novel features a young man from a poor farm village who immigrates to the United States to reunite with his childhood sweetheart, to get a college education, and to help support his family in Greece. Although the book is fiction, some of the author’s own life experiences help inform the story of Angelo and the challenges he faces as an immigrant.
Krantz, Robert. Falling in Love with Sophia. Irving, CA: Elinas Multimedia, 2009.
This is a love story between Michael, a Greek American and Sophia, a non-Greek from Tennessee. Michael, despite challenges such as his parents’ divorce, succeeds in holding on to his “culture, family and God.”
Lardas, Nicholas G. Ikaria Remembered. Illustrations by Zacharias A. Lardis. Lardis Fine Arts.
In 1932 Nicholas Lardas, then age 13, traveled with his mother and siblings from Long Island to his parents' island of Ikaria, while his father stayed in New York to support them. More than 70 years later, Lardas recollected his youthful impressions in this collection of short stories.
Lazaridis Power, Henriette. The Clover House. New York: Random House, 2013.
A compelling fictional portrait that illuminates and contrasts the Greece of today with the country during the troubled era of the early 1940s, under Italian occupation and burgeoning fascism. […] [An] insightful examination of memory and the stories that hold us together — or perhaps tear us apart. […] The Clover House eloquently questions the wisdom of relying too much on memories of the past as a guide for understanding the present.”
Karen Campbell, The Boston Globe.
Mavrovitis, Jason. Remember Us. Sonoma, CA: Golden Fleece, 2007.
This fictionalized account of the life of Mavrovitis’s maternal grandparents and their family spans the years from 1886 to 1936. Here is the description on the book jacket: “At a time of sweeping nationalism in the Balkans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the characters in Remember Us survive pogroms, ethnic cleansing, and guerrilla warfare. Escaping war they leave homes and loved ones to forge new lives in America. But in the New World, the immigrants find that they must rely on their culture and enduring family ties in the face of loss of place, poverty, death, and scandal.”
Pappos, Ioannis. Hotel Living: A Novel. New York: McNally Jackson Books, 2013.
Petrakis, Harry Mark. Cavafy's Stone and Other Village Tales. Chicago: Wicker Park Press, 2010.
Skaragas, Gianni. “Floaters.” World Literature Today, Vol. 88, No.2 (March/April 2014), 20–23.
“Anna is a self-hating Greek-American psychic working for the German secret service. Her assignment? Travel to crisis-ravaged Greece and save people from suicide.”
Tsalikoglou, Fotini. 8 ώρες και 35 λεπτά: Μια ιστορία. [8 Hours and 35 Minutes: A Story]. Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη, 2013.
Τρέντελ, Αρίστη. Άρτεμις: Διηγήματα. Μετ. Χριστίνα Λιναρδάκη, Τάσος Αναστασίου. Αθήνα: Ηριδανός, 2008.
Zervanos, Jim. Love Park. Brule, WI: Cable Publishing, 2009.
In his search for identity and manhood, Peter, the son of a Greek Orthodox priest, discovers a secret that can tear his family apart.
b) Fiction – Reviews
Stefanidou, Anastasia. Review of The Open Hearth: The First Generation: A Novel Immigration (Thomas Doulis). Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora. Vol. 26.1-2 (2010).
Thomopoulos, Elaine. Review of Ikaria Remembered (Nicholas G. Lardas). New York: National Herald Books, 2006. 8+.
Αλεξίου, Νίκος. Κυκλικά Τραύματα. Σ.Ι. Ζαχαρόπουλος, 2011.
Alexiou, Nicholas. Astoria: Exile People Places. Boston: Somerset Hall Press, 2013.
A bilingual collection of poetry in Greek and English about Greeks in America, particularly in the Astoria section of New York.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Pale Imitation” and “–Aμέerικa.” Transnational Literature, Vol. 4(1), November 2011. (http://fhrc.flinders.edu.au/transnational/current.html)
Αναγνώστου, Γιώργος. Λόγοι χ Αμερικής. Ενδυμίων, 2014.
Αναγνώστου, Γιώργος. Διασπορικές διαδρομές. Αθήνα: Απόπειρα, 2012.
Η ποιητική συλλογή Διασπορικές διαδρομές προτείνει μια χαρτογράφηση της σύγχρονης ελληνοαμερικανικής μετανάστευσης. Κεντρικές συντεταγμένες της είναι οι ποικίλοι επαναπροσδιορισμοί του μετανάστη με το «άλλο» και το «αλλού». Πώς το διαφορετικό ορίζεται σε οικείο; Πώς το οικείο διαμορφώνεται σε αποχρώσεις ξένου; Πώς καλλιεργεί κανείς τη συνέχεια σε μια εμπειρία που έχει την ασυνέχεια ως συνθήκη.
Economou, George. Ananios of Kleitor, Poems & Fragments and their Reception from Antiquity to the Present. London: Shearsman Press, 2009.
