Modern Greek Studies Association

The Greek American Studies Resource Portal i

The Modern Greek Studies Association's Transnational Studies Committee welcomes you to the Greek American Studies Resource Portal. The creation of this Resource Portal grew out of the expressed desire by academics, students and cultural producers alike to provide information on research, activities, and resources in the field of Greek American Studies broadly defined.

We request scholars, writers, artists and other cultural producers whose work explores the Greek world in the United States and/or the connections between Greece and the United States (repatriated Greek Americans, Greek films on Greek America, Greek writings about Greek Americans, etc.) to submit the full citation of their work in MLA format, including a two to three sentence description of their work. This portal will be periodically updated to highlight the most recent resources available in the field and all selections will be archived here.

The Portal includes:

  • Academic publications on Greek America, including book reviews.
  • Non-academic publications on Greek America, including autobiographies,
    community histories, fiction, poetry, photography, painting, etc.
  • Essays, articles, and book reviews published in the media
  • Films and documentaries
  • Research queries regarding Greek American topics

Yiorgos Anagnostou
The Ohio State University
[email protected]

Kostis Kourelis
Franklin and Marshall College
[email protected]

Co-chairs, Transnational Studies Committee.


A New Resource

“Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American History and Music” ▷ is organized in two categories: Writings about (1) history and (2) music. The first category, “Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American History (1996-2016),” contains 116 articles, while the second, “Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American Music (1985-2016),” contains 40 articles. Included in this latter collection are several archival articles published in the magazine Resound. A bibliography has been compiled for each folder, History or Music, occasionally incorporating keywords, in brackets, in the titles, for the convenience of the archive’s researchers.


a) Anthropology and Cultural Studies

Anagnostou, Yiorgos.  Contours of White Ethnicity: Popular Ethnography and the Making of Usable Pasts in Greek America. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2009.

This book “explores the construction of ethnic history and reveals how and why white ethnics selectively retain, rework, or reject their pasts. Challenging the tendency to portray Americans of European background as a uniform cultural category, the author demonstrates how a generalized view of American white ethnics misses the specific identity issues of particular groups as well as their internal differences. Interdisciplinary in scope, Contours of White Ethnicity uses the example of Greek America to illustrate how the immigrant past can be used to combat racism and be used to bring about solidarity between white ethnics and racial minorities. Illuminating the importance of the past in the construction of ethnic identities today, Anagnostou presents the politics of evoking the past to create community, affirm identity, and nourish reconnection with ancestral roots, then identifies the struggles to neutralize oppressive pasts. Although it draws from the scholarship on a specific ethnic group, Contours of White Ethnicity exhibits a sophisticated, interdisciplinary methodology, which makes it of particular interest to scholars researching ethnicity and race in the United States and for those charting the directions of future research for white ethnicities.”

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Against Cultural Loss: Immigration, Life History, and the Enduring Vernacular.” Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity.  Ed. Katerina Zacharia.  London: Ashgate, 2008.  335+.

An anthropological reading of Helen Papanikolas's Emily-George that concentrates on the biographer's oscillation between her certainty and her doubt that the past can be accurately reconstructed, and argues that the notion of a disappearing or a retained Hellenism in the diaspora must be viewed through ethnographic micro-contexts where immigrants and their descendants perform their identities.

Christou, Anastasia.  Narratives of Place, Culture and Identity: Second Generation Greek Americans Return Home.  Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2006.

Georges, Robert A. “Greek-American Folk Beliefs and Narrative: Survivals and Living Traditions.” Ph.D. diss., Indiana University (1964)

Gizelis, Gregory.“The Use of Amulets among Greek-Philadelphians,” Pennsylvania Folklife 20:3 (1971): 30-39.

Gizelis, Gregory. “Narrative Rhetorical Devices of Persuasion in the Greek Community of Philadelphia.” Ph.D. diss. University of Pennsylvania (1972)

Kindinger, Evangelia. “ ‘Only Stones and Stories Remain’: Greek American (Travel) Writing about Greece.” COPAS Vol. 12 (2011).

King, Russell, Anastasia Christou, and Janine Teerling. “‘We Took a Bath with the Chickens’: Memories of Childhood Visits to the Homeland by Second-generation Greek and Greek Cypriot ‘Returnees.’” Global Networks 11, 1 (2011): 1–23.

Leontis, Artemis.  “Greek-American Identity: What Women's Handwork Tells Us.”  Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity.  Ed. Katerina Zacharia.  London: Ashgate, 2008.  379+.

Referring to narratives collected as part of research for an exhibit of 1994, “Women's Fabric Arts in Greek America, 1894-1994” (Columbus, Ohio), the article explores how Greek women in America identify themselves in relation to the Greek-American household, the space where immigrant women tacitly accepted the mandate to recreate a miniature Greece in America, and finds opposing centripetal and centrifugal tendencies, the one crystallizing identity around a shared immigrant language, religion, customs, race, the other wishing to flee from that center.

Nevradakis, Michael. “From Assimilation to Kalomoira: Satellite Television and its Place in New York City's Greek Community.” Global Media Journal – Canadian Edition 4.1 (2011): 163-78.

Papailias, Penelope.  “America Translated in a Migrant's Memoirs.”  Genres of Recollection: Archival Poetics and Modern Greece.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  179-226.

“Papailias turns her attention to the notebooks of an obscure Peloponnesian villager and his travails in the United States in the early part of the twentieth century. As with the first three case studies, the life story of one Yorgos Mandas poses questions regarding the relationship between “History” and 'istories' (personal travails), between heady metanarratives and the kind of microhistories that seek legitimacy as pasts worth remembering. In this case the voice does not seek association with larger (national) historical narratives? Mandas says little about his personal experiences as a soldier during the Balkan Wars, for example, or to buttress the familiar 'rags to riches' line of most emigrant stories. Rather, his is a didactic study of endeavor and failure, a struggle that speaks for a vast constituency without history.”

Petridou, Elia. “The Taste of Home,” in Home Possessions: Material Culture behind Closed Doors, ed. Daniel Miller. Oxford: Berg, 2001. 87-106.

An ethnographic study of the foods that Cypriot university students in the UK bring from home or have their parents send by mail. Examines constructions of home in a diasporic university setting.

Stewart, Charles. “Forget Homi! Creolization, Omogeneia and the Greek Diaspora.” Diaspora:  A Journal of Transnational Studies.  Vol. 15, Issue 1 (2006): 61-88.

Abstract: “An early colonial model of creolization asked whether migrants to the New World underwent such drastic denaturing as to no longer be considered trustworthy compatriots. Homelands and their overseas colonies actively debated the moral meaning of change. In this essay, this structural model of creolization is applied to understand the relationship between the Greek state and its diaspora in the United States. That relationship has been governed by the ethno-nationalist concept of Omogeneia, which means “of the same genos or ancestry” but also “homogeneity.” In the twentieth century, Omogeneia referred mainly to ethnic Greeks born and raised abroad and not possessing Greek citizenship. The idea of ethnic homogeneity became increasingly hard to sustain as Greek-Americans lost linguistic and cultural competence. The structural model of creolization guides the exploration of Greek homeland-diaspora negotiations of cultural and linguistic change in the American case. Greek-Americans are both ethnic Americans and diaspora Greeks at the same time. Although hybridity and creolization have been held up in postcolonial studies (e.g., Homi Bhabha) as productive of creative political agency, this study reveals a troubled dimension of creolization in the Greek diaspora. Omogeneia has implicitly become an othering term for those who are not linguistically and culturally competent according to homeland models and standards. A word that initially extended a welcome to ethnic Greeks left behind in Ottoman lands at independence in 1832 is now crumbling under the weight of its own contradictions.”

Sutton, David E. Remembrance of Repasts: An Anthropology of Food and Memory. Oxford: Berg, 2001.

This book offers a theoretical account of the interrelationship of culture, food and memory. Sutton challenges and expands anthropology's current focus on issues of embodiment, memory and material culture, especially in relation to transnational migration and the flow of culture across borders and boundaries. The Greek island of Kalymnos in the eastern Aegean, where Islanders claim to remember meals long past -- both humble and spectacular ñ provides the main setting for these issues, as well as comparative materials drawn from England and the United States. Despite the growing interest in anthropological accounts of food and in the cultural construction of memory, the intersection of food with memory has not been accorded sustained examination. Cultural practices of feasting and fasting, global flows of food as both gifts and commodities, the rise of processed food and the relationship of orally transmitted recipes to the vast market in specialty cookbooks tie traditional anthropological mainstays such as ritual, exchange and death to more current concerns with structure and history, cognition and the 'anthropology of the senses'. Arguing for the crucial role of a simultaneous consideration of food and memory, this book significantly advances our understanding of cultural processes and reformulates current theoretical preoccupations.

Sutton, David E. Secrets from the Greek Kitchen: Cooking, Skill, and Everyday Life on an Aegean Island. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014.

Secrets from the Greek Kitchen explores how cooking skills, practices, and knowledge on the island of Kalymnos are reinforced or transformed by contemporary events. Based on more than twenty years of research and the author’s videos of everyday cooking techniques, this rich ethnography treats the kitchen as an environment in which people pursue tasks, display expertise, and confront culturally defined risks. Kalymnian islanders, both women and men, use food as a way of evoking personal and collective memory, creating an elaborate discourse on ingredients, tastes, and recipes. Author David E. Sutton focuses on micropractices in the kitchen, such as the cutting of onions, the use of a can opener, and the rolling of phyllo dough, along with cultural changes, such as the rise of televised cooking shows, to reveal new perspectives on the anthropology of everyday living.

Teske, Robert T. “The Eikonostasi Among Greek-Philadelphians,” Pennsylvania Folklife 23:1 (Autumn 1973): 20-30.

Teske, Robert T. Votive Offerings among Greek-Philadelphians. New York: Arno Press, 1980.

Teske, Robert T. “Votive Offerings and the Belief System of Greek Philadelphians.” Western Folklore 44 (1985): 208-224.

Pioneering work in Greek-American ethnography, carried out in 1974 PhD thesis at the Department of Folklore and Folklife, University of Pennsylvania. Examines the role of votive offerings placed by parishioners on the icons of Philadelphia’s Greek Orthodox churches

b) Anthropology and Cultural Studies – Book Reviews

Doumanis, Nicholas.  Review of “America Translated in a Migrant's Memoirs, by Penelope Papailias.”  Journal of Modern Greek Studies.  Vol. 25, № 1 (2007): 141-143.

Papailias, Penelope. Rev. of Contours of White Ethnicity: Popular Ethnography and the Making of Usable Pasts in Greek America, by Yiorgos Anagnostou. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 144-7.

Tricarico, Donald, Robert Viscusi, Phylis Cancilla Martinelli; Yiorgos Anagnostou reply. Roundtable review of Contours of White Ethnicity: Popular Ethnography and the Making of Usable Pasts in Greek America, by Yiorgos Anagnostou. Italian American Review 3.1 (2013): 52-61.

Zervas, Theodore G. Rev. of “The Greek American Community of Essex County, New Jersey”, by John Antonakos. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 132.


Davis L. Jack and Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan (eds.), Phillhellenism, Philanthropy, or Political Correctness? American Archaeology in Greece. Special Issue of Hesperia 82/1 (2013). 227 pp. 

Duke, Philip, Randall H. McGuire, Dean J. Saitta, Paul E. Reckner and Mark Walker. “The Colorado Coalfield War Archaeological Project: Archaeology Serving Labor.” In Preserving Western History, (ed.) Andrew Gulliford. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. 32-43.

Kourelis, Kostis. “The Archaeology of Xenitia: Greek-American Material Culture, 1873-1924,” in Archaeology and History in Roman, Medieval and Post-Medieval Greece: Studies on Method and Meaning in Honor of Timothy E. Gregory, ed. Linda J. Hall, William R. Caraher, and R. Scott Moore, (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008), 227-246.

Larkin, Karin and Randall H. McGuire eds. The Archaeology of Class War: The Colorado Coalfield Strike of 1913-1914 (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2009)


Baroutas, Kostas. Οι ναοί των ελλήνων μεταναστών [The Churches of Greek Immigrants]. Athens: Karakatsoglou, 2006.

Cutler, Anthony. “The Tyranny of Hagia Sophia: Notes on Greek Orthodox Church Design in the United States.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 31 (1972): 38-50.

Georgitsoyanni, Evangelia N. “Greek Masons in Africa: The Case of the Karpathian Masons of the Sudan,” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 29:1 (2003): 115-127.

Nelson, Robert S. “Revival to Wright: Modern Sophias,” in Hagia Sophia 1850-1950: Holy Wisdom Modern Monument. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. 187-213.

Yiannias, John. “Coping with the Imported Past: A Theme in Greek and Greek American Church Architecture.” In Αναθήματα Εορτικά: Studies in Honor of Thomas F. Mathews, (ed.) Joseph D. Alchermes (Mainz: Von Zabern, 2009). 318-326.


a) Autobiographies, Memoirs, Biographies

Ball, Eric L. Sustained by Eating, Consumed by Eating Right: Reflections, Rhymes, Rants and Recipes. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2013.

When Eric L. Ball returned to his hometown in northern New York after a fifteen-year absence that included time in Greece, he began building his version of the good life, largely revolving around growing, foraging, and cooking safe and wholesome foods. Yet, surrounded by family and old memories, he found himself grappling with the loss of his unlikely Mediterranean past and struggling to navigate the interplay of intellectual convictions and emotional needs as he strived to construct a fulfilling ethical life in the unsustainable modern world. In Sustained by Eating, Consumed by Eating Right, Ball shares his experiences and explores questions about food and drink, including the relationship between recipes and learning, the significance of the Mediterranean diet, how to cook authentic Greek foods in the United States, and how to obtain safe and healthy food in a toxic world. Ultimately, Ball considers broader questions about the evolving significance of family, the nature of freedom, the future of the environment, and thinking that one can change the world. The result is a bittersweet story that ponders questions about living a decent and fulfilling life when it comes to food and family.

Bogdanos, Matthew and William Patrick. Thieves of Baghdad. One Man’s Passion to Recover the World’s Greatest Stolen Treasures. New York: Bloomsbury, 2005.

Chrissochoidis, Ilias. On the Trails of the American Dream: A Tale of Self-exile - A Voyage of No Return. Greek ed. Stanford: Brave World, 2011. 

“The adventures and reflections of a young intellectual as he prepares to emigrate to America.”

Constant, Constance. Austin Lunch. Hillsdale, NJ: Cosmos, 2005.

Based on the author’s own memories, this book relates the story of a family living through the shock of immigration and the struggles of the Great Depression in Chicago. The mother goes against Greek convention by going to work in her husband’s West Side restaurant, thus helping to support her two children. As written on the cover of the book: “The restaurant with its parade of assorted inner city characters becomes a proving ground for the children to observe the energy, integrity and courage of their hard working parents during the rough thirties and early forties

Daniels, Elaine Makris. Growing Up Greek in South Bend: The Early Years 1926-1964. Gaithersburg: Tegea Press, 2001.

Doundoulakis, Helias. I Was Trained to be a Spy. Bloomington, IN: XLibris, 2008. 

Helias Doundoulakis was born in the United States but grew up in Crete. In this memoir, he writes about his experiences during World War II as a resistance fighter and a spy. In 1941, when he was 18, the German elite paratroopers invaded his island. He joined a resistance group headed by his brother. When the group was uncovered, he and his brother avoided capture by the Gestapo by escaping to Egypt. There he joined OSS, trained as a spy, and performed underground missions in Greece. After the war, he settled in the United States, where he became a professional engineer and inventor.

Dukakis, Olympia. Ask Me Again Tomorrow: A Life in Progress. New York: HarperCollins, 2003

Eleftheriou, Joanna. “Black Stone.”Ergon: Greek American Arts and Letters. 25 August 2019.

Eleftheriou, Joanna. This Way Back. West Virginia University Press, 2020.

Fey, Tina. Bossypants. Reagan Arthur Books, 2011.

“She’s a comic genius, every woman’s imaginary best friend, and the thinking man’s sex symbol. Tina Fey didn’t get this far without pulling on her bossypants.

Before there was Liz Lemon, before there was “Sarah Palin,” before there was “Weekend Update”—there was a woman with a dream. A dream that one day she would write a book about how she got here. But she had to get there first.

On her way to becoming an award-winning superstar, Tina Fey struggled through some questionable haircuts, some after-school jobs, the rise of nachos as a cultural phenomenon, a normal childhood, a happy marriage and joyful motherhood. Her story must be told! Fey’s pursuit of the perfect beauty routine may actually give you laugh lines, and her depiction of her whirlwind tour of duty as the Other Sarah Palin on Saturday Night Live takes you behind the scenes of a comedy event that transfixed the nation. Now, Fey can reflect on what she’s learned: You’re no one until someone calls you bossy.” (Book description, Reagan Arthur Books website)

Gage, Eleni N. North of Ithaka: A Granddaughter Returns to Greece and Discovers Her Roots. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2004.

George, Harris. By George. Baltimore: BrickHouse Books, 2005.

The author writes about his childhood in the Greek community of Baltimore, his Navy years, and the challenges of practicing law. He says, “I’ve tried to capture my fondest memories of a happy life punctuated by special people and amusing predicaments in which I found myself.”

Giannaris, John (Yannis) and McKinley C. Olson. Yannis. Tarrytown, New York: Publishing Incorporated, 1988.

Describes the dangerous mission of the Greek Battalion, a group of Greek American soldiers who were trained by the OAS to sabotage the Germans.

Halo, Thea. Not Even My Name. New York: Picador, 2000.

Hayes, Philia Geotes. Twice My Child. From the Aegean to the American Midwest: The Stories of Five Generations of Island Mothers. N.p., 2010.

Heckinger, Maria. Beyond the Third Door: Based On a True Story. Bookbaby, 2019.

My book has three narrators: my birth mother, my adopted mother, and myself. It is the tale of two mothers and their connection to one child. One mother was shamed because she had a child and the other because she couldn't. I am one of 3,500 Greek orphans adopted to the U.S. in the 1950s. Conceived in an act of violence, I was born to an unwed mother who was exiled from her island home for 44 years. Homeless and seven months pregnant in a large mainland city, she could not care for me and lost me to foreign adoption. Raised in California, I returned to Greece when I was 30 where, through a series of life-changing events, I reconnected with my birth mother. Finally, as the orphaned child, I tell my story. Based on documents and oral histories given by both mothers, and my experiences, it is a tale so miraculous it reads like fiction.

Janus, Christopher. The World of Christopher Xenopoulos Janus: The Very Best By And About Him. Stories, Interviews, And Scoops. Calligraphico Press, 2008

Harvard graduate, businessman, and author Christopher Janus presents short essays about his exploits, such as his purchase of Adolph Hitler’s car. Articles that have been written about him are also included.

Johnson, Michael S. Obscurity to Fame in the Oil Business. Self-published, 2012.  

Petroleum geology Michael Johnson, the son of Greek immigrants, made the groundbreaking discovery of the Parshall Oil Field in North Dakota.

Kalafatas, Michael N. The Bellstone: The Greek Sponge Divers of the Aegean. Hanover: Brandeis UP, 2003.

Kacandes, Irene.  Daddy's War: Greek American Stories.  A Paramemoir.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

Kalfopoulou, Adrienne. Ruin: Life in Exilic Living, Pasadena: Red Hen Press, 2014.

Kalfopoulou, Adrianne.  Broken Greek:  A Language to Belong.  Austin: Plain View Press, 2006.

Kallinis, Katherine and Sophie Kallinis LaMontagne. Cupcake Diaries: Recipes and Memories from the Sisters of Georgetown Cupcakes. Harper Collins, 2011.

Cupcake Diaries, a combination of recipes, advice, and memoir, captures the two sisters’ philosophy of life and how they established a successful cupcake business in Georgetown.

Kapsalis, Paul “Whitey” and Ted Gregory. To Chase a Dream: A Soccer Championship, An Unlikely Hero and a Journey that Redefined Winning. Maindenhead, UK: Meyer and Meyer Sports Ltd., 2014. 

Karalis, Eftihios. Ripples of Fate. Maryland: PublishAmerica, 2003.

In the aftermath of World War II, the small nation of Greece began the arduous task of rebuilding its ruined infrastructure. This frail effort was disrupted by rival factions whose power struggle culminated in a bloody civil war. The fragile peace that ensued was shattered by the wrath of nature. A series of destructive quakes leveled whatever was still standing, and many people perished. This story is about a young orphan’s struggle to carry on. The account is a composite of personal recollections and retold anecdotal episodes. The story carries a strong universal message of persevering determination in the face of adversity. The world has always been a hostile place and one can either blame his predicaments for failures or attribute them to successes in life. Eftihios chose to do the latter with quiet resolve. He narrates his bittersweet memories in hope that others can find their inner strength.

Karnazes, Dean. Run 26.2: Stories of Blisters and Bliss. Rodale, 2011.

Champion Greek American marathon writer chronicles his exploits when running, sometimes in inhospitable places like the Australia Outback, Antarctica, and the Tenderloin District of San Francisco.

Kourvetaris, George. 2013. Sharing My Life’s Journey: A Memoir. Saline, MI: McNaughton & Gunn, 2013.

George Kourvetaris’s memoir covers the years from 1933 to 2010. It includes his formative years in Greece prior to his coming to Chicago in 1958 to continue his education. He received a Ph.D. from Northwestern University and became a professor of sociology at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb. Included in the 203-page book are photographs of himself and his family, a vita of his years at Northern Illinois University (1969-2006), and an article that was written about him by Elaine Thomopoulos for The National Herald. 

Kulukundis, Elias. The Feasts of Memory: Stories of a Greek Family. 2nd ed. Portsmouth: Randall, 2003.

Lagos, Taso G. 86 Days in Greece: A Time of Crisis. English Hill Press, 2014.

“Here is an insider's view into the social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions of the crisis in Greece. 86 Days in Greece provides us with a unique, impressionistic, and philosophical account of one of the most important moments in Europe today. Without the conventional structure of theoretical assumptions and academic rhetoric, this work brings us as close as we can come to the Greek people, their understandings, trials, and obstacles to future reforms. Taso Lagos has written a book in diary form that documents the crisis from a personal, interdisciplinary 360-degree perspective, and it should be required reading for all those interested in the European situation today.”

Matsakis, Aphrodite. Growing up Greek in St. Louis. Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2002.

Through a series of vivid personal accounts, Matsakis explores the challenges faced by Greek-Americans as they sought to preserve a rich cultural heritage while assimilating to American ways. From a detailed account of her grandmothers' struggles during the occupation of Greece during WWII and the Asia Minor Holocaust to the first hand experiences faced by Greek-American children in Greek school, the celebration of name days, and the ever-present "evil eye," the book captures the sense of tradition, history, hospitality (philotimo), and community so vital to the Greek experience.

Mavrovitis, Jason C. Out of the Balkans. Preservation of American Hellenic Heritage, 2003.
Can be accessed here.

Mossin, Andrew. From The Day After The Day After. Ergon: Greek American Arts and Letters. 4 August 2019.

Nashi, Stavro. Ithaka on the Horizon: A Greek-American Journey. Self-published, 2013. .

Orfanos, Spyros D. “So the Clerks Will Not Be Able to Fool You.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora.  Vol. 35, Issue 1 (2009): 105-110.

Pavellas, Ronald A. Dear Grandma: A Memoir and Family History, 2017.

Peterson, Peter G. The Education of an American Dreamer: How a Son of Greek Immigrants Learned His Way from a Nebraska Diner to Washington, Wall Street, and Beyond.  New York: Twelve Publishing, 2009.

Pisanos, Steve N. The Flying Greek: An Immigrant Fighter Ace’s World War II Odyssey with the RAF, USAAF, and French Resistance. Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books, 2008.

The story of an undocumented Greek immigrant who jumps ship in 1938, with only eight dollars in his pocket. The only English he knows is “Ticket to New York.” In America, he achieves his childhood dream of becoming an aviator in the US military.

Pyrros, James G.  The Cyprus File: A Diary of the Cyprus Crisis in the Summer of 1974.  Washington, D.C.: Pella Publishing, 2010.

The Cyprus File is a story with many layers. It played out in the hot summer of 1974, at a time of a grave constitutional crisis in the United States the impending impeachment of the President over the Watergate scandal. Folded within this story was the drama bursting out on the island of Cyprus. First, the coup against Archbishop Makarios, followed shortly by the Turkish invasion, terror and destruction on the island, the fall of the Greek junta, the return of Karamanlis, the survival of Makarios, and the tragic dismemberment of Cyprus. The Nixon White House, the Kissinger State Department, the U.S. Congress, the governments of Greece, Cyprus, and Turkey, and many public and private figures played a role. 'Every day,' says Jim Pyrros, the author, 'we felt we were walking with history. It was an incredibly eventful time.”

Rassogianis, Alexander. Return to Glenlord: Memories of Michigan Summers. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2013.

With humor, the author captures adventures with family and friends in Stevensville, Michigan during the 1950s. He describes being part of the vibrant and loving Greek community that journeyed from Chicago to spend their summers in this area of old-fashioned resorts, quaint cottage and sandy beaches. Included are vintage photos.

Rizopoulos, Perry Giuseppe and William A. Meis. Wheat Songs: A Greek-American Journey. Academic Studies Press, 2018.

Sarrinikolaou, George. Facing Athens: Encounters with the Modern City. New York: North Point, 2004.

Savas, Georgianna. Eyes on Stamos: A Sister's Memoir – A Brother's Wishes. Georgianna Savas, 2005.

The author writes about her brother, the Greek American artist, Theodoros Stamos.

Sikélianòs, Eleni. The Book of Jon. San Francisco: City Lights, 2004

Spanos, William V. In the Neighborhood of Zero: A World War II Memoir. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2010.

The haunting recollection of living through the British and American fire-bombing of Dresden as prisoner of war in a Nazi camp is the focal point of this memoir by William Spanos, Professor of English and comparative literature at Binghamton University and an esteemed Heideggerian literary critic and founding editor of boundary 2. The author’s motto: “Did you ever return to Dresden, Professor Spanos?” “I never left there.” Critical to the narration are the first words of the first chapter: “I am a Greek American”
(1). Note that Spanos comes from a working class immigrant family that became highly educated and prominent, with one brother a politician in N.H. and Massachusetts. In his early years in Newport, N.H. Spanos recalls running away from his ethnic self in response to treatment as a second-class citizen. His “conflicted experience” of his unit's probable betrayal in the Battle of the Bulge and “American’s destructive power in the world” in the Dresden bombing, and the forced labor he endured picking up corpses and enduring spittings by Germans who survived the attack, functions to draw out “the silent hyphen between my Greek and American selves”
(2). Spanos’s memories, unspoken for decades, the act of narrating the unbelievable story of his disappearance for 5 months and return to his family in Newport NH as if from the dead become grist to his intellectual mill. The Dresden firebombing is the ground zero of his intellectual skepticism with respect to American institutions and ideals. (Artemis Leontis)

Spyratos, Kristalenia. Erica’s Amerika: 20 Essays Documenting a Greek Family’s Adventures and Adaptation in America. Peterborough, England: Fastprint Publishing, 2014.

Stamatiades, Lambros J. Journey of My Life. Trans. Peter Demopoulos. Los Angeles: Hellenic University Club of Southern California, 2013. <>

Lambros J. Stamatiades (1897-1993) wrote his memoir in Greek for his “close circle of relatives, fellow villagers, and friends from Karpathos in the Dodecanese Islands.” It is now available in both Greek (106 pages) and English (104 pages) through the Internet. Stamatiades, who grew up in Karpathos, immigrated to the United States in 1912. He returned to Greece in 1921 and got married, but because of restrictive immigration policy, he could not return to the United States until 1925. He left his wife and daughters behind, and they joined him in 1934. Stamatiades writes about growing up in Greece and immigrating to the United State. He includes anecdotes about the Italian occupation of the island in the 1920s, his role in organizing the OMONIA of Karpathian Aperians in the United States, and his activities in the labor movement. Because of the latter, he was jailed and blacklisted. Stamatiades worked as a waiter in New York for 55 years. He and his wife raised three daughters and two sons. The book is not the traditional memoir. It includes not only stories about his life, but a short biography of his wife Marigo, his thoughts about the universe and society, adages of how to live, several nostalgic poems by him and fellow patrioti from Karpathos, correspondence received from friends and relatives, two maps, and eight photos

Stratakis, Christopher. Appointment with Yesterday. Bloomfield, NJ.: Idie Reader Publishing Services, 2016.

Strongylis, Cleopas. Dean James A. Coucouzes as a Model of Priesthood. Archbishop Iakovos’ Ministry at the Annunciation Cathedral of New England (1942-1954). Brookline, MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2012.

Taltsidis, Christos. Fur and Leather Matters. Chicago, 2014.

The cover of this memoir shows Christos Taltsidis dressed in an all leather black jacket and pants of his own creation. Taltsidis tells of growing up in a small village near Kastoria and how he worked hard to achieve the dream he has had since he was 12 years old -- of becoming a master fur artist. He meticulously describes the process that is required to create a fur design and the many years of apprenticeship and working under other fur artists in Greece and the United States prior to his opening his own shop in Westchester, Illinois. His passion, philosophy of life, and importance of family seeps into this down-to-earth little book.

Tatooles, James E. Heartbeats. Chicago: Open Books, 2014.  

Heartbeats is the memoir of one of the pioneers in modern cardiac surgery, Constantine ‘Dino’ Tatooles, M.D., as told to his brother James E. Tatooles.

Thomopoulos, Nick T. 100 Years: From Greece to Chicago and Back. Bloomington: Xlibris, 2011.

Growing up in Chicago during the 1930s, ’40s and ’50s was a life rich in tradition, family and memories. Nick Thomopoulos in 100 Years chronicles the vibrant life of the neighborhood surrounding the St. George Greek Orthodox Church.  He tells of the tragic death of his father and the difficulties and joys his immigrant mother faced in raising five young children in an emerging metropolis unlike Zakynthos, Greece. Because of the Great Depression, World War II, the Greek Civil War and the hardships in Greece, Marie received only an occasional letter from her siblings. In 1962, Marie, with Nick, returned to Greece 42 years after she left. Three of her five siblings did not know she was coming, and her husband’s lone sister did not know the family was even alive.  The story describes the excitement of reuniting with the family.

Vavaroutsos, Thomas I. The Odyssey of an Immigrant. Self-published 2013.

The memoir of an immigrant from Sparta who came to the United States when he was 18. He recounts his experiences as a young child during the Nazi occupation during WWII and the Greek Civil War, and the challenges he faced in America.

Vardalos, Nia. Instant Mom. New York: HarperOne, 2013.

Memoir by the creator and actress of My Big Fat Greek Wedding. The “Instant Mom” in the title refers to the experience she had in adopting a three-year old daughter.

Vidalis, Orestis E. Confronting the Greek Dictatorship in the U.S.: Years of Exile: A Personal Diary (1968-1975). Pella Publishing, 2009.

“This historical diary reveals unknown events and provides evidence related to the author's fight in the United States for the restoration of Greek democracy.”

Vlanton, Jennie C. 761 Aubert Avenue: My Greek American Sanctuary. Lincoln: iUniverse, 2007.

Walsh, Efthalia Makris. Beloved Sister: Biography of a Greek-American Family, Letters From the Homeland. Bethesda, MD: Tegea Press, 1998

b) Autobiographies, Memoirs, Biography – Scholarship

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Against Cultural Loss: Immigration, Life History, and the Enduring Vernacular.” Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity. Ed. Katerina Zacharia. London: Ashgate, 2008. 335+.

Arapoglou, Eleftheria. “Enacting an Identity by Re-creating a Home: Eleni Gage's North of Ithaca.” Identity, Diaspora and Return in American Literature. Ed. Maria Antònia Oliver-Rotger. New York and London: Routledge (Routledge Transnational Perspectives on American Literature), 2015. 118–132.

Gemelos, Michele. “Greek American Autobiography.” The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature, Volume Two: D–H. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 2005. 870–873.

Xinos, Ilana. “Narrating Captivity and Identity: Christophorus Castanis’ The Greek Exile and the Genesis of the Greek-American.” Transcultural Localisms: Responding to Ethnicity in a Globalized World. Eds. Yiorgos Kalogeras, Eleftheria Arapoglou and Linda Manney. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2006. 203-20.

c) Autobiographies, Memoirs, Biography – Reviews

Alexiou, Nicholas. Rev. of My Detroit: Growing up Greek and American in Motor City, by Dan Georgakas. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 147-9.

Contis, Angelike. “Tina Fey’s Greek Gags – Uh, It’s Complicated For a Greek Thinker.” The National Herald Online. September 1 (2011).

“Is she Greek? Isn’t she? Does she feel Greek? Doesn’t she? While the general U.S. public may have focused on Tina Fey’s uncanny Sarah Palin impersonation or her television show 30 Rock, Greek Americans have wondered for a while how Emmy-winning writer/actress Fey – perhaps our highest profile pop culture figure after Jennifer Aniston at the moment- feels about her Greek heritage.”

Georgakas, Dan.  Review of The Cyprus File: A Diary of the Cyprus Crisis in the Summer of 1974The National Herald Online (2010): 10.

The Cyprus File is an engrossing chronicle of the anti-Makarios coup organized by the Greek junta that triggered the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. It is the work of James G. Pyrros, then in the midst of a 20-year career as an aide to Democratic Congressman Lucien Nedzi of Michigan. While not in the policy level of government, Pyrros had an inside-the- beltway view of Washington's reaction to the crisis. In addition to being a Congressional aide, he also had long been part of an informal group seeking to educate American politicians and mass media about the junta that had seized power in Greece in 1967. That involvement provided Pyrros with considerable insights into the agonies of the summer of 1974. The Cyprus File is not an academic study. It is a segment of a larger diary Pyrros began to write in 1943 after reading William Shirer's bestselling Berlin Diary. Pyrros also wanted to write of events immediately as they occurred. This perspective became especially critical when… it came time for me to play a political role as participant and observer. The resulting diary is exciting reading that accurately records the shocks, fears, and hopes generated by events as they unfolded not only day-to-day, but also hour-to-hour and even minute-to-minute. Although most readers will know the ultimate out-come of events, The Cyprus File is a page-turner in the very best sense of the word.”

Georgakas, Dan.  Review of Broken Greek: A Language to BelongJournal of the Hellenic Diaspora. Vol. 35, Issue 1 (2009): 121-127.

Klironomos, Martha. Review of Broken Greek: A Language to BelongJournal of Modern Greek Studies.  Vol. 27, Issue 2 (2009): 439-442.

Klironomos, Martha.  Review of North of Ithaka: A Granddaughter Returns to Greece and Discovers Her Roots.  Journal of Modern Greek Studies.  Vol. 26, Issue 2 (2008): 491-494.

Leontis, Artemis. Eva Palmer Sikelianos: A Life in Ruins. Princeton University Press, 2019.

This is the first biography to tell the fascinating story of Eva Palmer Sikelianos (1874–1952), an American actor, director, composer, and weaver best known for reviving the Delphic Festivals. Yet, as Artemis Leontis reveals, Palmer’s most spectacular performance was her daily revival of ancient Greek life. For almost half a century, dressed in handmade Greek tunics and sandals, she sought to make modern life freer and more beautiful through a creative engagement with the ancients. Along the way, she crossed paths with other seminal modern artists such as Natalie Clifford Barney, Renée Vivien, Isadora Duncan, Susan Glaspell, George Cram Cook, Richard Strauss, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Nikos Kazantzakis, George Seferis, Henry Miller, Paul Robeson, and Ted Shawn. Brilliant and gorgeous, with floor-length auburn hair, Palmer was a wealthy New York debutante who studied Greek at Bryn Mawr College before turning her back on conventional society to live a lesbian life in Paris. She later followed Raymond Duncan (brother of Isadora) and his wife to Greece and married the Greek poet Angelos Sikelianos in 1907. With single-minded purpose, Palmer re-created ancient art forms, staging Greek tragedy with her own choreography, costumes, and even music. Having exhausted her inheritance, she returned to the United States in 1933, was blacklisted for criticizing American imperialism during the Cold War, and was barred from returning to Greece until just before her death. Drawing on hundreds of newly discovered letters and featuring many previously unpublished photographs, this biography vividly re-creates the unforgettable story of a remarkable nonconformist whom one contemporary described as “the only ancient Greek I ever knew.”