“With this latest volume of poetry, poet and scholar of Medieval English George Economou exemplifies both how an American of Greek descent may reclaim Greece and simultaneously how impossibly elusive is the goal of recovery. Ananios of Kleitor is an unprecedented, unique work. Part poem, part scholarship, part manuscript history, part correspondence, it translates and reconstructs fragments and the scholarly history of an author and poetic oeuvre that never existed. The book opens with a photo-image of a brown papyrus from the University of Michigan Papyrology Collection, then a brief introduction praising the recovery work of scholars and summarizing the legacy of Ananios's lost texts. English translations of 41 fragments of Greek erotic verse follow. Ancient commentaries on Ananios poetry give contexts for its readings, and modern correspondence on the poems' recovery tells a gripping story of classicism intermixed with love, adultery, betrayal, and the atrocities of World War II. The book closes with an index nomenum with biographies of all the players. All of this comes together as a commanding piece of fiction centered in the vicinity of Kalavryta, the patrida of both Ananios and Economou, opening scene of the Greek revolution of 1821, and scene of the execution of 78 German soldiers followed by the machine gunning of 1436 Greek males on December 13, 1943. It turns out that the book's contents, but not its context, are a stunning deception. The book also invites us to think about the perspective on Greece developed by the child of Greek emigrants. The book represents Economou's most profound reckoning with the process of reclaiming Greece from the outside. Economou's encounter with Ananios, like his encounter with Greece, begins with a translation of fragments of a whole that does not exist, and which, even in its fragmentary form, is invented based on evidence passionately preserved by others. The fragments are so shattered, old, and foreign that they make little sense in and of themselves. Yet powerful emotions get attached to them. Like the Greece recounted abroad by one's emigrating parents, the original poems become an ever-receding target. While there is no possibility of their recovery, the very act of translating fragments that do not exist and recovering their context becomes a way of connecting not just with an emigrant's origin in an imagined homeland but with Hellenism and the very conditions of its survival.”
Illuminations: An International Magazine of Contemporary Writing 29 (2013).
A special theme issue on Greece, past and present, real and imagined. The volume features poetry, photography, creative nonfiction, works in translation, and vignettes chronicling current life in Greece in the wake of riots and economic sanctions. The issue also looks backward to myth examining the persistence of myth in modern Greek life. Featured writers include Paticia Nelson, Lili Bita, Robert Zaller, Kelly Cherry, Nick Trakakis, James Doyle, Adrienne Kalfopoulou, and many other diasporic writers interested in exploring Greece and Greek heritage.
Kalamaras, George. Your Own Ox-head Mask as Proof. Brooklyn, New York: Ugly Duckling Presse, 2010.
Kalogeris, George. Dialogos: Paired Poems in Translation. Champaign, IL: Antilever, 2013.
Kavounas, Alic. Ornament of Asia. London: Shearsman Press, 2009.
Kostos, Dean, ed. Pomegranate Seeds: An Anthology of Greek-American Poetry. New Jersey: Somerset Hall Press, 2008.
Mason, David. Ludlow. Los Angeles: Red Hen Press, 2007.
“Mason’s poetry explores a wide range of subjects, including family, relationships, the outdoors, travel, history, and the American West. Adept in traditional forms, Ludlow uses blank verse to tell the story of the 1914 Ludlow massacre—in which miners and their families were killed by the Colorado National Guard."
Brighde Mullins, reviewing Ludlow in the Dark Horse, called the book a “cinematic contemplation in poetry” in which Mason examines the lives of real and invented characters, the Colorado terrain, and the immigrant experience.
Mason’s prose includes a memoir about Greece, News from the Village: Aegean Friends (2010), and a collection of essays, The Poetry of Life and the Life of Poetry (1999). He has co-edited the anthologies of poetry Rebel Angels: 25 Poets of the New Formalism (1996), Twentieth Century American Poetry (2004), and Western Wind: An Introduction to Poetry (2005), as well as the essay collection Twentieth Century American Poetics: Poets on the Art of Poetry (2003)”
Papadopoulos, Stephanos. The Black Sea. Rhinebeck: Sheep Meadow Press, 2012.
The Black Sea explores the historic “great catastrophe” of the Pontic Greeks of Asia Minor in the 1920s through a series of “sonnet-monologues” or voices from the past. Priests, prostitutes, soldiers, and a bizarre cast of characters move through this poetic reimagining of a tragic chapter in Greece’s history. Based on the author’s own family history, as well a fictitious retelling of scenes from the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, the poems in this book jump from the tragic to the humorously absurd, and focus on the very human folly of war, suffering and exile. Intrigued by the idea of an “inherited memory of war” and a series of old family photographs, the author set off on a motorcycle trip of the southern Black Sea, exploring the old Greek villages and monasteries of the Pontic Greeks and traveling across the same landscapes still inhabited by the ghosts of Strabo, Xenophon and Alexander the Great.
Rouskas, Basil. Redrawing Borders: Selected Poems. Georgetown: Finishing Line Press, 2010.
Samaras, Nicholas. American Psalm, World Psalm. Ashland, OH: Ashland Poetry Press, 2014.
Tolides, Tryfon. An Almost Pure Empty Walking. Penguin, 2006.
“Tolides' poems move through the many wrinkles in the lives of immigrants, who encounter the new world through the old and live both here and there. Working long hours in restaurants, a package store and pizza delivery, the immigrant son encounters worlds of hard loneliness. Harder still are images of raw power that cut through his conscience but make no sense to him. America also gives the poet his appreciation for the village, the setting of a more intimate home. Greece is powerfully present in this collection. Regular summer visits keep the place, the people, the trees, soil, air, houses, sparrows, swallows, plants, smoke a continuous memory and presence. The village becomes a jewel that lights up whenever the immigrant son is far away. Everything feels grounded. Things all seem to rest in their proper place. An Almost Pure Empty Walking captures the transatlantic between-ness of the poet's life: between America and Greece, city and village, complexity and simplicity.”
Tolides, Tryfon, Exclusive Interview with Artemis Leontis (2006)
Tolides, Tryphon. Poems [“Village Time,” “After Vespers (I.M. Esfigmenou),” “First Rain in the Village,” “String Beans,” “After,” “The Last Apple,” “Next to Silence (Kenosis),” “Unexpected Dailiness”]. The Adirondack Review: An Arts & Literature Quarterly, Vol. XII.2 (Fall 2011).
Tolides, Tryfon. Poems [“Aperture,” “Place,” “Stuff I’m Looking For"]. New Purlieu Review: Life in the Second Decade of the Century, Issue 1. 2011.
Χουλιάρας, Γιώργος. Λεξικό Αναμνήσεων. Μελάνι 2013.
“Το ‘Λεξικό αναμνήσεων’ του Γιώργου Χουλιάρα συνιστά αλφαβητικό μυθιστόρημα της ζωής ενός συγγραφέα... και διαβάζεται με κάθε τρόπο που επιτρέπουν ή επιβάλλουν οι τεχνολογίες της ανάγνωσης.
Το "Λεξικό αναμνήσεων"... παρετυμολογεί τις εν λόγω περιστάσεις... συνδυάζει προβλέψεις περί διασποράς και αποκαλύπτει τις περιπετειώδεις συνέπειες των γάμων ρομαντισμού και κλασικισμού.
Το "Λεξικό" συνεπάγεται αλφαβητάριο για νεκρούς και ζωντανούς, που εκλιπαρούν... οπισθογραφούν... εκτυφλώνονται ... και απασφαλίζουν αλγορίθμους της πυροτεχνουργικής ιστορίας της γλώσσας μας….”
Kalfopoulou, Adrianne. Passion Maps. Pasadena: Red Hen Press, 2009.
d) Poetry – Reviews
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. "Reading the Hyphen in Poetry." Review of Pomegranate
Seeds: An Anthology of Greek American Poetry (Dean Kostos ed).
Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 29.2 (2011): 279-290.
Αρσενίου, Ελισάβετ. «Ελληνοαμερικανική οικειο-ποίηση.» Review of Διασπορικές Διαδρομές (Γιώργος Αναγνώστου). Η Αυγή Online, (6 Ιουλίου, 2014).
Kenny, Adele. Rev. of Redrawing Borders: Selected Poems, by Basil Rouskas. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 127-29.
Klironomos, Martha. Review of An Almost Pure Empty Walking (Tryfon Tolides). Harvard Review. Vol. 33 (2007): 214-215.
Kostos, Dean. Rev. of Your Own Ox-head Mask as Proof, by George Kalamaras. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 130-31.
Leontis, Artemis. Review of Ananios of Kleitor, Poems & Fragments and their Reception from Antiquity to the Present (George Economou). Athens Review of Books 1:9, 2010.
Leontis, Artemis. “Tryfon Tolides' Joyous Book of Sadness.” Review of An Almost Pure Empty Walking. New York: National Herald Books, 2008.
Μπασκόζος, Γιάννης Ν. «Νίκος Αλεξίου: Ενας Πλακιώτης Μανχατανάς.» Ο Αναγνώστης. 11/27. Review of Astoria: Exile People Places (Nicholas Alexiou). oanagnostis.gr, 27 Nov. 2013.
e) Literature and Poetry Scholarship
Dubrowski, Maria. U.S. Versus Them: How Institutions Have Shaped Greek-American Identity. Honors Thesis under the guidelines of Harvard University Faculty of Arts and Sciences, 2001.
Fragopoulos, George. “The Politics and Poetics of Transliteration in the Works of Olga Broumas and George Economou.” MELUS 39.4 (Winter 2014).
Gatzouras, Vicky. “Negotiating the Hyphen: Ethnic and Female Identity in The Priest Fainted by Catherine T. Davidson.” Collusion and Resistance: Women Writing in English. Ed. Kerstin W. Shands. Flemingsberg: Sodertorns Hogskola, 2002. 174-188.