Panourgiá, Neni. “Effacing Athens.” Rev. of Facing Athens: Encounters with the Modern City, by George Sarrinikolaou. The National Herald, May 26, 2007. 16-7.

Sutton, Dan. Rev. of The Bellstone: The Greek Sponge Divers of the Aegean by Michael N. Kalafatas. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 21.2 (2003): 294-97.

Van Steen, Gonda. Adoption, Memory, and Cold War Greece. Kid pro quo? University of Michigan Press, 2019.

Reveals the history of how 3,000 Greek children were shipped to the United States for adoption in the postwar period. This book presents a committed quest to unravel and document the postwar adoption networks that placed more than 3,000 Greek children in the United States, in a movement accelerated by the aftermath of the Greek Civil War and by the new conditions of the global Cold War. Greek-to-American adoptions and, regrettably, also their transactions and transgressions, provided the blueprint for the first large-scale international adoptions, well before these became a mass phenomenon typically associated with Asian children. The story of these Greek postwar and Cold War adoptions, whose procedures ranged from legal to highly irregular, has never been told or analyzed before. Adoption, Memory, and Cold War Greece answers the important questions: How did these adoptions from Greece happen? Was there any money involved? Humanitarian rescue or kid pro quo? Or both? With sympathy and perseverance, Gonda Van Steen has filled a decades-long gap in our understanding, also for the hundreds of adoptees and their descendants, whose lives are still affected today.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos and Fevronia K. Soumakis. “Bibliography on Greek America (2018).” Ergon: Greek American Arts and Letters. 28 January 2019.

Frangos, Steve. “Suggested Readings about the Greek American Experience.” The National Herald 2 Dec. 2006, Books Special Ed.: 22, 23. In pdf format.

Patsis, Louiza. “Cultural Greek American Archive.” 18 Dec 2004.  Informational Organization Management (DIS 826), New York University, student paper,

Many immigrant groups have come to the United States.  Often, their cultures have “melted” into American culture.  In other cases, or sometimes simultaneously, they keep their traditions, and assimilate American culture into their own.  Often, many documents and artifacts of their history are lost, especially if there is no effort to archive, organize and keep them in a safe place. Many Greek American cultural artifacts are being lost.  Hardships and accomplishments of ancestors may be forgotten forever.  This is an exploratory, qualitative research of Greek-American archives in the United States.  This is a preliminary report, which includes interviews of people involved in the effort to archive Greek American cultural documents and artifacts.  The purpose of the interviews is to see if there is an organized national effort to collect and maintain Greek American archives, and to explore the reasons why there is or is not such an effort.  A small comparison of Greek-American and other ethnic groups’ archival efforts will be presented.  This research includes efforts of Greek Americans to archive their own history in this country, and excludes efforts of archiving information on Greek cultural or of solely religious material.

a) Comedy in Popular Culture

Basile. “Growing Up Greek in America: Comedy Greek Style.” SpiceRaque Entertainment & BZK Productions. BZK Productions, 1999.

“Greek [American] Gods of Comedy.” 

Exclusive Tell All Interview with Mr. Panos Youtube interview with comedian Yannis Pappas.


Aravossitas, Themistoklis. The Hidden Schools: Mapping Greek Heritage Language Education in Canada, University of Toronto, 2016.

Since the languages of immigrant communities in Canada are categorized as “non-official”, our government is under no obligation to contribute to the perpetuation of these languages. Furthermore, education, in general, is a provincial responsibility. Thus, no formal reporting and documentation of Heritage/International Language Programs takes place at the national level. Given this situation, the various ethnic community groups are left alone with the task of protecting their valuable linguistic and cultural heritages. Inevitably, without national information sharing or support from the Canadian government, HL policy and programming are in a precarious state. My study involves my participation in a community-based research project that aims to locate, map, assess and develop the Greek HLE resources in Canada. Theoretically based on the concepts of Ethnolinguistic Vitality and Language Maintenance, my investigation (a) addresses the question of access to Greek language and culture education by exploring the programs and resources currently available to HL learners; (b) formulates an asset-based model to analyze the capacity of the Greek community's HLE system and proposes changes for its upgrade; and (c) develops a database to allow community members, HLE stakeholders and researchers to search for information about Greek language schools, community organizations and cultural events across Canada. Overall, this investigation addresses the retention and development of Canada’s cultural and linguistic resources through HLE. My findings demonstrate that for Heritage Languages to be maintained in Canada beyond the third generation, communities need to assume responsibility and foster three necessary conditions for educational success in the 21st century: access, innovation and motivation. As a starting point, I suggest locating, sharing and developing HLE assets through collaborations with stakeholders, including universities, governments, interested professionals and funding agencies. This study not only brings into prominence Greek HLE in Canada, but also underscores the passion and determination of immigrant communities to fully participate in mainstream society without diminishing their cultural and linguistic capital.

Beck, Ann. Greek Immigration to, and Settlement in, Central Illinois, 1880-1930. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2014. [available here]

This dissertation is a micro-history of Greeks immigrants to central Illinois between 1880 and 1930. The study focuses specifically on those Greek immigrants who were involved in the confectionery trade, opening candy stores (often accompanied by soda fountains and restaurants) in the small towns and cities of rural Illinois. The study draws upon, as its primary case study, the life and experiences of my own grandfather, Constantin “Gus” Flesor, a Greek immigrant who settled in Tuscola, Illinois in 1901 and owned a candy store/soda fountain business there for 75 years. In all, this dissertation tells the stories of more than 160 such Greek immigrant confectioners in more than forty towns and cities in central Illinois. Examples from the lives of my grandfather and these other first-generation Greek immigrants are interwoven throughout the dissertation to illustrate particular experiences. The dissertation begins with a discussion of migration theory, which seeks to locate the first-generation Greek immigrant experience in rural areas within the larger theoretical debate that has primarily focused on the urban immigrant experience. Chapter Two provides a geographical and historical background by briefly reviewing relevant features of Greek geography, particularly that of the Peloponnese region from where most of the immigrants in this study originated.  This chapter also contains a short history of Greece that helps to frame the important question of Greek heritage and identity. Chapter Three presents an overview of first-generation Greek immigration to America, focusing particularly on immigration to Chicago and St. Louis, the primary cities that served as transit points for Greeks coming to central Illinois.  Chapter Four explores education and the Greek immigrant, and specifically how Greek immigrants learned the confectionery business.  Chapter Five addresses the question of Greek identity, anti- immigrant hostility during this period, especially the activities of the Ku Klux Klan, and how Greek immigrants in these small towns responded to this prejudice and bigotry.  Finally, Chapter Six looks at the lives and businesses of the individual Greek immigrants to central Illinois. In my conclusion I address the questions raised by this study and possible avenues for further research.

Bringerud, Lydia. "Whose Tradition?: Adapting Orthodox Christianity in North America". PhD diss. Memorial University of Newfoundland (Canada), 2019.

Focusing on three Orthodox Christian communities – St. Paraskeva and St. Luke in Midwestern US, and St. Nicolas in Atlantic Canada – this thesis examines the complex cultural dynamics surrounding Orthodox Christianity in North America. I explore the ways believers, both the Orthodox-born and new converts, negotiate with an ancient faith in a contemporary society where this faith may appear counter-cultural. Building on Leonard Primiano’s (1995) theory of vernacular religion, I propose the concept of vernacular theology to shed light on these processes. Despite the illusion of theology as the exclusive purview of clergy, laypeople exercise interpretive agency to creatively adapt doctrine to their individual life circumstances.

Considering the significant role of Church history in the religious choices and experiences of my consultants, I begin with a historical overview of Orthodox Christianity, from its origins in the Roman Empire to the present day, including its path to North America. The themes of empire, romantic nationalism, anti-Westernism, and Communism that have historically shaped this faith are explored specifically in Romania, Russia, Serbia, and Ukraine, the home countries of my Orthodox-born participants. I analyze the Orthodox Church’s response to globalization and how this may affect the future of the Church in North America.

I further consider encounters between converts and Orthodox-born immigrants within the walls of North American Orthodox churches, examining how Orthodox Christian communities meet the needs of these different groups. I argue that those who convert to Orthodox Christianity create exoteric folklore about ethnicity in terms of those who have cultural connections with the faith.

In my last two chapters, I address theory and practice in the lives of Orthodox Christians, with specific emphasis on how women navigate this patriarchal faith in a society in dialogue with feminist ideas. Themes include understandings of clerical authority, spiritual obedience, and the interpretive agency of parishioners. I offer a theory of vernacular feminisms, in which women create strategies of empowerment within a patriarchal system. By creating these choices for themselves, they simultaneously subvert and support a system that limits them on the basis of gender.

Diamanti-Karanou, Panagoula, The Relationship between Homeland and Diaspora: The Case of Greece and the Greek-American. PhD diss. Boston: Northeast University, 2015.

In an increasingly global world, diasporas are unique actors since they represent a fusion of the cultures, interests and mentalities of their old and new homelands. Thus, the relationship between homelands and diasporas becomes quite significant. Nevertheless, it remains understudied. This dissertation attempts to contribute to the study of this phenomenon through an in-depth examination of the relationship between Greece and the Greek diaspora in the United States. The Greek state and the Greek-American community are interdependent on each other. The state relies on the community for assistance in the areas of development, economic cooperation, humanitarian aid, and advocacy for foreign policy issues. The community relies on the Greek state for support with respect to Greek education and the preservation of Greek culture in the United States. The relationship between the two entities reflects the dynamics of a partnership although the state has tried in the past to extend its control over the Greek-American community. However, the community has proved its independence vis-à-vis the Greek state. In order to have a more fruitful partnership in the future, a number of conditions should be in place, including a systematic and well-planned diaspora policy on the part of the Greek state and better organized structures on the part of the Greek-American community. Moreover, a better and deeper knowledge and appreciation of each other is very important for any further cooperation: the Greek state needs to get to know the spectrum of Greek identity and culture that exists in the Greek-American community while the Greek-Americans need to have a deeper knowledge of Greece and Greek culture. The Greek-American diaspora can have a significant role as an agent of positive change and it can be a unique bridge between the two nations enriching them both at the same time.

Eleftheriou, Joanna, This Way Back: Essays from Cyprus. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Missouri, Columbia, 2015.

This Way Back is a creative dissertation that explores the predicament of the transmigrant, the immigrant who has the capability of returning to the host country, and gets caught in an in-between space, not quite assimilated, and not quite unchanged. Transmigrant subjectivities coincide with globalized financial markets, and with twenty-first century forms of national allegiance. The text calls several binaries into question: Greek/Turk, Greek/Cypriot, Greek/American, gay/straight, male/female, ancient/modern, critical/creative writing, and, through its form, essay collection/memoir. The critical introduction, “Essay, Memoir, or Both? Hunger of Memory and the Problem of Nonfiction Hybrids” addresses this binary, and suggests that reading Hunger of Memory as a memoir animated by essayism makes possible a reconciliation of contradictions that have puzzled Rodriguez scholars in the past. The main, creative component of the dissertation relates stories from the authors life as a New-York-born Greek-speaking citizen of Cyprus: dancing to re-enact a mass suicide by jumping off a school stage onto gym mats, harvesting carobs on her great-grandfathers land, purchasing UNESCO-protected lace, traveling against her father’s wishes to the islands occupied north, and pruning cypress trees, geraniums, and jasmine after he grew too weak to lift the shears. Narrating these stories allows her to investigate questions of voluntary and forced migration, nationhood, and war. Political events such as the 1959 guerilla war against British rule, and the 1974 partition of the island, are conveyed through the stories of Cypriot people, the islands refugees and its returnees, among them the authors late father. Together, the essays are a memorial, one which embodies the links between political and personal loss; the individual and the environment; the living and the dead.

Gatzouras, Vicky J. Family Matters in Greek American Literature. Diss. Blekinge Institute of Technology and Göteborg University, 2007.

Gerontakis, Steven. AHEPA vs. the KKK: Greek-Americans on the Path to Whiteness. Senior Thesis. University of North Carolina at Asheville, North Carolina, 2012.

Gizelis, Gregory. Narrative Rhetorical Devices of Persuasion in the Greek Community of Philadelphia. Ph.D. diss. University of Pennsylvania, 1972.

Grafos, Chris. Canada’s Greek Moment: Transnational Politics, Activists, and Spies during the Long Sixties, Ph.D. diss. York University (Canada), 2016.

This dissertation examines Greek immigrant homeland politics during the period of Greeces military dictatorship, 1967 to 1974, in Toronto and Montreal. It carefully considers the internal dynamics of anti-junta activism in Canadas Greek populations, but it also contemplates the meanings of external perceptions, particularly from the Canadian state and Canadian public discourse. The study acknowledges the dominant paradigm of Greek immigrants as unskilled workers, however, it demonstrates that this archetype is not monolithic. In many ways, it is challenged by a small number of Greeks who possessed skills to write letters to politicians, create petitions, organize public rallies, and politically mobilize others. At the same time, this dissertation carefully considers Canadas social and political environment and shows how uniquely Canadian politics ran parallel to and informed Greek homeland politics. Transnationalism is used as an analytical tool, which challenges the meaning of local/national borders and the perception that they are sealed containers. The main argument expressed here is that environments shape movements and migrant political culture does not develop in a vacuum. Each chapter deals with specific nuances of anti-junta activism in Toronto and Montreal. Chapter One examines the organized voices of the Greek community’s anti-dictatorship movement. The chapters latter section looks at how the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (PAK), led by Andreas Papandreou, consolidated itself as the main mouthpiece against Greece’s authoritarian regime. Chapter Two demonstrates that social movements occurring in Canada meshed neatly with anti-junta sentiment, mobilizing many Canadians against the dictatorship. Chapter Three shows how a few skilled Greeks shaped transnational narratives of resistance in local Greek leftist press. Chapters Four and Five examine RCMP surveillance documents related to local politics in Toronto and Montreal. In doing so, the chapters reveal that regional circumstances, particularly Quebec’s Quiet Revolution, shaped security concerns and definitions of Greek subversive activities. Overall, Canadas Greek moment was a complex tale of activism, surveillance, and transnational politics.

Kappatos, Nicole. Greek Immigration to Richmond, Virginia, and the Southern Variant Theory. M.A. Thesis. Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) Theses and Dissertations. Paper 3483, 2014.

“Greek immigration to the United States occurred in two distinctive waves: the first wave from the 1890s-1920s and the second wave from the 1960s-1980s. This thesis explores the regional diversity of the Greek immigrant experience in the Southern United States through the case study of the Greek community in Richmond, Virginia. The first chapter introduces the history of Greek immigration to the United States, discusses major scholars of Greek American studies, and explains the Southern Variant theory. Chapter two examines the experiences of the first wave of Greek immigrants in Richmond. The third chapter incorporates oral history to explain the experiences of second wave Greek immigrants in Richmond. Chapters two and three examine factors including language, church activity, intermarriage, and community involvement, in order to demonstrate a Southern Variation in the experiences of Greek immigrants in Richmond in comparison to their counterparts elsewhere in the United States.”

Karpathakis Anna. Sojourners and Settlers, Greek Immigrants of Astoria, New York. Ph.D. diss. Columbia University, 1993

Καρπόζηλος Κωστής. Ελληνοαμερικανοί Εργάτες, Κομμουνιστικό Κίνημα και Συνδικάτα (1900-1950): Αναζητώντας τον Εργατικό Εξαμερικανισμό στα Χρόνια της Μεγάλης Υφεσης. Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης: Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας. Ρέθυμνο, 2010.

Katradis, Maria. "Teachers’, students’, and parents’ beliefs about language learning in two modern greek language programs." PhD diss. George Mason University, 2016.

This study explores teachers’, students’, and parents’ beliefs about language learning in two Modern Greek language programs at the elementary school level in the United States using a phenomenological embedded multiple case study approach. Participant beliefs were identified through a survey which included adapted teacher, student, and parent versions of the Beliefs about Language Learning Inventory (Horwitz, 1988) and adapted subscales related to children’s ability/expectancies, task value, and task perceptions (Eccles & Wigfield, 1995). Student and parent beliefs and lived experiences were further explored using in-depth individual interviews. Results indicate that the students’ beliefs about language learning and specifically about learning Greek were more positive than those of their respective teacher and parents, despite holding some counterproductive or contradictory beliefs about language learning. Their interviews illustrated their negotiations between classroom and home environments and support for learning Greek.

The parent interviews brought to light that their beliefs were formed from their own experiences with language learning and prior experiences with learning Greek. Across these programs, two distinct conceptualizations for Modern Greek language learning are presented. Educational implications include: addressing goals and expectations; impact of beliefs on program models; students’ contradictory beliefs; assessment of language learning; long-term expectations of Greek language learning; conceptualizations of the roles of identity, culture, and language; and diverging cultures and conceptualizations of Greek language learning.

Kindinger, Evangelia. “Homebound: Diaspora Spaces and Selves in Greek American Return Narratives.” Diss. Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany), 2012.

Kyrou, Alexandros K. “Greek Nationalism and Diaspora Politics in America, 1940-1945: Background Analysis of Ethnic Responses to Wartime Crisis.” Diss. Indiana University, 1993.

League, Panayotis. Echoes of the Great Catastrophe: Re-Sounding Anatolian Greekness in Diaspora. Doctoral dissertation. Harvard University, 2017.

This dissertation focuses on the music and dance practices of Greek refugee and migrant families from the historical region of Aeolia or Western Anatolia (the Aegean coast of present-day Turkey and the island of Lesvos), including those who settled in the Boston area following the end of the Greco-Turkish War in 1922. Shortly after the end of the conflict, a population exchange between the two states resulted in the deportation of nearly 2 million Greek Orthodox Christians from Turkey – an event known to Greeks as the “Great Catastrophe.” Drawing on five years of ethnographic fieldwork in the Anatolian Greek communities of greater Boston and the island of Lesvos and a wealth of never-before examined archival material, this study examines the multitude of ways that Anatolian Greeks in diaspora have used musically-framed material culture to narrate their community's intergenerational story of displacement and adaptation and enable the preservation and transmission of repertoire, style, and both musical and social memory. Each chapter of this dissertation focuses on a distinct yet overlapping sphere of sensually-rich, performative relationships with material objects and bodily practices in Anatolian Greek music and dance. These include handwritten musical transcriptions from the early 1900s; commercial recordings, from 78 rpm records and piano rolls to compact discs; homemade reel-to-reel tape, cassette, and video recordings; the gendered performance of social dance; legacies of sonic and physical violence; and the role of commensal foodways in theorizing musical time. Drawing on the Greek concepts of myth and mimesis, I highlight the performative agency embedded in these objects and practices. In the process, I reveal that, beyond mere archives or venues of musical and social activity, they are sonic and material sites of emotional valence, nodes for the face-to-face mediation of personal and musical relations, and a means of engaging the body to craft a polytemporal sense of self. These musical archives and actions enter into a pluralistic dialogue with other human and non-human agents to reveal past musical practices, shape contemporary ones, produce ideas and memories about the musicians who made and used them, and contribute to an inherently relational model of Anatolian Greek personhood.

Lillios, Emmanuel N. The Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Religious Orientation, and Greek Orthodox Religiosity. Diss. University of Iowa, 2010.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature of the relationship that attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help have with religiosity and religious orientation among members of the Greek Orthodox Christian Church in the United States. In addition, this study also investigated the nature of the relationship that confessional involvement has with the following variables: intrinsic religious orientation, extrinsic religious orientation, religiosity, attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help, and ethnic background. This is important because Greek Americans, for reasons perhaps related to culture and religion, have historically displayed a reticence to seek professional psychological help when there are psychological problems. There is a paucity of research on the role religiosity and religious orientation has on seeking professional help for mental health problems. Taking a sample from the members of an urban, large-sized Greek Orthodox parish, participants will complete a questionnaire consisting of demographic data, the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help scale (ATSPPH) short form-revised (Fischer & Farina, 1995); the New Indices of Religious Orientation scale (NIRO) short form (Francis, 2007); and the Christian Orthodox Religiousness Scale (CORS) (Chliaoutakis et al., 2002). The results will be analyzed to provide information useful in understanding the relationship between religiosity, religious orientation and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help among members of the Greek Orthodox Church. Implications of these findings and suggestions for further research will be discussed.

Louvarsi, Elenie. «Δύναμη καı Παράδoση» Strength and Tradition: History and Memory of the Greek Genocide in Turkey and its Impact on Culture and Heritage in the United States. University of Colorado at Denver, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2018.

From 1913-1924 the ethnic-Greeks of Asia Minor were the victims of genocide perpetrated first by agents of the failing Ottoman State, the rise of the Young Turks an finally Mustafa Kemal’s Turkish Republic. This study analyzes the actions and effects of the Turks in three sections. The first chapter defines genocide and ethnic cleansing, and gives a historiography of nationalism, the Greek Genocide and includes a brief historical context. The Second chapter contextualizes the atrocities committed in Asia Minor. This is done by first presenting how nationalism transformed the Balkan Peninsula, and then showing how the Turks systematically dismantled Greek communities in Turkey through attacks. Using survivor testimonies from Nicomedia I show that these attacks were committed against the Greek Orthodox Church, clergy as well as women and children purposefully. Further, I endeavor to show that all of these actions were committed against Greeks in an effort to destroy their sense of identity, to sever community ties, and ultimately to remove them from Turkey. In the third and final chapter, I show how despite their efforts, the descendants of the victims of genocide have, in the United States, established institutions, societies, and organizations to perpetuate and preserve the unique culture and identity that the Turks tried so hard to destroy.

Mavratsas, Caesar, V. Ethnic Entrepreneurialism, Social Mobility, and Embourgeoisement. The Formation and Intergenerational Evolution of Greek-American Economic Culture. Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston University, 1993.

Morrow, Eric V. Transnational Religion in Greek American Political Advocacy. Diss. Baylor University, 2012. (available online)

“Contemporary studies of transnationalism are challenging scholarship on the political advocacy of ethnic groups by examining a broader range of connections that shape immigrant identity and engagement with the political systems of host countries. One of these connections is the role religion has in forming new ethnoreligious identities and how this role is influenced by transnational relationships with countries of origin and external religious institutions. In many analyses of ‘ethnic politics,’ religion is either excluded or viewed as a cultural element closely aligned with ethnic identity. This has obscured the significant influence of religious affiliation and religious institutions in the political advocacy of immigrant groups. This dissertation examines the role of religion in Greek American advocacy and analyzes the transnational elements that have shaped Greek American identity and contributed to the engagement with the United States government on specific foreign policy issues. From a basis in theories of diaspora nationalism and transnationalism and within the larger context of Greek American advocacy, focus is placed on the development of the role of the Greek Orthodox Church in America in defining a unique ethno-religious identity and in direct engagement with U.S. policymakers on the issues of the invasion and partition of Cyprus, the Macedonian Question, and the legal status and religious freedom of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Istanbul, Turkey. Following a survey of the role of the Church and its leadership in advocacy on these issues, this dissertation analyzes the elements of transnational religion in the Greek American experience in order to develop a methodology for approaching other groups in the United States. With the increase of immigrant religious affiliation and institutions in America and the diversity of engagement in both domestic and foreign policy issues, the analysis of transnational religious connections is critical to understanding identity formation and ethnoreligious lobbying, as well as gauging the impact of this advocacy on the U.S. political system.”

Μανδατζής, Χρ. Υπερπόντια μετανάστευση από τη Μακεδονία: 1923-1936. Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Τμήμα Ιστορίας-Αρχαιολογίας, ΑΠΘ, 2000.

Nazos, Maria. Pulse and the Slow Horizon that Breathes: Two Collections of Poetry and Critical Introduction. The University of Nebraska - Lincoln, 2018.

This dissertation contains two collections of poetry, one of my own entitled “Pulse,” and one of translations, from the Greek, of the poet Dimitra Kotoula. Both collections, as examined in the introduction, deal with the concrete and metaphorical concept of crossing boundaries. More concretely, throughout these poems, translations, and critical introduction, the narrator is constantly testing her own capacity for hard living, love, and travel. Whereas the translations’ boundary-crossing primarily entails the concept of survival during a major fiscal crisis, the poems’ boundary-crossing primarily entails acts of self-destruction, feelings of discomfort, and ultimate self-resurrection. Both genres, however, both involve the speaker and the actual author crossing into unknown and uncomfortable geographical territories, including Greece, Belize, and Guatemala. No matter what, though, the speaker and the author manage to claw their way out of worldly and self-made destruction and learn to be in the dark until they can actually see in the dark. Resiliency is the thematic core of these collections and introduction, because ultimately, these works seek to interrogate how not only the speaker, but humanity as a whole, are able to live, love, and breathe despite the larger and local sufferings which occur, including war, mass shootings, and death.

Nicolaidis, Maria George. Aspects of Greek-American Ethnic Identity: An Intergenerational Study of Greek Americans. Thesis (Ed.D.) Teachers College, Columbia University, 1989.

Panagakos, Anastasia. Romancing the Homeland: Transnational Lifestyles and Gender in the Greek Diaspora. Diss. University of California (Santa Barbara), 2003.

Patrona, Theodora. Novels of Return: Ethnic Spaces in Contemporary Greek-American and Italian American Literature. Diss. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki: Aristotle University, 2011.

The present thesis is a comparative approach to six Italian-American and Greek-American literary works written in the last three decades of the 20th century. Based on the common theme of the authors' return, either metaphorical or literal to the two countries of origin and their respective cultures, this doctoral thesis explores the common motifs of mythology, ritual and storytelling where the heroes and heroines resort to in their quest for self-definition. In specific, my analysis attempts to answer two questions: how is the journey to self-definition, as well as the formation of subjectivity, connected with the recourse to ethnic space in each of the novels examined? In addition, to what extent are these two elements affected by the constantly changing framework of social, historical and economic conditions, covering two decades? Within the context of the seventies, I discuss Daphne Athas's Cora (1978) and Helen Barolini's Umbertina (1979), whose heroines, caught under the spell of feminist and psychoanalytic trends of their times, realize the importance of ethnic space in their journey towards self-definition. Assisted by diverse theories, I argue that though differently approached, in the end for both novels ethnic space is proven to be a site of resilience and inspiration. Moreover, in the so-called era of post-feminism, Catherine Temma Davidson's The Priest Fainted (1998) and Susan Caperna Lloyd's No Pictures in My Grave (1992) portray heroines who seek enlightenment and guidance by returning to the home country and its culture. In both cases, I consider the theoretical arsenal of revisionist myth making and the late-capitalist dictates reflected, and I argue that the two heroines are carriers of a similar "haughty" air of Orientalism. I conclude that since they opt for a "selective" ethnicity, they oversimplify and disorient readers as to the importance and difficulty of the ethnic female quest. Finally, utilizing two novels written by male authors, Stratis Haviaras When The Tree Sings (1979) and Tony Ardizzone's In the Garden of Papa Santuzzu (1999), I break away from the exclusive attention to a feminist approach, and view the conceptualization of ethnic space as this is unraveled by the powerful narrative mode of storytelling. Thus, I argue that overcoming the twenty years that separate them, both novels come to underwrite the surviving powers of the oral narrative, project the ethnic story as "alternative" history, and portray the diachronic character of ethnic space as a site of rebelliousness and anti- conformism.

Piperoglou, Andonis. Greek Settlers: Race, Labour, and the Making of White Australia, 1890s-1920s. Doctoral Dissertation, La Trobe University, Victoria Australia.

Psarris Thomas Α. Από τη διασπορά στη «diaspora»: ο ελληνισμός της Αμερικής και ο ρόλος του στη διαμόρφωση της αμερικανικής εξωτερικής πολιτικής από το 1975 μέχρι σήμερα. [From the Greek word 'Διασπορά' to 'Diaspora': The Greeks Living in America and Their Role in the Formation of the American Foreign Policy from 1975 till the Present Day]. , Master’s thesis Pandeion University, 2015.

The purpose of this paper is to show the contribution of the Greeks living in America in the formation of the American foreign policy as far as the Greek issues after 1975 are concerned. Furthermore, it aims at highlighting whether the foreign policy of America will continue to be influenced in the future since a variety of factors that have to do with the Americans of Greek descent have manipulated its action and suspended its course.

Roth, Michelle L. Greek Diners: How Greeks have Kept Traditional and Americanized Greek Foodways Alive in American Diners. Thesis, Master of Arts (Anthropology). George Mason University, 2014.

Saravanos, Alexandra Christine. Attitudes of Greek and American People toward Individuals who Stutter: A Comparative Study. Thesis (Ed.D.) Teachers College, Columbia University, 2013.

Sokoll, Aaron Josef. "We're Not Ethnic": Ethnicity, Pluralism, and Identity in Orthodox Christian America. University of California, Santa Barbara, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2018.

This work examines the Evangelical Orthodox Church—a group of evangelical Protestant Christians who, from the 1960s to the 1980s, developed their own ecclesial movement in an effort to restore in the modern world the original Christian church as they believed it would have existed in the first centuries of the current era among the followers of Jesus. They eventually converted as a group of roughly 2,000 members and 19 parishes to Eastern Orthodox Christianity in 1987. To understand the conversion event, the present study examines the interconnections of the theological and cultural changes that brought the group to convert. Understanding the group’s conversion from evangelical Protestant to Orthodox Christian reckons with the issues of religious adaptation in modern society. Adaptation occurs in the spiritual marketplace, which arises from and functions within the plurality of religious choices available in the U.S. In the spiritual marketplace, consumers of spiritual ideas not only choose between religious traditions, but also mix.

Given the divisions of Eastern Orthodox communities in the U.S. along ethnic lines, I show that the EOC members, who as white evangelical Americans were normally unaware of their ethnic identities and customs, were forced to reckon with their ethnic Identities while they negotiated this theological shift. Many works exist to address the issues of ethnicity and religion in the U.S. The ones that inform this study most significantly consider the construction of whiteness in the U.S. This racialized concept gets to the heart of the issues in this study because it explains the attempts on the part of both EOC members and certain Orthodox leaders to form a culture-free religion. As we will see, EOC members and archdiocesan leaders both bemoaned the connection many Orthodox Christians felt and still feel with their parishes through ethnicity. The EOC and the archdiocese viewed such connections as inauthentic and impure compared to the spiritual, doctrinal truths of Orthodoxy, which they asserted as the proper bases of connection. At the same time, the EOC and the archdioceses advocated the development of an American expression of Orthodoxy, which they predicated on a rejection of ethnicity.

Soumakis, Fevronia K. A Sacred Paideia: The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese, Immigration, and Education in New York City, 1959–1979. Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 2015.

This dissertation examines the role the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America played in shaping Greek education in New York City during the period 1959-1979. Beginning in 1959, when Archbishop Iakovos was appointed as the fourth Archbishop by the Ecumenical Patriarch, the Archdiocese focused its attention on expanding and modernizing educational institutions. The Archbishop advocated for a “resurrection of a Greek Orthodox consciousness” in education that would instill knowledge of the Greek language, as well as the historical, cultural, and religious legacy of the Greek Orthodox nation. As parish communities in New York City and the new wave of Greek immigrants heeded the call to build and expand parochial schools over the course of the 1960s and 1970s, the Archdiocese’s Department of Education also sought to modernize its curriculum and books, in addition to the challenging task of upgrading the teacher training program at St. Basil’s Academy. Modernization, however, did not entail assimilation and a diminishing of Hellenism, but a renewal of a Hellenic Orthodox identity within a religiously and ethnically pluralistic society. In part, several factors influenced the educational agenda of the Archdiocese: the historical position of the Church in relation to education, the needs of the new immigrants within the broader context of Greek Americans in the US, and the politics of Greece in relation to Cyprus and Turkey. This study ends in 1979 when shifts in demographics, declining enrollments, and competition with public schools compelled the Archdiocese and parish communities to reassess the future of their educational programs. This work weaves the Greek American immigrant experience into the broader narrative of immigration to New York in the post-1965 period. A more complex and dynamic portrait of Greek American education in New York emerges as well as the central role played by the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese. The insights from this work contribute the Greek American educational experience to the larger body of scholarship on the history of education in the United States.

Stamatis, Yona. Rebetiko Nation: Hearing Pavlos Vassiliou’s Alternative Greekness Through Rebetiko Song. Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan. 2011

Stavrianidis, Panos. The Intergenerational Integration of Immigrants in the American Society: A Quantitative Study of Attitudes and Behaviors in the Greek American Community of New Jersey. Diss. Panteion University Athens, Greece, 2012.

“This exploratory study examined the extent to which a population of Greek Americans hold attitudes and behaviors for the conservation and intergenerational transmission of their ethnic culture. In particular, six core value domains were considered for their impact on the preservation of ethnic identity: the Greek language, Greek Orthodox Church, family cultural orientation and values, Greek cultural activities and organization membership, continuing contact with Greece and/or Cyprus, and political activity. Data was obtained through a questionnaire administered to 229 self-identified Greek Americans in 11 parishes of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of New Jersey. The collected data was analyzed quantitatively and the differences in behaviors and attitudes among the first, second, and third and beyond generations were statistically compared.  At least four patterns of intergenerational changes emerged. The first pattern was observed within the Greek language domain and demonstrated the steady diminishment of this as a core value from one generation to the next. The second pattern was observed for the domains of the Greek Orthodox Church and Greek cultural activities; here, the core values reflected the least degree of reduction in the subject population. The third pattern was observed mostly in behavior rather than in expressions of attitude regarding the domains of family cultural orientation and values and continuing contact with Greece and/or Cyprus. These domains reflected more similarities exist between the first and second generations while a significant deviation was seen for the third and beyond generational cohort. The fourth pattern was observed in the core values of organization membership and political activity which showed similar responses for the second and third and beyond generational groups, and greater distance from the results for the first generation.”

Tchaconas, Terry Nickolas. Oral Reading Strategies in Greek and English of Second Grade Bilingual Children and their Relationships to Field-Dependence and Field-Independence. Thesis (Ed. D.) Teachers College, Columbia University, 1985.

Tsiartsionis Karapanagiotis, Fay. “Greek-American Couples: Examining Acculturation, Egalitarianism and Intimacy.” Diss. Drexel University, 2008.

Tzortzinis, Christina. Expressions of Greek America. Honors Thesis under the guidelines of the University of Michigan College of Literature, Science and Arts, 2011.

Expressions of Greek America is a multilayered study about key moments in foreign policy when Greek and United States interests came into opposition, challenging the place of Greek Americans in U.S. society while also inspiring lasting community-building efforts. My thesis charts Greek American reactions to events abroad through the Junta government 1967-74, the Cyprus crisis of 1974-75, and the more recent community outcry over the Macedonia naming issue. I argue that the significance of Greek identity in the diaspora is not a tenuous connection to static, distant heritage, but a continuing interaction in which changing homelands and diasporic communities influence each other in meaningful ways.

Κουρτούμη-Χαντζή, T. N. Η ελληνική μετανάστευση προς τις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες και η πολιτική της Ελλάδας (1890-1924). Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Τμήμα Ιστορίας-Αρχαιολογίας, ΑΠΘ, 1999.

Varlamos, Michael. A Quest for Human Rights and Civil Rights: Archbishop Iakovos and the Greek Orthodox Church. Wayne State University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2018.

This dissertation consists of a biography of Archbishop Iakovos, Primate of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America from 1959 to 1996, and the role he played in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, his continuing advocacy for human rights, and his vision for a humanistically Greek, theologically Orthodox Christian, and socially just society. The fundamental research question that I sought to answer was why Archbishop Iakovos went to Selma in March of 1965 and participated in a memorial service/civil rights demonstration. What were the influences and circumstances that prompted him, a religious leader of an almost exclusively white ethnic church, to join the African American civil rights movement in the 1960s and to continue to advocate for human rights until his demise in April 2005? How did Iakovos’s identity as a Greek émigré from Turkey, an immigrant to America, and later a United States citizen evolve, and how did he seek to transform the identity of Greek Americans to accomplish his goal of social justice for society?

I argue that the four foundational influences dialectically interacted with Archbishop Iakovos’s evolving identity from émigré to immigrant to United States citizen to citizen of the world, which prompted his civil and human rights activism and contributed to his ultimate vision of a socially just society and world. These four influences were his conviction to the classical Greek ideals of freedom, reason, the pursuit of truth, justice, and equality, his Orthodox Christian belief in the inherent, divinely bestowed dignity that each human being possesses, the history of an oppressed Greek people and discriminated Greek American immigrants, and his personal experience of bigotry and religious persecution growing up in Turkey.

Vournelis, Leonidas V. Living the Crisis: Identities and Materialities in a Transnational Greek Setting. Diss. Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 2012.

Zaharopoulos, Helen (Eleni). Greek American Identity Under Historical, Social, and Literary Transformation. Honors Thesis completed under the guidelines of the University of Michigan College of Literature, Science and Arts, Winter 2011.

Greek American Identity Under Historical, Social, and Literary Transformation encompasses three generations of Greeks in Michigan and analyzes Greek identity within and through these generations. I used Yiorgos Anagnostou’s book, Contours of White Ethnicity, as my theoretical base model; I questioned, analyzed, and developed his argument by suggesting that Greek American identity constantly changes throughout each generation via circumstance, social environment, or political atmosphere (just to name a few). I examined three different texts: Legends and Legacies by Pearl Kastran Ahnen, My Detroit by Dan Georgakas, and Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides. I discovered as each text distinctions in literary richness. As we move from pure fact in Ahnen’s work, to memoir in Georgakas’ text, to fictionalization in Eugenides’ novel, the level of flexibility in identity interpretation increases. In other words, the more fiction involved, the more room there is for interpreting identity. This suggests that Greek identity is extremely fluid and is constantly questioned and developed depending on circumstance.

a) Documentaries

Booth, Clark. Agganis: The Golden Greek – Excellence to the End. WGBH Documentary. Boston, 2013.

“Hometown Stories: The Greek-Americans of Charlotte.” PBS, WTVI Charlotte. Youtube. 2008.

Description: “They're known for their festival, their restaurants, and their civic contributions. Their story runs much deeper, though, back to the turn of the 20th century when Charlotte was barely on the map. The Greeks survived poverty, foreign occupations, and war, yet managed to bring a wealth of culture and community to their new home: America. WTVI's Hometown Stories presents “The Greek-Americans of Charlotte,” an inspiring documentary that explores the numerous contributions the Greeks have made to Charlotte over the past 100 years.”

Contis, Angelike. From Hip Hop to Zeimbekiko. Jericho: Greek Films in America/ERT, 1999.

Iliou, Maria “The Journey: The Greek American Dream.” 2007.

Description: “While conducting research on a feature film 'A Friendship in Smyrna,' filmmaker Maria Iliou discovered a wealth of previously unseen archival photographic and film footage from over fifty public and private collections which tell the fascinating history of Greek immigrants to the United States. Along with historian Alexander Kitroeff and several scholars and guests, she brings these stories and photographs to life in order to explore and document a very special story from both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.

The film narrates the Greek immigration to America from 1890 to 1980. Interviews with prominent Greek Americans including Senator Paul Sarbanes, writers George Pelecanos and Elias Kulkundis, poet Olga Broumas, film critic/historian Dan Georgakas, Ellis Island Archivist George Tselos, Modern Greek Studies Professors Martha Klironomos and Artemis Leontis, researcher Gus Chatzidimitriou, Father Bob Stephanopoulos, and historian Alexander Kitroeff complement the photographic and filmic archival footage.”

Ludlow: Greek Americans in the Colorado Coal War [Ludlow, Οι Έλληνες στους Πολέμους του Άνθρακα]. 2016. Leonidas Vardaros Director, Frosso Tsouka Researcher. Apostolis Berbedes Non-Profit.

Thoma, Lamprini C. (Producer/Writer), & Ventouras, Nickos (Director/Editor). Palikari: Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre [Motion picture]. Original Score: Manos Ventouras. A Non-Organic Production, 2014. []

Olympia. Directed by Harry Mavromichalis, A Little Different Productions, Stunning Cuts, Ella Bean Productions, 2018. 

The Greek Heritage Society of Southern California.  The Promise of Tomorrow: The First Generation: 1940-1960.  2009

Description: “The Promise of Tomorrow, Part Two of the Greek Heritage Society's award winning series, The Greeks of Southern California Through the Century, is the universal story of the Greek American experience as seen through the eyes of those who settled in Southern California. The Documentary is currently in production and will highlight the first and second generation of Greek Americans and the changing face of our community. Academy Award winner Olympia Dukakis will return to host the documentary, with additional narration by John Kapelos, as it explores the way in which the Greek American community has become an integral part of American history while maintaining a strong and unique Greek identity.” (

Immigrant Magazine.  “The History of Greek Americans in Southern California.”
   Voice of Immigrants in America. June 6, 2010.

Kαρπόζηλος, Κωστής και Κώστας Βάκκας. [Karpozilos, Kostis and Kostas Vakkas]. Ταξισυνειδησία – Η Άγνωστη Ιστορία του Ελληνοαμερικανικού Ριζοσπασμού. [Greek-American Radicals: the Untold Story]. Idea Films, 2013.

Film trailer and information

Entire documentary w/ english subtitles [YouTube]

H άγνωστη ιστορία του ελληνοαμερικανικού ριζοσπαστισμού από την εποχή της μαζικής μετανάστευσης στις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες έως τα χρόνια του Μακαρθισμού σε ένα ντοκιμαντέρ. Μία ιστορία συλλογικών αγώνων, ριζοσπαστικών ιδεών, συναρπαστικών διαδρομών και ξεχασμένων παραδόσεων που διαπλέκεται με τις εποχές της αναστάτωσης, τα κοινωνικά και πολιτικά κινήματα, τις διώξεις και τις συλλογικές απογοητεύσεις. Παρακολουθώντας τα χρόνια της Μεγάλης Ύφεσης, τους ελληνοαμερικανούς εθελοντές στις Διεθνείς Ταξιαρχίες του Ισπανικού Εμφυλίου, τις δραστηριότητες των Ελληνικών Εργατικών Εκπαιδευτικών Συνδέσμων και τις απελάσεις του Μακαρθισμού το ντοκιμαντέρ Ταξισυνειδησία – η αγνωστη ιστορια του ελληνοαμερικανικου ριζοσπαστισμου φέρνει στο προσκήνιο μία εναλλακτική αφήγηση της ελληνοαμερικανικής ιστορίας, η οποία υπογραμμίζει τους μετασχηματισμούς και τις αλληλεπιδράσεις της εθνοτικής καταγωγής, της τάξης και του πολιτικού και κοινωνικού ριζοσπαστισμού στον Αμερικανικό 20ο αιώνα.  

The documentary narrates the story of Greek-American radicalism from the era of mass migration till the McCarthy period in the 50s. A history of collective struggles, radical ideas, exciting journeys and forgotten traditions interwoven with the times of upheaval, social and political movements, persecutions and collective disillusionments. Focusing from the Great Depression to the demise of ethnic radicalism in the 50s, the documentary Greek-American Radicals: the Untold Story brings forth an alternative vision of Greek-American history that highlights the transformations and multiple interrelations between ethnicity, class and radicalism.

Rigopoulos, Tassos. (Uploaded). “Greek Cultural Center Tribute Video.” June 28 June 2019.

A short documentary celebrating the Greek Cultural Center's 30th Anniversary in 2004. Directed and edited by Tassos Rigopoulos. Cinematography: Joanna Yuen.

The Greek Heritage Society of Southern California. The Greeks of Southern California Through the Century: The Pioneers 1900-1942. 2002.

The Pioneers 1900-1942 highlights many of the historical features of the Greek community in the Los Angeles area. This documentary celebrates the heritage, traditions, cultural background, and achievements of early Greek immigrants. In English. Narrated by Olympia Dukakis Approx. Running Time: 57 min.

Scotes, Athena, A Last Song to Xenitia

Skevas, Giorgos. Naked Hands. Town Film, 2013.

Dimitris Mitropoulos conducted his orchestras without a baton, with his bare hands. In Giorgos Skevas’ documentary, Lefteris Voyiatzis meets Dimitris Mitropoulos. Taking its cues from the letters the maestro exchanged with his dear friend, Kaiti Katsogianni, and from rare archive footage, the film covers the years in which Mitropoulos lived in the United States as chief conductor of the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, and later the New York Philharmonic, through until his tragic death in La Scala, Milan, in 1960, conducting Mahler’s Third Symphony.  

Stamelos, Valantis. Hello Anatolia. Crescent Street Films, LLC, 2012.

After working in the corporate world for years, Greek-American filmmaker Chrysovalantis Stamelos decided it was time to satisfy his desire to search for his roots in Anatolia, the historical birthplace of his ancestors. So, he picked up and moved to the homeland of his great-grandparents: Turkey.

His family and friends thought he was crazy. Maybe he was, but he couldn't shake off the stories he heard growing up...of old Smyrna and Asia Minor.
Hello Anatolia follows Stamelos' reconnection with his ancestry through the exploration of neighborhoods, interviews with Greeks of Turkey, and his immersion into the art and culture. Stamelos will break down barriers between two cultures with a history of feuding, as well as build a bridge from the Aegean to the US.
Produced by Crescent Street Films, LLC (
Executive produced by Greek America Foundation and Gregory Pappas.
Trailer [Youtube] 

Vassilis Vassileiadis.  The Sponge Diver's Dance. O horos ton sfougaradon (original title). 2003.  IMDB

Description: “Kalymnos islanders' dangerous lines of work in Greece and the U.S. from sponge diving to bridge painting. Kalymnos is the last island of the Aegean Sea known for its involvement with one of the deadliest professions of the 20th century, sponge diving. The Sponge Diver's Dance explores how a heroic act of survival, leaving their island and families for half a year, risking their lives, has become a tradition. Sponge diving as a profession is in decline; but the need to keep the tradition alive has forced the younger generations of Kalymnians to pursue similar occupations--to extreme heights and extreme depths across the world, whenever they have migrated, continuing the death-defying circle of life established by their ancestors.”

Xanthopoulos, Lefteris. “George Papanicolaou Documentary.” 2013. Greek with English subtitles.

b) Other Documentary Material (short and amateur documentaries, identity narratives, etc)

C.P. Cavafy: From Ithaca to Tarpon Springs.  1996. For more information, contact Prof. James Babanikos

“A 30-minute impressionistic documentary on Tarpon Springs, Florida, and on the Greek poet C.P. Cavafy.”

  “Greek American Documentary.”, January 2009.


Journal of Modern Hellenism, Special issue

Georgakas, Dan. “Introduction.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 1–3.

Saltz, Barbara. “The Greek American Image in American Film: Creation of a Filmography.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 4–10.

Georgakas, Dan. “From ‘Other’ to ‘One of Us’: The Changing Image of Greek Americans in American Film: 1943-1963.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 11-30.

Katsan, Gerasimus. “The Hollywood Films of Irene Papas.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 31–44.

Giallelis, Stathis. “Before and Beyond America America.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 45–53.

Thomopoulos, Elaine. “And the Winner is Olympia Dukakis.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 54–65.

Kalogeras, Yiorgos. “Working Through and Against Convention: The Hollywood Carer of A.I. Bezzerides.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 66–81.

Yiannias James Vicki. Creating Images for Hollywood Classics. Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 82–95.

Lagos G. Taso. “Forgotten Movie Theater Pioneer: Alexander Pantages and Immigrant Hollywood.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 96–114.

Karalis Vrasidas. “John Cassavetes and the Uneasy Conformism of the American Middle Class.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 115–128.

Jacques, Geoffrey. “Promises, Trust, Betrayal: The Art of Elia Kazan.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 32 (2016): 129–157.

c) Documentaries – Reviews

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “The Diaspora as a Usable Past for a Nation-in-Crisis: Media Readings of Palikari: Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre.” Filmicon: Journal of Greek Film Studies, 2014 (November 5) [review essay, available online ]

“This analysis shows that the structure of Tikas’s media history story in relation to Greece resembles that of narratives that societies purposefully excavate from the past to address crises that confront them in the present. To effectively generate hope and guide action, such narratives animate a shared story from the past, which bears a close metaphorical association with the present they seek to reshape. This link is evident in the case of Palikari. Subjected to dual oppression – ethnic because of racism and economic because of immigrant exploitation – Tikas rose against abuse by performing a venerable national heritage, heroic resistance to foreign rule. Similarly, stigmatized as a nation and put under onerous economic strains, Greek people today are called to once again act out this heritage as a way to escape from humiliating dependency on global institutions. In this parallelism, an immigrant’s American story is turned into a Greek narrative via the recognizable trope of national heroism. A historical event situated in the intersection of immigrant experience and U.S. modernity is brought to Greek audiences, and incorporated into the nation as a familiar story of diaspora courage. The film and its meta-commentary therefore expand collective national memory to include Greek immigrant history, animating in this manner a suitable usable past for a nation-in-crisis.”

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “‘The Promise of Tomorrow 1940-1960’: Regional History, Community, Scholarship.” 23 May 2020,

Andrews, Thomas, G. Review of Ludlow: Greek Americans in the Colorado Coal War [Leonidas Vardaros, Writer and Director]. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 8 August, 2018.

Catsoulis, Jeannete. “‘My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2’ Is Something Tired, Something New.” The New York Times, March 24, 2016.

Kalogeropoulos, Householder. 2009. My Life in Ruins. Hellenic Communication Service. June 18.

Λαλάκη, Δέσποινα. [Lalaki, Despina]. Aμηχανία της Ελληνικής Διασποράς. [The Embarrassment of the Greek Diaspora]. Χρόνος 3. Ιούλιος, 2013. [Chronos 3. July, 2013].

Η φτωχοποίηση την οποία έχει επιφέρει η πρόσφατη οικονομική κρίση στην ελληνική κοινωνία αποτελεί πηγή μεγάλης αμηχανίας για την ελληνοαμερικανική διασπορά, η οποία ήδη από τις αρχές του 20ού αιώνα κατέβαλε μεγάλες προσπάθειες να συμβιβάσει την εθνοτική της ταυτότητα με τις επιταγές του εξαμερικανισμού. Ενός εξαμερικανισμού στη βάση των θεμελιωδών αρχών της μεσαίας αστικής τάξης και του «λευκού» προτύπου, και σε αντιδιαστολή με την εργατική ταξική συνείδηση ή τα εργατικά κινήματα. Η ίδια αμηχανία έγινε ιδιαίτερα αισθητή κατά τη διάρκεια της συζήτησης που ακολούθησε την πρόσφατη προβολή του ντοκιμαντέρ Ταξισυνειδησία – Η Άγνωστη Iστορία του Eλληνικού Pιζοσπαστισμού στο Σταθάκειο Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο στην Αστόρια. Σχόλια από το κοινό όπως «ο Έλληνας δεν είναι ποτέ κομμουνιστής» και «οι Έλληνες, είτε στην Ελλάδα είτε στη Νέα Υόρκη, δεν υπήρξαν ποτέ κομμουνιστές» έκαναν σαφές ότι η ιστορία του ελληνοαμερικανικού ριζοσπαστισμού που αφηγείται το ντοκιμαντέρ, από την εποχή της μαζικής μετανάστευσης στις Η.Π.Α. στις αρχές του 20ού αιώνα έως τα χρόνια του μακαρθισμού και της ενσωμάτωσης των μεταναστών στο «αμερικανικό όνειρο», αποτελεί πρόκληση. Πρόκληση για το επίσημο ιστορικό αφήγημα (τόσο της ελληνοαμερικανικής διασποράς όσο και της «μαμάς» πατρίδας) σύμφωνα με το οποίο το ιδεολόγημα του ελληνισμού είναι ασυμβίβαστο με την ιδεολογία του κομμουνισμού και της εργατικής ταξικής συνείδησης.

Despina Lalaki's review translated into English by Nicholas Levis, “The Predicament of the Greek Diaspora: Economic Crisis, Immigrant Radicalism and Greek-American Ethnic Identity.” Χρόνος, τεύχος 9, Ιανουάριος (2014). LINK

Χριστόπουλος, Δημήτρης. 2014. «Την ύφεση την συνηθίζεις διότι έρχεται αργά σαν την αρθρίτιδα». Χρόνος, τεύχος 9, Ιανουάριος [review Greek American Radicals – The Untold Story]

d) Documentaries – Interviews

In connection with the special section on Public Scholarship published in the May 2015 issue of the Journal of Modern Greek Studies the editors conducted an interview with Kostis Karpozilos, the historian behind the acclaimed documentary Greek-American Radicals: The Untold Story, on questions regarding public scholarship, Greek-American radicalism, and the hidden folds of history.

Immigrant Magazine. “The History of Greek Americans in Southern California.” Voice of Immigrants in America. June 6, 2010.


a) Plays

Masciotti, Christina.  Vision Disturbance. New York City, 2010.

b) Reviews:

Contis, Angelike. “Masciotti's Disturbed Vision Play” The National Herald Online, August 14-20, 2010.


Balodimas-Bartolomei, Angelyn. “Breaking the Traditional Greek School Mold: The Case of the Aristotle GSL Program.” Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 101-128.

Balodimas-Bartolomei, Angelyn and Gregory A. Katsas. “Promoting Heritage, Ethnicity, and Cultural Identity in Diasporic Communities: The Case of the Heritage Greece Program.” Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 155-173. 

Georgakas, Dan. Foreword. Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, 

pp. vii-xiv.

Gulosino, Charisse. “A Case Study of Hellenic Classical Charter School.” Proud to be Different: Ethnocentric Niche Charter Schools in America, edited by Robert A. Fox and Nina K. Buchanan, Rowman and Littlefield Education, 2014, pp. 81-102. 

Kaliambou, Maria. “The First Schoolbooks for Greek American Children.” Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 41-70.

Kourvetaris, Andrew.  “Reasons Why Parents Send Their Children to, or Withdraw Them from, Greek School: Lessons from Educators and Parents in the United States.” Globalization and Hellenic Diaspora: Proceedings of the International Conference in Rethymno, Greece.  University of Crete and the European Union: Rethymno, June 29-July 1, 2007.

Hantzopoulos, Maria. “Going to Greek School: the Politics of Religion, Identity, and Culture in Community-Based Greek Language Schools.” Bilingual Community Education and Multilingualism : Beyond Heritage Languages in a Global City. Eds. Ofelia Garcia, Zeena Zakharia and Bahar Otcu. Buffalo, NY: Multilingual Matters, 2012.

Mattheoudakis, Marina. “An American and Greek Language Integrated Curriculum for a Dual Language Immersion Program: The Case of Odyssey Charter School.” Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 129-154.

McGrew, William. Educating Across Cultures: Anatolia College in Turkey and Greece. Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.

Soumakis, Fevronia K. Introduction. Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 1-8.

Soumakis, Fevronia K. “Greek Orthodox Education: Challenges and Adaptations in New York City Schools.” Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 9-40.

Soumakis, Fevronia K. “Training the ‘Community Servant’: The Greek Orthodox Church of America and the Teachers College of St. Basil’s Academy, 1959-1973.” Power and Authority in the Eastern Christian Experience: Papers of the Sophia Institute Academic Conference. New York: Theotokos Press, 2010.

The history of Greek educational institutions and Greek American women’s participation and experiences in their development in the United States remains largely absent from the scholarly literature. Despite the emphasis of the vital importance of Hellenic-Christian paideia found in official church documents, the press, and other sources, the Greek Orthodox Church community’s expansive educational efforts, as well as the role of Greek American and Greek born women who staffed the expanding community day and afternoon schools throughout the twentieth century have yet to be the subjects of comprehensive studies. As Greek women in America were actively supporting the expanding Greek Orthodox educational system as teachers, secretaries, choir directors, and fundraisers, it was the church hierarchy, which articulated the needs of the Greek immigrant community and constructed a physical and ideological space for women to fulfill those needs. In doing so, the hierarchy ultimately directed their resources and efforts and defined their position within the community. In this essay, I examine the role of the Greek Orthodox Church of America in shaping the trajectory of St. Basil’s Academy Teachers College during the period 1959-1973. Although the College was established in 1944, I focus on the time period when Archbishop Iakovos assumed his position and turned his attention towards expanding Greek education. This study ends in 1973 when the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America (hereafter Archdiocese) along with community leaders decided to merge the Teachers College with the newly established Hellenic College in Brookline, Massachusetts. To that end, three questions guide this paper: What was the purpose of the Teachers College and how did it change over time? Who defined this purpose and why? Who was the college designed for?

Soumakis, Fevronia K. and Theodore G. Zervas, editors. Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways. Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.

Zervas, Theodore G., and Alex G. Papadopoulos. "Creating Greeks and Greek-Americans: Geographic and Educational Identity Constructions at the Socrates and Koraes Greek-American Schools." European Education, 2019, pp. 1-21.

Zervas, Theodore G. “Conclusion: When We Were Greek Americans.” Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 175-183.

Zervas, Theodore G. “Considering the ‘Socratic Method’ When Teaching the Odyssey and Iliad at the Socrates and Koraes Greek American Schools.” Educating Greek Americans: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Pathways, edited by Fevronia K. Soumakis and Theodore G. Zervas, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, pp. 71-100.

Comparative Education Studies

Balodimas-Bartolomei, Angelyn and Nicholas Alexiou. “The Inclusion of Invisible Minorities in the EU Member States: The Case of Greek Jews in Greece.” In Changing Educational Landscapes: Educational Policies, Schooling Systems and Higher Education- A Comparative Perspective, edited by Dimitris Mattheou, Springer Science and Business Media, 2010, pp. 155-182. 

Trifonas, Peter Pericles and Themistoklis Aravossitas, editors. Handbook of Research and Practice in Heritage Language Education. Springer International Publishing, 2018.

Trifonas, Peter Pericles and Themistoklis Aravossitas, editors. Rethinking Heritage Language Education. Cambridge University Press, 2014.  


Joanides, Charles, Mike Mayhew, and Philip Mamalakis.  “Investigating Inter-Christian and Intercultural Couples Associated with the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America: A Qualitative Research.”  The American Journal of Family Therapy.  Vol. 30, Issue 4 (July 2002). 373-383.

Karpathakis, Anna and Dan Georgakas. “Demythologizing Greek American Families.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 36. 1-2 (2010): 45-62.

This analysis of the Greek family data in the 2000 census was conducted by Karpathakis with the assistance of Georgakas. The major conclusion of the article is that the census data clearly demonstrates that Greek families, do not significantly differ from their American counterparts, but they have decidedly different patterns in different regions of the United Sates.

a) Films

Iliou, Maria .  The Journey: The Greek American Dream

Nickles, Michael. Swing Away. 2016.

Following a meltdown that leads to a suspension, professional golfer Zoe Papadopoulos travels to her grandparents' village in Greece to escape the harsh spotlight of the international sports world. Between baking bread and eating baklava, she meets and mentors a ten-year-old girl who is determined - against all odds - to become the next golf sensation. Along the way, Zoe rediscovers her Greek heritage, her love of the game, and the hidden strength within herself as she inspires the townspeople in an epic showdown against a greedy American developer.

Petrie, Donald.  My Life in Ruins. 2009

Sutton, Sean James.  The Greek-American. 2009.

Maltepes, Alysia.  The Greek American. 2007.

b) Film Resources

Georgakas, Dan with Vassilis Lambropoulos.  The Greek American Image in American Cinema. 

Description: “How American films depict Greek Americans tells us more about American culture than about Greek Americans. Cinema generally reflects contemporary cultural beliefs. By presenting those values in vivid forms, cinema reinforces them. The general rule is that screenwriters, directors, cinematographers, and actors do not have any special knowledge of Greek America and reproduce the dominant negative and positive cultural stereotypes. Far less common is an attempt to consciously reshape those perceptions.

The following filmography, which offers an account of the image of Greek Americans in American cinema, reveals how mainstream America has perceived Greek Americans at any given moment and how American cinema has reacted to that perception. For our purposes, Greek America is composed of immigrants and any offspring who self-define themselves as Greek.”

c) Film Scholarship

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. 2015. “Within the Nation and Beyond: Diaspora Belonging in My Life in Ruins.” Filmicon: Journal of Greek Film Studies, Issue 3, October.

This essay undertakes a transnational analysis of gendered diaspora belonging in the Hollywood film My Life in Ruins (Petrie, 2009). The departure point for analysis is a cultural crisis, namely the dissonance experienced by the film’s heroine, and more broadly among Greek Americans ‘returning’ to Greece, between the yearning to belong and the actual experience frustrating this longing. I argue that the film resolves this crisis when it posits diaspora as an object of nationalist discourse, a position that enables the heroine to identify with the nation. I show that the film represents an example of unofficial nationalism that reproduces key ideological tenets of the Greek official national narrative of belonging. The film performs additional cultural work beyond representing diaspora as an object of nationalism to also portray it as a historical subject acting upon and beyond the nation. First, it registers diaspora agency to mediate Greece and the United States and reconfigure social realities within the former. Second, it moves beyond the nationalist polarity of us/them to accommodate diaspora’s transnational affinities and multiple identifications. The film invites us therefore to think of diaspora’s belonging simultaneously within and outside nationalism, alerting our conversations with multicultural publics yearning for deep belonging with Greece. Keywords: diaspora nationalism, en/gendering diaspora, Greece in Hollywood, Greek Americans, diaspora–homeland encounters, transnational Modern Greek studies

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “When ‘Second Generation’ Narratives and Hollywood Meet: Making Ethnicity in My Big Fat Greek Wedding.” MELUS 37.4 (2012): 139–63.

Basea, Erato. “My Life in Ruins: Hollywood and Holidays in Greece in Times of Crisis.”Interactions: Studies in Communication & Culture 3.2 (2012): 199–208.

Basea, Erato. “Zorba the Greek, Sixties Exotica and a New Cinema in Hollywood and Greece.” Studies in European Cinema 10 (2015): 1-17. 

Cardon, Lauren S. The “White Other” in American Intermarriage Stories, 1945-2008. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. [includes discussion of My Big Fat Greek Wedding]

Dombrowski, Lisa ed. Kazan Revisited. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan U Press, 2011.

“Fifteen essayists take on various dimensions of the film work of Kazan. Complete filmography and select bibliography featuring most recent books and basic sources on his film work.”

Georgakas, Dan “Ethnic Humor in American Film: The Greek Americans.” A Companion to Film Comedy. Eds. Andrew Horton and Joanna E. Rapf. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

Georgakas, Dan. “Kazan, Kazan,” Cineaste Vol. 36-4 (Fall, 2011): 4-9.

Designed as a starting point for evaluating Kazan’s entire artistic career as a whole rather than in distinct segments as is the current practice. Strong emphasis also given on the leftist cultural influences in the work of Kazan and the impact on his work and politics that stem from his Anatolian identity.

Iancu, Ance-Luminiţa. “Guess Who's Coming to Dinner: Race, Ethnicity, and Women's Choices in Something New and My Big Fat Greek Wedding.” East-West Cultural Passage 17.1 (July 2017): 50­–72.

The movies My Big Fat Greek Wedding (2002) and Something New (2006) interrogate various ethnic and racial traditions and expectations concerning interracial and intercultural relationships from the female perspective. The two romantic comedies illustrate how the female protagonists' decisions to date and marry men outside their ethnic and racial communities create tension and resistance among their family members and circle of friends, revealing an array of cultural and racial differences. By looking at the subtle ways in which these movies depict the challenges posed by interethnic dating/marriage in terms of gender, race, class, and ethnicity, especially in the female protagonists' family environment, this essay sets out to explore how the protagonists' choices to transcend cultural and racial borders may represent a new attempt to assuage the concerns regarding the complexity of interethnic relationships by including the option of individual female choice and agency.

Kalogeras, Yiorgos. 2012. “Entering through the Golden Door: Cinematic Representations of a Mythical Moment.” Journal of Mediterranean Studies 21.1 (2012): 77–99.

Kalogeras, Yiorgos. "Retrieval and Invention: The Adaptation of Texts and the Narrativization of Photographs in Films on Immigration.
Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 29.2 (2011): 153-170.

Kalogeras, Yiorgos.  “Are Armenians White? Reading Elia Kazan's America, America.” Post-National Enquiries: Essays on Ethnic and Racial Border Crossings.  Ed. Jopi Nyman.  Cambridge: Cambridge Scholarly Publications, 2009.  64-76.

Lagos, Taso G.  American Zeus: The Life of Alexander Pantages, Theater Mogul. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2018. 

Alexander Pantages was 13 when he arrived in the U.S. in the 1880s, after contracting malaria in Panama. He opened his first motion picture theater in 1902 and went on to build one of the largest and most important independently-owned theater chains in the country. At the height of the Pantages Theaters’ reach, he owned or operated 78 theaters across the U.S. and Canada. He amassed a fortune, yet he could not read or write English. In 1929 he was convicted of sexually assaulting a 17-year-old dancer—a scandal that destroyed his empire and reduced him to a pariah. The day his grandest theater, the Pantages Hollywood, opened in 1930, he lay sick in a jailhouse infirmary. His conviction was overturned a year later after an appeal to the California State Supreme Court, but the question remains: how should history judge this theater pioneer, wealthy magnate and embodiment of the American Dream?

Lev, Peter. Twentieth Century-Fox: The Zanuck-Skouras Years, 1935-1965 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2013).

When the Fox Film Corporation merged with Twentieth Century Pictures in 1935, the company posed little threat to industry juggernauts such as Paramount and MGM. In the years that followed however, guided by executives Darryl F. Zanuck and Spyros Skouras, it soon emerged as one of the most important studios. Though working from separate offices in New York and Los Angeles and often of two different minds, the two men navigated Twentieth Century-Fox through the trials of the World War II boom, the birth of television, the Hollywood Blacklist, and more to an era of exceptional success, which included what was then the highest grossing movie of all time, The Sound of Music. Twentieth Century-Fox is a comprehensive examination of the studio’s transformation during the Zanuck-Skouras era. Instead of limiting his scope to the Hollywood production studio, Lev also delves into the corporate strategies, distribution models, government relations, and technological innovations that were the responsibilities of the New York headquarters. Moving chronologically, he examines the corporate history before analyzing individual films produced by Twentieth Century-Fox during that period. Drawn largely from original archival research, Twentieth Century-Fox offers not only enlightening analyses and new insights into the films and the history of the company, but also affords the reader a unique perspective from which to view the evolution of the entire film industry.

Patrona, Theodora. “Migration, Space and Ethnic Female Subjectivities: Pantelis Voulgaris' film Brides.” Migration and Exile: Charting New Literary and Artistic Territories. Ed. Ada Savin. Cambridge Scholars Publishing: 2013.

Perren, Alisa.  “A Big Fat India Success Story? Press Discourses Surrounding the Making and Marketing of a Hollywood Movie.”  Journal of Film and Video.  Vol. 56, No. 2 (2004), 18-31.

Roth, Luanna.  “Beyond Communitas: Cinematic Food Events and the Negotiation of Power, Belonging, and Exclusion.”  Western Folklore.  Vol. 64 (¾): 163-187.

Tonys-Soulas, Mersiana. 2012. “Towards a Multi-layered Construct of Identity by the Greek Diaspora: An examination of the films of Nia Vardalos, including My Big Fat Greek Wedding and My Life in Ruins, Part I.” Modern Greek Studies (Australia and New Zealand), 195–207.

The analysis of the two Vardalos films involves a multi-disciplinary approach through the social sciences. The analysis examines constructs of multiple-layered constructs of identity. The themes relating to conformity versus non-conformity will be examined through such constructs within popular culture, as 'beauty', the 'internalizing' of inferior status by children through research in the social sciences. The ascribing of status and power to a minority culture by the majority culture using a Gramscian analysis will enable a window into seeing contemporary Greek diasporic culture as told through the migration experience.

Tzanelli, Rodanthi.  “Europe Within and Without: Narratives of American Cultural Belonging in and through My Big Fat Greek Wedding.” Comparative American Studies.  Vol. 2, No. 1 (2004).  39-59.

d) Film Reviews

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Greek America 101: My Big Greek Wedding’s Lessons.” The National Herald Online, June 25 (2011).

“…I also take an alternative route in teaching the film. Instead of asking what is true and what is false in the script, I encourage students to probe its significance: What is the purpose of portraying certain groups in specific ways? Why for example are immigrants caricatured? Why is it that the Millers are ridiculed in their WASPy ways? What does the contrast between the unruly Portokaloses and the uptight Millers accomplish? What is it that the film promotes? Clearly, the film denigrates immigrants and WASPs alike.”

DeWitt, David. “Greek Hero in an All-American Tale: ‘A Green Story,’ Directed by Nika Agiashvili.” New York Times. 23 May 2013.

Georgakas, Dan.  Review of Elia Kazan: The Cinema of an American Outsider. Ed. Robert Cornfield.  Cineaste (2009): 77-78.

Latsis, Dimitrios. Review of Taso G. Lagos, American Zeus: The Life and Alexander Pantages Theater Mogul. McFarland & Company, 2018; and Peter Lev, Twentieth Century Fox: The Zanuck-Skouras Years, 1935–1965. University of Texas Press, 2013. Journal of Modern Greek Studies, vol. 37, no. 2, October 2019, pp. 445–49.

e) Reflections on Film Making

Kazan, Elia. Kazan on Directing.  New York: Vintage Books: 2009.


Frangos, Steve. “The Twined Muses: Ethel and Jenne Magafan.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 31:2 (2005): 59-94.

Kallaniotis, Niko J. America in a Trance.  Bologna: Damiani, 2018.

The first monograph from Pennsylvania-based Greek photographer Niko J. Kallianiotis (born 1973), dives into the heart and soul of the Pennsylvania industrial regions, where small-town values still exist and small businesses once thrived under the sheltered wings of American industry. It was to this cradle of American industrialism that immigrants from Europe once crossed the Atlantic, in hopes of a better future. Some, like Kallianiotis, who has called this place home for about 20 years, still do. Those decades have taught him how beliefs from both sides of the fence in the current political climate have a direct effect in these towns. And yet Kallianiotis achieves a certain level of neutrality within the work, whether portraying Pennsylvania coal towns to the east, the shadows of looming steel stacks to the West, or every faded American dream in between.

Lewis, David, Peter Contis, and Helen Contis. Byzantine Butterflies: The Folk Paintings of Peter Contis and Helen Contis, Greek Immigrants to America. Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1999.

Liontis, Kostis. “Ο φωτογράφος του χωριού.” In Η ελληνική φωτογραφία και η φωτογραφία στην Ελλάδα: Μια ανθολογία κειμένων, edited by Eraklis Papaioannou, Athens, Nefeli, 2013, pp. 57-63.

Demonstrates that many of the early itinerant photographers in the Greek countryside received their training as immigrants working in American photo studios.

Manos, Constantinos. A Greek Portfolio: Κωνσταντίνος Μάνος. Athens: Benaki Museum, 1999/2013. 

---. Ομιλία και προβολή φωτογραφιών. [Talk and Projection of Photographs]. Lecture.

Preble, Michael. William Baziotes: Paintings and Drawings, 1934-1962, Milan: Skira, 2004

Monograph on Greek-American painter from Pittsburgh and major contributor to the Abstract Expressionist movement

Selz, Peter and William R. Valerio. Modern Odysseys: Greek American Artists of the 20th Century. New York: Queens Museum of Art, 1999.

Shapiro, Danielle. John Vassos: Industrial Design for Modern Life. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016.