Gemelos, Michele. “Greek American Fiction.” The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature, Volume Two: D–H. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 2005. 873–877.
Hsu, Stephanie. "Ethnicity and the Biopolitics of Intersex in Jeffrey Eugenides's Middlesex." MELUS. Vol. 36, issue 3 (September 10, 2011): 87-110.
Karanikas, Alexander. Hellenes and Hellions: Modern Greek Characters in American Literature. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.
Καραμπίνη-Ιατρού, Μιχαήλα. "Ποίηση και Έλληνες Μετανάστες στις Η.Π.Α." Ένεκεν. Τεύχος 16 (2010): 138-144
Kindinger, Evangelia. “Of Dópia and Xéni: Strategies of Belonging in Greek American Return Narratives.” Journal of Mediterranean Studies 20.2 (2011): 389-415.
---. “ 'I was a tourist and a comer-home all simultaneously’: Crossing Borders in Greek American Return Writing.” Transnational American Studies. Ed. Udo J. Hebel. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter: 2012.
Klironomos, Martha. “The Topos of Home in New Greek-American Writing.” Greek Diaspora and Migration since 1700: Society, Politics, and Culture. Dimitris Tziovas, ed. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2009. 241-255.
Klironomos, Martha. “‘Uncertain Histories Shared or Alone’: Memory in Postmodern Diasporic Writing.” Studia in Honorem Professoris Jacques Bouchard. [‘Festschrift in Honor of Prof. Jacques Bouchard.’] Ed. Dorina M. Magarin. Brasov, Romania: Editura Etnous, 2013. 91–110.
Kozyrakis, Yuliya. “Remembering the Future: Ethnic Memory in Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides.” 2010.
McInery, Dennis Q. “Love and Death in the Fiction of Harry Mark
Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 99-126.
Patrona, Theodora. “Mapping the Female Ethnic Self in the Family Battleground: Vertigo and the Greek American Novel.” Personal Effects: Essays on Memoir, Teaching, and Culture in the Work of Louise DeSalvo. Eds. Nancy Caronia, and Edvige Giunta. Fordham University Press, 2014. 210–221.
Rentzou, Effie. “Stranger in the City: Self and Urban Space in the Work of
Journal of Modern Greek Studies 26.2 (2008): 283-309.
Stefanidou, Anastasia. “Greek American Poetry.” The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature, Volume Two: D–H. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 2005. 877–880.
Σωτηροπούλου, Χρυσάνθη, Η Διασπορά στην Ελληνική Κινηματογραφία. Επιδράσεις και επιρροές στη θεματολογική εξέλιξη των ταινιών της περιόδου 1945-1986. Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ), Σχολή Νομικών, Οικονομικών και Πολιτικών Επιστημών, Τμήμα Πολιτικής Επιστήμης και Δημόσιας Διοίκησης, 1992.
Trendel, Aristi. “The Reinvention of Identity in Jeffrey Eugenides’s Middlesex.” European Journal of American Studies Oslo Conference Special Issue 2 (2011): document 6.
Review of The Open Hearth: The First Generation: A Novel Immigration (Thomas Doulis) reviewed by Anastasia Stefanidou Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 26.1-2 (2010).
Tsimpouki, Theodora. “Bi- or Mono-Culturalism?: Contemporary Literary Representations of Greek-American Identity.” On the Road to Baghdad or Traveling Biculturalism: Theorizing a Bicultural Approach to Contemporary World Fiction. Ed. Gönül Pultar. Washington D. C.: New Academia Publishing, 2005. 15-26.
f) Children’s Books
Aliki. Marianthe’s Story. New York. Greenwillow Books, 1998.
Marianthe’s Story, which includes illustrations, consists of two books in one: “Painted Words” and “Spoken Memories.” It’s a children’s book.
Although the words Greece or America are not used in the stories, the author herself was born to Greek parents and did not know the language when she began school in Philadelphia.
Book One, “Painted Words,” focuses on Marianthe’s adjustment to life in the new land and the difficulties she had in school since she did not know any of her classmates and was not able to communicate with them in the English language. Her teacher encourages her to use her paintings to tell her story. Through her paintings, and eventually through words, she relates her feelings and experiences.
In Book Two, “Spoken Memories,” Marianthe tells her classmates the story of her life in the close-knit rural village where she grew up before coming to the new land, using both spoken work and paintings. She describes the struggles through famine, war, and separation from the father. She explains: “People were leaving our poor village. They were going to a new land, hoping for a better life. First the father left, to work and save until their families could join them.” Marianthe, her twin brothers, and her mother join the father in the new land. Marianthe mentions the “sad goodbyes,” including “the people and the village we loved” and “the trees, the rocks, the birds.” However, the emphasis of the story of Marianthe is not on the sad goodbyes but on the new beginnings. (Elaine Thomopoulos)
Lemperis, Athena with Georgia Vratanina, illustrator. Fun at YiaYia’s House. 2003. [self-published]
“This book of verse show the joy grandchildren share with theiryiayia on a visit to her home. Yiayia imparts Greek, as well as American traditions.”
Annabouboula, “Immortal Water.” Record Label: Byzan-Tone, 2010.
"Annabouboula" is a Greek expression meaning a mixed-up noise, but for years, Annabouboula the group has been exploring a seductive alternate musical world where Greek, Middle Eastern and Balkan traditions are re-tooled and re-imagined with an anything-goes attitude befitting their Athens-meets-downtown New York origins. Starting out in the late 1980's with the ground-breaking singles "Hamam" and "Don't Worry Ma", Annabouboula went on to thrill festival and TV audiences world-wide with their challenging approach to Greek roots-rock, setting precedents for the next two decades of ethnic fusion. Featuring the spellbinding Anna Paidoussi singing provocatively over the rhythms and soundscapes of guitarist George Barba Yiorgi and friends, their new release Immortal Water picks up where their classic critically-acclaimed World Beat albums like In The Baths of Constantinople left off, injecting surf-rock, big-beat electronica, and gypsy-pop flash into their unique blend of Greek folk, rebetika, and contemporary flavors. From the hard-rocking anthem of the Athens underworld Hello Sailor, to the haunting dub-reggae inflected What Do You Care, to the odd-meter electronic dance workout of The Drum Lesson, to the title song, a reworking of a 1920s folk tune for the 21st century, Annabouboula will take you on a trip to the outer limits of global pop.
Lingas, Alexander. "The Domestication of Greek Orthodox Liturgical Music in America 1930-1960." Conference Talk in Pilgrims and Pioneers: The Growth of Orthodox Christianity in 20th Century America. Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, October 1, 2011.
Abstract: This paper explores the early reception of Greek Orthodox liturgical music in the United States of America during its crucial formative period of 1930–1960. It begins by identifying a number of ‘Old World’ sources for Greek American repertories, the most important of which are the received traditions of post-medieval Byzantine chanting as practised throughout the Eastern Mediterranean, polyphony as cultivated at the Royal Chapel of the Hellenic Kingdom, and the reformed idiom of Byzantine chanting proffered by the Athenian cantor John Sakellarides. It then addresses the transformation of these sources in publications of liturgical music issued on the East Coast of the USA from 1931 to 1953 by Nicholas Roubanis, Christos Vrionides, George Anastasiou and Anna Geortheou Gallos. It concludes by briefly discussing the early work in Los Angeles of Frank Desby, whose publications combined further movement toward what was at that time the American musical mainstream with an academic agenda adopted from European composers and musicologists.
Kariotis, Angela. “Say Logos Say Word.” 2006. Review of a performance. Lardas, Nicho
Description: “The show is about being a first-generation hyphenated American. [It] also tackles bridging the gap between Ancient and Modern Greece.”
League, Panayiotis (Paddy). “Living the Dance in Tarpon Springs: Music and Movement in a Greek–American Community.” Forum Folkloristika: East European Folklife Center 1 (Spring 2012).
Georgakas, Dan. "Election Year Possibilities for Greek American Activism." American Hellenic Institute Foundation Policy Journal, Vol. 3, Winter 2011-2012.
Karpozilos, Kostis. Μακαρθισμός: Τα Ελληνικά Ονόματα της Μαύρης Λίστας. ΤΑ ΝΕΑ, Βιβλιοδρόμιο, Ιούλιος (2011):16-19.
Kitroeff Alexander. “Ο Ρόλος του Ελληνο-Αμερικανικού Λόμπι στην Εξωτερική Πολιτική των ΗΠΑ” [The Role of the Greek American Lobby in U.S. Foreign Policy, 1992-2001]. Σύγχρονη Ελληνική Εξωτερική Πολιτική: Μια Συνολική Προσέγγιση [Con-temporary Greek Foreign Policy: A Comprehensive Approach]. Ed. Panayotis Tsakonas. Athens: Sideris, 2003.
Kitroeff, Alexander. “The Limits of Political Transnationalism: The Greek American Lobby, 1970s-1990s.” Greek Diaspora and Migration Since 1700: Society, Politics, and Culture. Dimitris Tziovas, ed. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2009.
Pyrros, James G. The Cyprus File: Washington, DC-A Diary of the Cyprus Crisis in the Summer of 1974. New York: Pella Publishing, 2010.
James Pyrros, served for twenty years as top aide to Congressman Lucien Nedzi, Democrat from a Detroit district in Michigan. Pyrros offers a behinds-the-scenes account of efforts by Washington insiders, journalists, and activists to redirect American policy regarding the Cyprus crisis which was generated by the anti-Makarios coup initiated by junta in Greece. Extensive accounts of efforts of anti-junta efforts and the responses to the Turkish invasion.
Stivachtis, Yannis A. “Greek Anti-Americanism and Its Implications for the Relations Between Greece and the Hellenic Diaspora in the United States.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 26.1-2 (2010).