Biographical study of Greek-American industrial designer

Shaw, Mary. 2015. Painter and Pataphysician Thomas Chimes. Seattle: Marquand Books, 2015.

Conversations with painter Thomas Chimes, including discussions of growing up in the Greek-American community of Philadelphia.

Taylor, Michael. 2007. Thomas Chimes: Adventures in ’Pataphysics. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art.

Retrospective of Greek-American artist Thomas Chimes from Philadelphia. First retrospective of his work in Greece took place at the Benaki Museum, “Thomas Chimes: Into the White” (2013)

Yanna, Maria. Portraits of Prominent Greeks in the U.S.A. (Photographs by Maria Yanna; Foreword by Olympia Snowe; Introductory note by Pavlos Yeroulanos; Historical Matrix by Speros Vryonis, Jr.; Text by John C. Bastias.) Athens, Greece: Maria Gianna Editions, 2010.

b. Essays

Melis, Amalia,  “A Daring Soul: Tribute to Betty Ryan”, KYSO Flash Journal, October 2014

Melis, Amalia, “Three Assemblage Sculptures: Commentary on Process”, KYSO Flash Journal, October 2014

Melis, Amalia, “Screaming From Inside the Sealed Vault”, Ducts Journal, Winter 2013

Melis, Amalia,  “Sunday Morning, Pireos Street”, Glimmer Train Journal, April 2012 (Bulletin #63)


Kaliambou, Maria. Oi ekdoseis ton Karpathion metanaston stin Ameriki. [Publications by Karpathian immigrants in America]. Karpathos and Folklore. Fourth International Congress of Karpathian Folklore (Karpathos, May 8-12, 2013) (Athens, 2016). Pp. 425–442 (in Greek).

Scotes, Vasiliki and Thomas J.  A Weft of Memory: A Greek Mother's Recollection of Songs and Poems.  New Rochelle: Aristide D. Caratzas, 2008.

“A bilingual edition of songs and poems remembered by Vasiliki Scotes, an immigrant from Greece living in Pennsylvania since 1931, who, nearing 100 years old in 2004, sat down with her son, retired U.S. diplomat Thomas J. Scotes, in 2004 and for the next three years dictated as many songs as she could remember from her childhood in Theodoriana, Epirus.  He intended to record and translate them for the benefit of her descendants, so that they would know something of her origins. Scotes accepted the challenge and began pulling at long-submerged threads of childhood memory, word by word, line by line. For the next three years she extracted verses she hadn't heard recited or sung for more than 70 years. Ballads from the era of Greece's Ottoman occupation, bandit songs from the Greek War of Independence, patriotic songs, and songs of holidays, love, marriage, absence and lament all came back to her. Thomas Skotes' translations, photographs, annotations, and introduction together offer multi-layered context for appreciating the poems, which includes the 20th century layers of emigration.”

Varajon, Sydney. “Interview with Tina Bucuvalas.” In Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. December 2017.


Beck, Ann Flesor. Sweet Greeks: First-Generation Immigrant Confectioners in the Heartland. University of Illinois Press, 2020. 

Freedman, M.R. and Grivetti, L.E.  “Diet Patterns of First, Second, and Third Generation Greek-American Women.”  Ecol. Food Nutr. Vol. 14. 185-204.

Gizelis, Gregory. “Foodways Acculturation in the Greek Community of Philadelphia.” Pennsylvania Folklife 20:2 (1970-1971): 9-15.

"Greek American Food." Encyclopedia of American Food and Drink, edited by John F. Mariani, 2nd edition, Bloomsbury, 2014.

Gurel, Perin. “Live and Active Cultures: Gender, Ethnicity, and Greek Yogurt in America. Gastronomica: The Journal of Critical Food Studies 16.4 (Winter 2016): 66–77.

League, Panayotis. “Kalymnos Island, Greece.” In The Ethnomusicologists' Cookbook, Volume II. Ed. Sean Williams. New York: Routledge. 164-168.


Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Nation, Diaspora, Homeland, TRANS.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 16 October, 2018.

Arapoglou, Eleftheria. A Bridge Over the Balkans: Demetra Vaka Brown and the Tradition of “Women’s Orients.” Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011.

“This book is a critical study of Demetra Vaka Brown, one of the most significant Greek American writers of the turn of the last century, framed within the fields of “Orientalism” and cultural studies. Offering an overview of her life and career with analytical readings of her major works, the book’s focus is on the role of Vaka Brown as cultural agent: at once a white female and an immigrant of Greek descent and a former citizen of Ottoman Turkey who worked as a journalist and author in the United States, writing in English and contributing her work to mainstream publications. The book presents the identity and spatial politics of Vaka Brown, recovering the discursive techniques employed in her identification processes and assessing the significance of her cultural agency in the context of the dominant themes and preoccupations of the Orientalist tradition. Vaka Brown is further examined as a case study which provides historically informed and cultural perspectives on the complexities and ambiguities of women’s imperial positionings at the second half of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries in the East and West. By exploring the author’s predicament in constructing an authorial and narrative identity in the interstices between the East and the West, modernity and tradition, ethnicity and nationalism, the book articulates a nuanced historical and cultural reading of Vaka Brown’s writing and ultimately probes the alternative responses Vaka Brown’s texts offer to the “scaffoldings” of nationalism.”

Isaakyan, Irina, and Anna Triandafyllidou. “Transatlantic Repatriation: Stigma Management of Second-Generation Italian and Greek American Women ‘Returning Home.’” European Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 22, no. 2, Apr. 2019, pp. 180–194, doi:10.1177/1367549418823058.

Based on 30 narrative-biographic interviews with second-generation Greek and Italian women who have migrated from the United States to their ‘ancestral homelands’ of Greece and Italy, our article explores nuances of their stigma management by focusing on the interaction between their pre-repatriation past and post-repatriation present and the spaces of inclusion and exclusion. Adopting the method of narrative-biographic analysis, we present three detailed case studies of repatriated women – organized as composite biographies – to illuminate from different angles the process of stigma management and the phenomenon of stigma mobility. Highlighting the dynamics of the reproduction of the diasporic patriarchy through repatriation to the ‘ancestral homeland’, we introduce and elaborate on the concept ‘nativity voucher’ in reference to ethno-cultural resources that repatriated people use to facilitate their spaces of inclusion.

Patrona, Theodora D. 2015. “Forgotten Female Voices of the Greek Diaspora in the Unites States.”[pdf] The Journal of Modern Hellenism 31, pp. 87-100. 

Patrona, Theodora. “Ex-centric Mythic Wanderings in Catherine Temma Davidson’s The Priest Fainted (1998).” Ex-Centric Narratives: Identity, Multivocality and Cross-Culturalism. Ed. Smatie Yemenedzi-Malathouni, Tatiani Rapatzikou, and Elefteria Arapoglou. Bethesda, MD: Αcademica Press, 2012. 233-248.

Patrona, Theodora. “The Female Ethnic Writer’s Return to the Ancestral Hearth: Greece and Italy Revisited.” Mobile Narratives. Ed. Eleftheria Arapoglou, Monika Fodor, and Jopi Nymann. London: Routledge, 2013. 187-198.

Tastsoglou, Evangelia, ed.  Women, Gender, and Diasporic Lives: Labor, Community, and Identity in Greek Migrations.  Lanham: Lexington Books, 2009.


Βεντούρα, Λίνα και Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης, Επιμ. [Ventoura, Lina and Lambros Baltsiotis, eds.] Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Ομογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Εληνικού Κράτους. [The Nation Beyond Borders]. Αθήνα: Βιβλιόραμα, 2013. [Athens: Vivliorama, 2013].

Βεντούρα, Λίνα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης. «Εισαγωγή – Κρατικές πολιτικές για ομοεθνείς μειονότητες και πληθυσμούς της διασποράς: Η σύγκλιση των προσεγγίσεων», στο Λίνα Βεντούρα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης (επιμ.), Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Όμογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Ελληνικού Κράτους. Βιβλιόραμα, (2013): 9-30.

Βόγλη, Ελπίδα [Vogli Elpida]. «Το ‘Ετος Αποδήμου Ελληνισμού’ (1951): Η ελληνική ομογενειακή πολιτική στις απαρχές του Ψυχρού Πολέμου», στο Λίνα Βεντούρα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης (επιμ.), Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Όμογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Ελληνικού Κράτους. Βιβλιόραμα, (2013): 345-372.

Βόγλη, Ελπίδα [Vogli Elpida]. «Η ελληνική πολιτική απέναντι στους απόδημους Έλληνες κατά το πρώτο μισό του 20ού αιώνα». Greek Research in Australia: Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, Flinders University June 2009. Ed. M. Rossetto, M. Tsianikas, G. Couvalis, and M. Palaktsoglou. Adelaide, South Australia: Flinders University Department of Languages-Modern Greek, 2011. 661-671.    Το άρθρο είναι διαθέσιμο στο διαδίκτυο

Βόγλη, Ελπίδα [Vogli Elpida]. «Το έθνος και η ελληνική διασπορά στον πολιτικό λόγο του Κωνσταντίνου Τσάτσου», στο Κωνσταντίνος Τσάτσος, φιλόσοφος, συγγραφέας, πολιτικός (Πρακτικά Διεθνούς Επιστημονικού Συνεδρίου, Αθήνα, 6-8. Νοεμβρίου 2009), Γρανάδα-Αθήνα: Κέντρο Βυζαντινών, Νεοελληνικών και Κυπριακών Σπουδών, Εταιρεία Φίλων Κ. και Ι. Τσάτσου (2010): 667-682.

Bucuvalas, Tina.“The Greek Communities of the Bahamas and Tarpon Springs: An Intertwined History.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 29-70.

Christou, Anastasia. "American Dreams and European Nightmares: Experiences and Polemics of Second-Generation Greek-American Returning Migrants." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, vol. 32, no. 5, 2006, pp. 831-845.

The article addresses how spaces of inclusion and exclusion encountered during the relocation and adjustment processes of second-generation Greek-Americans to the ancestral homeland produce multiple constructions of self and nation as well as fragmented discourses of 'Greekness', 'Americanness' and 'Europeanness' in forging a narrative of belonging. Narratives of (be)longing express competing discourses of cultural disruptions and ruptures of identity in the interactive space of 'home' and 'host' countries. Furthermore, the transformation of Greece from sending to receiving country as well as the politics of European integration and identification pose additional challenges to the current metamorphosis of Greek society. Interestingly, the ambivalent character of Greek national identity provides an additional layer of subjectivity through which second-generation Greek-Americans attempt to redefine their sense of self and belongingness to the ancestral homeland.

Christou, Anastasia. “Deciphering Diaspora – Translating Transnationalism: Family Dynamics, Identity Constructions and the Legacy of ‘Home’ in Second-Generation Greek-American Return Migration.” Ethnic & Racial Studies, vol. 29, no. 6, Nov. 2006, pp. 1040–1056. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/01419870600960297.

The article explores through the phenomenon of 'return migration' in Greece the settlement and identification processes of a second-generation Greek-American 'returning migrant', as a heuristic narrative to examine the meanings attached to the experience of return migration as they relate to and impact on the returnee's sense of self (ethnic) and sense of place (national). The concepts of 'home' and 'belonging' are central in the return migratory project which entails (re)location and (dis)placement as well as adjustment and alienation. Furthermore, the article considers the multiple interactions (social, cultural, political) between the place of origin and the place of destination, the role that family plays in migrant lifeworlds as well as the gendered and ethnic expressions of migrant identification.

Christou, Anastasia and King Russell. Counter-Diaspora: The Greek Second Generation Returns 'Home.' Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Dounia, Margarita. “Transnational Practices and Emotional Belonging among Early 20th-Century Greek Migrants in the United States.” Genealogy, vol. 4, no. 90, 2020, pp.1–20. 

Fakiolas, Rosetos. “Οι Ελληνες twn ΗΠΑ”[The Greeks of the United States]. Ελληνισμός της Διασποράς, Τόμος G [The Hellenism of Diaspora, Vol. C]. Eds. Antonios Kontis and Rosetos Fakiolas. Patras: Greek Open University, 2002.

Gotsi, Georgia. Η διεθνοποίηση της φαντασίας: σχέσεις της ελληνικής με τις ξένες λογοτεχνίες τον 19º αιώνα (The Internationalization of Imagination: Relations of Greek with Foreign Literatures in the 19th Century.) Gutenberg, 2010.

“Greek Diaspora Intellectuals Reflect on Cavafy.” C.P. Cavafy Forum, University of Michigan Modern Greek Studies, 2013.

Kaloudis, George. Modern Greece and the Diaspora Greeks in the United States. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2018.


Kaloudis, George. “The Influence of the Greek Diaspora on Greece and the United States.” International Journal on World Peace 25. 3 (September 2008): 29–59. 

Kaloudis, George. “Greeks of the Diaspora: Modernizers or an Obstacle to Progress?” International Journal on World Peace 23.2 (June 2006): 49-70.

Kindinger, Evangelia. Homebound: Diaspora Spaces and Selves in Greek American Return Narratives. Heidelberg: Winter University Press. 2015.

Home is where the heart is’ – but where is the heart of the daughter or the grandson of a Greek immigrant living in the United States? In the American imagination, immigration ends with the successful integration into American culture and society. Yet, the routes of immigration are not straight, but circular. The home outside America appeals to immigrants and their descendants. It inspires them to return and not to stay put. Returnees keep moving back and forth between homes, creating diaspora spaces in which they cultivate transnational ties. In this volume, for the first time, autobiographical accounts of return are conceptualized as a distinct and important sub-genre of travel and life writing, as ‘return narratives’. Exemplified by eight Greek American texts about the challenges and benefits of coming home, the motif of return is explored and defined in a diasporic and Greek American context. This motif has played a central role in Greek American writing, especially after the 1960s; it mirrors the complex formulation of a Greek American identity. This volume uses Greek American studies, diaspora theory, transnational studies, and gender studies to offer a new analytical framework in American and Literary Studies for thinking about home, the nation-state and identity today.

King, Russell, Anastasia Christou, Ivor Goodson, and Janine Teerling. “Tales of Satisfaction and Disillusionment: Second-Generation ‘Return’ Migration to Greece and Cyprus.” Diaspora 17.3 (Summer 2008 [published 2014]): 262–87.

This article examines “the comparative “return” experiences of second-generation Greek-Americans and British-born Greek Cypriots who have relocated to their respective parental homelands of Greece and Cyprus. Sixty individuals, born in the United States or the United Kingdom yet now living in Greece or Cyprus, were interviewed and detailed life narratives recorded. We find both similarities and differences between the two groups. While the broad narrative themes “explaining” their returns are similar—a search for a “place to belong” in the ancestral homeland linked to what is, or was, perceived to be a more relaxed and genuine way of life—the post-return outcomes vary. In Greece there is disappointment, even profound disillusionment, whereas in Cyprus the return is generally viewed with satisfaction. For Greek-Americans, negative experiences include difficulty in accessing employment, frustration with bureaucracy and a culture of corruption, struggles with the chaos and stress of life in Athens, and pessimism about the future for their children in Greece. As a result, some Greek-Americans contemplate a second return, back to the United States. For the returnee British Cypriots, these problems are far less evident; they generally rationalize their relocation to Cyprus as the “right decision,” both for themselves and for their children. Greek-Americans tend to withdraw into a social circle of their own kind, whereas British-born returnee Cypriots adopt a more cosmopolitan or “third-space” cultural identity related, arguably, to the small scale and intimate spaces of social [End Page 262] Second-Generation “Return” Migration to Greece and Cyprus exchange in an island setting, and to the colonial and postcolonial history of Cyprus and its diaspora.”

Kitroeff, Alexander. 2018. Review of Anastasia Christou and Russell King, Counter-Diaspora: The Greek Second Generation Returns “Home.” Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Department of the Classics (2014); and George Kaloudis, Modern Greece and the Diaspora Greeks in the United States. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 24 December.

Kitroeff, Alexander. “Emigration Transatlantique et Strategie Familiale: La Grèce” [Transatlantic Emigration and Family Strategy: Greece]. Espaces et Familles dans l’ Europe du Sud à l’âge moderne [Space and Families in Southern Europe in the Contemporary Era]. Ed. Stuart Woolf. Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’ Homme, 1992. 241-70.

------. “Υπερατλαντική Μετανάστευση” [Transatlantic Emigration]. Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου Αιώνα [History of Greece in the Twentieth Century, Vol.1 1900-1922]. Ed. Christos Hadziiosif. Athens: Vivliorama, 1999.

------. “Εμπορικές Παροικίες και Μετανάστες” [Merchant Colonies and Immigrants]. Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου Αιώνα, Β1 1922-1240 [History of Greece in the Twentieth Century, Vol. B1 1922-1940]. Ed. Christos Hadziiosif. Athens: Vivliorama, 2003.

------. “Βόρεια και Νότια Αμερική: οι Ομογενείς στις ΗΠΑ, τον Καναδά, την Λατινική Αμερική” [North and South America: The Greek Diaspora in the U.S., Canada and Latin America]. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000]. Vol. 9. Ed. Vasilis Panayotopoulos. Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004. 305-18.

------. “Βόρεια Αμερική: Οι Ελληνικές Κοινότητες στις ΗΠΑ και τον Καναδά” [North America: the Greek Communities in the U.S. & Canada]. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000]. Vol. 10. Ed. Vasilis Panayotopoulos. Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004. 297-308

Kontis, Antonios and Rosetos Fakiolas. “Εννοιολογικές αποσαφηνíσεις” [Clarification of Terminology]. Ελληνισμός της Διασποράς, Τόμος Α΄ [The Hellenism of Diaspora, Vol. A]. Eds. Antonios Kontis and Rosetos Fakiolas. Patras: Greek Open University, 2002.

Koundoura, Maria. The Greek Idea: The Formation of National and Transnational Identities.  London: Tauris Academic Studies, 2007.

Koundoura, Maria. Transnational Culture, Transnational Identity: The Politics and Ethics of Global Culture Exchange. London: I.B. Tauris, 2012.

Kourelis, Kostis. “Three Elenis: Archaeologies of the Greek American Village Home.”Journal of Modern Greek Studies, vol. 38, no.1, 2020, pp. 85–108. 

Greek migration to the United States in the period 1890–1924 produced two interdependent domestic environments, the Greek towns of urban America and the remittance villages of rural Greece. Both spaces experienced decline, abandonment, and demolition during the mid-twentieth century, which erased a unique spatial duality maintained across continents by material goods. With the progressive passing of Greek American lived memories, archaeology must take on the challenge of reconstructing the immigrant lifeworlds that are now a century old. Using the family histories of three contemporary Greek Americans, we explore how village houses can illuminate the bridging of transnational distances. We study the house careers of three Elenis from the Peloponnese, Epirus, and Central Greece. Each case study explores the materialities of a relationship between today’s Greek Americans and their lost familial domestic relics.

Roudometof, Victor. Globalization and Orthodox Christianity. London: Routledge, 2013.

Roudometof, Victor.  “From Greek-Orthodox Diaspora to Transnational Hellenism: Greek Nationalism and the Identities of the Diaspora.” The Call of the Homeland: Diaspora Nationalisms, Past and Present.  Allon Gal, Athena S. Leoussi, and Anthony D. Smith, eds. London: Brill/UCL, 2010.  139-66.

Roudometof, Victor. 2014. “Forms of Religious Glocalization: Orthodox Christianity in the Longue Durée.” Religions Vol. 5. 4 (2014): 1017-1036.

“The article advocates a ‘glocal turn’ in the religion–globalization problematic. It proposes a model of multiple glocalizations in order to analyze the historically constituted relationship between world religions and local cultures. First, the conceptual evolution from globalization to glocalization is discussed with special reference to the study of the religion. Second, the necessity for adopting the perspective of the longue durée with regard to the study of Eastern Orthodox Christianity is explained. Third, an outline of four forms of religious glocalization is proposed. Each of these forms is presented both analytically as well as through examples from the history of Eastern Christianity (from the 8th to the 21st century).  It is argued that this approach offers a model for analyzing the relation between religion, culture and society that does not succumb to the Western bias inherent in the conventional narrative of western modernization and secularization.”

Roudometof, Victor and Anna Karpathakis. “Greek Americans and Transnationalism: Religion, Class and Community.” Communities Across Borders: New Immigrants and Transnational Cultures. Eds. Paul Kennedy and Victor Roudometof, 41­­­­–54. London: Routledge, 2002.

Rozen, M. (ed.). Homelands and Diasporas. Greeks, Jews and their Migrations, New York, Tauris, 2008.

 Tsaliki, L. “Globalisation and Hybridity. The Construction of Greekness on the Internet.” In The Media of Diaspora, K. H. Karim (ed.). London, New York, Routledge, 2003: 162-176.

Vogli, Elpida. “A Greece for Greeks by Descent? Nineteenth-Century Policy on Integrating the Greek Diaspora.” Greek Diaspora and Migration since 1700: Society, Politics and Culture. Ed. Dimitris Tziovas.  Surrey: Ashgate, 2009. 99-110.

Vogli, Elpida. “The Making of Greece Abroad: Continuity and Change in the Modern Diaspora Politics of a ‘Historical’ Irredentist Homeland.” Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 17.1 (2011): 14-33.

b.) Reviews

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. Review of Anastasia Christou and Russell King, Counter-Diaspora: The Greek Second Generation Returns “Home.” Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (2014). Journal of Modern Greek Studies, 35.1 (Spring 2017): 252–57.

Grafos, Christopher. Review of Modern Greece and the Diaspora Greeks in the United States, by George Kaloudis. Journal of Modern Greek Studies, vol. 38, no. 1, 2020, pp. 243–45. 

Kindinger, Evangelia. Rev. of Women, Gender, and Diasporic Lives: Labor, Community, and Identity in Greek Migrations, by Evangelia Tastsoglou. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37.8 (2011): 1291-1293.

Kitroeff, Alexander. Review of Λίνα Βεντούρα και Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης, editors, Το έθνος πέρα των συνόρων: «Ομογενειακές» πολιτικές του ελληνικού κράτους
Journal of Modern Greek Studies 34:1 (2016): 214–216.

Mike, Mairi. Rev. of Η διεθνοποίηση της φαντασίας: σχέσεις της ελληνικής με τιςξένες λογοτεχνίες τον 19º αιώνα (The Internationalization of Imagination: Relations of Greek with Foreign Literatures in the 19th Century), by Georgia Gotsi. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 29.2 (2011): 300-2. [in Greek]

Patrona, Theodora. 2015. “Evangelia Kindinger, Homebound: Diaspora Spaces and Selves in Greek American Return Narratives.” European Journal of American Studies, Reviews 2015-3, document 8.


This list consists of seminal texts that define Greek American Studies as presented by Dan Georgakas in his article "Toward a Greek American Canon" (Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 31.2 [2005]).

Αναγνώστου, Γιώργος. «Black Lives Matter: Ελληνοαμερικανικές τοποθετήσεις, διεθνικές κατευθύνσεις». Σύγχρονα Θέματα, Τεύχος 149, 2020.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Greek American Youth: Multiplying Routes to Hellenism as Cultural Policy.” American Journal of Contemporary Hellenic Issues, vol. 11, Spring 2020, 

Antoniou, Mary. “Welfare Activities Among the Greek People in Los Angeles.” Master’s Thesis (1939). University of South California.

Burgess, Thomas. Greeks in America: An Account of Their Coming, Progress, Customs, Living and Aspirations. Boston: Sherman, French, and Company, 1913.

Callinicos, Constance. American Aphrodite: Becoming Female in Greek America. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 1990.

Castanis, Christophorus Plato. The Greek Exile, or A Narrative of the Captivity and Escape of Christophorus Plato Castanis, during the Massacre on the Island of Scio by the Turks, together with Various Adventures in Greece and America. 1851. New York: Cultural Chapter of the Chian Federation, 2002.

Contopoulos, Michael. The Greek Community of New York City: Early Years to 1910. New Rochelle: A. D. Caratzas, 1992.

Counelis, James Steve. Inheritance and Change in Orthodox Christianity. Scranton: University of Scranton Press, 1995.

Economidhou, Maria. E Ellines Tis Amerikis Opos Tous Eidha (The Greeks in America as I Saw Them). New York: Divry Publishing, 1916. [in Greek]

Georgakas, Dan and Charles C. Moskos. “The Greek American Experience.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora (Special Issue) 16.1-4 (1989): 5-8.

---. New Directions in Greek American Studies. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 1991.

---. Greek America at Work. New York: Labor Resource Center of Queens College and Greek American Labor Council, 1992.

Hatzidimitriou, Constantine. Founded on Freedom and Virtue: Documents Illustrating the Impact in the United States of the Greek War of Independence, 1921-1829. New Rochelle: A.D. Caratzas, 2003.

Kamaras, Antonis. “Renewing Diaspora Studies in Greece: A Research Agenda.” Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP), 30 June 2020,

Karanikas, Alexander. Hellenes & Hellions: Modern Greek Characters in American Literature. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

Kopan, Andrew. Education and Greek Immigrants in Chicago, 1892-1973: A Study in Ethnic Survival. New York: Garland Publishing Co. Inc., 1990.

Kourelis, Kostis and David Pettegrew. “The Greek Communities of Harrisburg and Lancaster: A Study of Immigration, Residence, and Mobility in the City Beautiful Era Pennsylvania.” History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies, Special Issue: Harrisburg, Digital Public History, and the “City Beautiful,” vol. 87, no. 1, winter 2020, pp. 66–91. 

Harrisburg’s urban reformers promised better housing and living conditions for all the city's residents, but the demolition of the Old Eighth Ward and the construction of more expensive housing between 1910 and 1930 made it harder for new Greek immigrants to make a living and a home in the city. This article compares demographic and geospatial data for Greek immigrant communities in Harrisburg and neighboring Lancaster to highlight the different challenges and opportunities of Greek communities during the era of City Beautiful.

Kourvetaris, George. Studies on Greek Americans. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. Laliotou, Ioanna. Transatlantic Subjects: Acts of Migration and Cultures of Transnationalism Between Greece and America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Moskos, Charles C. Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1989.

Orfanos, Spyros, ed. Reading Greek America: Studies in the Experience of Greeks in the United States. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 2003.

Papanikolas Helen. Toil and Rage in a New Land: The Greek Immigrants in Utah. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1970.

---. Emily-George. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1987.

---. An Amulet of Greek Earth: Generations of Immigrant Folk Culture. Athens, OH: Swallow Press/Ohio University Press, 2002.

Papanikolas, Zeese. Buried Unsung: Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1982.

Peck, Gunther. Reinventing Free Labor: Padrones and Immigrant Workers in the North American West-1880-1828. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Petrakis, Harry Mark. Reflections: A Writer's Life, A Writer's Work. Chicago: Lake View Press, 1983.

Psomiades, Harry J. and Alice Scourby, eds. The Greek American Community in Transition. New York: Pella Publishing Company, 1982.

Saloutos, Theodore. The Greeks in the United States. Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University Press, 1964

Scourby, Alice. The Greek Americans. Boston: Twayne Press, 1984.

Thomopoulos, Elaine, ed. Greek Pioneer Women of Illinois. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing 2000.

The book chronicles the struggles and triumphs, the pathos and joy of five women who emigrated to the United States from 1885 to 1923: Georgia Bitzis Pooley, Presbytera Stella Christoulakis Petrakis, Theano Papazoglou Margaris, and Venette Tomaras Askounes Ashford. With over 125 historic photos and documents which span the years 1885 to 2000, this book showcases the life stories of immigrant pioneer women, their families, friends, and the emerging Greek-American community of Illinois.

Tsemberis, Sam J., Harry J. Psomiades, and Anna Karpathakis, eds. Greek American Families: Traditions and Transformations. NY: Pella Publishing Company, 1999.

Xenides, J. P. The Greeks in America. NY: George H. Dorman Company, 1922.


Anagnostou, Yiorgos. Modern Greek Studies at the University Level: Challenges & Opportunities, The Future of Hellenism in America

Transcript of a talk given at the 12th Annual Conference of «The American Hellenic Institute»  23 Nov. 2013

Buonocore, Annamarie, Anna Tsiotsias, Georgea Polizos, and Peter Hasiakos. “Emerging Voices of Greek America.” The AHIF Policy Journal 5 (Spring 2014): n.pag.

Constantinou, Stavros T. “Ethnic Residentials Shifts, the Greek Population of Akron, Ohio (1930-2005).” GeoJournal. Vol. 68 (2007). 253-265.

Davidhizar R., V. King, G. Bechtel, and J.N. Giger. “Nursing Clients of Greek Ethnicity at Home.” Home Healthcare Nurse. Vol. 16. Issue 9 (1998): 618-623.

The home healthcare nurse who cares for persons with Greek ancestry should be aware of their unique cultural heritage. The nurse should also be aware that Greek people throughout the world are proud and independent, valuing their religious faith and practices, good health, education, and success. Care should be designed to include appreciation of traditions and customs that these clients may have. The nurse should make a special effort to develop trust with the Greek client and family members in order to effectively implement culturally competent healthcare.

Patrona, Theodora. “Greek-Americans.” Multicultural America: A Multimedia Encyclopedia. Ed. Carlos Cortez. Los Angeles: Sage, 2013. 1000-1003.

Patterson, Diana Thomopoulos: “Maternal Guidance: Women pass on cherished Greek traditions.” GreekCircle 9.3 (Winter, 2009): 38–39.

The author reflects on how her family, especially her paternal grandmother, shaped her Hellenic identity.  She says, “Yiayia didn’t speak English very well, and I didn’t know very much Greek. Yet yiayia and I didn’t have to speak the same language to understand each other.” Includes photos.

Thomopoulos, Elaine. “Memories in the Making: A Personal Perspective on Greek American Organizations.” GreekCircle 14.1 (Fall 2013): 32-34.

A personal essay about how the author’s sense of Hellenic identity has been nurtured by a myriad of organizations, starting with the Greek Orthodox Church.  Includes photos.

Thomopoulos, Elaine Cotsirilos. “Two Worlds: Village-and city-life provide two very different cultures.” GreekCircle. 10:1 (Summer 2010): 19-21.

From the perspective of a second-generation Greek American, the author reflects upon her visits to Greece and the differences she has experienced between city and village life.

Thomopoulos, Elaine. “The Mati: the Evil Eye Unveiled.” GreekCircle 2.2 (Fall 2002): 42–43.

To describe the “evil eye,” the author uses her own experience of xematiasma (ridding of the evil eye) during a visit to a friend’s restaurant in New Buffalo, Michigan. Using anecdotal examples, she shows how this belief lives on in America.

Zanetou, Artemis. “The Fulbright Program and the Future of Hellenism in America.”  The AHIF Policy Journal 5 (Spring 2014): n.pag.

Zaromatidis, K.A, A. Papadaki, and A. Gilde. “A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities: Greeks and Greek-Americans.” Psychol. Rep. Volume 84. No. 3, Part 2 (1999): 1189-1196.


Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Modern Greek Studies and Greek Diasporas.” Ergon: Greek American Arts and Letters. 14 September 2019.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Steve Frangos: Achieving an Archive.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 1 April, 2018.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “The Transformation of Greek America.” Bridge. March 9, 2017.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Building Bridges, Probing Intersections.” Bridge. February 18, 2017.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. On Greek America, Greek American Studies and the Diasporic Perspective as Syncretism and Hybridity. Rethinking Greece. August 1, 2016.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Empowering ‘Greek American Studies.’” Immigrations – Ethnicities – Racial Situations. 11 Dec. 2013. 

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Modern Greek Studies at the University Level: Challenges and Opportunities.” Modern Greek Studies Association. 2013.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “White Ethnicity: A Reappraisal.” Italian American Review 3.2 (Summer 2013): 99-128. 

Anagnostou, Yiorgos - Guest Editor. “Introduction – Modern Greek Studies and Public Scholarship: Intersections and Prospects.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 33 (1): 1–14. May 2015. [Special section on Modern Greek Studies and Public Humanities] 

Anagnostou, Yiorgos - Guest Editor. “Public Humanities in Greek America: Personal Reflections, Intellectual Vocations”. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 33 (1): 15–24. May 2015. [Special section on on Modern Greek Studies and Public Humanities] 

Anagnostou, Yiorgos.  “Where Does 'Diaspora' Belong? The View from Greek American Studies.”  Journal of Modern Greek Studies.  Vol. 28. No. 1 (2010): 73-119.

Keywords: Greek American Studies, Greek American historiography, Modern Greek Studies, Diaspora

Abstract: “Diaspora, variously defined, denotes difference within a host nation and connection with a real or imaginary homeland elsewhere. Diaspora claims, that is, a location that entangles the national, otherness within the national (often construed as ethnic), and places across national borders, all this in vastly complex ways. The study of diaspora therefore requires an analogous scholarly location that brings into conversation national, ethnic, and area studies. The analysis of the U.S. “Greek diaspora,” for instance, calls for cross-fertilization between American ethnic, Greek American, and modern Greek studies. This kind of systematic exchange did not materialize in the context of post 1960s U.S. academy, despite vocal calls for such dialogue. Here, Anagnostou demonstrates that “diaspora” was not a primary organizing reference for research in either U.S. Greek American or U.S. modern Greek studies, a lapse all too conspicuous if one takes into account the political, economic, and cultural importance of the Greek diaspora. Instead, dominant threads within Greek American and modern Greek studies developed along the trajectory of a nation-centric paradigm respectively, the former privileging the study of ethnicity in a national (American) context, the latter attaching analytical priority to Greece. As a result of this bifurcation “diaspora” was relegated to the margins, remained under-theorized, and was often neglected as a research prospect. From the perspective of Greek American studies and focusing on selective Greek American histories, texts, and institutional contexts, it is possible to illuminate the ideological underpinnings for turning diaspora into a contested terrain for both Greek American and modern Greek studies. Thus, the clashing positions can be charted against the ongoing transnationalization of Greek worlds as well as of the transnational turn in the humanities and social sciences, a parallel development that invites a fundamental remapping of Greek America and consequently obliges scholars of both Greek American and modern Greek studies to rethink their spatial and cultural frames of analysis. The operation of transnational geographies associated with Greek worlds calls attention to the artificiality of the boundary between Greek American and modern Greek studies and the necessity for joining their forces for the purpose of new critical mappings, a project now under way within U.S. modern Greek studies programs.”

Frangos, Steve. "Let Her Works Tell Her Praises: Eva Topping." The National Herald OnLine. Jan 5, 2012.

Georgakas, Dan. “Steve Frangos and Greek American Studies.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 1 April, 2018. 

Klironomos, Martha. “The Status of Modern Greek Studies in Higher Education: A Case Study on the West Coast of the United States.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 24.1 (2006): 153-169.

Leontis, Artemis. “Greek-American Studies are Growing at North American Campuses.”

Leontis, Artemis. “Modern Greek Studies at the University Level: Challenges and Opportunities.” American Hellenic Institute Foundation Policy Journal. Vol. 3, Winter 2011-2012. AHIF home

Georgakas, Dan. “Greek American Studies in the Twenty-First Century.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 7-28.

---. “Toward a Greek American Canon.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 31.2 (2005): 7-28.

Greek Orthodoxy

Cutler, Anthony. “The Tyranny of Hagia Sophia: Notes on Greek Orthodox Church Design in the United States.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 31.1 (1972): 38-50.    

Δημακόπουλος, Γιώργος και Αριστοτέλης Παπανικολάου. «Συστημικός ρατσισμός και η λάθος πλευρά της ιστορίας». Δημόσια Ορθοδοξία, 4 Ιουνίου 2020, (πρόσβαση, 24 Ιουνίου, 2020).

Grammenos, Athanasios. “The African American Civil Rights Movement and Archbishop Iakovos of North and South America.” Journal of Religion and Society. 18 (2016): 1­–19. 

Γραμμένος, Αθανάσιος. Ορθόδοξος Αμερικανός. Ο Αρχιεπίσκοπος Βορείου και Νοτίου Αμερικής Ιάκωβος στις ελληνοαμερικανικές σχέσεις (1959-1996). Επίκεντρο, 2018. Orthodox American: Archbishop of North and South America Iakovos in Greek-American Relations (1959-1996). Epikentro, 2018. [Language: Greek (with extensive English summary)].