Lillios, Emmanuel N. The Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Religious Orientation, and Greek Orthodox Religiosity. Diss. University of Iowa, 2010.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “A Critique of Symbolic Ethnicity: The Ideology of Choice?” Ethnicities, Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2009): 94-122.
Argeros, Grigoris. “A Look at Americans of Greek Ancestry.” The National Herald 29 June-5 July 2013.
Using recent data from the Census Bureau, this article presents a brief socioeconomic and demographic overview of one segment within the Greek-American group: those of Greek ancestry.
Argeros, Grigoris. “Brief Analysis of Greek Immigrants in the U.S. Compared to U.S. Immigrants Overall.” The National Herald 24-30 Aug. 2013.
Using up-to-date individual-level census data from the 2011 American Community Survey (ACS) we briefly examine the socioeconomic status and family/household characteristics of Greek immigrants compared to the overall immigrant population in the U.S.
Balodimas-Bartolomei, Angelyn “Greek American Identities in the 21st Century: A Generational Approach.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 71-98.
Constantinou, Stavros T. “Profiles of Greek Americans.” Geographical Identities in America: Race, Place, and Space. Eds. Kate Berry and Martha Henderson. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2002. 92-115.
---. “The Persistence of Greek American Ethnicity.” Race, Ethnicity and Place in a Changing America, 2nd edition. Eds. John Frazier, Eugene L. Tettey-Fio, and Norah F. Henry. Binghamton: State University of New York Press, 2011. 57-70.
Constantinou, Stavros T. and Milton E Harvey. “The Persistence of Greek American Ethnicity Among Age Cohorts Under Changing Conditions.” Race, Ethnicity and Place in a Changing America. Eds. John Frazier and Eugene L. Tettey-Fio. Binghamton: Global Academic Publishing, 2006. 339-352.
Q: About potential publishers of Greek American material
Publishers with a tradition of interest in Greek America:
Aristide D.Caratzas, Publisher
Ohio University Press
Pella Publishing Company
Somerset Hall Press
Q: Research sources on author Theano Papazoglou Margari:
Thomopoulos, Elaine. Greek American Pioneer Women in Illinois. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing, 2000.
Kalogeras, Yiorgos D. “Suspended Souls, Ensnaring Discourses: Theano Papazoglou-Margaris' Immigration Stories.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 8, No. 1 (1990): 85-96.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “How Do We Teach Race in Courses on European Americans?” Immigrations – Ethnicities – Racial Situations. 14 July 2013.
Cosmos Philly is about us; our Greek American community as a Diaspora culture
Our goal is to preserve and perpetuate our identity, by sharing our past and present while providing a voice for the community. Via technology, we provide a multi-media platform to the community, region and the world.
Cosmos Philly is recognized as the best Greek multi-media forum covering the metropolitan Philadelphia area. We develop documentaries, news and features via video, photography and reporting. We also provide a variety of blogs from within the community that cover a range of subjects from a global level to the community. Every week, we bring insight to the Greek experience from around the metropolitan area with a sprinkling of the world. If it’s happening here in Philly, be sure that Cosmos Philly will bring it to light.
Founded and headquartered as an independent multi-media social forum for the Greek American community of Philadelphia, USA in the summer of 2011, you can find our team around the streets of Philadelphia and the surrounding areas.
Greek America in Stockton, CA
Irene Archos, the founder of Greekamericangirl.com, has been a journalist, writer, editor, and teacher for over two decades. The idea for the site was spawned after a very stoggy, conservative, and male-oriented media outlet killed her weekly column, “On Being a Greek American” because it was not “politically correct.” Not discouraged, she compiled her weekly essays into a longer memoir published under the same title. After getting fed-up with pitching story ideas and essays to the narrow clique of male-dominated news organizations, she decided to take matters into her own hands. Thus, Greekamericangirl.com was born.
The impetus for the site was spawned by the need for a targeted journal that took the needs, issues, and accomplishments of women of the Hellenic diaspora seriously. While Greek Americans and other Diaspora groups have been in the country for centuries, there is as of yet no magazine or other media product that broadcasts the female voice. The Greek media machine amounts to little more than blurbs about which organization or society met and had dinner, gave an award, or cut a “basilopita.” It was hard to find a publication where the real issues that plague our cultural group, especially from a woman’s perspective, were talked about honestly. Additionally, because Greek women are so underplayed in their patriarchal societies, a site that featured their accomplishments and gave them the credit they deserved was crucial. Read more.
(entries on a range of Greek American situations)
(memoir and archival photographs, including U.S. magazine covers; Manos Hadjidakis and Melina Mercouri in New York City)
Georgia Kolias, Food, Fertility
Welcome to my website – the home of my writing life and the intersection of food, fertility, and culture.