The book examines the political role Iakovos played during his tenure, either as a mediator between the Governments of Greece and the USA or as an influential member of the Greek-American lobby in critical moments, such as the Turkish invasion of Cyprus (1974). The text follows the facts from the discipline of International Relations and it is not intended to be a biographical sketch. It familiarizes the reader with the US political system, international relations theories and diasporas, and the notion of social capital in immigrant groups. Then, it analyses the original material found in various archives (Greek Orthodox Archdiocese in New York, Karamanlis Archives, Mitsotakis Archives, various US Presidential Archives) to assess the efforts of Iakovos and extract useful theoretical conclusions. The empirical study extends to the Greek-Turkish conflict, the Cyprus Question and the Macedonian name issue. An important chapter for me is the one that summarizes Iakovos’ support for the African-American Civil Rights Movement, which I consider the landmark for the community's exit from the “Greek ghetto,” entering the American social life for good. This was a long-sighted movement which is credited to Iakovos, proving that the Greek Orthodox Church has the dynamic to follow progressive steps in contrast to marginal examples, such as the ones we witness lately in some Metropolises of Greece.

Karpathakis, Anna. “‘Whose Church is it Anyway?’ Greek Immigrants of Astoria, New York and their Church.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 20:1 (1994): 97–122.

Kitroeff, Alexander. The Greek Orthodox Church in America: A Modern History. Cornell University Press, 2020.

Kourelis, Kostos and Vasileios Marinis. “An Immigrant Liturgy: Greek Orthodox Worship and Architecture in America.” Liturgy in Migration: From the Upper Room to Cyberspace.  Ed. Teresa Berger. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2012. 155-175.

Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston. Greek Orthodox Churches of New England. Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston, 2010.

Matsoukas, George. “A Church in Captivity: The Greek Orthodox Church of America.” iUniverse (2008).

It is a disconcerting fact that decisions for Orthodox Christians living in North America are currently dictated by interests of foreign governments and patriarchates, all which contribute to spiritual indifference among the faithful. This collection of essays explores the loss of autonomy and unification within the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese and offers ways to create an all-encompassing church that respects cultures and philosophies. George Matsoukas, Executive Director of Orthodox Christian Laity in West Palm Beach, Florida and an active member of his local parish, diocese, and archdiocese, chronologically presents personal essays that respond to regression in the life of the church during a seven-year period. He encourages constructive change through effective communication and a partnership between the church and the laity, ultimately resulting in a church that is able to meet the spiritual needs of all its members.

Πιπέρης Νικόλαος, και Σταύρος Πιπέρης. «‘Πλήρης και Απόλυτη Στήριξη.’ Απάντηση στο Κείμενο για την ‘Λάθος Πλευρά της Ιστορίας’». Δημόσια Ορθοδοξία, 24 Ιουνίου 2020, (πρόσβαση, 24 Ιουνίου, 2020).

Saloutos, Theodore. 1973. “The Greek Orthodox Church in the United States and Assimilation.” The International Migration Review Winter 7 (4): 395–407.


a) Community and Regional Histories

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American History and Music.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 1 April, 2018.

Steve Frangos: An Archive of Popular Writings in Greek American History and Music by Yiorgos Anagnostou In 2017, a scholar in a major U.S. Modern Greek studies program made me an offer I could not resist: to share with me his extensive archive of the writings of Steve Frangos, one of the most prolific popular historians of Greek America.

Antonakos, John.  The Greek American Community of Essex County.  New Jersey: Author House, 2010.

Description: “This book is about Greek Americans who have lived or live in Essex County, New Jersey. Greeks first started to immigrate to the United States in large numbers after 1900. This book gives the stories of individual Greek American families. It gives a cross section of the Greek immigrants who come to America between 1900 and 1930. And it gives a cross section of the children of these immigrants. A Greek American community is synonymous with a parish of the Orthodox Church. In Essex County the community consisted of four churches. These churches are St. Nicholas, St. Demetrios, St. Fanourios, and Sts. Constantine and Helen. The priests who served these churches and their period of service are listed in the book. The churches religious services and Sunday and Greek schools greatly participate in shaping the moral character of the people. This book contains the biographies of individual families of the community. The biographies are arranged alphabetically, except that biographies about children or grandchildren of a particular family immediately follow the root family biography, so as to maintain the continuity of that family. The chief characteristics of the first immigrants were their high moral character and their industriousness. They passed these good characteristics onto their children. These immigrants were also highly supportive of education, and saw to it that their children received a good education. Because of all of these factors, today the immigrants children and grandchildren are leaders in commerce, industry, education, and government. They have accomplished what their parents desired for them. Truly they have achieved the American dream.”

Βασδέκης, Παντελής. Οι Έλληνες Μετανάστες στο Σικάγο και η Ίδρυση της Κοινότητας της Αγίας Τριάδας, 1890-1927. Private Publisher, 2007.

Brown, E. Philip. Greeks of Merrimack Valley. Arcadia Publishing, 2017.

Bucuvalas, Tina. Greeks in Tarpon Springs. Images of America Series. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2016.

Cassis, Irene and Constantina Michalos. Greeks in Houston. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2013.

Includes 200 black and white images.

Charitis, Christine V. Staten Island's Greek Community (NY).  Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2006.

“In the early part of the 20th century, Staten Island experienced an influx of Greek immigrants drawn to America by the promise of abundant opportunities. They settled in the farms of New Springville and Bulls Head and in the busy life of Port Richmond. Staten Island's Greek Community highlights traditional aspects of Greek culture and exults in the Americanization, accomplishments, and contributions of this group. The historic images in this book capture familiar scenes such as Greek farms and roadside stands overflowing with succulent vegetables, truck farmers venturing into Manhattan to bring their produce to the Washington Market, and the Candy Kitchen in Port Richmond.”

Davros, Michael George.  Greeks in Chicago, IL. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2009.

Diacou, Stacy, editor. Hellenism in Chicago. United Hellenic American Congress, 1982.

Diacou, Stacy. 2013. My Generation of Achievers: Their Social History, Bloomington, Ind: iUniverse.

Greeks in America during the latter half of the twentieth century had a mission to establish themselves as valuable contributors to society. Hundreds of them achieved success, building businesses, communities, and relationships that still stand today. Journalist Stacy Diacou documented their achievements in her social columns for Chicago's Greek Press newspaper, and My Generation of Achievers is a compilation of her writings. Beginning in 1969, Diacou showed how these brave souls left their homeland and jumped over the hurdles of language barriers, joblessness, and empty pockets to create a better world for their children in the United States of America. Diacou profiles specific, treasured individuals in Chicago and reveals how they moved through society with grace and perseverance. Her columns document the fashion of the time, social gatherings, and the inner workings of Chicago's Greek American community up until 1996. From luncheons and history lectures to celebrity sightings and church youth groups, Diacou captures a snapshot in time of one of America's most successful immigrant groups. Fun, insightful, and entertaining, My Generation of Achievers opens the door to a fascinating aspect of Greek-American history

Georgeson, Stephen P. Atlanta Greeks: An Early History. Charleston: The History Press, 2015.

Beginning with the 1890s, the author explores the experiences of early Greek immigrants during their first three decades in Atlanta. Include 34 images.

Greek Historical Society of San Francisco. Greeks in San Francisco. Images of America Series. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2016.

Holy Trinity Greek Historical Committee. Greeks in Phoenix. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2008.

The Greek community in Phoenix began in 1907, when the Sanichas brothers, Charles and Chris, arrived in the city to establish the Sanichas Confectionery Store. By 1912, the year of Arizona's statehood, the community had grown to nine families, including the Georgouses family of five brothers. In 1930, ground was broken for the construction of the Hellenic Community House, where religious services were held until 1947, when the Hellenic Orthodox Church was built. Today the legacy of the area's Greek pioneers lives on through the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral, which has established a research archive and museum to preserve and celebrate the Greek history of Phoenix. In this volume, members of the Holy Trinity Greek Historical Committee have collected more than 200 vintage photographs and other visual memorabilia to illustrate the unique Greek history of Phoenix. From their humble beginning in the early 1900s, the Greek community has grown into four Greek Orthodox Church communities. This retrospective pays tribute to the Greek families who pioneered early Phoenix and provided strong cultural roots for their future generations.

Doulis, Thomas. A Century of Celebration, Faith, History and Community, A 100 Year Commemorative Album, 1907-2007. Portland: Jack Lockie & Associates, 2007.

Author’s statement: “These articles were written and published locally as my donations to this past of the Greek Orthodox community of Holy Trinity of Portland, Oregon and are enhanced by historic photographs, at a time when this was unusual and involved a great deal of risk to get the valuable photographs turned over by the families at an age when reproduction of photographs was not simple and safe.

Doulis, Thomas. A Surge to the Sea: The Greeks in Oregon. Portland: Jack Lockie & Associates, 1977.

Doulis, Thomas. Landmarks of Our Past: The First 75 Years of the Greek Orthodox Community of Oregon. Portland: Gann Publishing Company, 1983.

Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church San Francisco

Early Years: The history of the HYPERLINK ""Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church is linked to the history of the city of San Francisco. The Orthodox faith has long had a presence in San Francisco with some records dating to 1857. Prior to the establishment of their own parish, Greeks worshipped and Greek priests often ministered to the Greek Orthodox faithful at the only Orthodox church in San Francisco, the Russian Orthodox church , founded in 1868. It wasn’t until 1892 when the Hellenic Mutual Benevolent Society was formed that initiatives to establish a Greek Orthodox church, organize community events and respond to tragic events occurring in Greece got underway. Read more

Fiorentinos, Panos. Ecclesia: Greek Orthodox Churches of the Chicago Metropolis. Chicago, IL: Kantyli Inc., 2004.

This coffee-table book includes more than 400 richly colored photographs and concisely written histories of the 59 churches of the Chicago Metropolis. Fiorentinos' photographic journey encompassed six states—Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, and Wisconsin and included dozens of interviews with priests and parishioners. Essays by scholars on the Greek Orthodox Church’s architecture, fundamental beliefs and history, and the meaning of its icons and symbols further enhance the book.

Frangos, Steve. Greeks in Michigan. East Lansing Michigan State University Press, 2004.

---. “Long Forgotten Greek Alaskan.” The National Herald. 15 Mar. 2005.

Gallant, Thomas. “Tales from the Dark Side: Transnational Migration, the Underworld and the ‘Other’ Greeks of the Diaspora.” Greek Diaspora and Migration since 1700: Society, Politics and Culture, edited by Dimitris Tziovas, Ashgate, 2009, pp. 17-29.

Kopan, Andrew T. “Greek Survival in Chicago.” Ethnic Chicago: A Multicultural Portrait, edited by Melvin G. Holli and Peter d'A. Jones, Eerdmans, 1995, pp. 260–302.

Kopan, Andrew T. “Greeks.” The Encyclopedia of Chicago. 2004.

Monos, Dimitris. “Greek Organizations in Philadelphia.” Invisible Philadelphia: Community through Voluntary Organizations, edited by Jean Barth Toll and Mildred S. Gillam, Atwater Kent Museum, 1995, pp. 93-96.

Morris, George J.  Charleston's Greek Heritage.  Charleston: History Press, 2008.

Description: “Since the arrival of Maria Gracia Dura Bin Turnbull, the first female Greek settler in North America, Charleston has long embraced a vibrant Greek community, which has in turn continued to enrich the area for centuries. As an eastern seaboard city, Charleston was a magnet for great numbers of Greek immigrants, most from the island of Cephalonia. They journeyed to the city during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, bringing with them a rich cultural heritage, shared values and a devotion to hard work and industry. Those early settlers operated small businesses, predominately grocery stores and restaurants, and emphasized education, ensuring that their descendants would help to weave the professional and civil fabric of the city. Their stories encapsulate the American immigrant experience, offering a portrait of where Charleston has been and where it can go. Longtime Charleston resident George J. Morris, an active member of the local Greek community, has collected primary documents and photographs that illustrate the unique development of Greek culture in the city.”

Monos, Dimitris. The Achievements of the Greeks in the United States. Centrum, 1986.

Odzak, Larry. Demetrios is Now Jimmy: Greek Immigrants in the Southern United States, 1895-1965. Durham. N.C.: Monograph Publishers, 2006.

Patterson, George James. The Unassimilated Greeks of Denver. New York: AMS Press, 1989.

Perera, Srianthi.  Book Documents History of Phoenix's Greek Community.  Arcadia Publishing, 2008.

Rassogianis, Alexander, 2015. “The Entrepreneurial Spirit of the Greek Immigrant in Chicago, Illinois: 1900-1930.” Published by iUniverse, Bloomington, IN. 2015.

The book focuses on the price to opening a business by immigrants, which involved hardship, long hours of hard work, self-sacrifice and perseverance. The Greek immigrants, being individualistic, were willing to take the risks in order to avoid working for others and ensure the independence of their livelihood. The author shares how they were able to achieve this feat amidst the difficulties.

Rozeas, Christina. Greeks in Queens. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2012.

Includes 200 black and white images.

Samonides, William H., et al.  Greeks of Stark County.  Charleston: Arcadia Publishing: 2009.

Publisher Comments: “By the early 20th century, Stark County was one of the fastest-growing regions in the nation. The home of martyred president William McKinley had become a major industrial center, with alloy steel as the engine of growth for the booming local economy. To fill the ever-increasing demand for labor, waves of immigrants from Greece and Asia Minor settled in Canton and Massillon. Some sought economic opportunity; others were fleeing the Pontian Black Sea coast, where ethnic cleansing of Greeks accompanied the creation of the Turkish state. For the immigrant earning less than $3 a day, building a church meant making a commitment to a new life. In Canton, St. Haralambos Greek Orthodox Church was founded in 1913 and Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in 1917. In Massillon, St. George Greek Orthodox Church was established in 1931. Churches and mutual aid organizations provided cohesiveness to the dynamic, often fractious, Greek community, which survived world wars, economic depression, and social discrimination and continues to flourish today.”

Skedros, Constantine J. 100 Years of Faith and Fervor: A History of the Greek Orthodox Church Community of Greater Salt Lake City, Utah 1905-2005. Greek Orthodox Church of Greater Salt Lake, 2005.

This volume gives a comprehensive history of the community and its two churches. It includes many vintage photographs.

Stamos, Helen Coidakis, et al. The Greeks of Newport, New Hampshire. Newport, NH: Hedgehog Publishing, 2011.

The book compiles stories of Greek-born individuals, their businesses, families, descendants, networks (by place of origin, businesses, gender, belief) and practices, and their relationship to the "American Dream." Helen Coidakis Stamos has edited the words of others and composed many of her own accounts with respectful attention to the legacies of the people she has known who are no longer present, their difficult lives, and the sense of community they managed to recreate. The book is carefully researched, with an avid reader's attention to the multiple layers of Greek lives in American.

Thomopoulos, Elaine.  The Greeks of Berrien County, Michigan.  Michigan: Berrien County Historical Association, 2003.

Trakas, Deno. Because Memory Isn't Eternal: A Story of Greeks in Upstate South Carolina.  Hub City: Hub City Writers Project, 2010.

Description: “In 1895, Nicholas Trakas left his village in southern Greece, boarded a steamship for America, and made his way to another southern village, Spartanburg, where he became the South Carolina city's first Greek resident. He opened The Elite--one of the finest candy kitchens in the South--built a house on a lot he purchased for $44 and a pet parrot that could cuss in Greek, and began a wave of immigration from his home country into the burgeoning Upstate area.

A century later, his grandson, Deno Trakas, a writer and professor at Wofford College, explores a peculiarly Southern version of the Greek-American story in “Because Memory Isn't Eternal.” By introducing readers to four generations of Trakas family members, their remarkable friends, and their hardworking business partners, he tells a greater story and reflects on how these complex, larger-than-life characters have preserved the best of Greek culture down South. This intimate and often humorous memoir includes stories of Greek-American marriages, food, language, restaurants, religion, and misadventures, including the day two Trakas boys accidentally burned down the family's church.

A constantly repeated refrain at Greek funerals is 'Aionia i mnimi''- 'May his (or her) memory be eternal.'' More often, Trakas reveals, memory is 'painfully, annoyingly short.' His loving illustrated tribute to Greek-Americans assures that these stories and this history will not be forgotten.”

About the Author: Deno Trakas has published fiction and poetry in more than two dozen journals, including the Denver Quarterly, Oxford American, and the Louisville Review. He is a professor of English at Wofford College, where he also serves as director of the writing center and coordinator of the creative writing program. Trakas lives in Spartanburg, SC.

Vasilakes, Mike and Themistocles Rodis. Greek Americans of Cleveland since 1870. The Hellenic Preservation Society of Northeastern Ohio, 2007/2008.

“This upgraded and expanded third edition has 460 pages and includes graphics, tables, and more than 500 photographs. Included are excerpts from oral histories. It explores the events that delayed the emigration of most Greeks until the mid-1890s and the forces that precipitated emigration from Greece to America. It tells the stories of the pioneer Greek immigrants who settled in Cleveland. The first one was a woman who married an Irish merchant seaman in Piraeus.  She arrived in Cleveland in 1870. The book tells the history of all four of Cleveland's Greek Orthodox Church communities. Also included are the histories of church-affiliated groups (choirs, psaltis, Philoptochos, acolytes, Greek Schools, youth groups, et al) as well as many of the 32 village and national societies, and independent Greek schools and tutors who taught in the homes of Greek immigrants. Other chapters include businesses; media (newspapers and radio programs); dramatic arts; Greek bands; and political organizations. “The Family Album,” a separate section, contains individual family histories.”

Zervanos, Nikitas J. “The Early Greek Settlers of Lancaster County, 1896-1922 and the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church.” Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 110:3/4 (Fall/Winter 2008-2009): 94-200.

b) History in Popular Media

Chrissochoidis, Ilias. Spyros P. Skouras, Memoirs (1893-1953). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013.

Spyros P. Skouras (1893-1971) was the most influential Greek immigrant in American history and one of America's preeminent citizens during the Cold War period. In an astonishing sixty-year career, he shaped two industries (film and shipping), turned Twentieth Century-Fox into a global film leader, saved Hollywood by introducing CinemaScope, masterminded Century City in Los Angeles, and, not least, helped save millions of Greeks from starvation and disease during World War II. For the first time his story is being told in his own words and in full detail. Coinciding with Skouras' 120th birth anniversary, this book is a timely contribution to American, Greek Diaspora, and film historiography that will inspire younger generations to pursue the intertwined ideals of business excellence and public service.

Frangos, Steve.  “Comedienne Nellie Nichols Was Once Cathachakes.” The National Herald Online, August 16, 2010.

“Helene Cathachakes was the first successful Greek American comedienne of vaudeville, musical theatre, and Hollywood film. Cathachakes s nearly 40- year career extended from her first great acclaim in vaudeville as a singer and dancer, to later work as a screen actress, culminating in her much sought after instruction as a voice coach. Cathachakes never denied her ethnicity nor overlooked an opportunity to spend time with local Greeks in the cities, towns and hamlets in which she toured. That she became lost to our collective consciousness is yet another indicator of how little Greek Americans recall of their enduring impact on American society and culture at large. In teasing apart the published accounts of Cathachakes life and career we frequently find show biz hokum. Yet it is fascinating in the extreme how Cathachakes' musical and linguistic skills were such that her real ethnicity became an ongoing topic of her popularity and publicity.”

Frangos, Steve. “Georgia Drake, Greek Goddess of Song.”  The National Herald Online, July 16, 2010.

“Georgia Drake (Tsarpalas) is the first woman of Greek descent to have hosted her own television program: The Georgia Drake Show. A lost moment in the Golden Age of American Television, to some perhaps, but for Greek American Studies her complex career is of special interest. For not only did she succeed in the early days of television, but she was to have a long international career which eventually led her headlining at the Hilton in Athens for well over a decade. She was born March 21, 1937 in Chicago, Illinois. As with most Greeks in North America, she attributes her eventual successes to the values she was first taught and experienced at home. Georgia s father, Demetrios Tsarpalas, hailed from the village of Kynegou near Pylos in the Messinia district of the Peloponnese. Demetrios was the second of 10 children. At the age of 19 he immigrated, first to Boston, then to Chicago. In time he brought four brothers.”

Frangos, Steve.  “Greek Paradise in Virginia.”  The National Herald Online, June 28, 2010.

“It is almost incredible that John Paradise is a forgotten figure in Greek-American history. During the heady days of the European Enlightenment, Paradise was a highly respected intellectual, socially sought after by the most prominent figures of this glittering era. Aside from his social and intellectual connections, Paradise, during the darkest days of the American Revolution, was notable as a steadfast and persuasive advocate of the American Cause. When few people in London would even speak with an American, he and his wife Lucy opened their home to any and all visiting Americans. Such was Paradise's belief in the democratic underpinnings of the American rebellion that he became a naturalized American citizen. All at a time when he and his family lived in London and could easily have been arrested as seditious enemies of the British crown. It was John Paradise's genius for friendship that makes him and his wife Lucy historically significant for modern Greek Studies. This couple formed a social and intellectual nexus for the Enlightenment few others could claim.”

Frangos, Steve.  “John Paradise Conquers Virginia.”  The National Herald Online, June 20, 2010.

“In a time when it is claimed that studies of the Greek Diaspora are on the rise worldwide it is well worth re-considering the life of John Paradise. This one man s life brings together many of the enduring questions and concerns that continue to plague the very definition of the historical and cultural experiences of Hellenes outside the nation state of Greece. The record of Paradise s life is readily available to anyone to survey in historical accounts, diaries, encyclopedia entries, literally hundreds of archived letters and other forms of documentation. This readily accessible published material makes it especially curious that more about Paradise has not entered Greek-American Studies.”

Frangos, Steve.  “The Greeks of the Great Northwest.” The National Herald Online, April 17, 2010.

“The history of the Greeks in the Great Northwest is well recorded. Still, it must be said that the vast majority of Greek Americans have not yet discovered the readily available historical accounts documenting the Greek presence in Oregon and Washington, and this fact alone tells us how much Greek America, once so close, has lost something of its social cohesion. Detailed historic and pictorial accounts document specific communities such as Bellingham, Portland, and Seattle, while a regional study of the Yakima Valley in Washington attests to the long-time presence of Greeks across that fertile expanse.”

Frangos, Steve.  “The Story of Vasilios Kanellos: Modern Dancer to the Ancient Gods.”  The National Herald Online, February 26, 2010.

“Any consideration of Vasilios Kanellos life and career immediately entangles the reader into the broader issues of Euroamerican notions of the Ancient Greeks. Undeniably, a native-born Greek, Kanellos learned a Euroamerican dance-style that quite self-consciously attempted to recreate dance as Greeks of the Classical era performed them. For his entire career, Vasilios Kanellos traveled across Europe, North America and elsewhere performing, lecturing and promoting this revived dance genre.”

Thomopoulos, Elaine."The Greek American Press." GreekCircle Fall 2014: 19-23. 

The Greek immigrants who came to America saw the Greek American press as their lifeline to Greece and their voice in the community. It helped them navigate the New World and assisted their children and grandchildren to embrace their Hellenic identity.  Thomopoulos explores the development of three present-day newspapers, The National Herald (founded in 1915), The Greek Star (founded in 1904), and the Greek Press (founded in 1929).  It shows how the audience, language, politics, and content of the papers changed over the years. Also included is a short synopsis of the Orthodox Observer, KRHTH, and The AHEPAN, three other publications that have been published for 80 years or more

c) History and Historiography Scholarship

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. 2015. “Re/collecting Greek America: Reflections on Ethnic Struggle, Success, and Survival,” The Journal of Modern Hellenism 31, pp. 148-175.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos.  “Research Frontiers, Academic Margins: Helen Papanikolas and the Authority to Represent the Immigrant Past.”  Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora.  Vol. 34 (2008): 9-29.

Clogg, Richard (ed). The Greek Diaspora in the Twentieth Century. London: Palgrave, 1999.

Constantakos, Chrysie Mamalakis. 1981. The American-Greek Subculture: Processes of Continuity, New York: Ayer, 1981.

Doctorate of Education, Teacher’s College, Columbia, 1971 thesis, looking at Ierarches Community in Brooklyn, 1980

Gabrielides, Christine, G., translator. The First Greek Ambassador to the American Federation  1867-1868: From the Memoirs of Alexandros Rizos Rangavis. Nostos Books, 2019.

Geanakoplos, Deno J. “The Diaspora Greeks: The Genesis of Modern Greek National Consciousness,” in Hellenism and the First Greek War of Liberation (1821-1830): Continuity and Change. Ed. Nikiforos P. Diamandouros, John P. Anton, John A. Petropulos, and Peter Topping. Thessaloniki: Institute of Balkan Studies, 1976. 59-77.

Giakoumis, Peter S. Forgotten Heroes of The Balkan Wars: Greek Americans and Philhellenes of 1912-1913. Independently Published, 2020. 

Hatzidimitriou, Constantine G. “Maria Economidy: A Pioneering Reformer.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora, 39.1-2 (2013): 29-94

Karpozilos Kostis. “Labor Unions, Radicalism and the Communist Left in the Greek-American Communities (1920-1950).”
The International Newsletter of Communist Studies XV (2009): 23-25

Karpozilos Kostis. “The American Socialist Movement and the Greek Immigrant Newspaper I Phone tou Ergatou (Voice of the Worker).”
In Proceedings of the International Congress on the History of the Greek Diaspora, Rethymno, 2004: 156-163 [in Greek]

Καρπόζηλος, Κωστής. Κόκκινη Αμερική. Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Κρήτης, 2016.

Kitroeff, Alexander. “Greeks and Greece.” The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia, 2017.

Kitroeff, Alexander. “Greek America’s Liturgical Language Crisis of 1970.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 26 February 2019.
Beginning in the 1930s, the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America, a hemispheric organization, began establishing its hegemony over Greek American community life. Its predominance continued in the post–World War II era, and by the 1960s the Archdiocese felt emboldened to introduce a key change to address the needs of the Americanized second- and third-generation Greek Americans. This led Archbishop Iakovos to propose that parish priests be allowed to hold the Sunday liturgy in English, where appropriate. This triggered a sharp reaction by the Greek-language media and organizations predominantly headed by immigrant Greek Americans that were mostly concentrated in New York City and along the East Coast. What amounted to a small-scale revolt against the Archbishop led to the intervention of the “Mother Church,” the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Ultimately, Iakovos had to tactically retreat so that he could counter attack later more effectively. But the fact that he suffered the only setback, albeit temporary, in his almost forty-year tenure as the head of the Archdiocese illustrates the resonance and significance of the Greek language in the ways many defined Greek American identity, and the ways language can be used as a tool to challenge even the strongest ethnoreligious institutions. But is also telling of the considerable political skills of Archbishop Iakovos who ultimately managed to weather the challenge.

Kitroeff, Alexander. The Greek Orthodox Church in America: A Modern History. Northern Illinois University Press, 2020.   

Kitroeff, Alexander. “Ship Jumpers: An Unspoken Chapter of Greek Immigration to the United States.” The Pappas Post, 16 April 2020,

Kitroeff, Alexander. “Ο Τύπος ως Πηγή για την Ιστορία των Ελλήνων στις ΗΠΑ” [The Press as a Source for the History of the Greeks in the United States]. Ο Ελληνικός Τύπος 1784 ως σήμερα [The Greek Press Since from 1784 until Today]. Ed. Loukia Droulia. Athens: INE/EIE, 2005.

------. “Οι Ελληνες στις ΗΠΑ: 1922-1940” [The Greeks in the United States: 1922-1940]. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000]. Vol. 7. Ed. Vasilis Panayotopoulos. Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004. 323-60.

-------. “Greek-American Ethnicity, 1919-1939.” To Hellenikon, Studies in Honor of Speros Vryonis, Jr. Vol. II. Eds. Jelisaveta Stanojevich Allen et al. New York: Caratzas, 1993. 353-71.

Kitroeff, Alexander.  “The Greeks of Egypt in the United States.”  Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora.  Vol. 35, No. 2 (2009).

Konstadakopoulos, Dimitrios and Soterios C. Zoulas.  100 Years in America: Tsamantas (Greece) Worcester, MA (USA) 1908-2008. Historical Determinants and Images of the Identity and Culture of Diasporas from Southwestern Europe.  Bristol: University of the West of England, 2010.

Description: “Why immigrants from the same village migrate to the same city or town in America? What motivated them? What was the cause for acceptance of Greek immigrants during the 1940s and their assimilation into the wider America society?
What happens to the places and people left behind? What are their hidden histories?
Did immigrant banks help foster migration? How important were the Irish immigrants in the development of 19th and early 20th century America?

All these question and more are answered in [this book] with seven original essays on various aspects of immigration in general, Greek-America immigration in particular including two essays on the immigration of Greek migrants from the village of Tsamantas in northwest Greece to Worcester, MA. Other essays discuss the importance of Irish immigrants in the development of 19th century Northeast America cities, a statistical profile of Greek-Americans and internal America immigration and its impact on a Maine town.”

Κούρτη-Καζούλη, Βασιλεία. Μια Μικρή Αφήγηση, Μια Μεγάλη Ιστορία: Ένας Ροδίτης μετανάστης στις ΗΠΑ τη δεκαετία του 1920. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Παπαζήση, 2018. Vasilia Kourtis-Kazoullis. A Small Narrative, a Broader History: A Rhodian Immigrant in the United States in the 1920s. Athens: Papazisis Publications, 2018. 

Lagos, Taso G. “Poor Greek to ‘Scandalous’ Hollywood Mogul: Alexander Pantages and the Anti-Immigrant Narratives of William Randolph Hearst’s Los Angeles Examiner.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 45-74.

Lalaki, Despina. “On the Social Construction of Hellenism. Cold War Narratives of Modernity, Development and Democracy for Greece.” The Journal of Historical Sociology 25.4 (2012).

Hellenism is one of those overarching, ever-changing narratives always subject to historical circumstances, intellectual fashions and political needs. Conversely, it is fraught with meaning and conditioning powers, enabling and constraining imagination and practical life. In this essay I tease out the hold that the idea of Hellas has had on post-war Greece and I explore the ways in which the American anti-communist rhetoric and discussions about political and economic stabilization appropriated and rearticulated Hellenism. Central to this history of transformations are the archaeologists; the archaeologists as intellectuals, as producers of culture who, while stepping in and out of their disciplinary boundaries, rewrote and legitimized the new ideological properties of Hellenism while tapping into the resources of their profession.

---. 2013. “Soldiers of Science – Agents of Culture. American Archaeologists in the Office of Strategic Services – OSS.” Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens 82.1. 2013.

“Scientificity” and appeals to political independence are invaluable tools when institutions such as the American School of Classical Studies at Athens attempt to maintain professional autonomy. Nonetheless, the cooperation of scientists and scholars with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), among them archaeologists affiliated with the American School, suggests a constitutive affinity between political and cultural leadership. This relationship is here mapped in historical terms, while, at the same time, sociological categorizations of knowledge and its employment are used in order to situate archaeologists in their broader social and political context and to evaluate their work not merely as agents of disciplinary knowledge but also as agents of culture and cultural change.

Laliotou, Ioanna.  Transnational Subjects: Acts of Migration and Cultures of Transnationalism between Greece and America.  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Martelle, Scott.  Blood Passion: The Ludlow Massacre and Class War in the American West.  Piscataway: Rutgers University Press, 2007.

Moskos, Peter C., and Charles C. Moskos. Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. (with an introduction by Michael Dukakis). 3rd Ed. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2014. 

Παπαδόπουλος, Γιάννης. «Κράτος, σύλλογοι, Εκκλησία: Απόπειρες ελέγχου των ελλήνων μεταναστών στις ΗΠΑ στις αρχές του 20ού αιώνα», στο Λίνα Βεντούρα & Λάμπρος Μπαλτσιώτης (επιμ.), Το Έθνος Πέραν των Συνόρων: «Όμογενειακές» Πολιτικές του Ελληνικού Κράτους. Βιβλιόραμα, (2013): 219-252.

Papadopoulos, Yannis G.S. “The Role of Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Class in Shaping Greek American Identity, 1890-1927: A Historical Analysis.” Identity and Participation in Culturally Diverse Societies: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Assaad E. Azzi, Xenia Chryssochoou, Bert Klandermans, Bernd Simon, eds.  New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Pomonis, Katherine. Uncovering the History of the Albuquerque Greek Community, 1880-1952. Santa Fe: Sunstone Press, 2012.

Why did Greeks in the late 1800s cross a sea, an ocean and a continent, to start new lives in the United States? Why did they eventually migrate to a small dusty town in the desert Southwest? How did Albuquerque become a center of Greek-America in the 1930s? And how did the decision to build the church in 1944 in the Huning Highland originate from a tragic event? Uncovering the History of the Albuquerque Greek Community answers these questions and more. This book also details the compassionate response of the community to the appearance of Greek lungers seeking the cure to the ravages of tuberculosis, and traces the decision to establish in 1937 in Albuquerque the only Greek-American tuberculosis sanatorium sponsored by the AHEPA. This book begins with the first Greeks coming, at the turn of the 19th Century, to Albuquerque with the railroad. It details how they began immigrating to the town in large numbers after the First World War, and shows how, by the 1920s, these indomitable men owned and operated numerous businesses in the heart of new Albuquerque. It also shows how their brides made their own unique contribution by transforming the Greek population into a community. They assimilated into the United States and contributed to Albuquerque's ethnic and cultural diversity. This country gave them opportunity, and in turn, they gave their best.

Παπαδόπουλος, Γιάννης, Γ.Σ. “Οι μετανάστες από τη Μακεδονία στη Βόρεια Αμερική από «διατοπικά» σε «διεθνικά» υποκείμενα»” [“Immigrants from Macedonia in the USA: From translocal to transnational subjects.”] Archeiotaxio. No. 11 (2009): 37-54

Piperoglou, Andonis. “Rethinking Greek Migration as Settler-Colonialism.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 15 October, 2018.

Reed, Katherine. “‘The Prison, By God, Where I Have Found Myself’: Graffiti at Ellis Island Immigration Station, New York, c. 1900–1923.” Journal of American Ethnic History, vol. 38, no.3, Spring 2019, pp. 5–35.

This article analyses messages and pictures drawn on the walls by detainees at Ellis Island immigration station in New York c. 1900–1923. This fragmentary source material provides a valuable insight into the perceptions and emotions of people held in the limbo of immigration detention. Largely neglected in the historiography, the graffiti are significant as a counterpoint to official mark-making and bureaucracy. Ellis Island was an environment where the performance of writing was suffused with power, infamously in the marking out of passengers for further inspection with chalk symbols on their clothing. In the official documents, detainees’ voices were translated, transcribed, and circumscribed. In contrast, the walls of dormitories and detention rooms formed a backstage space for personal musings, creativity, and low-level dissent.

Stephanides, Marios Christos. The History of the Greeks in Kentucky, 1900 -1950, Volume I: The Early Pioneers of Louisville. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellon Press, 2001.‏

Τουργέλη, Γιώτα. «Οι Μπρούκληδες: Έλληνες μετανάστες στην Αμερική και μετασχηματισμοί στις κοινότητες καταγωγής, 1890–1940». Εθνικό Κέντρο Κοινωνικών Ερευνών, 2020, διαθέσιμο εδώ.

This historical study examines the role that Greek immigrants in the United States played in the economic, social and cultural transformation of their communities of origin between the late 19th century and the outbreak of World War II. It highlights the ways and the means through which, as well as the sectors in and the extent to which, rural populations in Greek villages communicated with their migrant communities and were also influenced by their transatlantic mobility and by economic, material and cultural flows. Drawing on the growing academic literature on “transnational social fields” and “social remittances” it describes the transnational social space which was created between Greek agrarian provinces and American cities through translocal contacts and transborder exchanges maintained by migrants and non-migrants and facilitated by social networks, hometown associations and the technology of the era. The book analyzes systematically the economic, social and cultural impacts of migration in their home communities as well as in the urban cities in which many of the returnees settled. At the same time, it explores the power asymmetries that largely determined the scope of transformations, the negotiation strategies and the ruptures that occurred in the transnational field connecting migrants with non-migrants.

Trent, James W., Jr. The Manliest Man: Samuel G. Howe and the Contours of Nineteenth-Century American Reform. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2012.

The book explores Howe’s efforts for social reform. Chapter 2 covers Howe’s involvement in the Greek War of Independence between 1824 and 1830, and Chapter 7 recounts his return to Greece in 1867 to support the Rebellion in Crete.

Χασιώτης, I.K., Ό. Κατσιαρδή-Hering, Ε. Α. Αμπατζή (επιμ.). Οι Έλληνες στη Διασπορά 15ος-21ος αι., Αθήνα, Βουλή των Ελλήνων, 2006.

d) History – Reviews

Bowman, Steve. Rev. of Confronting the Greek Dictatorship in the U.S., by Orestis E. Vidalis. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 133.

Frangos, Steve. Review of Greeks in Chicago, IL (Michael George Davros). Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2009 ( Review).

Gekas, Sakis. Review of Red America: Greek Immigrants and the Vision of a New World 1900-1950 by Kostis Karpozilos (Kωστής Καρπόζηλος, Κόκκινη Αμερική. Έλληνες μετανάστες και το όραμα ενός Νέου Κόσμου 1900-1950). Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 17 January 2020,

Jusdanis, Gregory. Review of Charles C. Moskos, Greek Americans: Struggle and Success, 2nd ed. (New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1989). Diaspora. A Journal of Transnational Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, 1991, pp. 209-223.

Kourelis, Kostis. Review of Greek America in the Images of America Series. (a) Holy Trinity Greek Historical Committee, Greeks in Phoenix (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing, 2008. (b) Greek Historical Society of San Francisco Bay Area. The Greeks in San Francisco (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing, 2016. (c) Rozea, Christina. Greeks in Queens (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing, 2012. (d) Davros, Michael George. Greeks in Chicago (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing, 2009. (e) Bucuvalas, Tina. Greeks in Tarpon Springs (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing, 2016. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 16 June 2019.

Laliotou, Ioanna. Review of Kostis Karpozilos, Κόκκινη Αμερική: Έλληνες μετανάστες και το όραμα ενός Νέου Κόσμου (1900-1950) [Red America: Greek immigrants and the new world vision, 1900-1950]. Irakleio: Crete University Press, 2017. 544 pp. Historein, vol. 18, no. 1, 2019.

Piperoglou, Andonis. “Transnational Migrants: A Reappraisal of Ioanna Laliotou’s Transatlantic Subjects.” Review of Transatlantic Subjects: Acts of Migration and Cultures of Transnationalism Between Greece and America, by Ioanna Laliotou. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters, 30 May 2020,

Identity & Immigration

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Do the Right Thing: Identities as Citizenship in U.S. Orthodox Christianity and Greek America.” 18 November, 2018. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Norms, Vulnerabilities, Paradoxes: Greeks and MTV.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Journal of Modern Greek Studies, 35:1 (2017): 155–179.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Citizenship and Entrepreneurship: Greek America as Diaspora at a Time of Crisis,” Greece in Crisis: The Cultural Politics of Austerity. Ed.  Dimitris Tziovas, 107–132. I.B. Tairus Publishers, 2017.

Argeros, Grigoris. “Greek Immigration to the United States, 2010–2015: A Descriptive Analysis.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 36.2 (October 2018): 349–372. 

Cardon, Lauren S. “The WASP.” The "White Other" in American Intermarriage Stories, 1945-2008. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Christou, Anastasia and Russell King. “Migrants Encounter Migrants in the City: The Changing Context of ‘Home’ for Second-Generation Greek-American Return Migrants.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 30.4 (December 2006): 816-35.

---. “Cultural Geographies of Counter-Diasporic Migration: Perspectives from the Study of Second-Generation ‘Returnees’ to Greece.” Population, Space and Place 16 (2010): 103-19.

Danopoulos, Constantine P. and Anna Karpathakis. “Racial and Ethnic Attitudes and Individual Relatedness Among Greek-Americans.” New Balkan Politics vol. 9, 2005.

Georgakas, Dan. “Greek America: The Next Fifty Years.” The AHIF Policy Journal (Spring 2016): 1–12.

Georgakas, Dan. “On Being Greek in America: Identities.” Journal of Modern Hellenism 29 (Winter 2012-2013): 45-65.

Haddad Ikonomopoulos, Marcia. “Immigration of Jews from Ioannina to the United States.” AHIF Policy Journal, Volume 8: Spring 2017.

The diversity in Greek culture is often ignored when scholars talk about immigration patterns and the nature of the Greek Diaspora. Looking at a specific region illustrates some of the nuances involved in mass immigration.

Hecker, Melvin and Heike Fenton, eds. The Greeks in America, 1528-1977: A Chronology and Fact Book.  Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1978. 

Issari, Philia. “Greek American Ethnic Identity, Cultural Experience and the ‘Embodied Language’ of Dance: Implications for Counseling.” International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 33.4 (2011): 252-265.

Jusdanis, Gregory. “Cavafy in Detroit: Dan Georgakas Cuts and Pastes.” Ergon: Greek American Arts and Letters. 30 September 2019.

Καλογεράς, Γιώργος. «Εθνοτικές γεωγραφίες: Κοινωνικο-πολιτισμικές ταυτίσεις μίας μετανάστευσης.» Κατάρτι 2007.

Karas, Nicholas V. Greek Immigrants at Work: A Lowell Odyssey. Lowell, MA: Meteora Press, 1986.

Karas, Nicholas V. Greek Immigrant Chronicles: The Alpha and Omega. Lowell, MA: Meteora Press, 1989.

Karpathakis, Anna. “Greeks and Greek Americans, 1870-1940.” Immigrants in American History: Arrival, Adaptation, and Integration. Ed. Elliott Robert Barkan. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2013.

Kiriazis, James W. Children of the Colossus: the Rhodian Greek Immigrants in the United States. New York: AMS Press, 1989.

Kitroeff. Alexander. "Greek Americans." Immigrant Struggles, Immigrant Gifts. Eds. Diane Portnoy, Barry Portnoy and Charlie Riggs. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2013.

The latest book from the Immigrant Learning Center addresses some of the most prominent immigrant groups and the most striking episodes of nativism in American history. The introduction covers American immigration history and law as they have developed since the late eighteenth century. The essays that follow--authored by historians, sociologists, and anthropologists--examine the experiences of a large variety of populations to discover patterns in both immigration and anti-immigrant sentiment.

Kitroeff, Alexander. “Greek Americans,” in Immigrant Strugges, Immigrant Gifts, ed. Diane Portnoy, Barry Portnoy, and Charles Riggs, Washington, D.C.: George Mason University Press, 2012, pp. 140-157.

Kitroeff Alexander. “Η Ελληνο-Αμερικανική Πολιτισμική Ταυτότητα την Δεκαετία του 1990” [Greek American Cultural Identity in the 1990s]. Eds. Michalis Damanakis et al. Ιστορία της Νεοελληνικής Διασποράς – Ερευνα και Διδασκαλία [History of the Modern Greek Diaspora – Research and Instruction]. Rethymno: University of Crete, 2004.

Kitroeff, Alexander. 1993. “Greek-American Ethnicity, 1919-1939,” in To Hellenikon: Studies in Honor of Speros Vryonis, Jr., ed. Jelisaveta Stanojevich Allen, Christos P. Ioannides, John S. Langdon, Stephen W. Reinert, Milton V. Anastos, and Andreas Kyprianides, vol. 2, pp. 353-371, New Rochelle: Aristide D. Caratzas.

Kitroeff, Alexander. Griegos en América [The Greeks in the Americas]. Madrid: Fondación MAPFRE, 1992.

------. “Greek American Identity in the 1980s.” Arméniens et Grecs en Diaspora: Approches comparatives [Armenians and Greeks in the Diaspora: Comparative Approaches]. Eds. Eric Bruneau et al. Athens: L’École Francaise d’Athènes, 2007.

Koken, Paul. A History of the Greeks in the Americas, 1453-1938. Ann Arbor: Proctor Publications, 1995.

Köksal, Duygu. “Escaping to Girlhood in Late Ottoman Istanbul: Demetra Vaka’s and Selma Ekrem’s Childhood Memories.” In Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire and After, edited by Benjamin C. Fortna, 250–273. Brill, 2016. 

Köksal, Duygu. “From a Critique of the Orient to a Critique of Modernity: A Greek-Ottoman-American Writer, Demetra Vaka (1877–1946).” In Social History of Late Ottoman Women: New Perspectives, edited by Duygu Köksal, and Anastasia Falierou, 281–295. Brill, 2013.

Kourelis, Kostis, ed. “The Archaeology of Xenitia: Greek Immigration and Material Culture.” The New Griffon. Vol. 10. Athens: Gennadios Library at the American School of Classical Studies, 2008.

Lipsitz, George. 2007. “How Johnny Veliotis Became Johnny Otis.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 33:1&2 (2007): 81–104.

Matsumoto, Naka. “Social Relationships in Diverse Neighborhoods: Immigration and Gentrification in an Ethnic Enclave.” Journal of Planning Education and Research

7 October 2020.

While diversity is considered a condition for just and thriving neighborhoods and cities, planners often face challenges in creating and maintaining such neighborhoods, ensuring they remain inclusive. This article examines the social relationships of an aging ethnic enclave undergoing diversification through influxes of immigrants and young professionals. Field research conducted in Greektown in Baltimore revealed “symbolic relationships” across diverse resident groups that were derived from previous group experiences, cultural heritage, and self-identification. These inter-group symbolic relationships can serve as a foundation for the coexistence of diverse groups of residents and have the potential to foster collaboration among such groups.

Orfanos, Spyros D., ed. Reading Greek America: Studies in the Experience of Greeks in the United States. NY: Pella Publishing Co, 2002.

Petrakis, Leonidas. “Defending and Advancing Hellenic Values and Interests.” Bridge. March 9, 2017.

Papanikolas, Zeese. 2017. “Confessions of a Hyphenated Greek.” Bridge. March 28, 2017.

Sampas, Charles G. The First Greek Immigrants in Lowell Massachusetts. Lowell, MA: Private Printing, nd.

Scourby, Alice. The Vanishing Greek Americans: A Crisis of Identity. Attica Editions, 2020. 

Van Steen, Gonda. “Are We There Yet?” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 7 July, 2018.

Vermeulen, H. T. Venema, “Peasantry and Trading Diaspora. Differential Social Mobility of Italians and Greeks in the United States”,
in H. Vermeulen, J. Perlmann (eds.), Immigrants, Schooling and Social Mobility. Does Culture Make a Difference?, Houndmills/Basingstoke, Macmillan, 2000: 124-149.

Wilson, R. J. “Playful Heritage: Excavating Ancient Greece in New York City.” International Journal of Heritage Studies (2014) [published online, August 14].

“This article examines how concepts of ‘play’ can be used within studies of cultural heritage to build an alternative to the dominant use of consumer-orientated models within current scholarship. Using the example of how the traditions, motifs and history of Ancient Greece have been reused within New York, from the nineteenth century to the present day this work demonstrates that this is a heritage that has been ‘played with’ by successive generations as a means of establishing identity within the metropolis.  Whilst the ideals of Athenian democracy and classical learning inspired the formation of the early American republic, these associations were brought into wider usage in New York with the arrival of significant Greek immigration into the city during the twentieth century. This provided a new opportunity of a playful use of Ancient Greek heritage as this émigré community built new identities and became established in the metropolis. The Greek American enclave of Astoria, located in the borough of Queens, will be the focus of this study as the site where this playful use of heritage has taken place, undertaken both by members of the Greek American community and also by individuals and groups responding to their presence.”

Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora

Journal of Modern Greek Studies

Journal of Modern Hellenism

The AHIF Policy Journal


Anonymous. “How a Half-Greek Father Taught his Quarter-Greek Daughter to Speak Greek Fairly Fluently in the American Midwest.” Bridge. March 18, 2017. 

Economou, Steven G. Grenglish: A Lexicon. 2nd ed. Steven G. Economou, 2001. 

This self-published book, complete with drawings, is a humorous look at the language developed by those who immigrated to America at the turn of the century. As the author explains: “If they did not know the proper Greek word for something, and also did not know, or feel comfortable with the English word for it …no problem. They simply first phonetically transformed the English wordo suit their speech patterns and then adopted it as their own.” Each “Grenglish” word is accompanied by the author’s poignant remembrance of an event that took place in Chicago between 1925-1960.

Hantzopoulos, Marina. “English only? Greek language as currency in Queens, New York City.” Languages, Communities, and Education. (pp. 3-8). Ed. Zeena Zakharia and Tammy Arnstein, 3–8. Society for International Education: Teachers College, Columbia University, 2005.

Koliussi, LukiA. “Identity Construction in Discourse: Gender Tensions among Greek Americans in Chicago.” In Ethnolinguistic Chicago: Language and Literacy in the City’s Neighborhoods. Ed. by Marcia Farr, 103–106. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004.

Pappas, Panayiotis.  “Greeks in Columbus, Ohio.”  Language Diversity in Michigan and Ohio: Towards Two State Linguistic Profiles.  Brian D. Joseph, Carol G. Preston, Dennis R. Preston, eds.  Arbor: Caravan Books, 2005. 243-250.


a) Fiction

Ahnen, Pearl Kastran. Daughter of Immigrants. Baltimore: Publish America, 2003.

Burzawa, Paula Renee. Seasons of the Sun. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, Inc., 2010.  

As described on the back cover of the book: Question: Will there be a problem re: copyright if we quote? “When a shy American teenager travels with her mother to the mountain village of Vassara, Greece, after the unexpected death of a family member, she is overcome with grief. As she watches children chase balls across the town square and old widows ride atop donkeys to harvest fields of almond and olive trees, the young girl realizes she has stumbled upon a gateway to a new life. What starts out as a holiday abroad quickly turns into the discovery of a magical place, where love and friendship endure through time and where traditions of an ancient world survive modern change to bring about an inexplicable miracle. Summer after summer, she cannot resist returning to her mother’s homeland and the enchanting village that enraptures both her heart and soul. Nothing—not even a raging mountain wildfire—can keep her away from the people and place she loves. As she matures from a girl to a woman, she falls in love for the first time and faces a difficult choice between the familiarity of home and the enticement of an uncertain future.

Davidson, Catherine Temma. The Priest Fainted. New York: Henry Holt, 1998.  

The novel is informed by the personal experience of the author, a third-generation Greek American. The narrator journeys to Greece, the birthplace of her grandmother, in passionate pursuit of her mother’s and grandmother’s pasts. In the process she discovers insights about herself and her own identity.

Doulis, Thomas. City of Brotherly Love: Philadelphia, 1945-1968. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2008.  

The second and third generations of the Greek family (the Stratons) as they encounter the politically and racially changed years of post World War Two Philadelphia.

Doulis, Thomas. The Open Hearth: The First Generation, A Novel of Immigration. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2000. 

The first generation of a Greek family (the Stratons) as they confront the ethnic confusion and privations of the steel industry and unionism in Western Pennsylvania.

Doulis, Thomas. Path for our Valor. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1963. 

Gus Damianos, one of three protagonists in the pre-Kennedy Special Forces on military maneuvers.

Doulis, Thomas. The Quarries of Sicily. New York: Crown, 1969.  

An American translator of an elderly Greek writer during the years of the military Junta as he translates a short novel that is a warning to the United States about its adventure in Vietnam.

Eugenides, Jeffrey. Middlesex. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002.

Jameson, Harris P. For Sully’s Sake. Authorhouse, 2000.

For Sully’s Sake is about the life of a Greek American newspaper reporter, Homer Janos, who grew up in the tough Mission Hill section of Boston.

Jarvis, Charles E.  The Tyrants.  Lowell: Ithaca Press, 1977.

Jarvis, Charles E.  Zeus has Two Urns.  Lowell: Ithaca Press, 1976.

Jenkins, Suzanne. The Greeks of Beaubien Street. North Charleston: CreateSpace, Independent Publishing Platform, 2012.

Καρατζαφέρη, Ιωάννα. Βιο-ιστορίες. Διηγήματα. Αθήνα: Καστανιώτης, 2007.

Kogan, Rick. A Chicago Tavern: A Goat, A Curse, and the American Dream. Lake Claremont Press, 2006.

Rick Kogan, a journalist and writer, describes the colorful life of Greek immigrant William “Billy Goat” Sianis and his popular Billy Goat Tavern, a hang-out for newspaper men, policemen and politicians. Sianis was not allowed to bring his pet goat to the World Series in 1945, which the Cubs lost. From that day, a popular legend was born: the Cubs could not win a World Series because of Sianis’s curse. Photos are included.

Kokonis, Nicholas. Arcadia, My Arcadia. Deerfield, IL: St. Basil’s Publishers, 2004.

Kokonis, Nicholas. Out of Arcadia: the American Odyssey of Angelo Vlahos. Deerfield, IL: St. Basil’s Publishers, 2011.

This novel features a young man from a poor farm village who immigrates to the United States to reunite with his childhood sweetheart, to get a college education, and to help support his family in Greece. Although the book is fiction, some of the author’s own life experiences help inform the story of Angelo and the challenges he faces as an immigrant.

Kolias, Georgia. The Feasting Virgin. Bywater Books, 2020, 

Krantz, Robert. Falling in Love with Sophia. Irving, CA: Elinas Multimedia, 2009.

This is a love story between Michael, a Greek American and Sophia, a non-Greek from Tennessee. Michael, despite challenges such as his parents’ divorce, succeeds in holding on to his “culture, family and God.”

Lambrou, Nickos Jean. Odysseus His Americanization. iUniverse, 2002.

The story of a Greek undocumented immigrant’s adventures as he pursues the American dream of becoming rich and famous.

Lardas, Nicholas G.  Ikaria Remembered.  Illustrations by Zacharias A. Lardis.  Lardis Fine Arts.

In 1932 Nicholas Lardas, then age 13, traveled with his mother and siblings from Long Island to his parents' island of Ikaria, while his father stayed in New York to support them.  More than 70 years later, Lardas recollected his youthful impressions in this collection of short stories.

Lazaridis Power, Henriette. The Clover House. New York: Random House, 2013.

A compelling fictional portrait that illuminates and contrasts the Greece of today with the country during the troubled era of the early 1940s, under Italian occupation and burgeoning fascism. […] [An] insightful examination of memory and the stories that hold us together — or perhaps tear us apart. […] The Clover House eloquently questions the wisdom of relying too much on memories of the past as a guide for understanding the present.”
Karen Campbell, The Boston Globe.

Liontas, Annie. 2015. Let Me Explain You, New York: Scribner

Mamatas, Nick. The Last Weekend. New York: Night Shade Books/Skyhorse Publishing, 2016. 

Greek-American Vasilis "Billy" Kostopolos struggles to break free of his Rust Belt-roots by leaving Ohio for first Boston, and then San Francisco, but is hamstrung by his alcoholism and his failed attempts to become a writer—any hope of success is ruined when the United States is engulfed by a zombie apocalypse. Billy becomes a "driller" for the rump government of San Francisco while continuing to take notes for his Bukowskiesque memoirs, and following the lead of his paranoid girlfriend Alexa, whose own family was traumatized by the Greek Civil War, determines to find the cause of the dead uprising.

Mavrovitis, Jason. Remember Us. Sonoma, CA: Golden Fleece, 2007. 

This fictionalized account of the life of Mavrovitis’s maternal grandparents and their family spans the years from 1886 to 1936. Here is the description on the book jacket: “At a time of sweeping nationalism in the Balkans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the characters in Remember Us survive pogroms, ethnic cleansing, and guerrilla warfare. Escaping war they leave homes and loved ones to forge new lives in America. But in the New World, the immigrants find that they must rely on their culture and enduring family ties in the face of loss of place, poverty, death, and scandal.”

Melis, Amalia. “Immigrant Daughter,” Glimmer Train Journal, (2nd place Short Story Award for New Writers), Spring 2002.

Melis, Amalia. “Daughter News,” Glimmer Train Journal, (Short Story finalist), 2005.

Melis, Amalia. “Broken English,” Glimmer Train Journal, (Short Story finalist), 2007.

Melis, Amalia. “I Know My Place,” Glimmer Train Journal, (Honorable Mention), Dec. 2013.

Melis, Amalia. “A One Minute Dream,” [email protected], (Finalist & Honorable Mention), Feb. 2014. 

Amalia Melis is a Greek-American journalist and a fiction writer. She is the founder of the Aegean Arts Circle writing workshops (, which host annual creative writing workshops with award winning authors-held in Andros, Greece. An artist as well as writer, her assemblage sculptures have been part of group art exhibits in Vermont U.S., Athens, Greece, Berlin, Germany. Born and raised in New York, she is bilingual.

Pappos, Ioannis. Hotel Living: A Novel. New York: McNally Jackson Books, 2013. 

Petrakis, Harry Mark.  Cavafy's Stone and Other Village Tales.  Chicago: Wicker Park Press, 2010.

Skaragas, Gianni. “Floaters.” World Literature Today, Vol. 88, No.2 (March/April 2014), 20–23.

“Anna is a self-hating Greek-American psychic working for the German secret service. Her assignment? Travel to crisis-ravaged Greece and save people from suicide.”

Tsalikoglou, Fotini. 8 ώρες και 35 λεπτά: Μια ιστορία. [8 Hours and 35 Minutes: A Story]. Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη, 2013.

Τρέντελ, Αρίστη.  Άρτεμις: Διηγήματα. Μετ. Χριστίνα Λιναρδάκη, Τάσος Αναστασίου.  Αθήνα: Ηριδανός, 2008.

Zervanos, Jim. Love Park. Brule, WI: Cable Publishing, 2009.

In his search for identity and manhood, Peter, the son of a Greek Orthodox priest, discovers a secret that can tear his family apart.

b) Fiction Reviews

Bakopoulos, Natalie. 2015. “Let Me Explain You by Annie Liontas,” San Francisco Gate (August 1, 2015). 

Rakopoulos, Theodoros. “The Poetics of Diaspora: Greek US Voices.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 34:1 (May 2016): 161-167

Stefanidou, Anastasia. Review of The Open Hearth: The First Generation: A Novel Immigration (Thomas Doulis). Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora. Vol. 26.1-2 (2010).

Thomopoulos, Elaine.  Review of Ikaria Remembered (Nicholas G. Lardas). New York: National Herald Books, 2006. 8+.

c) Poetry

Αλεξίου, Νίκος. Κυκλικά Τραύματα. Σ.Ι. Ζαχαρόπουλος, 2011.

Alexiou, Nicholas. Astoria: Exile People Places. Boston: Somerset Hall Press, 2013.

A bilingual collection of poetry in Greek and English about Greeks in America, particularly in the Astoria section of New York.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Poetry Traversing History: Narrating Louis Tikas in David Mason’s Ludlow.” Retelling the Past in Contemporary Greek Literature, Film and Popular Culture, edited by Gerasimus Katsan and Trine Stauning Willert, Lexington Press, 2019, pp. 49-66.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Pale Imitation” and “–Aμέerικa.” Transnational Literature, Vol. 4(1), November 2011. (

Andromahi's 1936 Poetry Journal 

Transcribed and translated from Greek by her grandson, John Espinosa, U-M Law School graduate, 2009.

Αναγνώστου, Γιώργος. Λόγοι χ Αμερικής. Ενδυμίων, 2014.

Αναγνώστου, Γιώργος. Διασπορικές διαδρομές. Αθήνα: Απόπειρα, 2012.

Η ποιητική συλλογή Διασπορικές διαδρομές προτείνει μια χαρτογράφηση της σύγχρονης ελληνοαμερικανικής μετανάστευσης. Κεντρικές συντεταγμένες της είναι οι ποικίλοι επαναπροσδιορισμοί του μετανάστη με το «άλλο» και το «αλλού». Πώς το διαφορετικό ορίζεται σε οικείο; Πώς το οικείο διαμορφώνεται σε αποχρώσεις ξένου; Πώς καλλιεργεί κανείς τη συνέχεια σε μια εμπειρία που έχει την ασυνέχεια ως συνθήκη.

Economou, George. 2015. Unfinished and Uncollected: Finishing and Unfinished Poems of C.P. Cavafy and Uncollected Poems and Translations. Shearsman Books.

Economou, George. Ananios of Kleitor, Poems & Fragments and their Reception from Antiquity to the Present. London: Shearsman Press, 2009.

“With this latest volume of poetry, poet and scholar of Medieval English George Economou exemplifies both how an American of Greek descent may reclaim Greece and simultaneously how impossibly elusive is the goal of recovery.  Ananios of Kleitor is an unprecedented, unique work.  Part poem, part scholarship, part manuscript history, part correspondence, it translates and reconstructs fragments and the scholarly history of an author and poetic oeuvre that never existed. The book opens with a photo-image of a brown papyrus from the University of Michigan Papyrology Collection, then a brief introduction praising the recovery work of scholars and summarizing the legacy of Ananios's lost texts. English translations of 41 fragments of Greek erotic verse follow.  Ancient commentaries on Ananios poetry give contexts for its readings, and modern correspondence on the poems' recovery tells a gripping story of classicism intermixed with love, adultery, betrayal, and the atrocities of World War II.  The book closes with an index nomenum with biographies of all the players.  All of this comes together as a commanding piece of fiction centered in the vicinity of Kalavryta, the patrida of both Ananios and Economou, opening scene of the Greek revolution of 1821, and scene of the execution of 78 German soldiers followed by the machine gunning of 1436 Greek males on December 13, 1943.  It turns out that the book's contents, but not its context, are a stunning deception. The book also invites us to think about the perspective on Greece developed by the child of Greek emigrants.  The book represents Economou's most profound reckoning with the process of reclaiming Greece from the outside.  Economou's encounter with Ananios, like his encounter with Greece, begins with a translation of fragments of a whole that does not exist, and which, even in its fragmentary form, is invented based on evidence passionately preserved by others.  The fragments are so shattered, old, and foreign that they make little sense in and of themselves.  Yet powerful emotions get attached to them. Like the Greece recounted abroad by one's emigrating parents, the original poems become an ever-receding target.  While there is no possibility of their recovery, the very act of translating fragments that do not exist and recovering their context becomes a way of connecting not just with an emigrant's origin in an imagined homeland but with Hellenism and the very conditions of its survival.”

Illuminations: An International Magazine of Contemporary Writing 29 (2013).

A special theme issue on Greece, past and present, real and imagined. The volume features poetry, photography, creative nonfiction, works in translation, and vignettes chronicling current life in Greece in the wake of riots and economic sanctions. The issue also looks backward to myth examining the persistence of myth in modern Greek life. Featured writers include Paticia Nelson, Lili Bita, Robert Zaller, Kelly Cherry, Nick Trakakis, James Doyle, Adrienne Kalfopoulou, and many other diasporic writers interested in exploring Greece and Greek heritage.

Kalamaras, George. Your Own Ox-head Mask as Proof. Brooklyn, New York: Ugly Duckling Presse, 2010.

Kalogeris, George. Dialogos: Paired Poems in Translation. Champaign, IL: Antilever, 2013.

Kavounas, Alic.  Ornament of Asia. London: Shearsman Press, 2009.

Kalfopoulou, Adrianne. Passion Maps. Pasadena: Red Hen Press, 2009.

Kostos, Dean, ed. Pomegranate Seeds: An Anthology of Greek-American Poetry.  New Jersey: Somerset Hall Press, 2008.

Kindinger, Evangelia. “Living Separation: Xenitia in Contemporary Poetry of the Greek Diaspora.” Recovery and Transgression: Memory in American Poetry. Ed. Cornelia Freitag, 187–207. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015.

Mason, David. Ludlow. Los Angeles: Red Hen Press, 2007.

“Mason’s poetry explores a wide range of subjects, including family, relationships, the outdoors, travel, history, and the American West. Adept in traditional forms, Ludlow uses blank verse to tell the story of the 1914 Ludlow massacre—in which miners and their families were killed by the Colorado National Guard."

Brighde Mullins, reviewing Ludlow in the Dark Horse, called the book a “cinematic contemplation in poetry” in which Mason examines the lives of real and invented characters, the Colorado terrain, and the immigrant experience.

Mason’s prose includes a memoir about Greece, News from the Village: Aegean Friends (2010), and a collection of essays, The Poetry of Life and the Life of Poetry (1999). He has co-edited the anthologies of poetry Rebel Angels: 25 Poets of the New Formalism (1996), Twentieth Century American Poetry (2004), and Western Wind: An Introduction to Poetry (2005), as well as the essay collection Twentieth Century American Poetics: Poets on the Art of Poetry (2003)”

Papadopoulos, Stephanos. The Black Sea. Rhinebeck: Sheep Meadow Press, 2012.

The Black Sea explores the historic “great catastrophe” of the Pontic Greeks of Asia Minor in the 1920s through a series of “sonnet-monologues” or voices from the past. Priests, prostitutes, soldiers, and a bizarre cast of characters move through this poetic reimagining of a tragic chapter in Greece’s history. Based on the author’s own family history, as well a fictitious retelling of scenes from the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, the poems in this book jump from the tragic to the humorously absurd, and focus on the very human folly of war, suffering and exile. Intrigued by the idea of an “inherited memory of war” and a series of old family photographs, the author set off on a motorcycle trip of the southern Black Sea, exploring the old Greek villages and monasteries of the Pontic Greeks and traveling across the same landscapes still inhabited by the ghosts of Strabo, Xenophon and Alexander the Great.

Rouskas, Basil. Redrawing Borders: Selected Poems. Georgetown: Finishing Line Press, 2010.

Samaras, Nicholas. American Psalm, World Psalm. Ashland, OH: Ashland Poetry Press, 2014.

Tolides, Tryfon.  An Almost Pure Empty Walking.  Penguin, 2006.

“Tolides' poems move through the many wrinkles in the lives of immigrants, who encounter the new world through the old and live both here and there. Working long hours in restaurants, a package store and pizza delivery, the immigrant son encounters worlds of hard loneliness. Harder still are images of raw power that cut through his conscience but make no sense to him.  America also gives the poet his appreciation for the village, the setting of a more intimate home. Greece is powerfully present in this collection. Regular summer visits keep the place, the people, the trees, soil, air, houses, sparrows, swallows, plants, smoke a continuous memory and presence. The village becomes a jewel that lights up whenever the immigrant son is far away. Everything feels grounded. Things all seem to rest in their proper place. An Almost Pure Empty Walking captures the transatlantic between-ness of the poet's life: between America and Greece, city and village, complexity and simplicity.”

Tolides, Tryfon, Exclusive Interview with Artemis Leontis (2006)

Tolides, Tryphon. Poems [“Village Time,” “After Vespers (I.M. Esfigmenou),” “First Rain in the Village,” “String Beans,” “After,” “The Last Apple,” “Next to Silence (Kenosis),” “Unexpected Dailiness”]. The Adirondack Review: An Arts & Literature Quarterly, Vol. XII.2 (Fall 2011).

Tolides, Tryfon. Poems [“Aperture,” “Place,” “Stuff I’m Looking For"]. New Purlieu Review: Life in the Second Decade of the Century, Issue 1. 2011.

Τρούσας, Φώντας. «Ο Θεοδόσης Άθας είναι ο στιχουργός του “Τζακ Ο’ Χάρα,” που είπε κάποτε ο Ζαμπέτας.» Δεκέμβριος 23, 2016.

Χουλιάρας, Γιώργος. Λεξικό Αναμνήσεων. Μελάνι 2013.

“Το ‘Λεξικό αναμνήσεων’ του Γιώργου Χουλιάρα συνιστά αλφαβητικό μυθιστόρημα της ζωής ενός συγγραφέα... και διαβάζεται με κάθε τρόπο που επιτρέπουν ή επιβάλλουν οι τεχνολογίες της ανάγνωσης.
Το "Λεξικό αναμνήσεων"... παρετυμολογεί τις εν λόγω περιστάσεις... συνδυάζει προβλέψεις περί διασποράς και αποκαλύπτει τις περιπετειώδεις συνέπειες των γάμων ρομαντισμού και κλασικισμού.
Το "Λεξικό" συνεπάγεται αλφαβητάριο για νεκρούς και ζωντανούς, που εκλιπαρούν... οπισθογραφούν... εκτυφλώνονται ... και απασφαλίζουν αλγορίθμους της πυροτεχνουργικής ιστορίας της γλώσσας μας….”

d) Poetry – Reviews

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. "Reading the Hyphen in Poetry." Review of Pomegranate Seeds: An Anthology of Greek American Poetry (Dean Kostos ed).
Journal of Modern Greek Studies. Vol. 29.2 (2011): 279-290.

Αρσενίου, Ελισάβετ. «Ελληνοαμερικανική οικειο-ποίηση.» Review of Διασπορικές Διαδρομές (Γιώργος Αναγνώστου). Η Αυγή Online, (6 Ιουλίου, 2014).

Kenny, Adele. Rev. of Redrawing Borders: Selected Poems, by Basil Rouskas. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 127-29.

Klironomos, Martha. Review of An Almost Pure Empty Walking (Tryfon Tolides). Harvard Review. Vol. 33 (2007): 214-215.

Kostos, Dean. Rev. of Your Own Ox-head Mask as Proof, by George Kalamaras. Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 130-31.

Leontis, Artemis. Review of Ananios of Kleitor, Poems & Fragments and their Reception from Antiquity to the Present (George Economou). Athens Review of Books 1:9, 2010.

Leontis, Artemis. “Tryfon Tolides' Joyous Book of Sadness.” Review of An Almost Pure Empty Walking. New York: National Herald Books, 2008.

Μπασκόζος, Γιάννης Ν. «Νίκος Αλεξίου: Ενας Πλακιώτης Μανχατανάς.» Ο Αναγνώστης. 11/27. Review of Astoria: Exile People Places (Nicholas Alexiou)., 27 Nov. 2013.

Rakopoulos, Theodoros. “The Poetics of Diaspora: Greek US Voices.” Review Essay. Journal of Modern Greek Studies, 34:1 (2016): 161–167. [Books reviewed:

  • Nicos Alexiou (Νίκος Αλεξίου), Αστόρια: Εξορία, άνθρωποι, τόποι, ποίηση
  • Nicholas Samaras, American Psalm, World Psalm
  • Stephanos Papadopοulos, The Black Sea
  • Yiorgos Anagnostou (Γιώργος Αναγνώστου), Διασπορικές διαδρομές
  • Chrestos Tsiamis (Χρήστος Τσιάμης), Μαγικό Μανχάτταν
  • Aliki Barnstone, Dear God, Dear Dr. Heartbreak: New and Selected Poems].

e) Literature and Poetry Scholarship

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Roots, Return Narratives, Reclaiming ‘European Americans’: A Review Essay,” Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies. 20. 2 (2011): 216–240. © 2019. [Review Essay of Theodora D. Patrona, Return Narratives: Ethnic Space in Late-Twentieth-Century Greek American and Italian American Literature. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press/ Rowman & Littlefield, 2017. 173 pp.; and Evangelia Kindinger, Homebound: Diaspora Spaces and Selves in Greek American Return Narratives. American Studies — A Monograph Series 257. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag, 2015. 223 pp.]

Athanasiou-Krikelis, Lissi. Review of Theodora D. Patrona, Return Narratives. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press (2017). Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 29 April, 2018.

Dubrowski, Maria. U.S. Versus Them: How Institutions Have Shaped Greek-American Identity. Honors Thesis under the guidelines of Harvard University Faculty of Arts and Sciences, 2001.