Something that nourishes, stimulates, and sustains the mind or soul: promoting growth
Ingesting food for thought
the ability to produce many ideas or offspring: fruitfulness, abundance
improve the fertility of the soul by adding rich organic material
culture: ˈkəl-chərto grow in a prepared medium sharing language, religion, cuisine, music and arts: cultivation of the soilraising culture from fertile ground
There are so many mysteries in life—some of these have inspired my novel, The Feasting Virgin, and book of poetry, The Motherland. How can mixing some inert ingredients together like water, yeast, and flour result in something that rises and fills your heart with comfort when it is baked in the oven? How can a woman be “infertile” and end up birthing three children? How can we reconcile deeply conflicting beliefs in our lives and find beauty in the everyday? There are miracles, and then there are Miracles. Let’s discover the beauty and magic that can be found despite the hard stuff—or perhaps because of it. Come hang out with me a bit. I’m curious about your story, too. Visit my blog, Fertile Ground, where I’ll unearth, redefine, and cultivate the purpose and meaning of food, fertility, and culture.
(see under “Greekish” category for posts on Greek America by Stephanie Nikolopoulos, a writer)
(entries on burial practices, the archaeology and history of Greek America, other)
Πού είμαι; Α, ναι... στην Αμερική...
…Ξεκίνησα το παρόν ιστολόγιο χωρίς σαφή στόχο, για να καταπολεμήσω την απομόνωση που ένιωσα καθώς βρέθηκα ξαφνικά σ’ένα απόλυτα ξένο περιβάλλον, μόνη μου μέσα στο σπίτι για ώρες ατελείωτες, μακριά απ’ τους ανθρώπους και τα μέρη που μέχρι τότε πλαισίωναν τη ζωή μου. Γρήγορα συνειδητοποίησα ότι είχε τη δυνατότητα να μετατραπεί σε διαρκές “θάψιμο” πολιτιστικών χαρακτηριστικών της Αμερικής, εξέλιξη που καθόλου δεν επιθυμούσα. Ταυτόχρονα κατάλαβα ότι θα μπορούσε να είναι μια διέξοδος για όλες τις σκέψεις μου τις σχετικές με τη μεταμοντέρνα εποχή, την κρίση, την εθνική ταυτότητα, τη συλλογική κουλτούρα, τον πολιτιστικό μας χαρακτήρα, σκέψεις που με απασχολούν πολύ και που δεν μπορώ εύκολα να μοιραστώ υπό τις παρούσες συνθήκες. Έτσι, αυτά που διαβάζετε εδώ αποτελούν κάτι ανάμεσα σε πολιτιστικό σχολιασμό, δημόσιο στοχασμό και προσωπική μαρτυρία, καθώς συνοδεύουν την αναζήτησή μου για το τι σημαίνει ή τι θα έπρεπε να σημαίνει να είμαστε Έλληνες σήμερα. Όσο συνεχίζω να γράφω, εύχομαι να βρω, τόσο εγώ, όσο – γιατί όχι; – ίσως κι εσείς, κάποιες απαντήσεις στα υπαρξιακά ερωτηματικά που δε σταματούν να με προβληματίζουν. Διαβάστε περισσότερα, http://poueimai.wordpress.com/about/
(entries on various Greek American topics, including diaspora, society, and culture)
(various entries concerning Greek American topics such as economy, history, and events, also entries on Greek topics in Europe, Australia and across the world)
Bouikidis, Aphrodite. "Leading the Greek American Community Towards Global Change" Huffington Post. 27 July 2012.
Leland, John. “After 25 Years, Confronting Alienation in Astoria.” New York Times. Lens Blog, 17 May 2013.
Miller, Ken. “Under the Influence: Ari Marcopoulos, the Man Behind Jay Z’s New Album Cover.” New York Times. Culture Blog, 19 July 2013.
Pappas, Gregory C. “It Is Time to Let Hope Out of Pandora's Box.” Huffington Post. 23 Dec. 2012.
Souvaliotis, Adreas. “How I Became a Successful Misfit.” Huffington Post. 24 Sept. 2013
b) Blog Entries
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Zorba Doesn’t Live Here Anymore: The Creation of an American Zorba.” Immigrations – Ethnicities – Racial Situations. 17 Aug. 2013.
Dayton, Tian. “The Gift My Parents Gave Me After They Divorced.” Huffington Post 2 Apr. 2014.
Frangouli-Argyris, Justine. “The Survival of the Hellenic Diaspora: A Current Issue.” Huffington Post 14 Jan. 2014.
Giokas, George. “Greek-American Roots Run Deep.” Huffington Post 20 Mar. 2014.
Helene, Zoe. “Longevity Tips From My Super-Powered Greek-American Mom.” Huffington Post 9 May 2013.
c) Resource Portals
(publishes research papers from faculty and encourage the submission of well written and researched studies from graduate and advanced undergraduate students as well as from independent scholars)
Amanatides, Dina. Dreams of Clay Drops of Dew: Selected Poems. Melbourne: Owl Publishing, 2011.
Dailakis, Jim and Jimmy Santis. Youtube: Promotional Greek Show
Frangouli-Nickas, Eleni. Athina and Her Daughters: A Memoir of Two Worlds. Melbourne: Owl Publishing, 2009.
Karalis, Vrasidas, and Helen Nickas, eds. Antigone Kefala: A Writer’s Journey. Brighton Victoria: Owl Publishing, 2013.
Kalamaras, Vasso. Expatriates: Contemporary Australian Tales. Melbourne: Owl Publishing, 2011.
Karalis, Vrasidas. Recollections of Mr Manoly Lascaris. Blackheath, Australia: Brandl & Schlesinger, 2008.
Kefala, Antigone. Sydney Journals: Reflections 1970-2000. Artamon, NSW: Giramondo, 2008.
Koundoura, Maria. “Finding One’s Way Home: I Dream of Jeannie and
Diasporic Identity.” Hop on Pop: The Politics and Pleasures of Popular
Ed. Henry Jenkins et al. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2002: 556-565.
Riak, Patricia. “Cross-Cultural Children in Melbourne: Thoughts of Getting Married in Greek- and Ukranian-Australian Families.” Greek Research in Australia: Proceedings of the Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, Flinders University June 2007. Eds. E. Close, G. Couvalis, G. Frazis, M. Palaktsoglou, and M. Tsianikas. Adelaide: Flinders University of South Australia, 2009. 193-206.
This paper is an ethnographic portrayal of Greek and Ukranian cross-cultural children in Melbourne at an age where marriage is a topic of discussion between parents and children, when ethnic traditions are discussed, comparing the views and expectations of these two ethnic cultures. Parents mention their pre-migration experiences of marriage, also encompassing their parents’ life stories. Marriage, as a rite of passage, is explained through the theory of Arnold van Gennep.
Trakakis, Nick, ed. Aegean Light: Poetry by Second-Generation Greek-Australians. Melbourne: Arcadia, 2011.
Warhaft-Holst, Gail. Reviews of Dreams of Clay Drops of Dew: Selected Poems by Dina Amanatides, Athina and Her Daughters: A Memoir of Two Worlds by Eleni Frangouli-Nickas, Expatriates: Contemporary Australian Tales by Vasso Kalamaras, Sydney Journals: Reflections 1970-2000 by Antigone Kefala, and Southern Sun, Aegean Light: Poetry by Second-Generation Greek-Australians by Nick Trakakis. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 137-44.
Verhoeven, Deb “Twice Born: Dionysos
Films and the Establishment of a Greek Film Circuit in Australia.”
FILMICON: Journal of Greek Film Studies 1 (September 2013).
Elafros, Athena. “Bouzouki HipHop? Representation and Identity in Greek-Canadian Rap Music.” Spanning the Distance: Popular Music in Canada. Holly Everett and Charity Marsh, eds.
Gallant, Thomas, George Treheles, and Michael Vitopoulos. The 1918 Anti-Greek
Riot in Toronto.
Toronto: Thessalonikeans Society of Metro Toronto: Canadian Hellenic Historical Society, 2005.
Jeffreys, Peter. Saint George’s Greek Orthodox Church: An Architectural
and Iconographic Guide. Toronto:
University of Toronto Press (private printing), 2000.
Panagakos, Anastasia N. “Tracking Recycled Odyssey: Creating Transnational Families in The Greek Diaspora.” Global Networks. Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2004): 299-311.
“In this article Panagakos explores the types of transnational families forged by Greek Canadian women through cycles of migration between Canada and Greece. The focus is on how transmigrant women search for a spouse and heterosexual lifestyle embodied within a seemingly 'authentic' Greek experience. This recycled odyssey in which the women negotiate systems of gender and ethnic identification between two different social milieux highlights how parental guidance, class tensions and representations of gender and sexuality (re)form the Greek transnational family. These conflicts, and their resolutions, indicate how the ties of transnational families are negotiated to accommodate competing notions of sexuality, femininity, filial piety, parental investment and economic responsibility. Such cases are poorly documented since it is assumed that 'white' ethnic groups in North America are more assimilated. However, given the forces that drive transnationalism such as global capital, cheap travel, telecommunications and European integration belonging to an imagined community has different implications than it did in the past.”
Souvaliotis, Andreas. Misfit: Changemaker with an Edge. Toronto: Andreas Souvaliotis, 2013.
Tziovas, Dimitris, ed. Greek Diaspora and Migration Since 1700. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, 2009.
Δαμηλάκου, M. Έλληνες μετανάστες στην Αργεντινή (1900-1970). Διαδικασίες συγκρότησης και μετασχηματισμοί μιας μεταναστευτικής κοινότητας,
Αθήνα, Ιστορικό Αρχείο – Πολιτιστική Συμβολή της Εμπορικής Τράπεζας της Ελλάδος, 2004.
Τάμης Αναστάσιος Μ. Οι Έλληνες της Λατινικής Αμερικής. Ελληνικά Γράμματα, Αθήνα: 2006 [Δίγλωσση έκδοση, Μετάφραση στην Ισπανική Margarita Larriera, Ίδρυμα Μαρία Τσάκου, Montevideo]
Last modified November 19, 2014