Fragopoulos, George. “The Politics and Poetics of Transliteration in the Works of Olga Broumas and George Economou.” MELUS 39.4 (Winter 2014).

Gatzouras, Vicky. “Negotiating the Hyphen: Ethnic and Female Identity in The Priest Fainted by Catherine T. Davidson.” Collusion and Resistance: Women Writing in English. Ed. Kerstin W. Shands. Flemingsberg: Sodertorns Hogskola, 2002. 174-188.

Gemelos, Michele. “Greek American Fiction.” The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature, Volume Two: D–H. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 2005. 873–877.

Georganta, Konstantina. “Home and Displacement: The Dynamic Dialectics of 1922 Smyrna,” Synthesis 5 (Fall 2013). 

Hsu, Stephanie. "Ethnicity and the Biopolitics of Intersex in Jeffrey Eugenides's Middlesex." MELUS. Vol. 36, issue 3 (September 10, 2011): 87-110.

Kalogeras, Yiorgos. “Revenge and the ‘New’ Americans.” Ex-Centric Narratives: Journal of Anglophone Literature, Culture and Media. 1 (2018): 63–76.

A persistent theme in American ethnic fiction and film involves an ethnic or immigrant character who dreams of and/or performs an act of violence which goes against the law of the land; on the contrary, it is prescribed by a pre-American law, or unwritten custom. Application of such a pre-American law though engenders a question: why should a new American citizen resort to the dictates of a preindustrial past rather than to the laws of a modern, well-organized, bureaucratic society? This paper claims that, paradoxically, these acts inspired by a pre-American set of beliefs and attitudes expedite the transition of the immigrant and ethnic into the mainstream and post-ethnicity. Contextualized as part of organized crime, labor politics, predatory capitalism, the myth of the Golden Door these violent acts configure as ethnic but are motivated by the desire of the protagonist to join America and move on to a post- ethnic identity. The author analyzes Anzia Yezierska’s “The Lost Beautifulness” (1920), Harry Mark Petrakis’s “Pericles on 31st Street” (1957), and George Pelecanos’s “The Dead, Their Eyes Implore Us” (2003). Available online at,

Kenna, Margaret. Review of Theodora D. Patrona, Return Narratives: Ethnic Space in Late-Twentieth-Century Greek American and Italian American Literature. Madison: Farleigh Dickinson University Press/Rowman & Littlefield, 2017. 173 pp. Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, vol. 43, no. 2, 2019, pp. 328–32.

Stefanidou, Anastasia. “(Un)Doing the Anatolian Smile: War and Redemption in Elia Kazan’s Fiction.” Ex-Centric Narratives: Journal of Anglophone Literature, Culture and Media. 2 (2018): 8-26.

Elia Kazan’s stage and film work is primarily related to American society while his novels mostly deal with cultures and histories with which many American critics and readers are not familiar. Kazan often felt at war with the Anatolian culture he was raised in, but was just as critical of the American practices and ideologies he had to interact with. The lack of critical interest in Kazan’s fictional work does a disservice to his overall creative achievement. The essay discusses Kazan’s novels America America (1961), The Anatolian (1982), and Beyond the Aegean (1994), which draw on Kazan’s family history of subservience and persecution under the Ottoman rule in Asia Minor and their subsequent psychological and cultural traumas in America at the beginning of the twentieth century. With the complex view of both participant and observer, I argue that, in these novels, Kazan questions the unlimited opportunities that the dream of America offers and envisions new spaces of sociocultural resistance and alternative forms of happiness, which, however, usually come with the inevitable loss of one’s personal integrity and free will, and which leave the individual stranded within a world where redemption and belonging seem to be always postponed. Available online

Karanikas, Alexander. Hellenes and Hellions: Modern Greek Characters in American Literature. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

Καραμπίνη-Ιατρού, Μιχαήλα. "Ποίηση και Έλληνες Μετανάστες στις Η.Π.Α." Ένεκεν. Τεύχος 16 (2010): 138-144

Katsan, Gerasimus. 2015. “Greek America: Literary Representation and Immigrant Narratives in Papazoglou-Maragaris and Petrakis,” The Journal of Modern Hellenism 31, pp. 101-119.

Kindinger, Evangelia. “Of Dópia and Xéni: Strategies of Belonging in Greek American Return Narratives.” Journal of Mediterranean Studies 20.2 (2011): 389-415.

---. “ 'I was a tourist and a comer-home all simultaneously’: Crossing Borders in Greek American Return Writing.” Transnational American Studies. Ed. Udo J. Hebel. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter: 2012.

Klironomos, Martha.  “The Topos of Home in New Greek-American Writing.”  Greek Diaspora and Migration since 1700: Society, Politics, and Culture.  Dimitris Tziovas, ed. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2009.  241-255.

Klironomos, Martha. “‘Uncertain Histories Shared or Alone’: Memory in Postmodern Diasporic Writing.” Studia in Honorem Professoris Jacques Bouchard. [‘Festschrift in Honor of Prof. Jacques Bouchard.’] Ed. Dorina M. Magarin. Brasov, Romania: Editura Etnous, 2013. 91–110.

Kozyrakis, Yuliya. “Remembering the Future: Ethnic Memory in Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides.”  2010.

McInery, Dennis Q. “Love and Death in the Fiction of Harry Mark Petrakis.”
Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 99-126.


Patrona, Theodora. “Mapping the Female Ethnic Self in the Family Battleground: Vertigo and the Greek American Novel.” Personal Effects: Essays on Memoir, Teaching, and Culture in the Work of Louise DeSalvo. Eds. Nancy Caronia, and Edvige Giunta. Fordham University Press, 2014. 210–221.

Patrona, Theodora D. Return Narratives: Ethnic Space in Late-Twentieth-Century Greek American and Italian American Literature. Madison, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2017.

Athanasiou-Krikelis, Lissi. Review of Theodora D. Patrona, Return Narratives. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press (2017). Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 29 April, 2018.


Rentzou, Effie. “Stranger in the City: Self and Urban Space in the Work of Nicolas Calas.”
Journal of Modern Greek Studies 26.2 (2008): 283-309.

Stefanidou, Anastasia. “Greek American Poetry.” The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature, Volume Two: D–H. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 2005. 877–880.

Σωτηροπούλου, Χρυσάνθη, Η Διασπορά στην Ελληνική Κινηματογραφία. Επιδράσεις και επιρροές στη θεματολογική εξέλιξη των ταινιών της περιόδου 1945-1986. Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ), Σχολή Νομικών, Οικονομικών και Πολιτικών Επιστημών, Τμήμα Πολιτικής Επιστήμης και Δημόσιας Διοίκησης, 1992.

Trendel, Aristi. “The Reinvention of Identity in Jeffrey Eugenides’s Middlesex.” European Journal of American Studies Oslo Conference Special Issue 2 (2011): document 6.

Review of The Open Hearth: The First Generation: A Novel Immigration (Thomas Doulis) reviewed by Anastasia Stefanidou Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 26.1-2 (2010).

Tsimpouki, Theodora. “Bi- or Mono-Culturalism?: Contemporary Literary Representations of Greek-American Identity.” On the Road to Baghdad or Traveling Biculturalism: Theorizing a Bicultural Approach to Contemporary World Fiction. Ed. Gönül Pultar. Washington D. C.: New Academia Publishing, 2005. 15-26.

f) Children’s Books

Aliki. Marianthe’s Story. New York. Greenwillow Books, 1998. 

Marianthe’s Story, which includes illustrations, consists of two books in one: “Painted Words” and “Spoken Memories.” It’s a children’s book. 

Although the words Greece or America are not used in the stories, the author herself was born to Greek parents and did not know the language when she began school in Philadelphia. 

Book One, “Painted Words,” focuses on Marianthe’s adjustment to life in the new land and the difficulties she had in school since she did not know any of her classmates and was not able to communicate with them in the English language.  Her teacher encourages her to use her paintings to tell her story.   Through her paintings, and eventually through words, she relates her feelings and experiences.  

In Book Two, “Spoken Memories,” Marianthe tells her classmates the story of her life in the close-knit rural village where she grew up before coming to the new land, using both spoken work and paintings. She describes the struggles through famine, war, and separation from the father.  She explains: “People were leaving our poor village. They were going to a new land, hoping for a better life. First the father left, to work and save until their families could join them.” Marianthe, her twin brothers, and her mother join the father in the new land. Marianthe mentions the “sad goodbyes,” including “the people and the village we loved” and “the trees, the rocks, the birds.” However, the emphasis of the story of Marianthe is not on the sad goodbyes but on the new beginnings. (Elaine Thomopoulos)

Bunting, Eve. I Have an Olive Tree. New York: HarperCollins World, 1999.

After her grandfather's death, eight-year-old Sophia fulfills his last request and journeys to Greece with her mother to see the land where her roots are.

D’Arc, Karen Scourby. My Grandmother is a Singing Yaya. New York: Orchard Books, 2001.

Lulu loves to hear her Greek grandmother sing when they are alone, but she is embarrassed by her grandmother's exuberance in public--until a special picnic at school.

Lemperis, Athena with Georgia Vratanina, illustrator. Fun at YiaYia’s House. 2003. [self-published]

“This book of verse show the joy grandchildren share with theiryiayia on a visit to her home. Yiayia imparts Greek, as well as American traditions.”

Lord, Athena V. Today’s Special: Z.A.P. and Zoe. New York: Macmillan, 1984.

In upstate New York in 1939, eleven-year-old, Greek-American Zach contends with the varied problems and pleasures of growing up and with his little sister Zoe.

Lord, Athena V. Z.A.P., Zoe, and the Musketeers. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992.

Zach, his little sister Zoe, and their friends try to create an exciting summer in Albany, New York, in the early 1940s.

Monos, Dimitris and Sandra Stotsky. The Greek Americans. Chelsea House, 1996.

Papandrew, Karen. Stacy and the Greek Festival. Sequim, WA: Drew Pub., 1997.

Ten year old Stacy's love for her great grandmother and pride in her Greek heritage are tested when she must decide between dancing at the Greek Festival or fulfilling her dream of riding horseback in the mountains - two events taking place on the same weekend.

Papandrew, Karen. Stacy and the Greek Village Wedding. Sequim, WA: Drew Pub., 2001.

Stacy and her family are off to the Greek islands where wedding preparations mix with the urgent search for a miracle-producing icon lost during World War II. While it is a time of firsts for Stacy who takes her first airplane trip, participates in her first wedding, and receives her first kiss, it is also a disturbing time for Papa who is just beginning to realize that his little girl of twelve is growing up.

Toufidou, Calliope. In My Grandmother’s Footsteps. Publishing, 2018.

This is a delightful book about grandmothers and their influence on their grandchildren. Narrated by Eleftherios, this warm and enlightening story shares what it is like growing up Greek with Yiayia. Filled with poems, Greek recipes, and photos, this timeless book can be shared from generation to generation.

e.) Literature and Poetry Scholarship

Bakken, Christopher and Yiorgos Anagnostou. “George Economou: Four Tributes.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters, 17 February 2020.

Lambropoulos, Vassilis. “What is Transnational about Greek American Culture?”. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters, 17 February 2020.

Leontis, Artemis. “George Economou’s Invented Ethnicity.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters, 17 February 2020.


Matsaganis, Matthew D., Vikki S. Katz, Sandra J. Ball-Rokeach. Understanding Ethnic Media: Producers, Consumers, and Societies. Los Angeles: Sage, 2011: 140–46.  


Greek-American Historical Museum of Washington State 


  John Nicon, President

The museum was established in 2009 with the mission of establishing an organized means of collecting, preserving and making available the history and culture of the Greek-American community in Washington State. The Museum, also known as Greeks in Washington, presently operates as a “museum without walls” with online exhibits in the categories of Making a Living, Making a Home, and Keeping Community. The primary activity of the Museum is to conduct video interviews which become online exhibits with text, photos and video segments. By the end of 2014, there were over 130 video interviews conducted and 95 exhibits posted on the site. The Museum has established an archive to house donated or loaned items which include textiles, film, video, DVDs, costumes, clothing, bound volumes, printed materials, photos, slides, newspapers, documents, art work, audio recordings and other artifacts. These materials are available for inspection and research purposes. The original videos are on file but not made public.

Greek Museum of Berrien County, Michigan

Annunciation and St. Paraskevi Greek Orthodox Church

18000 Behner Rd., New Buffalo, MI, Tel.: 630 569 2078

Available for viewing after church on Sunday or contact: Elaine Thomopoulos at [email protected] or 630 569-2078 for individual or group tours.  

Through compelling vintage photos, as well as colorful artifacts, costumes and textiles, the "Greeks of Berrien County Exhibit" brings to life the history of the Greeks in Berrien County -- from the early 1900s to the present.

Hellenic American Cultural Center and Museum of Oregon and SW Washington

Fr. Elias Stephanopoulos Center, 2nd Floor

Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral

3131 NE Glisan St.

Portland, OR 97232

Open Tuesday 11 am -3pm, Saturdays 2 pm-5pm, Sundays noon-1pm. Call 503-858-8567 to arrange a tour.

The museum was established in 2006 to gather, preserve, and share knowledge of the Hellenic (Greek) American experience in Oregon and SW Washington, to celebrate the rich cultural traditions brought to this region by Hellenes, and to honor the activities and accomplishments of Hellenic Americans.

Hellenic Cultural Museum of Salt Lake City

279 S 300 W, Salt Lake City, UT 84101, Tel: 801-359-4163

The museum emphasizes the personal aspect of the immigrants, whose presence in Utah dates back as far as 1870. Their and their descendants' struggles, achievements, social life and tragedies are reflected through displays of clothing, costumes, artifacts, photographs, and personal histories.

Hellenic Museum of Michigan

67 E. Kirby, Detroit, MI 48202, Tel: 313 871-4100, Email: [email protected]

Limited hours during renovation. Call to schedule an appointment.

The museum, founded in 2009, chronicles the struggles, triumphs and contribution of a vibrant Greek immigrant community’s journey to Michigan. Their legacy is recorded and preserved through artifacts, oral histories, documents and photographs.

National Hellenic Museum

333 S Halsted St, Chicago, IL 6066, Tel. 312 655-1234

Open every day except Monday

The National Hellenic Museum, founded in 1983, is dedicated to displaying and celebrating the cultural contributions of Greeks and Greek-Americans. The museum maintains a collection or artifacts and ephemera and has an extensive collection of oral histories. Their library has books in Greek and English and provides access to the oral history collection.

St. Fotios Greek Orthodox National Shrine 

41 St. George Street, St. Augustine, FL 32084, Tel.: 904-829-8205,  Fax: 904-829-8707

Hours of Operation: Monday - Saturday 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m., Sunday 12:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.

St. Photios Greek Orthodox National Shrine, an institution of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, is dedicated to the first colony of Greek people who came to America in 1768. The Shrine consists of exhibits depicting the life of early Greeks in America and the development of the Greek Orthodox Church in America, and the St. Photios Chapel.


a) Performance

Annabouboula, “Immortal Water.” Record Label: Byzan-Tone, 2010.

"Annabouboula" is a Greek expression meaning a mixed-up noise, but for years, Annabouboula the group has been exploring a seductive alternate musical world where Greek, Middle Eastern and Balkan traditions are re-tooled and re-imagined with an anything-goes attitude befitting their Athens-meets-downtown New York origins. Starting out in the late 1980's with the ground-breaking singles "Hamam" and "Don't Worry Ma", Annabouboula went on to thrill festival and TV audiences world-wide with their challenging approach to Greek roots-rock, setting precedents for the next two decades of ethnic fusion. Featuring the spellbinding Anna Paidoussi singing provocatively over the rhythms and soundscapes of guitarist George Barba Yiorgi and friends, their new release Immortal Water picks up where their classic critically-acclaimed World Beat albums like In The Baths of Constantinople left off, injecting surf-rock, big-beat electronica, and gypsy-pop flash into their unique blend of Greek folk, rebetika, and contemporary flavors. From the hard-rocking anthem of the Athens underworld Hello Sailor, to the haunting dub-reggae inflected What Do You Care, to the odd-meter electronic dance workout of The Drum Lesson, to the title song, a reworking of a 1920s folk tune for the 21st century, Annabouboula will take you on a trip to the outer limits of global pop.

Bilides, Sophia. “Greek Legacy.” E. Thomas Compact Discs, 1991.

Vocalist Sophia Bilides, accompanied by an array of fine Greek instrumentalists, celebrates the beauty of her musical heritage on Greek Legacy, a rich collection encompassing a variety of styles: cabaret songs from Asia Minor (Smyrneika), urban blues of Athenian tavernas (Rebetika), old songs of Constantinople (Politika), refugee laments (Amanethes), lilting island melodies (Nissiotika), and dance songs of central Greece (Tsamika).

Drómeno. "Flórina: Greek/Balkan Dance Music." Drómeno, 2012.

DRÓMENO is a unique folk group based in Seattle presenting regional music from all over Greece and the Balkans. Led by Christos Govetas and Ruth Hunter, long-time players in the Balkan music scene, the group includes both of their kids (Eleni and Bobby Govetas), as well as Nikos Maroussis  and Peter Lippman. Dromeno presents authentic music that pulls from deep roots from Greece and all across the Balkans. Between them, these versatile members create the brass sounds of Macedonia, sonorous clarinet and vocal interplay from Ipiros and Thessaly, strident zournas and daouli from Serres, and energetic Thracian dance tunes.

Govetas, Christos. "Passatempo: Rebetika with Christos Govetas." Christos Govetas, 2007.

Husband and wife team Christos Govetas and Ruth Hunter join up with guitarist Dave Bartley (of KGB) to create a collection of old Rebetika tunes from the 30's and 40’s. The superb recording quality and choice of tunes makes this cd a rare gem.

Kallimopoulou, Eleni. Paradosiaká: Music, Meaning, and Identity in Modern Greece.Burlington: Ashgate, 2009.

Makrygiannes, Giorgos. Γιώργος Μακρυγιάννης, “Γιώργος Μακρυγιάννης ή ‘Νισύριος:’ Ιστορικές Ηχογραφήσεις 1917-1919.” Μορφωτικός και Εξωραϊστικός Σύλλογος Νισύρου, 2011.

Pangéo. “Northern Borders.” Pangéo, 2002.

Various artists, “Το Κρητικό Τραγούδι στην Αμερική 1945-1953.” FM Records, 1999.

Ziyiá. “Regional Music of Greece.” Ziyiá, 2014.

Ziyiá. “Travels with Karagiózis.” agaRhyhm, 1995.

Ziyiá. “From the Mountains to the Islands.” AgaRhythm, 1993.

Ziyia has been playing together since 1990, sharing a love of Greek regional, traditional music, played on instruments appropriate to the regions. From the lilting island music of Naxos, to the spoon dances of Cappadocia, or the driving rhythm of the chestos from Thrace, all is played with attention to regional styling. This dedicated group shares a passion for the connection with dancers and is one of the premier bands for Greek music in the US. This highly regarded group has been playing at Greek weddings and baptisms, Greek festivals and music camps throughout the US for over 20 years.

b) Music Research

Ball, Eric L. "Gouging Tradition: Musings on Fingernail Fiddle Making." The Journal of New York Folklore, vol. 43, no. 1-2, 2017, pp. 36-48.

Ball, Eric L. "Virtuous Versifying: A Composition About Rhymes." The Journal of New York Folklore, vol. 45, no. 1-2, 2019, pp. 38–43.

Ball, Eric L. "Refrain: Notes on Crafting Music." Voices: The Journal of New York Folklore, vol. 46, no.1-2, 2020, pp. 34–39.

Ball, Eric L. “From Mantinades to Night-Rhymes: Composing an Imaginary Musical Tradition.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. November 2017.

In this essay, I provide a rationale for my ongoing work as a "composer" by framing it in relation to contemporary Cretan traditional music, music composition in the academy, and a political issue (egalitarian social change). I begin by discussing my transformative experience with Cretan music, a tradition that includes significant participatory music-making elements and intersects with the island's extensively developed rhyming couplet (mantinada) tradition. I then consider academic composing in relation to noncomposed, improvised and/or participatory musics, and I look at both in relation to the issue of egalitarian social change. I overview my efforts to compose a kind of music that is meant to sound as if it were part of an imaginary musical tradition partly inspired by Cretan music and the mantinada. I end by articulating some questions, anxieties, and speculations that relate to these efforts.

Archival resource: Greece Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture, Compiled by Vivy Niotis. [collection of folk songs in Greek America, audios of liturgies]

Bucuvalas, Tina. Greek Music in America. University Press of Mississippi, 2018.

A long-overdue study that samples all the genres, sounds, and contributions of the Greek music diaspora. Contributions by Tina Bucuvalas, Anna Caraveli, Aydin Chaloupka, Sotirios (Sam) Chianis, Frank Desby, Stavros K. Frangos, Stathis Gauntlett, Joseph G. Graziosi, Gail Holst-Warhaft, Michael G. Kaloyanides, Panayotis League, Roderick Conway Morris, National Endowment for the Arts/National Heritage Fellows, Nick Pappas, Meletios Pouliopoulos, Anthony Shay, David Soffa, Dick Spottswood, Jim Stoynoff, and Anna Lomax Wood.

Despite a substantial artistic legacy, there has never been a book devoted to Greek music In America until now. Those seeking to learn about this vibrant and exciting music were forced to seek out individual essays, often published in obscure or ephemeral sources. This volume provides a singular platform for understanding the scope, practice, and development of Greek music in America through essays and profiles written by principal scholars in the field.

Greece developed a rich variety of traditional, popular, and art music that diasporic Greeks brought with them to America. In Greek American communities, music was and continues to be an essential component of most social activities. Music links the past to the present, the distant to the near, and bonds the community with an embrace of memories and narrative. From 1896 to 1942, more than a thousand Greek recordings in many genres were made in the United States, and thousands more have appeared since then. These encompass not only Greek traditional music from all regions, but also emerging urban genres, stylistic changes, and new songs of social commentary. Greek Music in America includes essays on all of these topics as well as history and genre, places and venues, the recording business, and profiles of individual musicians. This book is required reading for anyone who cares about Greek music in America, whether scholar, fan, or performer.

Caraveli, Anna. "The Symbolic Village: Community Born in Performance." The Journal of American Folklore 98 (1985): 259-286.

Lambropoulos, Vassilis. 2020. "C. P. Cavafy Music Resource Guide: Song and Music Settings of Cavafy’s Poetry," Version 2 (January 14, 2020), compiled by Peter Vorissis, Haris Missler, and Artemis Leontis. University of Michigan Modern Greek website, "Cavafy Forum."

League, Panayotis. “Kalymnian Music and Dance in Tarpon Springs, Florida.” M.A. Thesis. Boston University, 2012. 

Greek immigrants from the Dodecanese island of Kálymnos have dominated the social, political, and economic life of Tarpon Springs, Florida since their arrival in the first decades of the twentieth century. Remarkably unlike the typical urban immigrant experience, this dynamic has allowed the Kalymnian-American community of Tarpon Springs to negotiate its relationship with American society from a position of relative power, without the immediate need to compromise linguistic, social, or occupational identity for the sake of survival. The cultural and artistic traditions of Kálymnos—foremost among them music and dancing—have played a central role in the construction of Kalymnian-American identity in Tarpon Springs, and have enabled a creative negotiation on the community’s own terms of the states of “hyphenated being” that characterize immigrant communities. This thesis examines the ways in which Kalymnian Tarponites use embodied musical movement as a resonant bridge between competing cultural allegiances, a means of imaginative travel in search of emotional fulfillment, and a venue to perform notions of distinction and belonging. For Kalymnian residents of Tarpon Springs, the embodied music and dance traditions of Kálymnos function as mobile sites of tension and transcendence, are imbued with a new set of self-sufficient meanings, and serve as a passport to cross the blurry borders of transnational being.

League, Panayotis. "Genealogies of sense and sound: Home recordings and Greek American identity." Journal of Greek Media and Culture 2:1 (2016): 29-47.

This article examines the diverse ways that four generations of an extended Greek American family of musicians have employed recording technologies to explore their migrant subjectivity. Focusing on an Ottoman-era collection of handwritten sheet music and home-made audio recordings on reel-to-reel tape from the 1950s to 1970s, it explores the ways that people’s interactions with these materials have enabled the preservation and transmission of family repertoire, style, and both musical and social memory. Drawing on the work on Robin Bernstein, Georgina Born and Nadia Seremetakis, it highlights the performative agency embedded in these scores and reels, and reveals that, beyond mere archives of musical activity, they are sonic and material sites of emotional valence, nodes for the mediating of personal and musical relations, and a means of engaging the body to craft both a sense of family and a recognizable family sound. These musical archives enter into dialogue with other aspects of the Anatolian Greek community’s material culture to reveal past musical practices, shape contemporary ones, produce ideas and memories about the musicians who made them, and interrogate the meaning of ‘home’ and ‘family’ in the immigrant context.

Lomax Wood, Anna. "Musical Practice and Memory on the Edge of Two Worlds: Kalymnian Tsamboúna and Song Repertoire in the Family of Nikitas Tsimouris.” In The Florida Folklife Reader. Ed. Tina Bucuvalas. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012. 96-153.

Petrusich, Amanda. “Hunting for the Source of the World’s Most Beguiling Music,” The New York Times Magazine (Sept. 24, 2014).

Petrusich, Amanda. Do Not Sell At Any Price: The Wild, Obsessive Hunt for the World’s Rarest 78rpm Records, New York: Scribner, 2014.


Stamatis, Yona.  Review of Greek Music in America edited by Tina Bucuvalas. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 10 February 2020.

Tragaki, Dafni. Review of Greek Music in America edited by Tina Bucavalas. Journal of Modern Greek Studies, vol. 38, no. 2, 2020, pp. 568–71. 


“Constance Callinicos Obituary.” Los Angeles Times, 17 March 2020.

“Lambros Comitas Obituary.” The New York Times, 8 March 2020.

“Phyllis Dragonas Obituary.” Joint National Committee for Languages, 5 Aug 2020.

“Frank Kamberos Obituary.” Greek Reporter, 13 Oct 2020. 

“Neocles Basil Leontis Obituary.” Hanneman Family Funeral Homes and Crematory, Dec 2020.

“Andrew Mousalimas Obituary.” East Bay Times, 24 May 2020.

“Eugene Rossides Obituary.”
The National Herald, 21 May 2020
The National Herald, 19 May 2020
The National Herald, Special Insert, 31 July - 6 Aug 2010
American Hellenic Institute, 18 May 2020
The New York Times, 18 May 2020.

“Paul Sarbanes Obituary.”
The New York Times, 7 Dec 2020
The Baltimore Sun, 7 Dec 2020 

Oral History

Queens College Hellenic-American Oral History Project: Greek On the Internet.

“Features recorded oral history interviews of immigrants and American-born Greeks. The library contains personal narratives about ethnic and racial identities, as well as profiles of Greek American administrators, artists, businessmen and -women, politicians, professionals, students, and workers. Additional interviews will be added as they become available.”

National Hellenic Museum

Has over 300 histories covering Chicago, Tarpon Springs, Colorado, NY, Virginia/D.C., Berrien County, Michigan and others.

Ottoman Greeks of the United States (OGUS): The Acropolis and the Madonna – A Case Study of Refugee Deportation from the United States.Podcast 2017 (January 13th)

Berrien County Historical Association in Berrien Springs, Michigan

Fifty interviews of Greeks who made their home in Berrien County, Michigan or who vacationed there. (These oral histories are also available at the National Hellenic Museum).

Grand Rapids Public Library. Grand Rapids, Michigan

Collection 277 contains material gathered for an exhibit in the 1980s at the public museum.

"Greek-American Family: Continuity through Change” It includes oral histories of the following: Boxes 10-15. Masters. Boxes 16-21 Usage copies, Box 10 and 16, UT-GH.1 Mrs. Christopoulos [could be Sophia, Maria, Wilma - 1981 city directory]. UT-GH.2 George Karaganis (2 tapes). UT-GH.3 Marion Orphan. UT-GH.4 George and Bess Orphan. UT-GH.5 Vestpers Holy Trinity G. O. choir/ UT-GH.6 Maloley (2). UT-GH.7 Marianne and James Sampanis. UT-GH.8 Bicentennial Biennial Clergy: Laity Congress; Young Adult Symposium Tues. July 6, 1976, Philadelophia PA Archbishop Iakovos, H. M. Petrakis speakers. UT-GH.9 1976Switchboard Thalia Cheronis Selz: A Sallas, N Macroidis, Patrakis, Songs of Independence and Freedom: Denis Mimitreas; Piano: Vasilios Gaitanos, Poem: Dance of the Zalongon, Alex Karanikas, Shepherds of Freedom: The years of war, Petrakis, Songs, Sonnets. UT-GH.10 Six tapes of meetings about the exhibit. UT-GH.11 Clark Afendoulis (2). Box 11 and 17. UT-GH.12 Chris Afendoulos. UT-GH.13 George Afendoulos (2). UT-GH.14 Sam Afendoulos (2). UT-GH.15 Tina Afendoulos (2). UT-GH.16 Steve and Sally Andrinidhes (2). James Zarafonetis. Delia Zarafonetis (2). Cleopatra Sedaris. Steve Frangos. UT-GH.17 Bessie Arrigo. UT-GH.18 Steve Bacalis (2). UT-GH.19Joan and James Bogdan. UT-GH.20 Mary and Paul Bogdan (2). UT-GH.21 Sophia Cachicalis (2). Box 12 and 18. UT-GH.22 Paul and Connie Chardoul. UT-GH.23 Constantine Dallis (2). UT-GH.24 Alex Demar and Delia Zervonitis (2) [zarafonetis?]. UT-GH.25 Alex Demar (3). UT-GH.26.1 Elaine Mitchell, Delia Demar. UT-GH.26.2 and .3 Mrs. Demar. UT-GH.27 Angelo Dimitriou (2). UT-GH.28 Emma Dukis and Eleni Limber. UT-GH.29 Andreas Fortias (2). UT-GH.30 Gounos Sourmelou (2). Box 13 and 19. UT-GH.31 Dean Georgacakes (2). UT-GH.32, 33, 34 Vivian Hampers (7). UT-GH.35 Helen Johnson. UT-GH.36 Athena Jaffas (3). UT-GH.37 Angeline Kachoutis. UT-GH.38 Gus Koukias (2). UT-GH.39 Sam and Jeannette Koukios. Box 14 and 20. UT-GH.40 Tom Kouchoukos (2). UT-GH.41 Andy Limber. UT-GH.4 2Alex Mitchell. UT-GH.43 Elaine Mitchell. UT-GH.44 Terry Monoyios. UT-GH.45 James Nicholas (2). UT-GH.46 Chrysoula Panopoulos (2). UT-GH.47 Christo and Joan Panopoulos. UT-GH.48 Jane Patsakos (2). UT-GH.49 Peter Patsakos (2). UT-GH.50 Ted Sampanes. UT-GH.51 Ted and Linda Sampanis (2). Box 15 and 21. UT-GH.52 Mary Skouras. UT-GH.53 Bill Savara. UT-GH.54 E. Stavrou. UT-GH.55 Irene Stavrou. UT-GH.56Johnny Theodore (2). UT-GH.57 Jim Triant (2). UT-GH.58 Spiro Vlahos. UT-GH.59 Bill Zarafonetis. UT-GH.60 George Zarafonetis. UT-GH.61 James H. Zarafonetis. UT-GH.62 Sharon Zarafonetis. UT-GH.63 Mrs. M. Zazoupoulos. UT-GH.65 Nicoletta and Alexander N. Paranos (2). Boxes 22 (masters) and 23 (usage). UT-GH.64 Mike Zervos (2). 13 more tapes of music, lectures

Greek American Heritage Society of Philadelphia

Video Interview Series

Harry Papadakes, George Gatsoulas, Despina “Bessie” Zantopoulos, Nicholas L. Gianopulos, Bertha “Panagiotsa” Rorres, Nick Tsirakoglou, Demetrios Constantelos, Pan-Macedonian Past Presidents Dialogue, Gust Kraras, Eleni Zarbalas-Pantaridis, Jerry Karapalides, Peter C. Bandy, Gary MOssaides, Mary Parras, Gus Andy, Vasilis Karasavas, Steven J. Vlahos, Nick Pappas, Klio Kokolis, Michael Nicolaou, Jarry Kahrilas, Evangelos Frudakis, Anastasia Bandy, Augie Pantellas, Thomas Gotzis, John Sporidis, Sofia Kontogeorge Kostos, Andreas Boukidis, Vasilos Voutsakis, Christina Vraim, John Onassis, Harry Seiss, John Manios, 

“Seven Cities, Seven Stories: Community, Labor, Experiences of Immigrants from the Former Ottoman Empire”

This video introduces the OGUS series "Seven Cities, Seven Stories: Community, Labor, Experiences of Immigrants from the Former Ottoman Empire." Using Adobe Spark software, this series will feature the experiences of immigrants who settled in seven US cities between 1900 - 1940.
Jersey City
Los Angeles 
 San Fransisco 

University of Missouri-St. Louis UMSL Project

The Greek Professorship at UMSL is investigating the history of the St. Louis Greek-American Community. Students will be interviewing members of the community and research materials will be deposited in the Mary E. Critzas Archives of the Greek Culture Center on the campus of UM-St. Louis.

For information contact Dr. Michael Cosmopoulos, Hellenic Government-Karakas Foundation Professor of Greek Studies, University of Missouri-St. Louis, tel. (314) 516-6241, [email protected]

The Youngstown State University Oral History Collection,4,18,B/limit?L=&amp;B=&amp;M=t&amp;NAME=A&amp;VALUE=&amp;W=&amp;Ya=&amp;Yb=

The collection began in 1974. It preserves first-person narratives of northeastern Ohioans who have participated in, or closely observed events which have significantly affected both the state and nation.

The Pappas Interdisciplinary Center for Hellenic Studies, Stockton University.
NJ Greek American Oral Histories Project

Tsakopoulos Hellenic Collection 

University Library California State Univ. Sacramento 

Oral History

List of interviewees and the year each was recorded:

1. Alexander, George, 2015. 2. Aretakis, John, 2017. 3. Bravou, Marie, 1985. 4. Caparis, Helen, 2005. 5. Compoginis, Irene, 2006. 6. Demas, Louis, 2005. 7. Demas, Stella and Ballis, George; Demas, Louis and Demas, Marilyn, 2005. 8. Dogias, Presbytera Eleutheria, 1985. 9. Dogias, Rev. Fr. Demetrius, 1985. 10. Econome, Georgia, 2015. 11. Feil, Bess Anton, 2006. 12. Fotos, Eugene, 1984 & 2005. 13. Horrell, JoAnne Alexia Demas,2006. 14. Hosmer, Zita Vlavianos, 2013. 15. Kerhoulas, Nicholas and Kerhoulas, Bess, 2005. 16. Lydon, Mary (Dokimos), 2006. 17. Mackis, George and Mackis, Elaine, 2006. 18. Mamalis, Julie, 2006. 19. Mayer, Vaso, 2006. 20. Panagakos, Anna, 2019. 21. Petrakas, Gus, 2005. 22. Poulos, Koula, 2006. 23. Rotas, Bill, 2006. 24. Sarlis, Speros, 2006. 25. Stathos, Tony and Stathos, Mary, 2006. 26. Tzikas, George, 2006. 27. Vallas, Jim, 2006. 28. Verrios, Vasilis, 2006. 29. Workman, Maria Kostidou, 2014. 30. Zampathas, Stratis (Dr.), 1984.

State Historical Society of Missouri

S0644 Greek American World War II Oral History Project, 2000

“This collection is available at The State Historical Society of Missouri. If you would like more information, please contact [email protected]

Taped interviews with Greek-American men of St. Louis who fought in World War II, conducted in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of Greece's entry into the war.”

Box 1. Series 1 - Master Tapes. T644.1 Spiro Abadgis T644.2 Trefont Abadgis T644.3 Spiro Boudoris, 8/10/00 T644.4 Emmanuel Cassimantis T644.5 Thomas A. Ginos, 5/5/00 T644.6 Bill Glastris, 7/8/00 T644.7 Leon Golfin, 3/24/00 T644.8 Tasso Karides T644.9 George Liringis, 4/20/00 T644.10 George Nicozisan, 8/2/00 T644.11 Bill Papageorge, 6/28/00 T644.12 Babe Pappas, 7/16/00 T644.13 George Pappas, 6/21/00 T644.14 Nicholas Stamulis, 7/12/00 T644.15 Elias B. Vlanton, 3/12/00. Box 2. Series 2 - Copies. T644.1 Spiro Abadgis T644.3 Spiro Boudouris, 8/10/00 T644.4 Emmanuel Cassimatis T644.5 Thomas A. Ginos, 5/5/00 T644.6 Bill Glastris, 7/8/00 T644.7 Leon Golfin, 3/24/00 T644.8 Tasso Karides T644.9 George Liringis, 4/20/00 T644.10 George Nicozisan, 8/2/00 T644.11 Bill PapaGeorge, 3/12/00 T644.13 George Pappas, 6/21/00 T644.15 Elias B. Vlanton, 3/12/00

Utah Division of State History, Utah Department of Heritage and Arts.

The Helen Z. Papanikolas Oral Histories Collection, 1969-1974 A Register of the Collection

Persons interviewed : Angelos, Georgia. Cononelos, Louis. Cozakas, Efrosini. Demiris, Olympia. Demiris, Peter. Jerefos, Katherine. Kisamitakis, Athena. Klekas, Wilma Mageras. McMichael, Millie Mageras. Papanikolas, Helen. Parchinski, Michelle. Paulos, Theodore. Stephanopoulos, George. Ypsilantis, Eugenia. Zamboukos, Virginia Latsis

Greeks in Washington

Oral histories from the Greek-American community in Washington State.

IHRC Univ. of Minneapolis Includes over 100 oral histories from Daughters of Penelope

University of Kentucky Libraries: Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History 

Includes Greeks.

Smithsonian Archives of Art.

Includes transcribed interviews with several Greek-American artists.

Library of Congress American Folk Live Center

Arete: The Memories of Greek-American Women

An Oral History Collection Project. This collection contains oral history interviews with people of Greek descent living in the United States, collected during 1987-88.

Library of Congress American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940

Life histories compiled and transcribed by staff of the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers’ Project for the U.S. Works Progress (later Works Project Administration (WPA) from 1936 to 1940. There are several Greeks among them. Transcripts are on line.

Library of Congress Veterans History Project

Library of Congress. American Folklife Center Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia

Includes a few oral histories of Greeks of Whitesville or about Greeks of Whitesville

USC Shoah Foundation

Audio-visual interviews with survivors and witnesses of the Holocaust. Includes Greek Jews.

Wayne State University, The Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs 

Folklore archive that includes correspondence and many oral histories from the Greek-American Family Project. See the finding aid. The Reuther Library also has miscellaneous other Greek materials which can be searched on that library’s home page at

Notably, the archive includes interviews with historian Dan Georgakas

Search Engines





Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Spectacular Incorporations: American Sports, Ethnic Heritage Night, and Greek America.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 22 April 2019.

Kariotis, Angela.  “Say Logos Say Word.” 2006.  Review of a performance. Lardas, Nicho

Description: “The show is about being a first-generation hyphenated American. [It] also tackles bridging the gap between Ancient and Modern Greece.”

League, Panayiotis (Paddy). “Living the Dance in Tarpon Springs: Music and Movement in a Greek–American Community.” Forum Folkloristika: East European Folklife Center 1 (Spring 2012).


Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Rethinking Greek American Scholarships: Hellenism Beyond Ethnicity.” American Journal of Contemporary Hellenic Issues, vol. 10, Spring 2019.

Greek America is, relatively speaking, a small demographic in the United States. The professional priorities of its youth are well established. Statistically, the majority of Greek American students gravitate toward law, medical sciences, engineering, business, and other non-humanities professions. We do honor, rightly, distinguished scientists, such as George Papanikolaou, for their contributions to society. But the number of professionals that might explore and explain Modern Greek heritage to us and the wider American public is not as robust as we would like. It is a fact that the work of journalists, artists, filmmakers, fiction writers, folklorists, anthropologists, historians, and political scientists is crucial for enriching Greek self-understanding as well as for maximizing Greek cultural visibility everywhere. High-quality journalism, scholarship, and the arts offer venues of self-reflection for Greek Americans as well as the means to explain ourselves and the community’s issues to the American people and beyond. High caliber art and scholarship about Modern Greek worlds, both in Greece and abroad, constitute the community’s “soft power” to profoundly stir emotions, engage with ideas, move the imagination, and steer the cultural direction of the nation. They decisively define Greek Americans as a group that contributes to the intellectual life of the country.

Barron, James H. The Greek Connection: The Life of Elias Demetracopoulos and the Untold Story of Watergate. Melville House, 2020.

Frangos, Marina. “Failed Institution: The World Council of Hellenes Abroad (SAE) since 2008.” SEESOX DIASPORA Working Paper Series, no. 11, October 2019.

In December 1995, the first global General Assembly of the World Council for Hellenes Abroad (SAE) was held in Thessaloniki amidst great fanfare. At its peak in the late 1990s, there were SAE youth camps and academic conferences, humanitarian projects and political lobbying coupled with considerable active participation of the diaspora on a worldwide level. After the last General Assembly and elections were held in 2006, SAE’s presence has dwindled: an occasional press release on current events, a meeting of one of the officers with a Greek minister and numerous promises that restructuring and new legislation would soon be realised. In 2013, the issue was even opened to public debate on, the much-touted Greek government platform that aspired to ensure transparency and maximise citizen engagement. At the same time, SAE’s offices in Thessaloniki are now being used for other municipal services, while its three employees were harshly ousted. This paper attempts to explain SAE’s brief history, by demonstrating its structural deficiencies and exploring its predicament and its prospects. Though the institution’s demise coincided with the financial crisis that has plagued Greece since 2008, it was SAE’s failure to become a relevant body for the diaspora that led it to near extinction.

Georgakas, Dan. "Election Year Possibilities for Greek American Activism." American Hellenic Institute Foundation Policy Journal, Vol. 3, Winter 2011-2012.

Grammenos, Athanasios. “Political Advocacy along Ethnic and National Lines: The Case of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America.” SEESOX DIASPORA Working Paper Series, no. 9, August 2019.

The Greek Orthodox Church of America has demonstrated a significant degree of political mobilisation in critical moments, especially during the 37-year tenure of the late Archbishop Iakovos (1959-1996). As the prelate of the Archdiocese in the Americas, he contributed to the growth of the Greek-American community and helped it become an active segment of American society. Among his achievements was his robust advocacy for civil and human rights, marching abreast with Martin Luther King Jr. in Selma, Alabama. For his pioneering work, he was held in high esteem by his counterparts in the US which earned him access to decision-makers in Washington, DC. Later, Iakovos used his recognition to lobby US Presidents and garner support for his ‘homeland’ in critical circumstances, strengthening Greece’s relations with the United States. But, apart from Greece, Iakovos had also to take care of issues related solely with the Greek-American community as an integral part of American society. The purpose of this paper is to explore Iakovos’ involvement in American politics related to Greece and the Greek-American community - both at the parish or citizen level, and to evaluate his work in the framework of international relations.

Karpozilos, Kostis. Μακαρθισμός: Τα Ελληνικά Ονόματα της Μαύρης Λίστας. ΤΑ ΝΕΑ, Βιβλιοδρόμιο, Ιούλιος (2011):16-19.

Kitroeff Alexander. “Ο Ρόλος του Ελληνο-Αμερικανικού Λόμπι στην Εξωτερική Πολιτική των ΗΠΑ” [The Role of the Greek American Lobby in U.S. Foreign Policy, 1992-2001]. Σύγχρονη Ελληνική Εξωτερική Πολιτική: Μια Συνολική Προσέγγιση [Con-temporary Greek Foreign Policy: A Comprehensive Approach]. Ed. Panayotis Tsakonas. Athens: Sideris, 2003.

Kitroeff, Alexander.  “The Limits of Political Transnationalism: The Greek American Lobby, 1970s-1990s.”  Greek Diaspora and Migration Since 1700: Society, Politics, and Culture.  Dimitris Tziovas, ed.  Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2009.

Lalaki, Despina. “From Plato to NATO 2,500 Years of Democracy and The End of History.” AHIF Policy Journal, Volume 8: Spring, 2017

On the occasion of his recent visit to Greece, President Barack Obama’s remarks – protracted echoes of familiar pronouncements about the end of history and ideological evolution, endorsements of laissez-faire economics and the individual freedom that our Western democracies purportedly serve – not unexpectedly were uttered against a background of Doric columns and numerous invocations to the ancients. Appropriately if rather predictably, President Obama drew from history and stressed the strong connections between his country and his host, emphasizing the political culture shared between Greece and the United States. What caught my attention, however, was the American President’s explicit reference to President Truman, whom he briefly quoted from his famous 1947 speech in the Congress, a speech that encapsulated the post-war US foreign policy of containment and became known as the Truman Doctrine.

Pyrros, James G. The Cyprus File: Washington, DC-A Diary of the Cyprus Crisis in the Summer of 1974. New York: Pella Publishing, 2010.

James Pyrros, served for twenty years as top aide to Congressman Lucien Nedzi, Democrat from a Detroit district in Michigan. Pyrros offers a behinds-the-scenes account of efforts by Washington insiders, journalists, and activists to redirect American policy regarding the Cyprus crisis which was generated by the anti-Makarios coup initiated by junta in Greece. Extensive accounts of efforts of anti-junta efforts and the responses to the Turkish invasion.

Stivachtis, Yannis A. “Greek Anti-Americanism and Its Implications for the Relations Between Greece and the Hellenic Diaspora in the United States.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 26.1-2 (2010).

a) Debates

Greek America and President Elect Donald Trump

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. Whose Greek America? Chronos #43. 26 November, 2016.

Kitroeff, Alexander. “There Are Progressive Views Of America; Let Them Be Heard.” Chronos #44. December 5, 2016.

Papanikolas, Zeese. “Comments on Yiorgos Anagnostou.” Chronos #43. November 30, 2016.

b) Book reviews (new category)

Brady Kiesling, John. Review of James Edward Miller, The United States and the Making of Modern Greece: History and Power 1950-1974. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press (2009); and Robert V. Keeley, The Colonel’s Coup and the American Embassy: A Diplomat’s View of the Breakdown of Democracy in Cold War Greece. The Pennsylvania State University Press (ADST-DACOR Diplomats and Diplomacy Series) (2010). Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 9 September, 2018.


Koulianos, Theofilos. “American Interests in the Eastern Mediterranean.” American Journal of Contemporary Hellenic Issues, vol. 10, Spring 2019. Emerging Voices in Greek America: Cyprus.

Lalaki, Despina.“The Cultural Cold War and the New Women of Power, Making a Case based on the Fulbright and Ford Foundations in Greece.” [email protected], no. 35, May-August 2018.

When in the 1950s C. Wright Mills was writing about the emergence of the new power elites he paid no attention to the presence of women in its midsts. He was not entirely mistaken. Yet there is a particular intertwining of the ideologies of leadership and masculinity which serves to maintain the status quo, the privilege of an elite and perpetuate preconceptions about political agency and gender. In an attempt to go beyond available models and predominantly masculine images of the postwar America the present article accounts for women’s role in the postwar American efforts for cultural hegemony. It focuses on the cases of the American archaeologist Alison Frantz and Ekaterini Myrivili, a Greek cultural administrator and their work with the Fulbright Foundation and Ford Foundation respectively. This article seeks to stress women’s role as professionals and members of status groups with great cultural capital responsible for the production and distribution of high-culture integral to the American Cold War efforts. Furthermore, the article contributes to the growing literature on the cultural Cold War in Greece.
Keywords: Cultural Cold War; Gender; Alison Frantz; Ekaterini Myrivili; Fulbright Foundation; Ford Foundation.

1.) Book Reviews

Karakatsanis, Leonidas. Review of Greece and the American Embrace: Greek Foreign Policy Towards Turkey, the US, and the Western Alliance by Christos Kassimeris and Anti-Americanism in Greece 1947-1989 by Zenovia Lialoute (Ζηνοβία Λιαλούτη, Ο Αντιαμερικανισμός στην Ελλάδα 1947-1989). Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters, 16 May 2020,

Lagos, Katerina. 2019. Review of Alexandros Kostopoulos (Αλέξανδρος Κωστόπουλος), Γέφυρες Συνεργασίας, Σχέδιο Μάρσαλ και Ελλάδα [Bridges of cooperation: the Marshall Plan and Greece]. Athens: Ikaros. 2017. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 3 August 2019.


Bucuvalas, Tina. “The Tarpon Springs Greektown Traditional Cultural District: The National Register Nomination and the Battle of the Sponge Docks.” The Journal of American Folklore, vol. 132, no. 526, Fall 2019, pp.452–71.


Lillios, Emmanuel N.  The Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Religious Orientation, and Greek Orthodox ReligiosityDiss.  University of Iowa, 2010.

Public Performances of Identity

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “The Greek Independence Day Parade: Ways of Seeing and Imagining.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 1 May, 2018.

Mellos, Dimitris. “New York City’s Greek Independence Day Parade: Seeing Beyond the Spectacle.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 29 April, 2018.


Anagnostou, Yiorgos.  “A Critique of Symbolic Ethnicity: The Ideology of Choice?”  Ethnicities, Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2009): 94-122.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Caesar V. Mavratsas: Contributions to Greek American Sociology.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 24 March 2019.

Argeros, Grigoris. “A Look at Americans of Greek Ancestry.” The National Herald 29 June-5 July 2013.

Using recent data from the Census Bureau, this article presents a brief socioeconomic and demographic overview of one segment within the Greek-American group: those of Greek ancestry.

Argeros, Grigoris. “Brief Analysis of Greek Immigrants in the U.S. Compared to U.S. Immigrants Overall.” The National Herald 24-30 Aug. 2013.

Using up-to-date individual-level census data from the 2011 American Community Survey (ACS) we briefly examine the socioeconomic status and family/household characteristics of Greek immigrants compared to the overall immigrant population in the U.S.

Balodimas-Bartolomei, Angelyn “Greek American Identities in the 21st Century: A Generational Approach.” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora 38.1-2 (2012): 71-98.

Constantinou, Stavros T. “Profiles of Greek Americans.” Geographical Identities in America: Race, Place, and Space. Eds. Kate Berry and Martha Henderson. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2002. 92-115.

---. “The Persistence of Greek American Ethnicity.” Race, Ethnicity and Place in a Changing America, 2nd edition. Eds. John Frazier, Eugene L. Tettey-Fio, and Norah F. Henry. Binghamton: State University of New York Press, 2011. 57-70.

Constantinou, Stavros T. and Milton E Harvey. “The Persistence of Greek American Ethnicity Among Age Cohorts Under Changing Conditions.” Race, Ethnicity and Place in a Changing America. Eds. John Frazier and Eugene L. Tettey-Fio. Binghamton: Global Academic Publishing, 2006. 339-352.


Pula, James S. Review of Greek Americans: Struggle and Success by Peter C. Moskos and Charles C. Moskos. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters, 11 June 2020.

Tricarico, Donald. Review of The Vanishing Greek Americans: A Crisis of Identity by Alice Scourby, Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters, 11 Nov 2020.

Teaching (new category)

Lambropoulos, Vassilis. “Teaching ‘Greek American Culture.’” The AHIF Policy Journal (Spring 2016): 1–3.


Delikonstantinidou, Aikaterini. “Socrates Now or the Apology Project: From Greek Roots to Transnational Routes.”Ex-centric Narratives: Journal of Anglophone Literature, Culture and Media, issue 4, 2020.

Since the 1980s, Greek American theatre practitioners have been making their presence increasingly felt in the theatre and performing arts landscape of the United States (U.S.). Their work evinces that Greek American theatre has come a long way from the Modern Greek Diaspora theatre, which began in Chicago at the end of the nineteenth century and flourished in several U.S. cities during the interwar period. The motives, springboards, and driving forces of contemporary Greek American theatre are markedly different from those underpinning the work of early agents of Greek American theatre in the U.S., whether individual practitioners, troupes, or companies. The aim now is not to serve the ethnic imperatives of cultivating the Greek language, spreading Greek culture, and staying in close contact with the ancestral roots. Instead of serving the centripetal forces of Greek history and tradition, as well as the idea(l)s of ethnic identity and belonging, the latest works of Greek American theatre artists are animated by the centrifugal energy of the desire for a reconfigured transnational and transcultural selfhood. Their commitments lie more squarely than ever before with extroversion, movement, mixture, and interaction. The present paper discusses Yannis Simonides’ Socrates Now (or The Apology Project) as an illustrative example of the new directions Greek American theatre has embarked upon in the last few decades. It places special emphasis on what this work reveals about the emerging trends in Greek American theatre’s reception of the Greek classics—the latter being the erstwhile core of Greek American theatrical activity in the U.S. We argue that Simonides’ Socrates Now offers an alternative understanding of Greek American theatre and (its) classical reception praxis by acting upon the will to assemble a viable and generative, performing and performable, Greekness from heterogeneous formal and conceptual elements, in line with an ethic that we shall call, after Vassilis Lambropoulos (2016), transcompositional. 

Q: About potential publishers of Greek American material

Publishers with a tradition of interest in Greek America:

Arcadia Publishing

Cosmos Publishing

Ohio University Press

Pella Publishing Company

Somerset Hall Press

Q: Research sources on author Theano Papazoglou Margari:

Two sources:

Thomopoulos, Elaine.  Greek American Pioneer Women in Illinois.  Chicago: Arcadia Publishing, 2000.

Kalogeras, Yiorgos D. “Suspended Souls, Ensnaring Discourses: Theano Papazoglou-Margaris' Immigration Stories.”  Journal of Modern Greek Studies.  Vol. 8, No. 1 (1990): 85-96.


a) Media

“Hellenic DNA: Digital New America.”

b) Blogs

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “How Do We Teach Race in Courses on European Americans?” Immigrations – Ethnicities – Racial Situations. 14 July 2013.

Apollo Papafrangou, Fiction in a Greek-American Voice,

Cosmos Philly is about us; our Greek American community as a Diaspora culture

Our goal is to preserve and perpetuate our identity, by sharing our past and present while providing a voice for the community. Via technology, we provide a multi-media platform to the community, region and the world.

Cosmos Philly is recognized as the best Greek multi-media forum covering the metropolitan Philadelphia area. We develop documentaries, news and features via video, photography and reporting. We also provide a variety of blogs from within the community that cover a range of subjects from a global level to the community. Every week, we bring insight to the Greek experience from around the metropolitan area with a sprinkling of the world. If it’s happening here in Philly, be sure that Cosmos Philly will bring it to light.

Founded and headquartered as an independent multi-media social forum for the Greek American community of Philadelphia, USA in the summer of 2011, you can find our team around the streets of Philadelphia and the surrounding areas.

Diaspora Travel Greece

Greek-American Family Notes

Greek America in Stockton, CA

Greek American Girl

Irene Archos, the founder of, has been a journalist, writer, editor, and teacher for over two decades.  The idea for the site was spawned after a very stoggy, conservative, and male-oriented media outlet killed her weekly column, “On Being a Greek American” because it was not “politically correct.”  Not discouraged, she compiled her weekly essays into a longer memoir published under the same title.  After getting fed-up with pitching story ideas and essays to the narrow clique of male-dominated news organizations, she decided to take matters into her own hands.  Thus, was born.

 The impetus for the site was spawned by the need for a targeted journal that took the needs, issues, and accomplishments of women of the Hellenic diaspora seriously.  While Greek Americans and other Diaspora groups have been in the country for centuries, there is as of yet no magazine or other media product that broadcasts the female voice. The Greek media machine amounts to little more than blurbs about which organization or society met and had dinner, gave an award, or cut a “basilopita.” It was hard to find a publication where the real issues that plague our cultural group, especially from a woman’s perspective, were talked about honestly. Additionally, because Greek women are so underplayed in their patriarchal societies, a site that featured their accomplishments and gave them the credit they deserved was crucial.

Immigrations, Ethnicities, Racial Situations.

(entries on a range of Greek American situations)


(memoir and archival photographs, including U.S. magazine covers; Manos Hadjidakis and Melina Mercouri in New York City)

Kalofagas: Greek Food and Beyond

My Greek Odyssey

Georgia Kolias, Food, Fertility

Welcome to my website – the home of my writing life and the intersection of food, fertility, and culture.

food: ˈfüd
Something that nourishes, stimulates, and sustains the mind or soul: promoting growth
Ingesting food for thought

fertility: fər-ˈti-lə-tē
the ability to produce many ideas or offspring: fruitfulness, abundance
improve the fertility of the soul by adding rich organic material

culture: ˈkəl-chərto grow in a prepared medium sharing language, religion, cuisine, music and arts: cultivation of the soilraising culture from fertile ground

There are so many mysteries in life—some of these have inspired my novel, The Feasting Virgin, and book of poetry, The Motherland. How can mixing some inert ingredients together like water, yeast, and flour result in something that rises and fills your heart with comfort when it is baked in the oven? How can a woman be “infertile” and end up birthing three children? How can we reconcile deeply conflicting beliefs in our lives and find beauty in the everyday? There are miracles, and then there are Miracles. Let’s discover the beauty and magic that can be found despite the hard stuff—or perhaps because of it. Come hang out with me a bit. I’m curious about your story, too. Visit my blog, Fertile Ground, where I’ll unearth, redefine, and cultivate the purpose and meaning of food, fertility, and culture.

Stephanie Nikolopoulos
(see under “Greekish” category for posts on Greek America by Stephanie Nikolopoulos, a writer)


This is a blog dedicated to the early history of the Greeks in Saint Louis, MO.

“Objects, Buildings, Situations.” 

(entries on burial practices, the archaeology and history of Greek America, other)

Πού είμαι; Α, ναι... στην Αμερική...

…Ξεκίνησα το παρόν ιστολόγιο χωρίς σαφή στόχο, για να καταπολεμήσω την απομόνωση που ένιωσα καθώς βρέθηκα ξαφνικά σ’ένα απόλυτα ξένο περιβάλλον, μόνη μου μέσα στο σπίτι για ώρες ατελείωτες, μακριά απ’ τους ανθρώπους και τα μέρη που μέχρι τότε πλαισίωναν τη ζωή μου. Γρήγορα συνειδητοποίησα ότι είχε τη δυνατότητα να μετατραπεί σε διαρκές “θάψιμο” πολιτιστικών χαρακτηριστικών της Αμερικής, εξέλιξη που καθόλου δεν επιθυμούσα. Ταυτόχρονα κατάλαβα ότι θα μπορούσε να είναι μια διέξοδος για όλες τις σκέψεις μου τις σχετικές με τη μεταμοντέρνα εποχή, την κρίση, την εθνική ταυτότητα, τη συλλογική κουλτούρα, τον πολιτιστικό μας χαρακτήρα, σκέψεις που με απασχολούν πολύ και που δεν μπορώ εύκολα να μοιραστώ υπό τις παρούσες συνθήκες. Έτσι, αυτά που διαβάζετε εδώ αποτελούν κάτι ανάμεσα σε πολιτιστικό σχολιασμό, δημόσιο στοχασμό και προσωπική μαρτυρία, καθώς συνοδεύουν την αναζήτησή μου για το τι σημαίνει ή τι θα έπρεπε να σημαίνει να είμαστε Έλληνες σήμερα. Όσο συνεχίζω να γράφω, εύχομαι να βρω,  τόσο εγώ, όσο – γιατί όχι; – ίσως κι εσείς, κάποιες απαντήσεις στα υπαρξιακά ερωτηματικά που δε σταματούν να με προβληματίζουν. Διαβάστε περισσότερα,

The Pappas Post

(entries on various Greek American topics, including diaspora, society, and culture)

The Greek Reporter

(various entries concerning Greek American topics such as economy, history, and events, also entries on Greek topics in Europe, Australia and across the world)

Bouikidis, Aphrodite. "Leading the Greek American Community Towards Global Change" Huffington Post. 27 July 2012.

Leland, John. “After 25 Years, Confronting Alienation in Astoria.” New York Times. Lens Blog, 17 May 2013.

Miller, Ken. “Under the Influence: Ari Marcopoulos, the Man Behind Jay Z’s New Album Cover.” New York Times. Culture Blog, 19 July 2013.

Pappas, Gregory C. “It Is Time to Let Hope Out of Pandora's Box.” Huffington Post. 23 Dec. 2012.

Souvaliotis, Adreas. “How I Became a Successful Misfit.” Huffington Post. 24 Sept. 2013

b) Blog Entries and Popular Periodicals

Αγγελάκης, Γιάννης. Ντοκουμέντο: Τα ονόματα των 48 νεκρών Κρητικών στην τραγωδία των ορυχείων του Castle Gate της Γιούτα – Σκλάβοι των εταιρειών εξόρυξης, χάθηκαν στη ρωγμή της ιστορίας | Φωτός. Αγώνας της Κρήτης, 29 Ιανουάριου 2019.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “About Ergon: Greek American Arts and Letters.”

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “What Makes a U.S. Greek Orthodox Community?” 15 June 2019.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Making the Archive, Animating It.” 7 June 2019.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Framing a Book Project, Bringing into Conversation Italian American and Greek American Studies.” 12 January 2019.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Greek American Youth: Routes to Hellenism.” Ethos, vol. VIII, no. 26, Spring 2019, p. 4.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Zorba Doesn’t Live Here Anymore: The Creation of an American Zorba.” Immigrations – Ethnicities – Racial Situations. 17 Aug. 2013. 

Dayton, Tian. “The Gift My Parents Gave Me After They Divorced.” Huffington Post 2 Apr. 2014. 

Frangouli-Argyris, Justine.  “The Survival of the Hellenic Diaspora: A Current Issue.”  Huffington Post 14 Jan. 2014.  

Giokas, George. “Greek-American Roots Run Deep.” Huffington Post 20 Mar. 2014.

Helene, Zoe. “Longevity Tips From My Super-Powered Greek-American Mom.” Huffington Post 9 May 2013. 

Kitroeff, Alexander. “Greek Americans & Greeks in Egypt: Parallel Lives.” The Pappas Post. 13 November 2019.

Koinoglou, Kristina. “Greek Dancing from the Point of View of a [Millennial] Second Generation Greek American.” In their own words: OSU Students Write about Greek America. 19 April 2019.

Κουμαρίδης, Γιώργος. «Φίλοι δι’ Αλληλογραφίας», 2 Φεβρουαρίου 2019 (από το αρχείο του Φαίδωνα Κοζύρη στο ΕΛΙΑ).

Kourelis, Kostis. “Baptismal Records Greek Philadelphia.” 24 June 2019.

Kourelis, Kostis. “1894 First Greek American Type Face.” 27 May 2019.

Kourelis, Kostis. “1898 Greek Human Trafficking.” 23 May 2019.

Kourelis, Kostis. “Ann Arbor's First Greek Garage Church: Holy and Unholy Spirits.” 26 March 2019.

Soumakis, Fevronia K. “Greek-Americans in NYC: Settlement, the Church, and Schooling.” Teachers College Center for History and Education From the Archives, 28 Feb. 2018.

Tzagournis, Mary. “Greek Folk Dancing.” In their own words: OSU Students Write about Greek America. 4 May 2019.

c) Resource Portals


Kitroeff, Alexander. The Greeks in Egypt : 1919-1937. St. Antony's College, 1989.

Kitroeff, Alexander. Greeks and the Making of Modern Egypt, The American University in Cairo, 2018.


Amanatides, Dina. Dreams of Clay Drops of Dew: Selected Poems. Melbourne: Owl Publishing, 2011.

Χρυσανθοπούλου, Βασιλική. Τόποι Μνήμης στην Καστελλοριζιακή Μετανάστευση και Διασπορά. [Topoi of Memory in the Castellorizian Immigration and Diaspora]. Αθήνα: Παπαζήσης, 2017.

Dailakis, Jim and Jimmy Santis.  Youtube: Promotional Greek Show

Frangouli-Nickas, Eleni. Athina and Her Daughters: A Memoir of Two Worlds. Melbourne: Owl Publishing, 2009.

Karalis, Vrasidas, and Helen Nickas, eds. Antigone Kefala: A Writer’s Journey. Brighton Victoria: Owl Publishing, 2013.

Kalamaras, Vasso. Expatriates: Contemporary Australian Tales. Melbourne: Owl Publishing, 2011.

Karalis, Vrasidas. Recollections of Mr Manoly Lascaris. Blackheath, Australia: Brandl & Schlesinger, 2008.

Kefala, Antigone. Sydney Journals: Reflections 1970-2000. Artamon, NSW: Giramondo, 2008.

Koundoura, Maria. “Finding One’s Way Home: I Dream of Jeannie and Diasporic Identity.” Hop on Pop: The Politics and Pleasures of Popular Culture.
Ed. Henry Jenkins et al. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2002: 556-565.

Murray, Jill C. “‘You Speak Greek Well … (for an Australian)’: Homeland Visits and Diaspora Identity.” Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies 20. 1 (Spring 2011[published 2018]): 65–86.

Piperoglou, Andonis. “Greeks or Turks, ‘White’ or ‘Asiatic’: Historicizing Castellorizian Racial-Consciousness, 1916-1920,” Journal of Australian Studies 40:4 (2016): 387-402.

Riak, Patricia. “Cross-Cultural Children in Melbourne: Thoughts of Getting Married in Greek- and Ukranian-Australian Families.” Greek Research in Australia: Proceedings of the Biennial International Conference of Greek Studies, Flinders University June 2007. Eds. E. Close, G. Couvalis, G. Frazis, M. Palaktsoglou, and M. Tsianikas. Adelaide: Flinders University of South Australia, 2009. 193-206.

This paper is an ethnographic portrayal of Greek and Ukranian cross-cultural children in Melbourne at an age where marriage is a topic of discussion between parents and children, when ethnic traditions are discussed, comparing the views and expectations of these two ethnic cultures. Parents mention their pre-migration experiences of marriage, also encompassing their parents’ life stories. Marriage, as a rite of passage, is explained through the theory of Arnold van Gennep.

Trakakis, Nick, ed. Aegean Light: Poetry by Second-Generation Greek-Australians. Melbourne: Arcadia, 2011.

Warhaft-Holst, Gail. Reviews of Dreams of Clay Drops of Dew: Selected Poems by Dina Amanatides, Athina and Her Daughters: A Memoir of Two Worlds by Eleni Frangouli-Nickas, Expatriates: Contemporary Australian Tales by Vasso Kalamaras, Sydney Journals: Reflections 1970-2000 by Antigone Kefala, and Southern Sun, Aegean Light: Poetry by Second-Generation Greek-Australians by Nick Trakakis. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 30.1 (2012): 137-44.

Verhoeven, Deb “Twice Born: Dionysos Films and the Establishment of a Greek Film Circuit in Australia.”
FILMICON: Journal of Greek Film Studies 1 (September 2013).


Byers, Michele and Evangelia Tastsoglou. “Negotiating Ethno-Cultural Identity: The Experience of Greek and Jewish Youth in Halifax.” Canadian Ethnic Studies. 40.2 (2008): 5–33.

Elafros, Athena.  “Bouzouki HipHop?  Representation and Identity in Greek-Canadian Rap Music.”  Spanning the Distance: Popular Music in Canada.  Holly Everett and Charity Marsh, eds.

Gallant, Thomas, George Treheles, and Michael Vitopoulos. The 1918 Anti-Greek Riot in Toronto.
Toronto: Thessalonikeans Society of Metro Toronto: Canadian Hellenic Historical Society, 2005.

Greek Canadian History Project

The Greek Canadian History Project (GCHP) is an initiative designed and committed to identifying, acquiring, digitizing, preserving, and providing access to primary source materials that reflect the experiences of Canada’s Greek immigrants and their descendants. The collected sources, currently in the hands of private individuals and organizations in the Greek-Canadian community, will be placed in the care of the Clara Thomas Archives & Special Collections of York University Libraries. Recently, we had a large donation of materials from a politically and culturally active member of Toronto's Greek community. Also, the GCHP was invited to the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and the Canadian Institute in Greece (Athens) for presentations on the project's goals and progress. Additionally, for a full week in May 2014, the GCHP had a large display of historical materials related to the Greek immigrant experience set up in the main foyer of Toronto City Hall. 

Jeffreys, Peter. Saint George’s Greek Orthodox Church: An Architectural and Iconographic Guide. Toronto:
University of Toronto Press (private printing), 2000.

Pabst, Stavroula. One (Wo)man’s Shopping is the Same (Wo)man’s history? Immigration, Advertisement and Consumption Patterns in the Greek Community of Montreal 1960s-- 1970s. Thesis, Master of Arts (History). McGill University, 2018.

Panagakos, Anastasia N.  “Tracking Recycled Odyssey: Creating Transnational Families in The Greek Diaspora.”  Global Networks.  Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2004): 299-311.

“In this article Panagakos explores the types of transnational families forged by Greek Canadian women through cycles of migration between Canada and Greece. The focus is on how transmigrant women search for a spouse and heterosexual lifestyle embodied within a seemingly 'authentic' Greek experience. This recycled odyssey in which the women negotiate systems of gender and ethnic identification between two different social milieux highlights how parental guidance, class tensions and representations of gender and sexuality (re)form the Greek transnational family. These conflicts, and their resolutions, indicate how the ties of transnational families are negotiated to accommodate competing notions of sexuality, femininity, filial piety, parental investment and economic responsibility. Such cases are poorly documented since it is assumed that 'white' ethnic groups in North America are more assimilated. However, given the forces that drive transnationalism  such as global capital, cheap travel, telecommunications and European integration  belonging to an imagined community has different implications than it did in the past.”

Souvaliotis, Andreas. Misfit: Changemaker with an Edge. Toronto: Andreas Souvaliotis, 2013.

Resource Portals

Greek Canadian History Project is transitioning to a new site.


Petridou, Elia. “The Taste of Home,” in Home Possessions: Material Culture behind Closed Doors, ed. Daniel Miller. Oxford: Berg, 2001. 87-106.

An ethnographic study of the foods that Cypriot university students in the UK bring from home or have their parents send by mail. Examines constructions of home in a diasporic university setting.

Anagnostou, Yiorgos. “Producing Greek America in Greek.” Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 16 March 2019.

Αναγνώστου, Γιώργος. Ελληνοαμερικανική πολιτισμική παραγωγή στην ελληνική γλώσσα. Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 16 March 2019.

Kamaras, Antonis and Marilena Anasrasopoulou. “Diaspora philanthropy and volunteerism as a contestable process: Tracing connections and disconnections between diaspora and homeland in the Greek education sector.” SEESOX Working Paper Series, no. 6, April 2019.

Tziovas, Dimitris, ed.  Greek Diaspora and Migration Since 1700.  Aldershot:  Ashgate Publishing, 2009.


Bien, Peter. Review of William McGrew, Educating Across Cultures: Anatolia College in Turkey and Greece. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield (2015). Ergon: Greek/American Arts and Letters. 4 April 2019.


Δαμηλάκου, M. Έλληνες μετανάστες στην Αργεντινή (1900-1970). Διαδικασίες συγκρότησης και μετασχηματισμοί μιας μεταναστευτικής κοινότητας,
Αθήνα, Ιστορικό Αρχείο – Πολιτιστική Συμβολή της Εμπορικής Τράπεζας της Ελλάδος, 2004.

Τάμης Αναστάσιος Μ. Οι Έλληνες της Λατινικής Αμερικής. Ελληνικά Γράμματα, Αθήνα: 2006 [Δίγλωσση έκδοση, Μετάφραση στην Ισπανική Margarita Larriera, Ίδρυμα Μαρία Τσάκου, Montevideo]